8 The Daily Tar Heel Thursday, November 3. '977
Ben Cornelius, Managing Editor
Ed Rankin, Associate Editor
Lou Bilionis, Associate Editor
Laura Scism, University Editor
Elliott Potter, City Editor
Chuck Alston, State and National Editor
Sara Bullardi Features Editor
Chip Ensslin, Arts Editor
Gene Upchurch, Sports Editor
Allen Jernigan, Photography Editor
85frt year of editorial freedom
Candidates debate Chapel Hill-Carrboro schools
Shared-ride taxi service
The Chapel Hill Transportation Board and the University reached an
agreement several weeks ago concerning the fate of the night shared-ride
taxi service. The pact gave the service until Oct. 31 to justify its existence in
its present form. Justification would be an average of 100 riders each
evening, a little more than half the number of riders of the fixed-route buses
on a typical night last year. Anything substantially less than that figure
would require the town to modify the shared-ride taxi system, either by
eliminating the 25-cent surcharge on bus pass holders or by instituting a
"mutually acceptable" combination of buses and taxis.
The deadline has passed. And the shared-ride taxis have yet to carry 100
riders in any one evening. The most successful night was this past M onday,
which saw 74 people use the system. According to a taxi dispatcher, the
average ridership is more than 50 riders per night.
Even though the shared-ride taxis have failed to justify their existences
under the agreed criteria, the Transportation Board has chosen to
.recommend continuation of the present service. In a board meeting
Tuesday, Transportation Director Bob Godding noted that while the 100
rider figure has not been met, ridership has been improving. Board member
Paul Morris seems equally reluctant to give up on the project, as he
recommended an additional week or so - without the surcharge to
promote the taxis. And Gorman Gilbert, another board member, claimed
that the town was still learning about the shared-ride taxis.
It is obvious that the shared-ride taxi service is cheaper than fixed-route
buses at night. The question before the Transportation Board and the
University, though, is whether the taxi service can meet the transit needs of
the community. The Universjyt has already indicated it believes that some
modifications will have to be made before these needs can be meet. The
town, however; has been less than ready to share the University's belief.
If the town wishes to salvage the shared-ride service, it must be willing to
modify it. It is highly unlikely that ridership will improve by leaps and
bounds as long as the 25-cent surcharge is still in effect (of course, wintry
weather will bring a few more riders to the service but by necessity and
not choice). Certainly, elimination of the surcharge will make the service
more popular and therefore, more expensive to the town but the
benefits to the riders will certainly outweigh the relatively modest increases
in cost. And increased demand can also make bus passes more popular,
thereby allowing the town to recoup some of its losses.
Also, a pass solely for the night taxis is a viable modification which the
town should examine. Such an alternative could add to the town's revenue,
yet also make the taxis more appealing to prospective riders.
Finally, some provision must be made to accomodate riders without bus
passes. Fixed route buses served individuals without passes, and until the
shared ride system can include reasonably these riders, it will be inferior to
fixed route service.
We seriously recommend that the Transportation Board realize the
present shared-ride taxi service needs modification, and we urge the board
to investigate the possible alternatives thoroughly and promptly. Until it
does, the transportation needs of Chapel Hill will be far from satisfied.
The Daily Tar Heel
publishes Monday through Friday during the academic year. Offices are at the Student
Union Building. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, N.C. 27514. Telephone
numbers: 933-0245, 0246.
Tony Gunn. assistant news editor
Rcid Tuvim, assistant managing editor
Lee Pace, assistant sports editor
Melanie Modlin, assistant arts editor
Verna Taylor, business manager
Claire Bagley, assistant business manager
Dan Collins, advertising manager
Carol Bedsole, assistant sales manager
Frank Moore and Nancy Oliver, composition editors
Robert Jasinkiewic, composing room supervisor
By NANCY HARTIS
Three new members will be elected to
the Chapel Hill-Carrboro Board of
Education in the city election next week.
Below, the six candidates explain what
they consider to be the vital issues
confronting the Chapel Hill-Carrboro
school system and what they think
should be done about those issues.
George LaChapelle, 48, has lived in
Chapel Hill for three years and is plant
manager for the Eaton Corporation in
LaChapelle is voicing concern about
two new laws that require exceptional
children who have been previously
grouped for specialized instruction to be
placed back in the mainstream of
"This has to be done in a way that
doesn't short-change our
responsibilities with the other children,"
Administrative spending and
discipline in the classroom are two other
major concerns of this school board
candidate. On discipline, LaChapelle
says, "Teachers need to feel there's a
clear policy to provide back-up and
support for their actions. There's some
feeling that the discipline policy needs to
be restated in simpler terms.. ..And I
think it needs to be enforced uniformly."
On administrative spending, he says,
"We apparently don't have community
wide agreement on how much
administrative spending we're doing.... 1
would not support any off-the-cuff
thing, but the numbers are saying we
should take a look and evaluate it."
LaChapelle believes the present
redistricting of the public school system
is an important issue also. As school
authorities consider drawing up new
school districts for the system to
improve space utilization and racial
balance, LaChapelle says they should
listen to what the parents have to say.
He says that strict quotas should be
flexible, especially in the elementary
schools. "Stability and security are
important to these young children. I
don't think you should move them if you
can help it," he says.
LaChapelle says he believes there is a
need for improved communications
between parents and the school board,
but he considers communications more
"an area of concern" than an issue.
Verla Insko is a 4 1 -year-old
homemaker and former junior high
school science teacher. A Chapel Hill
resident for 1 3 years, lnsko says she feels
there is too much administrative
spending, too little support for teachers
trying to discipline students, and a lack
of communication between parents,
teachers, the board and the
On administrative spending, she says,
"I think it's higher than it should be.
Part of the problem comes from
inadequate job descriptions for
administrators.. .I'm highly in favor of
redefining some of the jobs."
On discipline, lnsko says, "I think
teachers feel like they cannot go to the
principal with their discipline problems.
"Too often we have looked at one
problem when we think about spending,
rather than look at the total program as
a whole. This has been the problem. 1
think we could have done better if we
had looked at the entire system and the
entire school program and then decided
from there," she adds. 1 ,
Francisco says she believes emphasis
should be restored on basic education in
the classroom, but at the same time, she
says there need to be programs of
academic excellence. She calls for
remedial and tutorial programs for
after-school and in the summer.
On discipline, she says, "In order to
combat this problem, we must insist on
a policy from the board, enforcement
from the administration of the policy
Chapel Hill-Carrboro Board
of Education Candidates
Many times, they are told to handle a
problem child as best they can. 1 would
try to state clearly that the board and the
principals will support teachers in their
discipline problems, and 1 think parents
should be consulted when there is a
lnsko is also concerned about
redistricting. which she says should be
done as infrequently as possible. "It's
upsetting to students and to parents to
have their children moved from school
to school." she says.
She . also says communication
problems exist between school officials
and parents because there is a lack of
trust and not enough freedom in the
flow of information from school to
Betty Francisco, 35. is a computer
systems manager at N.C. Memorial
Hospital. A Chapel Hill citizen for II
years, she is also concerned about
communication between parents and
school officials. Part of the problem, she
says, is poor organization of the school
board's agenda, "which results in
parents having to wait until midnight or
later to speak out on their item of
Spending is another issue with which
Francisco wants to grapple. "1 think it's
very important to establish priorities.
Spending in the individual classroom
for materials for students and teachers
should be the no. I priority," she says.
consistently, and a regular evaluation of
teachers, administrators and principals.
Frances Bridgers is a
communications teacher at Durham
Technical Institute. A former freshman
English teacher here. 35-year-old
Bridgers has lived in Chapel Hill for 1 1
years. She believes the most important
issue facing the school board is
allocation of funds. "I think we ought to
put the money into direct services for the
child - a lot of money is being spent on
administration. For example, I think we
could get by with just two principals at
Chapel Hill High instead of four. If we
really need more, we could use interns
from the University."
.Bridgers says she proposes ideas
which "reflect a philosophy of creativity
and cooperative action." Among those
ideas are alternative programs for
exceptional children such as arts and
crafts, apprenticeship programs aimed
primarily for junior and senior high
school students and increased creativity
in reading programs.
She advocates a system for evaluating
administrators, "...teachers' appraisals
of their principals often go no further
than the trash can. A review of
administrative performance should
include recorded teacher, parent and
student feedback, because principals,
like teachers, are tenured after three
She also proposed a student advocacy
rain nn nn n n ni r rim u trva , .
'TBI Y00 WHAT 1M GONNA DO - YOU (M. MEkBOTOE 0 W AND THE
program, a committee which would
meet periodically with the school board
to discuss issues and to keep adults
aware of the frustrations of children.
Theodore Parrish, 43, is a policy
adviser in the N.C. Department of
Administration. A Chapel Hill native,
Parrish says, "I think basically a great
deal of disruption, a lack of
communication and frustration is
associated with the whole school system
right now because this community is
"We need to get parents of all types of
children working together, which means
that the school board needs to be much
more responsive to everyone," he says.
Parrish also says discipline is a
problem in the schools right now. He
says, "We need alternatives in that
school where the student is. A disruptive
student needs a place where he can be
temporarily removed until he can be re
integrated into the classroom.. .We need
appropriate remediation as well as
discipline for repeatedly disruptive
On competency testing, Parrish says,
"If handled in a positive way,
competency testing is good. You can
view it as an opportunity to help design
remediation. The board can influence
this positive outlook."
Better use of resources is another area
of concern, Parrish thinks. "A lot of the
things we talk about here need not
require money, if we use the resources of
the university more and the many
retired individuals who live in this
"We need to broaden and beef up our
deficiency of resources. We need to
utilize more volunteers and elicit more
support from the school community."
Parrish talks also about increasing
communications between teachers and
the school board. "We've also got to
invite the teachers in and ask them
what's on their mind. We need to let
them know that we respect them and
their point of view."
William Strickland, 43, is an associate
dean of student affairs at UNC. He has
lived in the community for the past six
years and he believes the role of the
school board is one of the most
important issues in this election.
"The significant overriding issue is
control of the schools," Strickland says.
"The board is either responsible to the
community or it is responsible to the
administration. Somehow, the board
must direct itself to what the community
wants and be responsible to the
administration," he says.
"But the overriding educational issue
is the fact that Chapel Hill is not
preparing a vast majority of the students
to function adequately after graduation.
They've done a poor job with the below
average student also," he says.
Strickland said there are not very
many above-average students in the
school system. "We need programs in
this system that prepare the below
average students without taking away
programs for the others," Strickland
As a former principal of Chapel Hill
High School and currently a University
administrator. Strickland feels he is
qualified for the school board. "I think I
have an unusual advantage. My past
experience has given me a real insight
into the education process and l feel I
know the community well," he says.
Nancy Hartis, a senior journalism
major from Kinston, N.C, is a staff
writer for the Daily Tar Heel.
Two bond issues and five constitutional amendments on Tuesday ballot
By DAVID STACKS
Voters in Chapel Hill and across North
Carolina will go to the pollsTuesday to decide on
two bond issues and five amendments to the N.C.
The proposed amendments, if approved, will
exempt widowers from the state's homesteading
laws, allow wives the right to buy life insurance
(only husbands can buy now,) permit electric
companies to share ownership of utilities with
local government agencies and require the N.C.
General Assembly to balance the state budget.
Approval of the two bond issues will allow the
state to issue $300 million in highway bond
certificates and $230 million for construction
and renovation of water treatment facilities.
If voters approve the $300-million highway
bond, the N.C. Department of Transportation
will spend $250 million on rural primary and
secondary roads, $50 million on city streets and
$30 million on bridges.
Transportation officials have said completion
of current highway projects may be delayed and
new projects postponed if the bond is not
approved because of increased construction
costs. Highway officials argue that inflation has
doubled construction costs since 1967, while the
last highway improvement bond was issued in
The proposed bond issue also w ould allow $30
million to replace inadequate and obsolete
bridges across the state. The money would beset
aside from funds allotted to primary, secondary
and urban road projects.
Highway officials have estimated that 16,000
of the state's 71,000 miles of primary and
secondary roads are net up to passable
standards; 300 of 4,000 miles of urban streets do
not pass inspection and more than 5,000 of
16,000 bridges do not measure up to standards.
The U.S. Department of Transportation has
promised to match state funds if the Nov. 8
referendum passes. Projected revenue from the
bond, matching funds and supplementary state
and federal taxes would provide $1.3 billion for
highway use over the next five years.
Officials have said one cent of North
Carolina's 9'4-cent-per-gallon gasoline tax will
go toward paying interest to certificate holders if
the highway bond passes. Presently, that one
cent goes to paying off bondholders from the
Gov. Jim Hunt and Transportation Secretary
Tom Bradshaw have endorsed the highway bond
"Bond funding can assure that the present
level of effort can be continued on these local
problem areas," according to a report by the
s tate D ivision of H ighways. " M oreover, many of
the problems to be addressed on the rural
primary roads are in suburban areas just outside
municipal limits. Solving these problems w ill be
of great benefit to the urban areas."
Another ballot that will be handed to voters
when they go to the polls asks the electorate's
approval to float $230 million in clean water
If approved, the water bond will allow the
state to help municipalities and governmental
agencies improve and expand existing water
treatment facilities and build new wastewater
treatment plants and water supply systems.
The bond would set aside $112.5 million for
pollution control. $110 million for additional
water supplies and $7.5 million-for a contingency
From the pollution control account, $75
million would be handed out to eligible
municipalities and $37.5 million to counties that
qualify under the state's distribution system.
From the water supply fund, $31 million would
be distributed statewide and $79 million
allocated to counties that qualify.
The federal government will match the $230
million, if the state's voters approve the bond.
The state will provide half of the nonfederal
share of pollution control projects up to a
minimum of 25 percent of the total cost of a
project, according to a brief prepared jointly by
the N.C. Departments of Administration,
Human Resources and Natural Resources and
State grants for development of new water
sources and renovation of existing facilities also
is limited to 25 percent, and if approved next
week, would be distributed on a "what is
available" basis. The $7.5 million contingency
fund for emergencies also will be allocated on a
Hunt and Howard Lee, secretary of natural
resources and community development, have
endorsed passage of the water bond. Both have
campaigned for voter approval in the
Slate officials have said passage of the
highw av and water bonds w ill make a general tax
increase unnecessary. Interest on both bonds
would be paid from taxes already collected lor
the general revenue fund.
On a separate ballot are five proposed
Homestead exemption. The amendment
would allow a surviving spouse of either sex to
receive the benefit of the state's homestead
exemption. The law now says a homestead left to
a widow is exempt from the debts of her
husband. The amendment would extend to a
husband or widower the same benefits now
extended to a wife or widow.
Any North Carolina resident who owns and
occupies property designated as his home has a
lifetime homestead exemption. Under the law,
the holder of the exemption is free from forced
sale to meet any debts except unpaid taxes and
debts stemming from the original purchase of the
The homestead amendment is designed to
allow a family to remain in its home without fear
of creditors seizing the entire property.
Life insurance. The amendment would
extend to wives the same rights husbands now
have to insure the lives of himself and his wifefor
the benefit of the wife or children. The N.C.
Constitution now says only the husband may
insure his or his wife's life for his wife and
Under existing law. life insurance benefits are
exempted from the husband's creditors both
before and after his death, provided the policy's
sole beneficiaries are the man's w ife and children.
Passage of the amendment would extend to
the wife the pri ilege of insuring her life for her
husband's and children's benefit, free from the
claims of creditors.
Joint ownership of electric generation
facilities. I he proposed amendnx'nt would allow
private utility companies and associations to
own electric generation facilities jointly with
local governmental agencies. Existing law says
local governments and private utility companies
each can own entire electric systems. The
amendment would allow each to co-own with the
Regulatory requirements, such as minimum
environmental standards, would not change
under the proposed amendment.
the amendment would also allow the facility
owners to issue bonds to finance the operation.
The bonds would be sold by the N.C. Local
Government Commission. Interest would be
paid from the electric facility's revenues.
The N.C. Utilities Commission has endorsed
the electric facility amendment, saying joint
ownership would produce financial savings to
co-owners and increase the reliability of power
Balanced budget. The amendment requires
the N.C. General Assembly to balance the state
budget each year. N.C. General Statutes already
mandate a balanced budget, but existing law
could be changed by the legislature. If approved,
the constitutional amendment could not be
changed by legislators.
Succession. The amendment would allow
the state's governors and lieutenant governors to
run for second consecutive terms of office.
Current law says the state's two top executives
are limited to a single term but may run again
after at least one consecutive term has passed.
David Stacks, a sophomore journalism major
from Blowing Rock, N .C, is a staff writer for the
Daily Tar Heel.