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The rain will continue today
with a chance of clearing
Saturday. The high today
and Saturday will be 68 and
the low tonight 60.
fa -7 5" t'
The CGC Rules and
Judiciary Committee meets
at 7 p.m. Sunday in Suite C
of the Carolina Union to
discuss proposed Honor
Code changes. Interested
students and faculty are
Please call us: 933-0245
Serving the students and the University community since IN93
Volume 85, Issue No. 49
Friday, November 4, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
come to town
UNC students invited
to talk with visitors
Thirty-nine Canadians arrived in Chapel Hill
late Thursday afternoon to begin the 18th annual
The Canadian students will be in Chapel Hill
through Tuesday. Sally Stollmack, cochairperson
of the Exchange, said all students are invited to
participate in activities and get to know the
"The purpose of the Exchange is to give
students from both universities an idea of what
education is like in both countries, and to give
both an idea of similarities in both countries,"
The 39 UNC members of the program will travel
to Toronto for five days in January.
The Exchange would particularly like to have
students attend the following activities:
A seminar oh American misconceptions of
Canada at II a.m. today in room 202 of .the
Carolina Union. Christopher Armitage will speak.
A square dance and clogging at the ATO
fraternity house at 9 p.m. today.
The Exchange will attend the Clemson game
Professor Gerald Unks will speak on higher
education at 3:30 p.m. Monday in Room 207 of
the Carolina Union. At 4 p.m. the students will
attend a special closed session of basketball
Athletic Director William Cobey will speak
on college athletics at 7:30 p.m. Monday in 106
Following a farewell banquet at the Midnight
Special in Carrboro, the Canadians will begin the
return trip to Toronto Tuesday.
By MARK ANDREWS
The Chapel Hill transit system might be
eligible for hundreds of thousands of dollars
in federal funds if a bill now before Congress
is approved next year making small towns
eligible for matching federal funds.
The bill, sponsored by Sen. Harrison A.
Williams, D-N.J., would extend funding for
urban mass transit. Included is a provision
that would remove the minimum population
requirement of 50,000 for towns applying for
Cities with over 50,000 persons are
currently eligible to receive federal money
for their mass transit systems through 1979.
The Williams bill would make funds
available for city transit systems through
Chapel Hill Alderman Gerry Cohen said
that Chapel Hill has a larger bus system than
many larger cities that are receiving federal
Failure to check students IDs cited
Homecoming election receives criticism
By LAURA SCISM
The Alpha Kappa Alpha (AKA) faculty
adviser has called for new Homecoming
Queen elections, but Carolina Athletic
Association President David Royle says a
new election will not be held.
"If we believed something were wrong, we
would either rerun the, election or call in the
people concerned," Royle said Thursday.
"There is no doubt and 1 can say this
absolutely categorically about who the
winner is going to be."
Several students criticized balloting
Cham hers criticizes UNC
By BERNIE RANSBOTTOM
UNC is forgetting its responsibility to minorities and their educational needs in
refusing to comply with the guidelines suggested by the Department of Health,
Education and Welfare (HEW), Julius Chambers, a former member of the UNC
Board of Governors, said Wednesday night.
Chambers, a Charlotte lawyer and president of the NAACP Legal Defense and
Education Fund, spoke to about 100 people in Memorial Hall about the board's
desegregation stance. Chambers resigned his post on the board last .August to
protest its response to HEW's guidelines for a new desegregation plan for UNC.
"When I saw the board's response to the court order directing further efforts in
desegregation of higher education, it came as an affront to me, because of the
continued refusal, as 1 saw it, of the administration and the board to look at the
more complex issue that had to be addressed," Chambers said.
Chambers asserts that the board's statement that no part of the UNC system is
presently racially segregated "clearly ignores the history of racial segregation" at
"This University. ..began a history of purposefully excluding black citizens of this
state from higher education," Chambers said.
"Black citizens in higher education were relegated to other institutions which
provided the type of education which 'they' needed. But black institutions were not
given the funding that was necessary to make them competitive.
"Those institutions were so poor that they were unable to correct even the
deprivation the student who attended them suffered from the extenuation of this in
"And so we have a student who went to the only institution he could attend,
suffering from deprivation in public schools and even more deprivation in higher
Chambers said the board's contention that significant progress has been made in
desegregating the University since 1974 is an inaccurate representation of the true
"How would we encourage minority students to enroll in previously white
i i 1 i 1 1 i in in i ii 1 1 muni i t irnpf n iilimk n rm hium' ihm.im.ji iinjwuumwwiiwui m mm. TnmmmvmvmmsiiLi.uw.-AX in. w m
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No, he's not in any local elections; he's just "a crazy guy" in the Olde Campus Talent
Show, held Tuesday night in Memorial Hall. First prize went to a barbershop quartet
which crooned to the audience of approximately 200. Staff photo by Fred Barbour.
may qualify for federal funds
"Chapel Hill's bus system is bigger than
Raleigh's, but we didn't get any money,"
Chapel Hill is subsidizing its bus system
with $374,000 in tax money while Carrboro
contributes $13,000. If the bill is passed.
Chapel Hill could apply for federal money
with thejnaximum amount possible being a:
dollar-for-dollar matching of local money.
It probably will be next year, however,
before final action is taken. Even then, it
would likely be 1979 before any federal
money would begin reaching the small towns
made eligible under the new law.
Joe Marshall, spokesperson for the U.S.
Department' of Transportation, said that
several criteria are used in determining how
much money the towns get. Population
density, amount of the bus system deficit and
how much effort local officials are making in
mass transit are considered.
Marshall said that Brock Adams,
secretary of the U.S. Department of
procedures used in the election Wednesday.
To vote, a student simply wrote his
candidates number on both sides of a blank
slip of paper. Student IDs were not checked.
Those who criticized the system worried
that there would be no way to distinguish
between votes for candidate six Anita
King, sponsored by AKA sorority and
candidate nine Ann Clarke, sponsored by
Chi Phi fraternity. The students also feared
that some persons might vote more than
once because IDs were not checked.
Royle said ballot counters had no trouble
distinguishing between sixes and nines.
Transportation, is not pushing the Williams
bill but instead wants to wait until next
spring to submit his own program.
"We don't need it now," Marshall quoted
Adams as saying in reference to the money
that would be made available in the W illiams
bill. "We've got enough money to last
Marshall said, he did not know if Adams
would recommend to Congress that small
towns be eligible for funds too. "I don't think
he knows yet," Marshall said of Adams. He
said Adams has a staff working on the
"We waited to have time to see what was
really needed," Marshall said. He added,
though, that Adams is very much behind
"I think Congress and he President are
very much mass-transit-minded." Marshall
said. "We still need to get congestion and
pollution out of the cities, and mass transit is
one way of doing this."
Some students may have voted twice, he
said, but "my own feelings are that it's a fun
occasion, and we have to believe in student
But Lynda Woodruff, a professor in the
School of Physical Therapy and AKA
faculty adviser, said that who won was not
the point. "It's the principle," she said.
"I really think personally there should be
no queen crowned unless they (the CAA,
which sponsors the. election) do another
vote." Woodruff said.
Please turn to page 3.
schools? How would we encourage white students to enroll in previously black
schools? What incentive would we involve? We did very little in addressing thai
"And because of it that plan in 1974 was very ineffective in eliminating w hat we
later referred to as the remaining racial reality in the University system."
Chambers cited figures prepared in board studies which show that white
enrollment at previously black schools rose from 1.3 percent in 1974 to 1.6 percent
in 1977 and that black enrollment in previously white schools increased from 18
percent to 25 percent over the same period.
"What about the time between 1954 (when an appellate court handed down the
original desegregation order) and 1974?" Chambers asked. "Can we say that a .3
percent growth is substantial?"
Chambers also said that although overall statistics for the University system
indicate increased black enrollment at historically white schools," in several of the
previously white schools we have a decrease in the number of black students
"Just looking at the number of black students enrolled without looking at the
number of black students who are qualified to enroll, I think, misses the point."
HEW guidelines suggest that the University narrow the gap between black
students who finish high school and enroll in higher education and similar white
students by 50 percent and increase overall black enrollment in the University by
One argument the board advanced for not meeting these goals is that "there aren't
enough intelligent black students, and those who are intelligent enough to get into.'
the University system simply prefer to stay with their black brothers and sisters in
previously black institutions," Chambers said.
"We have a number of black students who would like to get into higher education,
w ho would like to be doctors, lawyers and teachers.. .who today are continuing to be
deprived of this opportunity.
"More than 80 percent of black students who try to get into the U nivcrsity system
have run into some difficulty, either in obtaining funds or in competing on the
college entrance exam."
Candidates for the Chapel Hill Board of
Aldermen focused on the tow n's mass transit
system and water shortages during two
hours of debate Wednesday night in Howell
Their remarks came during a "meet the
candidates" session sponsored by Student
Government and the Daily Tar Heel.
Though all eight candidates for the four
open board seats agreed that the transit
system satisfies a pressing need, opinions
diverged regarding the system's fiscal
responsibility, routing and" amount of
On the water issue, the candidates
proposed different solutions involving Cane
Creek and B. Everett Jordan Reservoirs,
wells, pipelines and local water storages that
would supplement University Lake.
Candidate Jim Merkle insisted that the
town budget indicates the transit system
loses 27 cents for ever rider.
"If we keep losing money, it won't be long
before someone says fares have to go up" and
people stop using the service, Merkle said.
But Marvin Silver, who is seeking re
election, said the board balances the budget
each year. The apparent deficit in the transit
system comes from the accounting method
the town must use. he said.
Raleigh receives $560,000 a year in mass
transit subsidies from the federal
government. Charlotte receives about $1
Marshall said he believed the bill had
passed Congress but is currently in a House
By CHUCK ALSTON
State and National Editor
Two students leading the fight against
Southern Bell's proposed rate hike took a
few lessons in lobbying Thursday from the
N.C. attorney general's office.
Bain Jones, president of the Residence
Hall Association (RHA) and Craig Brown,
his assistant, met with staff members of the
utilities division of the attorney general's
office to go over their plans for presentations
to the N.C. Utilities Commission on the rate
"One of their lawyers ripped our case to
pieces," Brown said after the meeting."But
it's better that it happened now then at the
Brown said the lawyer attacked the
presentation in much the same way Southern
Bell's lawyers would have attacked it at the
public hearing. He said the lawyer stressed
the fact that the presentation would have to
be based on factual evidence rather than
"They helped us structure our case to
make a better presentation," he said.
Brown and Jones are both members of an
informal group of Student Government and
RHA representatives who have taken up the
rate-hike cause. Southern Bell now charges
$20 in installation fees. If the rate request is
granted, that figure would rise to $49.55 in
He added that there has been no talk of
Merkle replied that, (hough he is not an
accountant, he thinks the budget shows the
deficit. Steps must be taken to bring the
deficit closer to a "ery acceptable" ten-cent
level, he said.
Challenger Marilyn Boulton said the town
"can't necessarily expect to break even" on
the transit system. She urged more rush hour
and night service and said that some routes
need to be evaluated for efficiency.
Gerry Cohen, also seeking reelection, said
that buses are "jam-packed and crowded."
"The reason people are not riding is that
there is not enough service." Cohen said,
emphasizing the need for added rush-hour
Cohen also said that if forthcoming
lederal legislation is enacted, the town may
receive $500,000 in revenue-sharing for the
Candidate Bill Lindsay said that
unproductive routes need to be eliminated.
Candidates Bcv Kawalec and Bill Thorpe
stressed additional service. Kawalec
suggested that bike racks might be added to
buses to encourage bike users.
Thorpe. Lindsay and Merkle, responding
to a question posed to all the candidates, said
they favored filling the B. Everett Jordan
Lake as a possible water source for Chapel
Hill. Merkle added that the Cane Creek
reservoir is an expensive project that should
not be carried out.
"Everybody knows Water is not a luxury,
but we're paying for it like il is," Merkle said.
He said that wells could be dug and a quarry
near University Lake filled as water sources
to prevent another shortage next year.
Lindsay said that a new dam at University
Lake should be built. It could possibly
double the lake's capacity, he said.
Kawalec said the Cane Creek reservoir is
opposition to Bell rate hike
residence halls and $72.50 for off-campus
Brown cited Southern Bell's lack of
cooperation in supplying cost breakdowns
as the reason the group's case is weak at this
"We want a breakdown on installation
costs." Brown said. "We're asking them to
justify their expenses and so far they
Those figures will become available to
Brown's group when they are filed with the
Utilities Commission, something Southern
Bell eventually will have to do.
Brown said that so far the group has about
5.000 signatures of students opposing the
rate hike. In addition, the group will conduct
a survey in the near future to determine how
out-of-date the current phone book is.
But he stressed that the cost breakdowns
are essential for the group to prepare a good
What will that case be? "It will depend a
lot on Southern Bell's data." Brown said.
"Some of the costs may be justified, but we
want to see it."
Brown said the attorney general's office is
trying to speed up the process of getting
Southern Bell's costs as they, too. want to see
Attempts thus far to obtain the figures
have been stalled by Southern Bell, he said.
Julius Chambers, former member of the UNC Board of Governors, spoke
Wednesday in Memorial Hall. Chambers resigned his post in August to protest its
response to HEW's guidelines for a new desegregation plan for UNC. Staff photo by
the best solution to the town water shortage.
She said she opposes filling the Jordan Lake.
The Cane Creek project is the only
protected watershed available and contains
the purest water, Silver said. Land would be
taken from only two farmers for the project,
"We need to be careful about getting water
from other regions," he said, referring to a
pipeline scheduled to be built in
Hillsborough in December.
Cohen said that acquiring water from the
Jordan Lake would be three times as
expensive as getting it from Hillsborouuh.
'The Corps of Engineers admits the water
in the Jordan Luke would be of low quality,
Cohen added, and said the project probably
would have been discontinued with others by
the Carter administration if it had not
already been near completion.
The attorney general's office has the
power of subpoena to obtain the documents.
1 he deadline for the presentation is
rapidly approaching, though, as written
testimony must be given to the Utilities
Commission by Dec. 4. Oral testimony will
begin at hearings scheduled for Dec. 8 to
Brown said, however, that the first round
of hearings will be primarily for
presentations by the public staff of the
Utilities Commission. He said their
presentation will likely come during the
second round of hearings scheduled to begin
Southern Bell has offered the possibility
that a CENTREX system could be used for
dormitory telephone installation. Under the
CENTREX plan the installation fee would
be part of a student's room rent but phone
service would not be optional. The cost
would be reduced to $28.50 and all phones
would be turned on at the same time.
Brown said the group is also asking to see
the cost figures for the CENTREX syMem
which is in use at some universities.
Brown said he isn't sure just what impact
their testimony will have, but thinks it will be
enhanced if students continue to sign the
petitions and they are able to solicit the help
of a law student in formulating their
presentation. . mmillll aJI