Group clinic proposes
aid to help kick habit
By KAREN MILLERS
Sounds of rustling newspapers mix with low
conversation in 103 Berryhill Hall as about 15
hospital personnel and friends wait for the 5 p.m.
meeting to begin.
Several methodically chew on gum. A few
unwrap pieces of hard candy and pop them in their
"How're you doing?" a woman asks a young
man as he arrives.
He grins and shrugs. "I'm climbing the walls."
The two converse for a few minutes on the
merits of dietetic chewing gum it doesn't mess
up your teeth and it's soon obvious that they '
and the others are trying to break the cigarette
They are attending the fourth session of the
Stop-Smoking Clinic sponsored by North
Carolina Memorial Hospital (NCMH) and Alpha
Epsilon Delta (AED), the pre'medical and
predental honor society.
Recognizing that many persons who want to
quit smoking avoid one-on-one professional help,
Mark Randall, president of AED, and Al Osbahr,
head of the Stop-Smoking Committee, said they
felt a group clinic would be more effective in
encouraging smokers to stop.
The Stop Smoking group, which meets twice
a weekfor eight sessions, "adds a personal touch"
Osbahr said. Enthusiastic discussions, he said,
give smokers who are tapering off or stopping a
chance to share their triumphs and frustrations.
"I'm just full of hostility."
"Today I got to the point where I thought I
would kill for a cigarette. Chewing pencils didn't
help. And swallowing them didn't, either."
"I've stopped for eight days now, and 1 feel like
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A panel of five ex-smokers, headed by Sue
Chase, Professor of nursing, answered comments
like these and fielded questions, drawing on their
own stories of battling the habit.
"Stopping smoking was probably the hardest
thing I've done in my life," Kathy Fogel, assistant
professor of nursing, told the group. "1 focused on
a cigarette all the time. . .Now I've stopped doing
a lot of other things because they're associated
with smoking." She said that included dieting and
cutting out alcohol.
Fogel was prompted to stop smoking by
tachycardio (increased heart rate). Steve Felts, a
sophomore from Elkin, was influenced by his non
smoking roommates and his father, who had a
mild case of emphysema.
"1 could see that the cigarettes were stronger
than 1 was," Felts said. "They were controlling
Ruth Collins, a lab technician for Student
Health Services and a member of the clinic,
agreed. "For the first time since I started smoking 1
decided 1 wanted to quit. And I've been smoking
for 44 years."
With the encouragement of the clinic sessions
and her "buddy" (participants pair off in a buddy
system to add personal support), Collins has cut
down from almost a pack a day to five, sometimes
three cigarettes, a day.
Paula Cohen, a data coordinator in the NCM H
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, quit
cold turkey after smoking one and one-half to two
packs a day.
"I really hate smoking ! hated every cigarette I
smoked," Cohen said. "It was really an awful thing
Participating in the clinic, t,..c said, enabled her
to quit. "Those kids that are running it are great,"
Cohen said. "I'm doing it for them right now, and
for my buddy. M isery loves company, I guess."
Cohen and Fogel both referred to quitting as a
grief process. "I'm going through a mourning
period right now," Cohen said. Fogel added that
this is natural, since giving up cigarettes amounts
to giving up a part of your identity.
The clinic focuses on helping smokers overcome
the habit and the grief by featuring specialists in
relaxation and self-control techniques, and by
emphasizing medical reasons for stopping.
Osbahr said seven of the group members have quit
smoking so far and others have cut back.
As they fight the temptation to light up, they
sometimes wonder if it's worth it. "Tell me
something good," one man said.
The ex-smokers said they feel better, can jog
without losing their breath, and had watched
hacking coughs disappear.
And as Chase added, "You're gonna live."
Dr. Herbert Edwards
Professor of Ethics & Black Religion
Duke University Divinity School
"Black Religion & Human
Wednesday, November 9, 8:00 pm
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Open to public
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Sit-ins, boycotts of 60s recalled
in a Civil Rights remembrance
The voices of the civil rights movements of
the 1960s speak again in My Soul is Rested
(CP. Putnam's Sons. 472 pp. $12.95) by
Howell Raines Rosa Parks of the
Montgomery bus boycott, Martin Luther
King Jr. of the Montgomery Improvement
Association, Bayard Rustin, James Farmer
of CORE (the Congress of Racial Equality),
Fred Shuttlesworth of Birmingham, Julian
Bond, Fannie Lou Hamer, Autherine Lucy
Foster, Andrew Young, John Lewis and
Ralph David Abernathy.
By WA L TER SPEA R MA N
My Soul Is Rested
By Howell Raines
King told an old black woman during the
Montgomery bus boycott that she should
start riding the bus again because she was too
old to keep walking. But she replied. "I'm
gonna walk till it's over; my feets is tired, but
my soul is rested."
And Howell Raines went all over the
South to interview the civil rights workers
"whose souls are rested" now as he taped the
oral reports on what he called "Movement
Days in the Deep South Remembered."
Raines, a native of Birmingham and a
political editor for the Atlanta Constitution,
is now political editor ol the St. Petersburg
Times in Florida. He spent 19 months
interviewing persons involved in the ciil
rights movement and after hearing their
stories retold, he concluded that "In the
South today we are living on the frontier of
possibility, and it is my hope that this book
will in some measure explain how we got
there. I've been over these tapes and
transcripts many times now, yet their stories
are still as alive for me as they were at the first
telling. I believe that is because most of them
are stories of commitment and sacrifice,
qualities that are neither transient nor
Raines drew another significant
conclusion from his study: "Of all the lessons
Martin Luther King Jr. tried to teach us," he
writes, "the hardest for white Southerners to
understand was that the Civil Rights
Movement would free us, too."
My Soul Is Rested begins with the
Montgomery bus boycott of 1955, moves
and the Campus Y
through the student sit-ins of I960, the
freedom rides of 1961, the Birmingham
demonstrations of 1963, the Freedom
Summer of 1964, and the Selma march of
1965, ending with the Memphis shooting of
King in 1968. At each strategic point, the
participants of the civil rights movement talk
about their own experiences.
Franklin McCain, now an engineer for
Celanese in Charlotte, recalls "The South's
First Sit-in" in Greensboro on Feb. I, I960:
"let's just go down to Woolworth's
tomorrow and ask for service, and the tactic
is going to be simply this: we'll just stav
John Lewis recalls the efforts of the
Freedom Riders to integrate the buses: "I
was hit with a crate, a wooden crate what you
have soda in, and was left lying in the street."
Willie Bolden recalls the Selma March: "1
remember when they first started throwing
the tear gas, 1 saw several people rolling
down the embankment toward the water.
There were several people w ho were knocked
off the bridge by the horses."
Not all the characters in My Soul Is
Rested were on the sioe of the civil rights
workers. Raines also interviewed the Ku
Klux Klan, Roy Harris of Augusta, (ia., and
Alabama Gov. John Patterson. White racist
J. B. Stoner said, "I've been fighting Jews
and niggers full time more or less starting in
1942." Bobby Shelton, Klan spokesperson,
said, "There's nobody got the guts to speak
up, for the Southerner and the white
man. 'And when Birmingham Public Safety
Commissioner "Bull" Connor watched the
Klansmen gather to meet the Freedom
Riders, with no policemen in sight, he
explained that most ol the police "were
visiting their mothers."
In addition to the eloquent statements of
the civil rights fighters. Raines ties his
quoted transcripts together with
explanatory and connective material that
identifies each speaker and shows his role in
the ongoing story of civil rights. Separate
chapters are devoted to higher education
(Autherine Lucy Foster, Vivian Malone
Jones, Ben Allen), one to lawyers and
lawmen and one to reporters (Eugene
Patterson, Claude Sitton, Nelson Benton,
William Bradford Huie.) Among the
individuals thanked for their help are Jim
Seay and Lee Smith of Chapel Hill.
In effort to cut consumption
Carter warns public on energy
From I nitt'd Press International
WASHINGTON - President Carter
warned the public Tuesday night it is
guzzling energy at a rate that endangers the
economy and the nation's security, but said
he will veto any energy bills that do not meet
his standards of conservation, fairness and
In a televised address to the nation, Carter
tried to whip up public support for the
energy package tied up in Congress, painting
a grim picture of the alternatives to a
comprehensive national energy policy.
"This is not a contest of strength between the
President and the Congress, nor between the
House and the Senate," Carter said in noting
that the two houses now are trying to resolve
vastly differing versions of his original
"What is being measured is the strength
and will of our nation whether we can
acknowledge a threat and meet a serious
Carter peppered his speech with references
to the alleged desire of oil and gas producers
for "huge windfall profits."
H e also reserved the right to veto whatever
legislation comes out of Congress.
Israel returns attack
Israeli gunners pounded the Biblical port
Featuring Members from
Southwing, Bro. T. Holla,
Gravy Boat, and Lagniappe
Jazz Vibes Player
Call 9I'9-8276 for more informatic.
Locatfd 128 E Franklin Sttet-t
Howell Raines, pictured, roved all over
the South gathering anecdotes for his
recent book, My Soul is Rested. Raines
spoke with Civil Rights workers, Ku Klux
Klansmen, and everyone in between to
produce a rich recollection of the 1960's
Roy Ayers' vibes
at State tonight
Roy Ayers Ubiquity, a unique taste of
pr ogressive jazrhythm and blues with a soft
touch, comes to Raleigh for two
performances at 7 and 9:30 p.m. today. The
concerts will be held on the second-floor
theatre of NCSU's Student Center.
It hasn't taken long for Roy to solidify his
standing among the top practitioners of the
vibes. As one reviewer said of a set at New
York's Village Vanguard,"Roy Ayers brings
a controlled fire to his performance. He runs
up and down the keys of his vibes with deft
craftmanship. Fie can stir himself to a
driving tempo or he can just groove. Either
way he has complete control of himself and
But Roy's skills are known to more than
an elite group of colleagues and extend far
beyond mere manual dexterity. Attuned to
the best elements of jaw, soul, latin and rock,
he has gathered around him a crew of
musicians who shares his tastes and talents.
Tickets will be available at the door, or at
the box office from 8:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.
weekdays. For more information, call the
Stewart Theatre at 737-3 1 05.
of Tyre, two Palestinian refugee camps and a
half doen Lebanese villages Tuesday in
swift and heavy retaliation for a rocket
attack that killed a woman inthc Israeli town
Palestinian and Lebanese sources said the
three-hour barrage of six-inch shells killed at
least 20 persons. T he brother of a teen-age
girl brought to the American University
Hospital in Beirut for treatment of a serious
neck injury caused by mortar shrapnel said
scores of other persons were wounded.
Nixon's tapes for sale?
WASHINGTON - Richard Nixon's
lawyer told the Supreme Court Tuesday the
ex-president may1 be cmbarrased and
subjected to mental anguish if up to 22 hours
of While House tapes are reproduced for
broadcast and public sale.
Attorney William Jeffress Jr. urged the
justices to reverse a U.S. appeals court ruling
opening the way for public distribution of
copies of tapes played at the 1974 Watergate
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November 9. 1977 The Daily Tar Heel 3
Continued from page 1.
us confidence because after serving as
appointees, our service satisfied the people
and they returned us to the board."
Boone went to Drakeford's residence to
congratulate the victor shortly after the final
results were reported.
A campaign-wearied Ward said he
believed his independent status created
doubts in many persons minds about his
position on certain issues. Ward was
considered a moderate in this election, and
he has criticized factionalism in Carrboro
politics as being disruptive to town
The CCC received its strongest support
from the University l ake precinct, where
Drakcford unofficially defeated Boone by a
more than a 6-1 margin. This precinct is
considered a primarily black and student
"The students really came out in this
election," Drakcford said. "Students have
been called apathetic, but today they
proved that label is just not true."
While acknowledging that most of his
support came from students and blacks.
Drakcford said his convincing win indicated
he had gathered support from all segments of
the Carrboro population. He said the CCC
dominated town government, which has
labeled itself progressive, will "continue to
Since Drakeford's victory opens an
additional seat on the board, the new board
must appoint another member. There was
some speculation from several persons at
Drakeford's house that Boone might be
appointed to fill that vacancy.
. "John Boone would be a good man to
have on the board, and he would give the
board some balance." Foushec said.
Carrboro election results were as follows:
Bob Drakcford 1,020
John Boone 787
Harry W heeler
But Edward Bennett Williams,
representing Warner Communications Inc.
which wants to sell a two-album edition of
tape excerpts, said common law gives a trial
judge discretion to allow copying of a court
ERA redraft suggested
WASHINGTON Instead of extending
the deadline for ratifying the liqual Rights
Amendment (LRA), Congress should "take
a fresh start" with a new amendment that
would be more popular, former Solicitor
General Lrwin Griswold said Tuesday.
But Ruth Bader Ginsburg, a Columbia
University law professor, countered that if
Congress redial ted FRA, it might just as
welL-also "send the due process, equal
protection and freedom of speech clauses
back to the drawing boards."
College of William and Mary law
Professor William Van Alstyne said
Congress could extend the ratification
deadline beyond March 22, 1979, but only
for three years and only by a two-thirds vote
of each house.
The three testified before the House civil
and constitutional rights subcommittee on a
proposed joint resolution to extend the
original seven-year I RA deadline another
seven years in order to get 38 states to ratify
Currently, 35 state legislatures have
passed it, although three have rescinded their
Continued Irom page 1 .
The water plant attracted the most Currhoro
candidates. Several handshaking, smiling
candidates greeted voters there most of the dav.
Election helpers said a lot ol young persons had
come in to vole, although they did not know how
many of them were students.
A radio reporter recorded comments trom
students and towiispersons voting at the Carrboro
Town Hull, and candidates dropped in
occasionally to confer w ith volunteers about "how
Chapel Hill precincts generally were quiet most
of the day. although candidates did viit some key
precincts. Virginia Julian, registrar at the Woollen
Gym polling place, reported that by mid
afternoon only 30 of the 1 10 voters had been
students, although she expected more later.
Student voting was reported low at several other
Chapel Hill precincts.
- Ml( II.VFL W ADE
Wednesday, November 9
Benefit for the
405 W. Roemry St.