6 The Daily Tar Heel Thursday, November 10, 1977
Ben Cornelius, Managing Editor
Ed Rankin, Associate Editor
Lou BilJONis, Associate Editor
Laura Scism, University Editor
Elliott Potter, City Editor
Chuck Alston, State and National Editor
Sara Bullard, Features Editor
Cm Ensslin, Arts Editor
Gene Upchurch, Sports Editor
Allen ernigan, Photography Editor
85th year of editorial froedom
Inflation, more organizations
Chuck Erickson: a tradition
who will, be remembered
Carolina athletics are the most evident unifying factor in our diversified
University community. Alumni young and old, students of all types, faculty
and staff all take great pleasure in the athletic excellence that is a symbol of
the University's overall success.
One of the men who built the athletic program, responsible for much of its
greatness, was Charles Perry (Chuck) Erickson. Director of athletics at
Carolina from I952 until he resigned in 1 968, Erickson was instrumental in
the construction of Carmichael Auditorium and the expansion of Kenan
Stadium and Field House. He was the man who brought coaches Dean
Smith and Bill Dooley to UNC. He was also the man who helped establish
the ACC, pulling Carolina out of the Southern Conference in 1953 to
become a charter member of the ACC.
Chuck Erickson passed away Tuesday at the age of 70 after a short illness.
While Erickson's accomplishments as a football player, athletic director,
fund raiser, scout, recruiter and coach for Carolina will not be forgotten, we
will remember Chuck Erickson even more for his commitment to the
University, its people and its beliefs. Erickson was ever-present at athletic
events and functions of the department, even long after he retired. He
strongly believed in the spirit of good, clean competition and helped ingrain
that philosophy in the athletic program he molded.
As President William C. Friday said, "Intercollegiate sports at Chapel
Hill and in the Atlantic Coast Conference grew and developed in the best
tradition under his leadership as athletic director. He was also a national
figure, especially in the development of the television policies of the
National Collegiate Athletic Associaton.
"This warm and generous friend of literally hundreds of sports figures
from all over the land will be greatly missed by those of us privileged to be
"Chuck Erickson was a valued and beloved friend of this University,"
Chancellor N. Ferebee Taylor said.
Once dubbed "the Rockne of North Carolina," Chuck Erickson has left a
tradition of sportsmanship at UNC which has become a standard for
universities across the nation. His accomplishments and contributions will
be long remembered; his presence, advice and support sorely will be missed
by the University community and all who knew him.
Towns win at polls
There was good news for students, faculty and staff of the U niversity
yesterday. Voters in Chapel Hill and particularly Carrboro turned out in
greater-than-expected numbers overwhelmingly to support progressive
candidates in the local elections.
In Carrboro, the liberal and student-oriented Carrboro Community
Coalition swept the first three spots open on the Board of Aldermen.
Sherwood Ward, a moderate who works at N.C. Memorial Hospital, took
the fourth slot on the board. Former Alderman Bob Drakeford handily
defeated John Boone in the mayor's race.
There was some talk in Coalition headquarters on election night that
Boone might be appointed to the vacancy on the Carrboro board. This
would be a gracious and healing gesture for the beleaguered, faction-ridden
town of Carrboro. Boone, a long-time public servant, is a forthright
conservative who would provide a good balance to the board.
In Chapel H ill, the news was just as good for the U niversity community
with one exception. Physics Professor Marvin Silver narrowly missed
retaining his seat on the bp.ard. Silver, accused by some of trying to exploit
politically the noise issue, in fact died by his lack of opportunism. Silver's
scientific methods, characterized by WCHL commentator Bob Holliday as
his "show-me-some-data approach" to government rubbed some the wrong
way. Silver's heart was in the right place and he worked hard, but he couldn't
make it as the "artful dodger" the political arena requires.
Although long-time students' rights and bus advocate Gerry Cohen had
mor trouble than was expected, finishing fourth, Chapel Hillians added
three tireless public servants, Bill Thorpe, Bev Kawalec and Marilyn
Boulton (first through third places), who are quite committed to student
rights. Boulton, in fact, gives the University community the advantage of
having someone familiar with its problems on the town board. Boulton is
the wife of UNC Vice Chancellor of Student Affairs Donald Boulton.
All in all, it looks like the governing boards and the mayorships of both
towns are in good hands hands that can heal the wounds of diviseness
liberal vs. conservative and University vs. town and steer the growing
communities in the right direction.
Several reasons justify student fee increase
Bv BILL MOSS
There have been a great many questions
circulating around campus concerning the
tee-increase referendum to be held next
Wednesday, Nov. 16. 1 would like to answer
some of the questions by stating some of the
reasons I feel an increase is necessary.
Although there are many reasons to justify
an increase, two primary ones stand out: I )
the effect of inflation on available funds and
2) the increasing number of organizations
that acquire and merit funding.
The budget as it presently exists is
inadequate for the level of services provided
by the 34 funded organizations. The Campus
Governing Council (CGC) constantly has
tried to allocate the money from student
activity fees as fairly as possible. Admittedly,
there have been problems in the past with the
budgetary process itself.
To study the problems with the budgetary
process and to offer suggestions to improve
the process, a new committee has been
created by the CGC. This committee will be
made up of students in and out of Student
Government as well as faculty and
administrators. This committee will study
the criteria used by the CGC and recommend
improvements in time for the next budgetary
process in April. The CGC is committed to
guaranteeing that the present funds and any
future funds are spent to the best advantage
ol the student body.
Since the last fee increase was in 1954. the
primary problem is lack of money. Since that
increase almost a quarter of a ce'ntury ago.
the cost of living has more than doubled (112
The student population exploded from
6.000 in 1954 toalmost 20.000 by 1971. Since
1971. however, the student population has
been basically stable. Just during these last
six years, the cost of living has increased an
incredible 40 percent.
Also during the last six years, there has
been a conscious philosophical shift to spend
as much of the student-activity fees as
possible on programs and organizations that
affect the largest number of students.
The student-activity fees are used to
support over 30organizations which directly
or indirectly affect every student at Carolina..
Perhaps it would be useful to review which
organizations receive funding from the
One-half of the fees automatically is
allocated to two organizations: the Carolina
Union, which receives one-third of all
student activities fees, and the Daily Tar
Heel, which receives 16 percent.
The remaining amount is allocated to a
wide diversity of organizations by the CGC.
Perhaps it would be useful to briefly
review which organizations are funded and
how much money they received during the
CGC budgetary hearings last spring. It is.
important to remember that budget requests
last spring were almost double the amount of
The categories for organizations receiving
funds are Student Government,
communication, joint Student
Government, University, semi-independent
organizations and joint Student
Government , athletics.
The category with the largest allocation is
the semi-independent organizations, which
includes the Graduate and Professional
Student Federation ($19,000), Student
Consumer Action Union ($12,500), Black
Student Movement ($10,495), Association
for Women Students ($4,860), Residence
Hall Association ($2,950), Victory Village
Day Care Center ($2,400), H uman Sexuality
Information and Counseling Service
($1,875). National Achievement and Project
Uplift ($1,500), North Carolina Student
Legislature ($950), Toronto Exchange
($850), Carolina Gay Association ($800),
Carolina Indian Circle ($530), Student
Funded Fellowships ($500), Odum Village
Board of Aldermen ($200)and UNC Coastal
The Communications category includes
the rackety Yack ($6,900), WXYC ($6,251),
Carolina Quarterly ($3,000), Cellar poor .
($1,800). Alchemist ($1,400) and Media
The joint Student
Government University includes the
Carolina Course Review ($8,700),
Association of International Students
International Exchange ($3,600), Debate
Team ($2,750), Association of International
Students ($1,960), Individual Events Team
($1,500) and the Orientation Commission
The joint Student Government Athletics
include the 16 clubs of the Sports Club
Student Government accounts for the
remaining allocation, including the prepaid
legal service ($20,220), the Executive Branch
($29,025), of which $15,000 is paid to the
accounting office for all the funded
organizations. Judicial Branch ($2,175),
Legislative Branch ($855) and Elections
Besides those organizations and projects
already funded. Student Government is
interested in expanding programs in the
future, including an expansion of Student
Legal Services and the formation of a major
attractions committee, not unlike the highly
successful operation at Duke.
Next Wednesday, every student of this
campus will have the opportunity to voice
his or her opinion concerning the future level
of the student-activity fee. For the good of
the student body and for the future, I urge
you to support the increase.
Bill Moss, a senior American studies
major from Youngsville, N.C, is student
California closes in on title as first solar state'
By MARY ELLEN LEA RY
With the enthusiastic support of Gov. Jerry Brown,
California is on the verge of becoming the nation's first solar
Over 100,000 California homes, businesses and public and
private buildings soon are expected to be run partially or
wholly on energy from the sun.
"Solar energy is no longer a promise," says Bill Press,
director of the governor's Office of Planning. "It's here.
There are already important cost-effective applications for
residences and for commercial and agricultural use."
Brown signed a bill in late ' September allowing
Californians to deduct 55 percent of the cost of installing
solar heating devices from their state tax bills, up to a
maximum of $3,000 over the next four yenrs.
The state Energy Commission estimates the new law, for
which Brown actively lobbied, might encourage the
installation of as many as 170,000 solar units in that time.
If that estimate is correct, California will waive some $87
million in taxes between 1977 and 1980 in effect, a
multimillion dollar subsidy to develop solar energy.
"Many technological advantages in our culture are
subsidized." said Peter Cathorpe of the state architect's
office. "For many years solar power. .. lacked an
appropriate share of assistance. Now it is getting a fair shot at
the market." .
The new legislation, coupled with an expected rise in
California's unusually low natural gas rates, should greatly
accelerate some tentative moves toward utilizing solanpower
that already have been made here.
This will place California far ahead of Colorado, Florida.
New Mexico, Wisconsin and other states that seriously have
been examining solar energy but have yet to act.
"The stumbling block has been the initial price to the
consumer." Press says. "The new law lets state government
share over half that initial cost. We think the public will
Both new construction and the refitting of old homes are
included in the subsidy, as are condominium, apartments
and businesses. But the greatest number of solar devices are
expected to be installed by new home developers, who can
use the low cost of solar energy (after installation) as a selling
point and at the same time benefit from the subsidy.
Utility industry experts share the Brown administration's
confidence that the new law will result in an immediate
demand for solar systems.
"Incentives are necessary to carry the public over its initial
reluctance," said Dr. John Cummings, director of solar
operations for the industry-sponsored Electrical Power and
Research Institute in Palo Alto. "The current cost of solar
installation has proven to be higher than the market will
accept. Government's sharing of that cost is necessary to gain
The actual expens of installing home solar systems is still
open to debate, however. So far, costs have ranged widely.
The Pacific Gas and Electric Co. recently spent $1 3,000 to
equip a test house in San Jose with solar facilities. And U.S.
Department of Energy official Don Riordan says it should
cost between $6,000 and $8,000 for home installation.
But at least one developer has been able to install solar
power for much less. Mike Corbett found that in his
projected 250-home community near Davis in northern
California, he could provide an "active" solar system
complete with pump and storage tank for about $5,000 per
A "passive" solar system that doesn't use pumps could be
installed for about $3,000. he says, while a solar system that
only provides hot water was put in for $1,800.
David Rozell. a solar energy coordinator in Brown's Office
f WbmJerif i I ,
( Washington f U .(
canseethis? K) jl s
of Appropriate Technology, believes the "average" cost of
installing solar energy in a new home can be as low as $ 1 ,600
with the owner's share of that paid back in fuel cost
savings in three to five years.
Few structures are planned to be totally dependent on
solar heating. Most installations are integrated with gas
systems for supplementary switch-over when temperatures
cannot be sustained through the sun's action or from storage
And because effect solar heating requires a high degree of
insulation, the. new California law requires homeowners to
improve heat conservation before qualifying for the tax
Despite these limitations, the Brown administration has
begun encouraging some industries to shift to solar power.
Canneries and food processers are prime targets, and state
officials will meet soon with representatives from Del Monte
and Campbell Soup companies.
Meanwhile, industry will be watching closely the
experimental application of solar power to Fresno's Red Star
Laundry, whose test system was dedicated by Brown last
month. The laundry hopes the solar system will enable it to
cut its natural gas needs in half.
The Red Star installation cost $250,000 to design and
build, but, notes Richard Maullin, chairperson of the
California Energy Research and Development Commission,
it is the largest commercial application of solar energy yet
attempted in the United States "and we expect it to
propagate a lot of others."
To symbolize its commitment to solar energy, the Brown
administration recently announced plans to build a new
multimillion dollar state office complex near the capitol in
Sacramento that will use solar energy as its prime heating
and cooling source.
The complex was designed by Benham-Blair& Affiliates,
one of the largest architectural and engineering firms in the
nation. State Architect Sim Van der Rhyn calls the design
"an extremely bold and significant concept that will make
Sacramento the nation's solar showcase."
For the past year. Van der Ryn has. been
supervising the installation of solar hot water heaters atop
four state-owned buildings. A prime goal of the project was
to train unskilled and unemployed youths as solar
California officials repeatedly have contended the move to
solar power will not only provide opportunities for the
building industry but will afso create thousands of new jobs
The new law requires state energy officials to establish
standards for the type of solar systems that will be eligible for
the tax credit by Jan. 1, 1978. Los Angeles County already
requires that all solar systems be approved and licensed at its
new test center, and other localities are expected to set up
similar programs soon.
Meanwhile, a state agency is putting out a pamphlet to
advise consumers on what to look for and what to guard
against when purchasing solar systems.
With the move towards solar energy barely off the ground,
a major political battle is already developing around it. Many
solar advocates fear utilities will be allowed to expand their
control over energy by moving into dominance of the solar
field, meshing its costs into their rate systems and using their
size to mass-produce solar equipment and service solar
These solar advocates, led by former U.S. Senate
candidate Tom Hayden, would like to see the solar field
remain "decentralized" and independent of the utilities, with
solar hardware and installation remaining in the hands of
One large utility. Southern California Edison, already has
asked for an $ 1 1 million rate increase to develop its own solar
Solar advocates hope Brown decides to put his "small is
beautiful" philosophy into practice when he decides who is to
control energy from the sun. They are encouraged by a
statement made by Wilson Clark, one of the governor's top
"I have faith this (the solar program) will get results,"
Clark said, "because it relies on local effort and on the
Jerry Brown faces a re-election campaign in 1978,
however. And when he ran in 1974, oil and gas companies
provided a healthy chunk of his campaign funds,
This column was provided courtesy of the Pacific News
Wrongdoings of sons and daughters are from the not so distant past
To the editor:
On Oct. 28 the Tar Heel printed an article
that contained responses to the Chancellor's
report on the recruitment of minorities to
faculty positions. In the article quotations
"erroneously" were attributed to me. 1 try to
think of myself as a reasonable and
understanding person. Yet 1 cannot
understand why someone seemingly would
pull my name out of a hat, so to speak, and
attach it to quotations. To my knowledge, I
have never spoken to the author of the
article. I certainly was not interviewed
concerning the topic. The quotations
attributed to me were neither my statements
nor my sentiments.
I have followed in recent weeks letters to
the Tar Heel editor concerning affirmative
action, HEW guidelines, the Bakkecase and
related issues. From opponents and
proponents of the issues I continually read
the call to forget what they term the "sins ol
the fathers," to forget the "past." Of whose
fathers and of whose past do they speak?
Some of these writers seem to assume that
the sins of which they speak are confined to a
distant past. Forget the past? Perhaps so. II
we concentrate on the "sins of the sons and
daughters" we will not have time to concern
ourselves with the "sins of the fathers." for
what the sons and daughters have done
and are still doing will occupy us for at
least the rest of this century.
Let us localize the issue. I or over a decade
I have been affiliated with UNC and with
Chapel Hill. On the campus and in the town,
I often am reminded ol what I suppose some
of these writers would consider my past. I am
reminded of the time when the black student
population was so sparse here that a black
student easily could go the entire day
without even seeing another black student;
rarely were there as many as two black
students in any one class.
I am reminded of the time when a white
female student was killed on campus and
black male students were immediately
"rounded up as suspects." 1 recall the campus
police attempting to eject me from campus
buildings w hen I entered on my w ay to a late
afternoon class or lab carrying a satchel
instead of a mop, bucket or broom. I often
am reminded of the numerous times black
students were stopped on campus after the
sun went down and asked to present student
identification, When some theft occurred on
campus and a black (naturally) was
saspected or accused, it was not unusual tor
the campus police to grab the first black they
saw (it mattered not that he was studying in
the library) and take him to the scene of the
crime for "identification." In the classroom
many black students were subjected lo
verbal abuses, racial slurs and hostile
behavior from some of their professors. ITus
was the price a black student was lorced to
pay for exercising his and other blacks' right
to be here. And you say forget. Never.
1 urn reminded of the time when black
students in effect were restricted to living in
certain dormitories and wete excluded Irom
Granville lowers. They were barred from
living in most of the Chapel Hill apartmenf
complexes and were required to present
student IDs in order to eat in some
restaurants in town (blacks who were not
students naturally were excluded). When
entering the campus after dark (and
sometimes in the daytime) a black student
would often be "detained" by campus or
town police to make sure he had a "right" to
be where he was. Yes. these are some of the
victims of the American system. I also must
remember that there never should have been
any need to legislate for the rights of
American citizens. And for those of you who
consider these "gains" evidence of the
fairness and good will of the system, please
remember that very few, if any, "gains" in
securing the civil rights of blacks in this
letters to the editor
"lighter" incidents of which 1 am reminded
w hen on campus or in town.
Now, some might consider these "sins" as
those of the "fathers." The perpetrators are
still around and 1 see them from day to day.
No, folks, this is not my past; it is my ever
present present. Forget and forgive? If I
forget, be assured that it is not because 1 have
Can you imagine the reaction a few years
ago when someone suggested that the black
student population here of 50 or so couid
and should be increased to 500, or that the
black faculty population of zero should be
increased to 10? Black students and black
faculty on this campus today are those very
"percentages" that supposedly never existed.
Let us not speak of reversing anything uniil
after the catching up is over.
While I applaud all "gains" that have been
made in seeming the civil liberties of the
society have been effected without the
initiative of the victims. People were
brutalized, maimed and even killed because
they dared to stand up for fairness, to seek
what naturally should have been their rights
So. you ask. what is the purpose of this
letter. Suffice it to say that he who would
entrust his welfare to the supposed good will
of persons w ho have spent their energies to
deprive him of his rights would be someone
less than a fool.
A brief comment to those who are
disturbed that Cal-Davis decided to reduce
the reserved spaces for whites in its medical
school from 100 to 84: Quotas and
preferential treatment in university
admissions have always existed. People get
disturbed only w hen blacks and other ethnic
groups are the beneficiaries. It was a quot.i
system that at one time limited the number ol
Jewish persons who could be admitted to
protessional schools or who could hold
positions in certain businesses.
Those of you who stand against what you
term discrimination of any kind (a position
which we all could support if the system w ere
not w hat it is) no doubt advocate the use of
so-called objective criteria foruniversity.and
professional school admission namely.
ETS test scores and academic averages.
What data is there to show that persons with
the highest ETS scores and academic
averages make, for example, the best
doctors, lawyers or teachers? Is it true that
those among the top ten will make better
doctors, lawyers or teachers than those in th'i
According to the Educational Testing
Service, the two groups who score highest on
ETS exams and possess the highest academic
averages are Asian-Americans (notably
Chinese) and Jew ish-Americans, and in that
order. Using test scores and academic
averages as primary admissions criteria, it
might work out that the vast majority of
those persons admitted to professional '
schools would be Asian-Americans and
Jewish-Americans. I'm all for it. But 1
suspect that those who now advocate the use
of this criteria those easily deceived by
their own myths as primary for admission
to professional schools would quickly
reverse their stance.
Charge (or parking
To the editor:
On Sat in day I w as d ismayed to see that, as
usual, football fans were parking their cars
all over the University sidewalks and grass.
One man in particular angered me when he
parked his car on an area of grass behind the
chemistry building. It had been seeded only a
few weeks ago, and his car left deep ruts and
converted the area to mud. When I thanked
him for being so considerate, he replied that
he gave lots of money to the University. I
guess he feels that he deserves to wreck up
the campus in return for his donations, and
this attitude obviously is tolerated by the
University. Ironically, the chemistry
students had wanted to put a volleyball net
and poles in the same area, but the
University refused permission because it
would ruin the grounds.
I doubt that the University, in its infinite
wisdom, will change its policy on parking or
volleyball. However, 1 did hear of a
suggestion that Student Government should
consider. Since these fans are so willing to
give money for the thrill of parking on
forbidden land, campus organizations
should barricade these areas and charge $2
to park there!
203A Branson St.
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