The warm weather is
leaving, and behind it will be
highs of about 50 today,
Saturday and Sunday. The
tows tonight and Saturday
will be in the low-20s. The
chance of rain is zero all
ymmm" Him ii ii .
Ik laf Itt
Volume 85, Issue No. M
Strviim tlw siiulcm and the I niwritv nwuminin sinw
Four Chapel Hillians have
decided that the general
public should have a chance
to pick the nation's Top 20
basketball teams each week,
just like coaches and
sportswriters. See page 5.
Friday, November 11, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Please call u: 933-0245
Tax credit bills
may be reduced
By MARK ANDREWS
With tuition costs rising in both private and public colleges, many
middle class students have been priced out of a college education.
But if two bills before Congress are passed, help is on the way in the
form of tax credits.
Sens. Bob Packard, R-Ore., and Daniel Moynihan. D-N.Y., are
sponsoring a bill that would allow taxpayers to subtract one-half of
the tuition they pay, up to $500 per student, directly from the taxes
It could save parents who put their children through college and
students who pay their own way hundreds of dollars per year. While
taxpayers would receive a tax credit, students or parents paying no
income taxes could get money instead to help cover tuition costs.
Identical legislation has been introduced in the House. Reps. Bill
Frenzel, R-Minn., James Burke, D-Mass., and Tom Railsback, R
111., are co-sponsoring the House bill.
The bills apply not only to public and private colleges but also to
private primary, secondary and prep schools and vocational,
business and trade schools as well.
"We are facing an eduction crisis," Sen. Packwood said in a
statement released in September when the legislation was
"The loser in this escalating tuition war is, as in all else, the middle
income taxpayer," Packwood said. "He is too poor to afford the cost
of college, too well-to-do to qualify for federal assistance."
Packwood noted that there has been a 55 percent increase in
education costs at public colleges the past five years and a 52 percent
rise in the costs of private colleges.
Even if the legislation were to pass in Congress, however, it
probably would be at least 1980 before the tax credits would be
Half the Senate is co-sponsoring the Senate bill, including 14 of the
18 members of the Senate Finance Committee, which will be
considering the legislation.
The Senate Finance Committee will hold public hearings on the
legislation January 18 through 20 next year.
"So far, things couldn't be much better," Bob Witeck, legislative
assistant to Sen. Packwood, said Thursday in reference to Senate
support of the bill. Witeck noted that in the past the Senate has
endorsed the concept of aiding those paying education costs.
Dave Mahsman, press assistant to Rep. Railsback, said supporters
of the House bill are optimistic that either it or similar legislation will
be passed by the House.
"My impression is it's getting a fairly good reception," Mahsman
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Chapel Hill police vow
to commence ticketim
bike traffic violations
Citing 10 bicycle-related traffic accidents since July, the Chapel Hill Police
Department announced that bicyclists will be ticketed for traffic-code violations just
as any other offender, particularly riders passing on the right while cars are turning.
Photo by Bruce Clarke.
By KM I.VN SAUK
The Chapel Hill Police Department is asking
bicyclists to comply voluntarily with state motor
vehicle laws. 1 1 they haven't complied by Monday,
chances are bicyclists observed violating trie
traffic code by officers will be ticketed as any other
At a press conference Thursday. Chapel Hill
Police (.'apt. Arnold Gold announced that a
crackdown on traffic-law violations by bicycle
riders will begin Monday. Bicycle riders must
obey stop signs, stop lights and other right-of-way
requirements. In addition, officers will be
watching lor bicyclists passing on the right while
cars are turning.
In addition, bicycle riders are required to
display a white light, visible 300 feet in front of the
bike, and a red reflector. isible 200 feet to the rear
when they are riding at night.
(iold said traffic violations bv bicyclists are on
"We are at the point where we have got to take
some kind of action," Gold said. "Starting
Monday we are going to start citing them (the
bikers) to court."
While there have been no bicycle-related traffic
accidents this month, there were six bicycle
accidents in October and ten since July. Gold
explained that the accident rate has been
"There were 23 bicycle-related accidents two
years ago and 24 last year," Gold said. He also said
i hat there have been two bike-related deaths in the
past two years.
Gold said that part of the problem is that the
number of bikes in Chapel Hill has increased
tremendously because of limited parking spaces.
"This problem has been going on for quite a
while, however." he said. "We've just been
overlooking it and living with it.
"We want to gel everybody to comply
voluntarily. We don't want to start handing out
citations, but we're planning a crackdown if
voluntary compliance doesn't come about."
District Attorney Wade Barber said, "I he
motorist and bicyclist need to be made aware that
N.C. statutes which govern the operation of motor
vehicles on the road provide that 'bicycles shall be
deemed vehicles and every rider of a bicycle upon
a highway shall be subject to the provision of this
Barber said motorists have an obligation to
treat bicycles as they would treat motor vehicles.
Barber said the courts have been notified of the
crackdown and will treat the bikers the same as
motorists. He said this involves being charged
with a fine for the particular violation and costs of
"While bikers will not be assessed points against
their driver's license for bike violations, their
motor vehicle driving privilege can be revoked for
a year for driving a bike under the influence,"
Both Gold and Barber said they realized there is
some confusion in treating bicycles the same as
cars. But both said they felt mutual cooperation
between bikers and motorists would help in most
See POLICE on page 3.
The House Ways and Means Committee
must consider the bill since it is a tax matter.
Burke is ranking Democrat and Frenzel is a
Republican member of the committee.
The institution attended must be
accredited for the student or his parents to be
eligible for the tax credit.
Mahsman said he wasn't aware of any real
opposition to the bill, but he added that'
opposition is not likely to surface until active
consideration of the bill begins.
Sen. Moynihan said in a prepared
statement that "in recent years the Supreme
Court has not looked favorably upon
measures that could be construed as aiding
Witeck said the Supreme Court hasn't
taken a definitive stand on how much the
government can aid students at private
institutions. He also said some might be
opposed to the legislation because it would
give tax credits to those attending parochial
schools and lessen the separation between
church and state.
Boone to get vacan t Drakeford seat
By DAVID WATTERS
The Carrboro Board of Aldermen
unofficially agreed Wednesday to
appoint John Boone to fill mayor-elect
Bob Drakeford's unexpired board seat.
Boone, whose term on the board will
expire in December, was Drakeford's
opponent in the municipal elections
Tuesday. Drakeford will give up his seat
the second week in December when he
"I am very happy about the decision
to let me stay on the board," Boone said
Thursday, adding that he wants to
continue serving the town.
Boone will be the only member of the
Allied Citizens for Carrboro on the
board. The Carrboro Community
Coalition (CCC) controls four of the six
seats on the board in addition to the
mayor's seats. Sherwood Ward was
elected as an independent.
Because CCC members have the
majority of votes, they could have
decided to seat another member of the
coalition. But according to Alderman
Ernie Patterson, a CCC member, the
coalition wanted to select someone who
would provide some balance on the
"We wanted someone to represent the
conservative side of the town in
government." Patterson said. "John
Kozol lambastes admissions, hiring policies
and says University should lead in ethics
By ROBERT THOMASON
Calling UNC's minority admissions policies and an
affirmative action program for hiring women faculty
members shameful, education reformer Jonathan Kozol
lambasted the educational system in Chapel Hill and in
America Wednesday night from the stage of Memorial Hall.
Kozol recalled a quote by a UNC administrator in which the
administrator called UNC the leading university of the
Southeast. "This may be true in terms of power and prestige,"
"If this is the leading university, jt ought to lead in areas
other than grades, cash, buildings and grants," he said. "The
Jonathan Kozol, education reformer, spoke Wednesday in
Memorial Hall, advocating that the University be closed while
students look for minority students and "the faculty can look
for women." Staff photo by Mike Sneed.
University should take the lead in ethics, lor excellence
without ethics ii no excellence at all."
Kozol expressed dismay over the University's position that
it is hard to find qualified minority students and female
personnel. "It is shameful that a university in the 1970s has no
more than a 7 percent black student population or no more
than 18 percent women on the faculty.
"If the chancellor says he doesn't know where to find black
students or women, I will take him by the hand and lead him to
Watts, to Harlem, and 1 will show him brilliant blacks with
Ph.D.s working as partners.
"I will take him to Cambridge and show him women with
master's in English, Ph.D.s in sociology, English and physics
working as waitresses and strippers because there are no jobs
for women in universities.
The Department of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW)
should take more drastic steps to accelerate desegregation at
UNC, Kozol said.
"It is not enough for HEW to give the University a
reprimand and two months to come up with some new
program," he said.
"The University ought to be closed down and a special
period of moratorium called. Students should be asked to help
find minority students, and the faculty can look for women."
Kozol said his career as an educator began when he was
fired from the Boston school system. "All I did was read a
, group of black third-grade students the first poem they had
ever heard that had been written by a black poet," he said.
The official reason for his dismissal, according to the school
board, was "curriculum deviation." The poet, Langston
Hughes, was part of the ninth-grade curriculum.
Since his dismissal from the Boston school system, Kozol
has written several books on the subject of education in
America, including Death at an Early Age and The Night Is
Dark and I Am Far from Home, and has lectured across the
nation. Kozol also spent part of the fall substitute teaching in a
junior high school in Cuba named after the four students
killed at Kent State in June 1970.
Boone is not in the ultra-conservative
camp, and he looks at each issue and
makes his decision on what he thinks is
the best for Carrboro."
Boone said he knows the CCC has
solid control of the board, but he said he
believes it significant that the coalition
did not appoint someone from their own
ranks: "Now some of the more
conservative people in town will have
someone on the board they can talk to."
The board also voted to fine The
Station Saloon and Restaurant $25 per
day starting Monday until all
specifications of its conditional-use
permit are met. They said the
modifications required had been put off
Patterson said the board had
extended the deadline of the
conditional-use permit three times.
"The owners of the Station have pushed
us as far as they could." he said, "and
now we have to enforce the town
But Patterson said the unmet
conditions are "little things that
probably can be fixed Monday." The
conditions include paving an additional
section of the parking lot and building a
screen in front of the trash container.
Free shared-ride taxis
from bus stop to bus stop
By KEITH HOLLAR
SUIT W riter
Riding a shared-ride taxi from bus
stop to bus stop will be free for
anyone with a bus pass beginning
Chapel Hill Transportation
Director Bob Godding confirmed
Thursday afternoon that the 25-cent
surcharge for rides from bus stop to
bus stop will be eliminated, a move
which the town's transportation
board had recommended to Town
Manager Kurt Jenne.
The 50-cent surcharge for bus
stop-to-door or door-to-bus stop
service and the 75-cent surcharge for
door-to-door service will be retained,
Under the terms of a contract
signed Sept. 30 between the town and
the University, the town agreed to
modify the experimental night
service if ridership did not reach an
average of 100 riders per night by
Oct. 31. By that time, ridership had
reached only a little more than 50
rides a night, according to dispatcher
John L. Temple, UNC's vice
chancellor for business and finance,
had delayed signing the contract
becau e of doul s about the evening
taxi service, which replaced night
time, fixed-route bus service
beginning this semester.
But Temple said Thursday he is
pleased with the decision to drop the
"It's just another variation of the
original experimental system," he
said, "and I think it's good."
Godding said it is impossible to
predict the effect dropping the
surcharge will have on the service's
ridership, which has averaged about
75 rides per night for the past week.
"But it will give us an indication of
what the effect of the price is on the
ridership demand," he said.
"We hope it will stimulate some
ridership or at least stimulate people
to take that first ride that is so
important in overcoming doubts
about the service. The people that use
the system feel it's working well for
them." Godding said.
The decision to drop the 25-cent
surcharge means that the town's
contract with the Carolina Cab Co.,
which operates the taxis, will have to
be amended so that the town pays the
cab company 25 cents for each bus
stop-to-bus stop ride it provides,
See SRT on page 4.
There's no place like dome
Soccer players build geodesic home
By JEFF BRADY
Staff W riter ,
Last spring. UNC soccer players Roy
Barolf and John Mansfield decided to
move out of their dorm but wanted to
avoid the rigumarole of finding housing
in Chapel Hill. As an alternative, they
bought some land and built a geodesic
Barolf and Mansfield started out
making small paper models and
geodesic dome lampshades, then
expanded their dome knowledge and
purchased a kit from a company in
Arizona. The result of their summer
long work is a wooden structure that
measures 13 feet high and 26 feet in
diameter and has most of the comforts
of home. Mansfield said they built it for
The dome, which sits in a wooded
area six miles south of Chapel Hill off
Jones Ferry Road, took only six weeks
to construct and make livable,
Mansfield said. The kit included
See GEODESIC on page 2.
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John Mansfield and Roy Baroff have found an alternative to dorm life and apartment-
finding hassles They built a geodesic dome from a mail order kit. It doesn't have all
the luxuries of home, but it's livable. Photo by Jeff Brady.