6 The Daily Tar Heel Tuesday, November 15, 1977
Ben Cornelius, Managing Editor
Ed Rankin, Associate Editor
Lou Bilionis, Associate Editor
Laura Scism, University Editor
Elliott Potter, City Editor
Chuck Alston, State and National Editor
Sara Bullard, Features Editor
Chip Ensslin. Arts Editor
Gene Upchurch. Sitorts Editor
Allen Jernigan, Photography Editor
85th year of editorial freedom
Need for budgetary reform
as evident as fee shortage
Students will go to the polls Wednesday to voice their opinions on a
proposed S2.50 per semester increase in student fees. Meanwhile, 37
different campus groups that provide a host of services for a diverse student
body, such as movies, concerts, speakers like Morris Udalland RonZiegler,
the Fine Arts Festival and numerous publications, will await the outcome.
For these and many other organizations, an increase in student fees is
imperative. Their many programs and services as well as their very
existences are in jeopardy.
Since the last fee increase in 1954, a full 23 years of inflation has sapped
the student fund. In addition, the number of student organizations receiving
funds has grown tremendously since 1 954. Even from this bare information,
it would seem obvious that a "cost of living" increase is in order.
As the facts are studied more carefully, the case for a modest fee increase
becomes stronger. The Daily Tar Heel may be taken as a case in point. The
DTH is granted a set percentage of student fees each year $52,800 for the
1977-78 fiscal year. Without an increase in student fees, this sum can be
assumed to remain relatively constant. But printing costs are climbing at an
alarming rate of up to 9 percent per year. Right now, the D Til is forced to
seek $206,000 in advertising to pay the bills. As the bills mount, the only
relief is more advertising which is becoming increasingly difficult to find
or more money from student fees.
The proposed fee increase would bring the DTH an additional $16,000
per year more than enough to serve as a hedge against inflation. For the
newspaper, the choice is clear: increase the fees or sacrifice quantity and
The Carolina Union is another case. It is the only other organization
which receives a fixed percentage of student fees and makes up the largest
item in the budget. Of the estimated $330,000 income this year from fees, the
Carolina Union is allocated $110,000. Free flicks, concerts, Broadway
productions and guest speakers are brought to the campus when this money
is put to work. But again, costs are climbing. Only an increase in student fees
can ensure that the Carolina Union w ill provide the best in entertainment.
But there are other organizations which need a fee increase to preserve
their programs and services. The Student Consumer Action Union is facing
increasing costs which threaten its valuable and often-used publications.
Without the increase, the Franklin Street Gourmet, the Southern Part of
Heaven and other guides w ill face limited press runs, and may even be forced
to cease publication.
The campus radio station is another example of a student group strangled
by a tight budget. The current allocation for the station falls far short of the
budgets of comparable college radio stations. Without a fee increase, it is
unlikely that WXYC can provide the news and music which the University
The Carolina Course Review needs a fee increase. The only way the
Academic Action Group can continue to provide the course evaluations
that nearly every student consults is by meeting its ever-rising costs. Without
the fee increase, printing costs will kill the review.
Cultural events such as the Colloquium and the Fine Arts Festival
brighten the campus each spring and present a smorgasbord of events that
appeal to nearly every facet of the University community. But as lecture fees
soar, the need for a fee increase becomes more and more apparent. The same
problem faces organizations like the Black Student Movement and the
Association for Women Students. Their varied programs, w hich benefit a
diverse groups of students are threatened; only a fee increase can ease the
Club sports are another item on this almost endless list. The depleted
coffers cannot possibly meet the cost of these valuable services.
When students cast their ballots Wednesday, we hope they realize what a
modest $2.50 per semester will return. If free flicks, guest speakers, a
newspaper and cultural programs are of any consequence, we're sure a fee
increase will win student endorsement.
Fee increase only solution
for threatened services
Legal staff must expand
Students need voice against University
By SHELLEY DROESCHER
UNC students have an opportunity to
allow their student attorney to advise and
represent them in complaints against the
University. With an attorney's support the
endless clutter of traffic, housing and tuition
hassles finally may untangle, uncovering
collective complaints between students and
As rights stand today students have no
voice against the University. Private
attorney's fees total for example more than a
$15 towing fine a student believes is wrong.
She pays it, because what else can she do?
There is no one to argue with if the traffic
office says the fine must be paid.
One hundred students might have the
same complaint, but without a central office
to voice them, the complaints stay scattered.
An attorney would represent students'
rights, not as students but as citizens of the
U nited States. That's really all we are asking
for, our constitutional rights.
Without the means to hire another
attorney, the Campus Governing Council
(CGC) can't remove the restriction that
prevents such representation. Student fees
must be raised to finance $12,000 to expand
Student Legal Services (SLS) to begin
student vs. University coverage. Twenty-five
cases per week come into SLS concerning
University hassles. Dorothy Bernholtz,
student attorney, already it bogged down in
tenant-landlord controversies. She couldn't
handle the added case load.
When CGC established SLS in April 1975,
Student Body President William Bates met
with Deputy Attorney General Andrew
Vanore. Chancellor N. Ferebee Taylor and
Law School Dean Robert Byrd to discuss
terms. Because of a North Carolina statute
which says that one state agency cannot sue
another state agency, they agreed that a
student legal service could be established if
CGC would restrict the student attorney
from representing students against the
University. The University, funded by the
state, is a student agency. Though student
government is financed by the students, they
too are considered a state agency.
A Fourth District Court decision in
December 1976 changed this reading of the
statute. The University of Maryland's legal
service, the Maryland Public Interest Group
(MaryPRIG) contested an identical
restriction. The limitation was found to
violate the First Amendment which protects
citizens' rights to court excess and legal
The Fourth District encompasses North
Carolina, making the decision applicable at
UNC. To remove the restriction CGC needs
only to vote it away CGC applied it, not
the chancellor or deputy attorney general.
But they can't vote without first assuring
funds for another attorney.
.Gerry Cohen. Chapel Hill alderman and
former CGC member said, "It's obvious that
Student Legal Services needs more staff to
handle these new matters. The only way for
Student Government to have adequate funds
to support student organizations is if
students vote yes on the increase."
CGC heard arguments last Tuesday to
remove the restriction. They sent the
resolution to the Legal Advisory Committee
(LAC) where it will be studied and returned
to CGC's finance committee. A decision will
come sometime in January. The first step
toward approval comes tomorrow, when
students vote to increase student fees. If that
fails, then there is no possibility to have an
attorney to help cut through the red tape,
which seems so tightly wound through the
bureaucracy at UNC.
CGC needs to know the student body
cares; they need to see that we are willing to
raise our student fees to get this protection.
But a raise in student fees does not guarantee
a student attorney. The fight remains when
this preliminary step is won. CGC needs to
know that students are involved in this issue.
They are controlling fees coming directly
from the students. Let them know how you
want them spent.
Tomorrow show them with your vote.
Representation against the University would
benefit the entire student body.
Shelly Droescher, a sophomore English
major from Charlotte, N.C., is a staff writer
for the Daily Tar Heel.. .. - . .
Report the facts
To the editor:
I would like to take this opportunity to
respond to an article appearing in the
Thursday Daily Tar Heel by David Stacks
entitled "University police criticise
restriction on authority." I am concerned
about David's interest in creating a problem
where there isn't one and doing so by
misrepresenting the facts in this case.
The University has had a police
department for many years, and the primary
mission of that department has been, is now,
and will be in the future to provide
appropriate police services on the property
of UNC-CH so as to insure the safety and
well-being of the University, its people and
its property. The University and Chapel Hill
police departments have for years worked
together on matters of mutual concern.and
interest, and 1 expect that this relationship
will continue for years to come.
University Police officers are hired by the
University to provide police services on
U niversity property. If they become aware of
law enforcement problems in Chapel Hill,
; Carrboro, at North Carolina Memorial
Hospital, etc., they are expected to contact
the appropriate law enforcement agency. In
cases involving immediate threat to life or
property our officers are expected to assist in
any way possible until the appropriate law
enforcement agency is able to respond.
I would like to ask in the future that Mr.
Stacks report the facts as reported to him,
and not as he sees the facts.
T. W. Marvin, Director
Department of Security Services
To the editor:
I am writing in response to a request by
Lee Poole for readers to express their
feelings about his work. I hope Mr. Poole
continues to work for the Daily Tar Heel.
Copying the work of established artists is a
standard method for an artist to develop his
own technique and style. Even if publishing
copied work is not so standard, I doubt if
Mr. Poole is paid enough for his work to
incite B. K liban to sue him. M ore important,
I enjoy Mr. Poole's cartoons. Plagiarized or
not, the quality of the drawing and nature of
the humor add a great deal to this reader's
enjoyment of the DTH. and I would hate to
see him withdraw his considerable talents in
a fit of pique.
Department of Medicine
The Daily Tar Heel welcomes letters to
the editor. Letters must be typed, double
spaced, on a 60-space line and are subject
to condensation or editing for libelous
content or bad taste.
Letters should not run over 50 lines
(300 words) and should be mailed to the
Daily Tar Heel, Carolina Union.
Fast provokes thoughts on life without affluence
Bv DAVID CULP AND
Those dying of hunger pass out of this world at a rapid
pace some 20.000 a day die with bloated bellies, small
children with kwashiorkor appearing like wizened old men.
Most do not starve to death, but, in a weakened state, easily
succumb to disease and infection. The food that the body
needed was not there at the right time; that the food might be
abundant elsew here is of no concern to the many small souls
who had little hope to begin with.
These people rarely demand explanation of their plight.
To call them victims is to place some blame on forces beyond
their control; to the victims these forces are often nameless
and beyond comprehension. Leading a comfortable life at
UNC removes one from these problems of over a billion
peoples, but it should not remove one from a concern for
A Fast for a World Harvest will be held this Wednesday
and Thursday on campus and around the nation. A fast is by
nature a symbolic choice: 24 hours without eating may result
in mild temporary discomfort. For those with no choice,
hunger has no end. except death. What a fast can do, though,
is provide an opportunity to ponder an existence w ithout our
affluence and to explore the causes of global malnutrition in
an age of plenty.
Hunger exists side by side with food surpluses. An isolated
focus on food production, food aid, population growth or
any other single facet of the problem will not solve the
problem. People are hungry because they are desperately
poor. In the long run. only an overall improvement in the
world's standard of living will end world hunger.
The great burst of nationalism in the Third World during
the last quarter century resulted in massive development
efforts. Many nations, former colonial states, came into
independence with weak economies. During colonialism, the
land was exploited for the benefit of the mother country.
Exports were produced without a commensurate return to
the native producer. Local agriculture usually managed to
supply the population's bare needs.
Development of a nation for its own benefit required
capital formation. Through necessity, export production
often continued at the expense of agricultual development.
When industrialization did occur, people left the land,
closely clustering in the cities, and population began to
increase. Native agriculture suffered; poverty grew, and
rampant hunger closely followed.
Western development aid largely consisted of promoting
further industrialization, often by convincing Western
companies to locate factories in the Third World nations.
Some would accuse these companies of continuing to operate
in the colonialist model, with little benefit to the host
country. Agricultural assistance, aside from direct food
donations, included promotion of the "Green Revolution":
massive applications of costly petroleum-based fertilizers,
economically feasible only on large land tracts which often
did not exist. Development, it turned out, often needed more
capital than a nation could raise within itself.
Third World governments turned to the West and asked
for loans. Some governments responded directly; others
funneled money through the World Bank. Private banks
were also cooperative, at their usual interest rates. The great
increase in oil prices since 1973, while affecting most
countries, hit the Third World the hardest. To meet their
international debts with foreign currency, exports and debt
increased; agriculture was slighted further.
"In retrospect, it is clear that too much confidence was
based on the belief that rapid economic growth would
automatically result in the reduction of poverty the so
called 'trickle down theory,' " said World Bank President
Robert McNamara this year. The alternative to that theory is
to encourage growth at the bottom of society and to assure
that such growth helps impoverished people meet their most
Oxfam-America, the group sponsoring the Fast for a
World Harvest, aims to do just that. A non-profit
organization without political or religious affiliation, Oxfam
funds self-help development projects in the Third World. The
projects are on the most local level: people work in their own
communities; the work reflects their own choices and needs.
While heavily emphasizing agriculture, the projects also
attempt to transform agricultual surplus into autonomous
The fact is a setting for considering these problems.
Oxfam-America asks that a faster donate the unspent food
money from the 24 hours of the fast, which begins at 6 p.m.
on Wednesday. The Y M Y WC A H unger Action Committee
will be sitting at tables around campus oh Thursday to talk
with any interested people and make collections. A free rice
and tea Break-Fast will be served upstairs at $p.m. on
Thursday in the Campus Y. M are welcome.
We will be fasting, and a billion or two people won't be
eating much more on Thursday. Won't you join us?
Chip Self and David Culp prepared this column for the
YMYWCA Hunger Action Committee.
Bv VANS' VOGEL
Not being an intellectual-type, I
prefer to spend my time watching
football and reading sports articles. But
even sports-types can tolerate only a
certain amount of abuse of the English
language. I can accept the failure of
"boot-leg style" after "boot-leg style"
play to put points on the board for the
Mecls. I can endure "a humiliating-type
loss" by one of my favorite pro teams to
lowly Buffalo. I must protest, however,
w hen a major newspaper reports that an
"injector-type razor" was used as a
suicide weapon, and a UNC professor
announces an "essay-type" exam.
I am protesting a new. phenomenon
that is sweeping America's literature,
language and football coaches. From
the classroom to the playing field,
Americans are being inundated with the
superfluity of the alleged adjectives,
"type" and "style."
I he acknowledged master of this
"Dooley-iation" (my apologies to
1' Jw in Newman) of the language is of
course, our own football-type coach.
Mill Pitolcv. Alter cu'ty Tar Heel game.
WW UKE. 'VOUR
About the only argument anyone has come up with against the modest
student-fee increase of $2.50 per semester is the old, "Why give 'em any more
money, they only waste what they get now." This argument seems appealing
until we remember that cherished pastimes such as the free flicks, the
concerts, the newspaper and the radio station, cultural organizations such
rilPfCCl1 IPC Cllph '1C QtiiInt I oii'il nriAi' ill r a
A column-type article on Dooley-izing language
Still, the argument is made and oftentimes persuasively that
student-fee monies are not allocated wisely. The Campus Governing
Council budgetary process most often is likened to a circus. It is said to be
wild, woolly, unwieldy and unfair. And the annual affair of cost-cutting
and resulting protest does cause serious problems. But there is hope that
things will get better.
Although we seldom are excited by the formation of yet another
committee, the newly formed select committee on the budgetary process is
reason enough for applause. Not only does the formation of the committee
indicate that the CGC has recognized its problem, but the committee's
membership drawn from all corners of the University community
should allow for the broad perspective and the objective appraisal needed to
overhaul the complex budgetary process. With students, faculty members,
administrators and CGC members criticizing the budget process in a
systematic fasion, progress should be made.
"T he primary intention in setting up this committee is to answer a lot of
questions students have had about the way their money is being spent now ,"
Student Body President Bill Moss said.
"Whether or not the fee increase passes, it is important that the council
spend the money as well as it can. This committee should insure that il the
fee increase is passed, the extra money will be handled properly and in the
best interests of the student body."
The need for scrutiny of the budget process is as self-evident as the need
for a long-oerdue fee increase. We hope this will be the ear resources
finally are expanded and the use ol those resoiuces is improved so that we
finally might catch up with inlbtion and pnmde the level ol services
students dcsei e.
Dooley joins a sportscaster-type and
analyzes football, Carolina-style. On
any given Sunday, the nauseated viewer
may look at the "bootleg-style," "draw
style" and "reverse-style" plays of the
previous day. On an exceedingly rare
"pass-style" play, the careful observer
may be privileged to see Mel Collins run
a "curl-type" pattern. Any linguist-type
who views the Dooley show certainly
will be relieved to discover that the
English language has not lost its "style."
For those who feel that I am
exaggerating the problem merely to
write a Tar Heel-Xype article, 1 urge you
to engage anyone in conversation. This
trend is not endemic to football coaches.
To borrow from Watergate-types, it is
presently like a cancer growing on the
language. This "type-style" expression
has become the most abused and
meaningless phrase since "at this point
I must admit that "type" does have its
place in the language. Since genuine
hippies no longer exist, the world would
be a much drearier,, place without
"hippie-types." Similarly, for those of us
who have not quite mastered the literary
stle known as the cs.sjy, "essay-type"
exams may have their advantages. And
of course, one should not overlook the
obvious social benefits of new tongue
twisters such as 'what type type would a
Tar Heel typist-type type if a Tar Heel
typist-type would type type."
These benefits aside, the severity of
this threat to the language must be
recognized. Concerned citizens should
write letters to Edwin Newman and
other grammarian-tpes and inform
them of this omnipresent travesty..
Friends should be assailed for their
misuse of these wods. And of course,
Bill Dooley should rfe granted tenure to
assure that Carolina students remain
ever watchful. For the preservation of
clear-style expression is dependent on
Vann Vogel, a junior, is a political
science major from Shelby, N.C.