Today and Wednesday will
be cloudy and warm with
highs both days in the high
60s. The low tonight will be
near 40. The chance of rain
is 40 percent today and
Wednesday, 20 tonight.
Off till Monday "
The Da7y Tar Hee will not
publish Wednesday. The
next issue will be Monday,
Nov. 30. We hope you enjoy
the Thanksgiving holiday,
Serving the students and the University community since
Volume 85, Issue No. 61
Tuesday, November 22, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Please call us: 933-0245
01 ifl-in Ut it
XYC controversy continues
as manager fires 2
Removals for opposing station policy
Thanksgiving is nigh upon us, and the last of the summer crops have been gathered
in. It's been a few years since this machine worked a harvest, but it still stands in a
field a few miles north of Raleigh watching the newer farm machinery reap the
harvest and progress pass it by. Staff photo by Allen Jernigan.
Energy efficiency stressed
in Fearrington development
By MEREDITH CREWS
The conflict between WXYC station management
and staff continued Monday as interim Station
Manager Paul Matthews fired staff members Derek
Frost and Michael Ridge.
Matthews said he fired Frost for signing WXYC off
the air Thursday morning.
"Signing off the air contrary to management wishes
is highly frowned upon by the FCC (Federal
Communications Commission)," Matthews said. "I
checked with the FCC and they said there was nothing
they could do to reprimand Frost, but to show who is
in control of the station, the management should do
Frost and two other staff members signed WXYC
off the air for more than an hour Thursday to protest
the resignation of former WXYC Station Manager
Moore resigned Wednesday night after Student
Education Broadcasting Inc. failed to fire Mike
Hyman, SEB chairperson, and David Madison, SEB
Matthews said he fired Ridge for not supporting the
station and WXYC management.
"I told Ridge that if he continued to oppose me and
the station. I didn't want him down here anymore," he
said. "I did not hope to fire Mike Ridge, but he wanted
to lease; he wouldn't give me any support."
But Frost and Ridge said they were fired for being
vocal about staff grievances against the station's new
management. They criticized WXYC management in a
column that appeared in ihc Daily Tar Heel Monday.
"They're playing it as if I fired them for writing the
letter in the Daily Tar Heel" Matthews said. "Of
course. I like all the support from the staff I can get. but
I would not restrict them from their First Amendment
But Don Moore, former WXYC station manager,
agreed with Frost and Ridge.
"lie (Matthews) fired Derek (Frost) and Michael
(Ridge) because they' were vocal," Moore said. "By
doing this, he is intimidating other staff members."
Matthews said Frost and Ridge did not go through
the right channels to vocalie their grievances.
" The Daily Tar Heel is not the board of directors of
the SEB," he said. "If they indeed did not like what was
happening, they should release their comments at the
Matthews also said he fired Frost because the FCC
made routine inspections of WXYC.
"If indeed the FCC held a routine inspection of
WXYC and saw that such a person that would pull a
stunt like that (signing off the air) was still working
under me. then l wouldn't want SEB to feel I was not
doing an adequate job as manager by managing the
station with incompetent personnel," Matthews said.
Ninety percent of the air shift persons want the
removal of Hyman and Madison, according to Frost
"If Hyman and Madison are not fired at the SEB
meeting Nov. 28, there will be a staff walkout," Frost
But Matthews said two of the four members of
WXYC's managerial staff who tendered their
resignations Thursday have asked for their jobs back.
"With Thanksgiving holiday coming up, I have
made no statement as to whom I've chosen to fill these
positions," he said.
The resignations were turned in Thursday by
Program Director Robert Walton, Music Director
David Weaver, Traffic Director Debbie Chamberlain
and Public Affairs and Service Director Susan Burney.
Frost said Weaver's resignation was not accepted,
but Matthews made no comment.
By STEVE HUETTEL
Press a button on the energy monitor in
the wall and it tells you that the solar-heated
water in your storage tank is 69 degrees C.
plenty hot to wash the clothes or take a bath.
The monitor reads that you are using 14.7
cents of electricity in the house, so you decide
to turn off the kitchen light on the way out to
the recycling center in the back yard.
No, this house is not out of some Saturday
morning cartoon or a World's Fair
exhibition, but is one of the houses in
Fearrington, a community development
eight miles south of Chapel H ill off H igh way
The 1,400 to 1,800 square foot houses,
located in a wooded area, emphasize energy
conservation in their design.
"Currently, half of the energy use in this
country is waste," says Roy B. Fitch Jr.,
developer of Fearrington and owner of Fitch
Creations in Carrboro.
So far, only one house is equipped with
solar panels, which Fitch predicts will supply
60 to 80 percent of the house's hot water and
space heating needs, but all the houses are
carefully insulated to prevent heat loss.
"About 25 percent of the heat used for a
home escapes through infiltration leaks
around windows and doors and such," Fitch
says. "It doesn't matter what kind of heating
system you use, it'll be better if you don't end
up trying to heat the outdoors."
The houses utilize double-thick wall
insulation, caulking around the window and
door frames, pipes, wires and ductwork, and
double-glazed windows to cut heat
transmission up to 50 percent. Also, the
systems are stingy with electricity. The hot
water thermostats are adjusted from 160
degress down to 120 degrees and energy
saving electric heat pumps and appliances
Perhaps the most important single factor
in energy conservation is educating the
consumer to be energy-conscious, Fitch says
he believes. "Building an energy-efficient
house solves only half the problem," he says.
"A homeowner must learn how to use the
house for energy conservation."
The most unusual feature to promote
homeowner conservation is the Fitch Energy
Monitor, a device which displays in cents-per-hour
the electricity being used at any
given time. "The monitor tells you the
electricity you're using in money not in
kilowatts," Fitch says. "Nobody
understands kilowatts, but everybody likes
to save a dollar."
In an energy-saving contest Fitch held at
another development, he found that electric
bills for the same sized homes and families
varied as much as 250 percent. He then had a
local engineer design the monitor, and has
sold over 1,000 units in the past two years to
A special version of the monitor in the
solar house at Fearrington also displays the
temperatures of air in the solar panels, water
in the storage tank and heat storage rocks,
used for heating air when there is no
The houses also are equipped with
recycling centers for aluminum, glass and
waste, and compost bins for organic wastes.
Residents can use the compost in the
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Carrboro entrepreneur Roy Fitch Jr. claims that the solar panels on the house in the
background will provide 60 to 80 percent of the dwelling's hot water and space
heating needs. The house is at Fearrington, south of Chapel Hill on U.S. 15-501 . Staff
photo by Fred Barbour.
community garden plot.
Thirty-five families now live at
Fearrington, and about one new house is
completed each week. The community is
zoned for 1,200 units over the next 20 years.
"This (solar) house has already been sold
and I'm renting it for demonstrations," Fitch
The heating system used in the house, in
which air heated in the panels is pumped
through vents to heat the house's water and
rooms, was Fitch's first effort at solar
heating design, but will not be his last.
"Maybe we'll try something different in
the next one," says Fitch, "but I've always
felt that until you've really done it yourself,
you don't know' much."
Tack' due in spring
Bacso slack on deadlines
The 1976-77 Yackety Yack probably will be distributed during the first week of
the spring semester, 1977-78 Yack Editor Ted Kyle said Monday.
George Bacso, editor of the delayed Yack, said the 672-page annual was still in
printing at Hunter Publishing Co. in Winston-Salem.
"Some of the blue-proofs needed corrections, and we had to send them back to
the company." Bacso said. "Plus the 1976-77 yearbook has 672 pages. The previous
yearbook had only 448."
A spokesperson for the publishing company said he had no idea when the Yack
would be completed, but he said corrections and the 200-plus extra pages were not
the cause for the delay,
"They (the yearbook staff) were just late on all their deadlines," the spokesperson
said. "We've got other schools to consider, and when deadlines are broken, we fall
"Yeah, I guess that was another problem," Bacso said when contacted again.
"Too many people goofed off and didn't get work done."
In a story published in the Daily Tar Heel Aug. 29, headlined " 'Yack' promised
in November," Bacso said the book would arrive for distribution by the first week in
Bacso's comments came in reponse to a DTH article published Aug. 25 stating
that the Yack would arrive in time for distribution by Christmas.
The 1975-76 Yackety Yack arrived in early November,
Smyth submits code minority report
By JACI HUGHES
Charging that the Educational Policy
Committee has based its decisions on Honor
Code changes on the false premise that
education will revitalize the code, EPC
member Richard A. Smyth submitted
Monday a minority report, which differs
radically from EPC's official
Smyth said EPC's basic premise that
increased education would revitalize the
current Honor Code is false because the
committee is only speculating about the
reason for the failure of the code.
Smyth called for "an evolutionary
operation" in which the University would
implement simultaneously various systems
of enforcing the Honor Code and would
monitor the success or failure of each of
According to Smyth, this evolutionary
operation is the only method by which the
University can determine the cause of the
Woodcarver finds enjoyment in chiseling tree
By ZAP BRUECKNER
Along the side of a creek in the woods
a small raccoon sat in the hole of a cedar
waving his paw at passing hikers. He
was gray and black with large black
eyes, and he never moved. The raccoon
was carved out of the dead tree by Mark
Kellam, a junior physics major at UNC.
The raccoon is one of many carvings
Kellam has done over the past eight
years. Other works include animals,
wall plaques, human figures and designs
cut into dulcimers.
Kellam sports a full red beard, brown
hair and dusty hiking boots. His
backwoods voice is steady and
"I just started out whittling, carving
little animals and stuff," he says. "It
didn't start out as a hobby.. .nice way to
On camping trips Kellam carved
sticks out of nervous energy, then
gradually progressed to larger projects.
He never had any formal teaching, but
learned a few techniques from carvers at
mountain craft shows.
"I really don't consider it an art," he
says of woodcarving, "But it's not a
craft. It's somewhere in between. It
allows for expression of ideas, but I
don't have to have profound meaning
behind it. If I do a dogwood branch,
there are not necessarily any ideas
Artists often try to put too much
meaning behind their work, Kellam
says. "I can just do it for fun. It also
exempts me from being judged by artists
The basic tools of woodcarving are
chisels, gouges and a mallet. The mallet
is made of ligmun vitae, a very strong
wood capable of driving nails.
The largest investment was the four
sharpening stones used to keep his steel
tools razor sharp, Kellam says. The edge
wears down after an hour of carving.
A small Figure like an owl takes
Kellam about 30 minutes to carve. A
wall plaque calls for 10 to 15 hours. A
large project, like the raccoon or a
human figure, may require 200 or more
hours to complete. "You can't see what
you want to do," Kellam says. "If you
put it down you can come back and look
at it more objectively."
The quality of a project often depends
on the wood used, Kellam says. "The
best wood comes out of a dead tree
standing up. Cut it down and it's ready
to go. All the sap runs out and it won't
split," he said.
Wood that splits easily along the
grain is difficult to carve. For greater
detail it is best to use woods with a firm,
fine grain like walnut or apple. For large
projects, where less detail is needed,
soft- and large-grained wood is used.
Kellam prefers to use natural dried
wood like apple and walnut for most of
Kellam says he has sold a few birds
and a set of faces, but he gives much.of
his work away.
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Mark Kellam, a junior physics major, scrutinizes the raccoon he carved out of a dead
tree. For the sake of the raccoon's safety, Kellam has requested the location of the
carving not be revealed. Kellam also carves wall plaques and human figures. Staff
photo by Fred Barbour.
Honor Code's failure and determine what
factors would cause it to function effectively.
But the majority report recommends "a
vigorous educational program, involving
students, faculty and administration" to
acquaint the University community with the
importance of an honor system and the
.obligations that accompany it, The majority
report also calls for a two-year trial period to
evalute the success of the proposed
See EPC on page 2.
poor in four
By BETSY FLAGLER
Staff W riter
Four of the 1 1 schools; at Carolina are educating
students in fields that offer the worst career
opportunities, if a Money magazine analysis of
career prospects proves true.
Between now and 1 985, students who want to be
schoolteachers, librarians, newspaper reporters
and lawyers w ill have poor job prospects. The job
market for doctors, dentists and pharmacists will
be among the professions with promise, according
to Money's rankingsystem in the November issue.
The rating system of the 10 best and 10 worst
career opportunities takes into account growth
estimates prepared by the Bureau of Labor
Statistics, supply and demand, and starting and
The worst combination is little or no growth, a
flood of applicants that far exceeds demand and
poor to average salaries. That is the combination
afflicting teaching and journalism, Money says.
A factor that puts teaching in the ranks of the
worst careers is the BLS's prediction of a decline of
1 1 percent in the number of high school teachers
needed by 1985.
A factor that puts newspaper reporters near the
bottom of the list is the typical 1977 starting salary
of $8,500, the lowest salary of the 20 carters
Personnel administrators are listed among the
10 strongest major professions, but Joe Callow ay,
director of Career Planning and Placement, says
he expects accountants and financial specialists to
be in higher demand than personnel
Business management was not among the fields
profiled statistically by Money. If recruiting
efforts made by companies from across the
See JOBS on page 2.