m ii it
More of the same is in store
with highs today and
Thursday in the mid-60s and
a low tonight in the mid-50s.
The chance of rain is 60
percent today and 80
Daye on Bakke
UNC Associate professor of
law Charles E. Daye
examines the Allan Bakke
case in the first of a two-part
series. Please turn to page 6.
Scrvine the undents ami the I niversitv community since 1893
Volume 85. Issue No.r
Wednesday, November 30, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Please call us: 933-0245
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Move to fire Madison
defeated in SEB
on Franklin Street
This clown, hailing from Dunn, N.C., was but one of a seemingly endless stream of
attractions in the Chapel Hill-Carrboro Christmas Parade. Cub scouts, pretty girls
atop floats, Shriners, marching bands and, of course, Santa Claus filled Franklin
Street for the better part of an hour
By HOWARD TROXLF.R
Another chapter in the WXYC
controversy ended Monday night when the
station's controlling board. Student
Educational Broadcasting. Inc., failed to
muster the necessary votes to fire SEB
treasurer and former station business
manager David Madison.
Seven members of the 16-mcmbcr board
voted to fire Madison, one vote short of the
The board also appointed Robbie
Crosswhite as interim station manager, the
third since the Nov. 16 resignation of station
manager Don Moore. Crosswhite. a former
WXYC station manager, received the
unanimous support of the board and will
serve until a permanent successor is chosen
The firing of Madison was the primary
demand of approximately 30 station staff
members who attended the meeting. Several
staff members presented to SEB a 32 page
document calling for the removal of
Madisonand former SEB Chairperson Mike
Hyman, who resigned Nov. 23.
Staff members reacted negatively to the
vote. "We didn't get him (Madison) this
time, but if the attendance of the board had
been a little different, he would have been
gone," one staff member said. "We'll try
again and again and again if we have to
just as long as it takes."
A similar SEB decision prompted three
WXYC staffers to take the station off the air
in protest last week when SEB failed to lire
Hyman and Madison and station manager
Don Moore resigned. But an unofficial
spokesperson for the stall told the board it
was unlikely the stall would do the same
"We (the staff) don't plan any rash
action... but we do hope in the future the
position ol the staff will be considered by the
board," staff member Derek Ernst told the
Erost was more optimistic Tuesday.
"Basically, we won last night, because the
See WXYC on page 3.
Women's conference delegate:
platform wont hurt movement
Parade brings Christmas season spirit to village
By BEVERLY MILLS
They came for various reasons, but the
young and old lined Franklin Street in a
misty rain Tuesday night for that once a year
event the Christmas Parade.
"Exams are coming up, and 1 needed some
Christmas spirit to pull me through," said
UNC junior Mary McDaniel. "That's why
David Craft, another junior, said he's been
going to Christmas parades since he was 3
years old. "The sights and sounds of the
parade just bring in the season for me."
Freshman Sandy Schuck said she just
happened to be downtown and decided to
stick around. "The balloons and clowns are
my favorite part."
For the most part, the event was your
typical Christmas parade, with nine bands
from area high schools, floats representing
Carrboro and Chapel Hill merchants,
horses, clowns, a host of boy and girl scout
troops and balloons.
Balloon vendor Jerry Clark from Kinston
carried a bunch of multicolored balloons on
an 8-foot wooden pole.
"This is my sixth Christmas parade this
year," Clark said. "1 just travel from one
parade to another. 1 usually sell about 200
balloons at a parade this sie. Before the
season's over, I'll see plenty more."
WTVD Newscaster Don Shea said he'll
cover 16 to 18 Christmas parades this year.
"This is the best parade we've covered this
year, and certainly the biggest," Shea said.
"Em enjoying the parade, especially talking
with the youngsters. The kids are what it's all
about for me anyway."
The kids had strong opinions about their
favorite parade entries. One group of 9-year-old
boys voted unanimously for the groups
which throw candy. One 6-year-old girl
favored "Santa of course."
As for the college crowd, comments on
favorite parade units ranged from the Boy
Scout kazoo band to the Girl Scout troop
singing the Hallelujah Chorus.
By GEORGE SHADROIT
The platform adopted by over 2,000
women delegates at the National Women's
Conference in Houston will not hinder the
women's movement unless women allow it
to, according to Miriam Slifkin. a Chapel
Hill delegate to the conference.
Slifkin, a member of the National
Organization of Women in Chapel Hill, said
the approval of lesbian rights, abortion and
sex education, three of the controversial
resolutions adopted, will not hurt the
women's movement if supporters of the
platform will defend their decisions.
Slifkin said that a lot of lies have been told
about lesbians and that those who favored
the resolution must distinguish the truth
from the lies.
"I've always felt it was a basic human right
to live the way you choose," she said.
Slifkin also favored the resolution
approving abortion during the first three
months of pregnancy.
She said that rape, incest and ignorance
were real problems and that women should
have the right to make decisions that will
affect their lives.
Slifkin, who founded the Chapel Hill
Rape Crisis Center, said many women are
first exposed to birth control methods when
they have an abortion.
Slifkin identified her position on these
issues as more radical than most, saying she
felt the platform was "rather moderate."
She said the stories of division were not
true and that an "amazing amount of unity"
existed at the conference.
She said opponents of the platform were a
small minority and the lesbian rights
resolution received "overwhelming
Betty Ausherman, chairperson of the
Association for Women Students, said she
favored the platform that was approved at
She said the radical appearance of the
platform should not hurt the women's
movement. "The movement has always been
identified with radicals and lesbians."
However, she said not all women favor the
platform, including some members of AWS.
Ausherman said conservatives and
liberals have always been in the movement
BSM source of academic, social aid
By DAVID WATTERS
Black Student Movement demonstrations
may attract attention to that organization's
concerns, but the purpose of the BSM is far
broader than sign-carrying.
Its basic function is helping blacks
culturally, socially and academically,
according to Byron Horton, chairperson of
the group. "The broad purpose of the Black
Student Movement is to protect the interests
of black students at UNC," he said.
Horton said by focusing on these three
areas, the BSM helps blacks in their
relationships with the University and each
The BSM holds membership drives each
fall, and if a person does not join in the first
few weeks, he must go through an
interviewing procedure and acceptance by
the general body to join. Horton said the
BSM is stressing the recruitment of graduate
students this year, and membership is
expected to include two-thirds of the black
students at UNC.
The BSM consists of the general body,
which includes all members, and a central
committee, a representative controlling
board. In addition to other various
committees and offices, several semi-
Retiring art center director
wins prestigious N.C. award
Joseph C. Sloane, retiring director of the
Ackland Art Center and an alumni distinguished
professor at UNC, received one of the North
Carolina Awards of 1977 for fine arts in a
ceremony at the Raleigh Civic Center Monday.
Sloane was honored for his contributions in the
University positions and his work on the North
Carolina Arts Commission, for which he has
served as chairperson for the past three years.
The awards, presented for public service,
science, literature and fine arts, are the state's
highest honor and mark the beginning of the 64th
annual Culture Week.
Sloane, who will be retiring from his University
posts in July, came to UNC in 1958 to serve as the
first director of the Ackland Museum. He also has
taught courses in 18th and 19th century art and
"He built this (Ackland Art) complex," said J.
Richard Judson, chairperson of the art
department. "Joe is responsible for building the
marvelous library, the great number of slides here
and a fine University teaching museum."
Sloane, whose specialty is 19th century French
art, will serve the remaining two years of his state
Art Commission post as chairperson, but has not
formed other definite plans for retirement.
"I want to regroup my forces to work on my
book, travel and so some other writing," he said.
"1 am very much flattered by the award. 1 think
that it's a peculiarly North Carolina idea and that's
what 1 like about it it's one of the charms of the
"North Carolina has its own museum of arts,
symphony, holds historical dramas and other
activities. The legislature has supported any
number of arts programs the state does quite a
lot, though not yet enough."
- STEVE HUETTEL
y .if ' if
independent organizations such as the choir
and the dance group are offsprings of the
Horton said most white students'
conception of the BSM is distorted: "The
only thing they ever hear about the BSM is
Because of the publicity, Horton said he
feels most students believe the BSM
promotes a division between members of
The academic committee of the BSM
considers complaints of discrimination
against black students by white professors. It
also has formed an honor society as an
incentive for students to improve their
The add ition of Afro-American Studies to
UNC's curriculum was the direct result of
BSM action in 1969, and several black
professors have come to the University as a
part of the Afro-American Studies.
By sponsoring groups such as the Ebony
Readers and the Gospel Choir, the BSM
gives black students an outlet for their
talents, Horton said, and it also exposes the
members to more black culture.
Horton said the BSM has become the
center of black social functions because
other UNC organizations rarely plan
activities for minority students.
"The social environment of UNC is not
attractive to black students," Horton said,
"A prime reason for this is the (Carolina)
U nion does not schedule the type of activities
blacks get into."
Black campus organizations
help establish culture identity
By DAVID WATTERS
Editor's note: This is the third in a series of
articles examining race relations on the UNC
A main concern of black stmlentscomingto
UNC is whether they will be able to maintain
their cultural identity in a student body that is
As a way of helping to prevent blacks from
becoming completely swamped by the white
dominated culture, several campus
organizations such as the Black Student
Movement, the Opcyo Dancers and the Gospel
Choir arc made up almost exclusively of
More than 75 percent of incoming black
students this fall attended the black pre
oricntation held during the two days preceding
orientation for all new students. "Most of these
students came from predominantly black high
schools and black cultures," said Pam
Dockery. director of black pre-orienlation.
"So our program was designed to get them
used to the idea of living on a largely white
Organizations and programs like the BSM,
black pre-orientation and the Muck Ink have
been criticized as causes of racial tension at
UNC because they are almost exclusively
black. But many blacks say they believe such
organizations are necessary to protect and
maintain the identity of black students in a
??T'' '''''' ''
"Being black at UNC is difficult," said Shcri
Parks, a residence assistant in Aycock
Dormitory. "The BSM provides a sense of
community among blacks, almost like a
"A lot of students think that black people
are just while people w it h different color skin.
See BLACK on page 4.
Molasses-making tradition part of rural family's life
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Etta Millard stands over the boiling syrup, part of the long
process of molasses making that consumes late October days
for the Millard family. Photo by Susie Hamrick.
By SUSIE HAMRICK
Molasses-makin' day broke October
blue and crisp.
Etta, Mattie, Ida and Joe Millard
with indispensable Kate, the mule
prepared for a day of squeezing and
boiling sugar cane juice until it frothed
and thickened into sweet 'lasses syrup.
Pungent smells laced the early
morning air. Stacks of fresh-cut cane
piled high around Ida and Mattie at the
cane press. A 14-foot rough-hewn pine
beam curved to a perfect pitch behind
Kate, turning the gears of the mill as she
trudged in an endless circle.
Off to the right, 70-year-old Joe
stoked the rock furnace with split pine,
while Etta scoured the 10-foot
aluminum juice pan with water,
preparing for the first batch.
This day is an autumn ritual on the
Millard's 49-acre foothill farm. Born
and raised in the community of Shiloh
in Rutherford County, the three sisters,
all in their '60s, and brother Joe never
have married. .
Together the family planted, cut and
stacked the cane for the October makin'.
They produce most of their food.
don't own a car and stay close to home.
Joe, tall, straight-shouldered and white
hatted, regularly walks the two miles to
Shiloh Baptist Church and Watson's
"The moon, when it gets two-thirds
right, that's when I start," Joe said.
"Generally commence round 'bout the
first of October. My mammy always
said not to make jellies on the full moon.
They'd foam too much. Make 'em on the
Joe began making molasses with his
father in 1932. For 30 years, he helped
tend the syrup pan and the cane press
learning by watching and doing.
In 1962 his father died. Joe took on
the job of stirring the thickening juice,
stoking the fire and judging just the right
time to pour the syrup out of the pan.
Slick-bark pine that Joe had been
"aiming to cut for several years because
it was shading into the garden" provided
the roaring furnace-fire for the work this
day. It doesn't take "too much if it's
good wood like this," Joe said. "Half a
cord or so for the day."
Up the hill, Ida fed lengths of golden
cane between the grinding cogs of the
press. A trough funncled the thin juice
into a 20-gallon oil drum.
Ida's round, dimpled cheeks broke
into a smile. "Joe hewed out this pine
log," she said, ducking its arched swing.
"The other'n broke right over my head.
Joe said h'it could've killed me.
Yesterday, I got hit. in the head six
As if on cue, Kate stopped dead in her
tracks, the pine log over Ida's head.
"Git on, Kate!" she hollered. And
Kate slowly started her circle again.
On the press" other side, Mattie, in
work gloves and boots, pulled the
sticky, shredded cane out of the press.
The day before, the cane wrapped back
round the gears, and Joe had to cut it
out with a knife, she said.
At midmorning, Etta dipped the first
sweet cane juice from the oil drum into
her metal pail. From the press, she lifted
bucketfuls down the short incline to the
furnace. The squeezings strained
through burlap into a round, oak barrel.
From there, they fed slowly into the by-now-hot
pan. Soon, as the juice spread
down the length of the pan, it began to
Steam, wafted by changing wind.
See TRADITION on page 4.
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Ida Millard feeds cane into the press to make syrup for
molasses. On their 49-acre farm, molasses is made the old way.'
Photo by Susie Hamrick.