Monday, December 5. 1977 The Daily Tar Heel 3
Conference held over weekend
Horton elected coalition president
Wilmington 10 rally called
to revert to '60s militance
; I. : N 1 1 1
By SUSAN LADD
Byron Horton, chairperson of the UNC
Black Student Movement, was elected
president of the North Carolina Black
Student Coalition at the group's conference
held here this weekend.
The N.C. Black Student Coalition
replaces the Black Student Congress, which
was active in the '60s but stopped meeting in
The conference opened Friday afternoon
with speaker Sonja Stone, director of Afro
American Studies, who stressed the
importance of an "institutionalized
mechanism," such as a black studies
curriculum, to carry on the movement by
producing the continuity a transient student
Activities of the three-day conference
included a panel discussion Saturday night
featuring Harold Wallace, director of special
programs in the Office of Student Affairs,
U.S. Senate hopefull McNeill Smith and
Lavonia Allison, director of the N.C.
Manpower Development Program.
Wallace said black organizations need to
overcome division and identify the common
concerns of black students.
Smith said he believed more funds should
be used for education.
, "Jesse Helms, whose seat 1 am running for
in the Senate, doesn't even believe that
schools should be getting the funds they're
getting now," Smith said.
When asked about the Wilmington 10, he
said there was a "tremendous amount of
conflict in the testimony" and that the
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sentences of the 10 should be commuted.
Speaking on politics and health, Allison
said that politics was control, and black
representation in North Carolina was
"If there's one issue that should bring
blacks together all over the state, it's voting,"
she said. "If we don't participate, we can't
complain at all.
"Black student voting power can change
things. Become politically active in
determining who makes decisions that effect
Allison also came out against Sen. Helms,
saying that "a man who espouses positions
(like his) should not be allowed to represent
Allison presented statistics she said
showed that the status of health care for
blacks was at a critical level.
"All fields of professional health officials
have deficiencies of blacks," Allison said.
"(The statistics) won't change until we decide
to develop our minds and our God-given
"We have to insist that certain things
happen. . .Almost anything is possible if you
want it bad enough and you work hard
enough for it."
Although the turnout for the conference
was low, the students present were
enthusiastic and serious about their
purposes. One UNC-Wilmington student
said he had learned a lot that he could put
into practice on the Wilmington campus.
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By MEREDITH C REWS
Participants at a campus rally to free the
Wilmington 10 Friday were urged to develop a
more militant approach and to revert to the
techniques of the sixties by the Rev. Leon White,
director of the North Carolina-Virginia
Commission for Racial Justice of the United
Church of Christ.
Rev. White told the approximately 50 persons
attending the rally at McCorkle Place that they
had to lose their own freedom to gain freedom for
"The Wilmington 10 will not become free by
passing resolutions. God knows we've passed
resolutions, or by carrying signs." White said.
"Gov. Hunt will only listen if we fill up the jail
houses in Raleigh.
"U nlcss we lilt the struggle up and be willing to
become non-violent, but passive and determined,
unless they understand we'll go to jail for others,
no one w ill listen."
Ihe rally was co-sponsored by the recently
formed UNC Committee to f ree the Wilmington
10 and the National Student Coalition Against
Ann Shepurd Turner, a Wilmington 10 co
defendant now on parole, was also a featured
speaker. Commenting on a sign curried by one of
the participants that read "Free the Wilmington. 10
Courts make mistakes," she said, "The courts
didn't make a mistake. The system orchestrated
the whole thing. They took a lie and plugged it into
Turner said persons were taught in their
churches to care for other people and to help those
who were less fortunate.
"But when you speak out in caring for other
people, you end up in prison," she said. "1 don't
know how Gov. Hunt can sleep at night or look
into the faces of his children."
Nine black men and Turner, a white woman,
were convicted more than five years ago of
burning a white-owned grocery store and
conspiring to assault policemen and firemen
during racial unrest in Wilmington. The nine
black men received prison terms totalling 282
years. Turner was paroled after spending two
years at Women'sCorrectionalCenter in Raleigh.
At a post-conviction hearing earlier this year, a
North Carolina judge refused to order a new trial
for the civil rights workers despite the fact that .
three key prosecution witnesses said they lied at
the original trail.
White, who wants to see Gov. Hunt parole the
Wilmington 10, said Hunt recently refused to see
six United States Congressmen who came to
North Carolina to talk about pardoning the
"If Gov. Hunt won't pay any attention to six
Congressmen, he won't pay any attention to Leon
White or you, unless you commit yourselves to
' freedom," White said.
"Hunt said he couldn't meet with the
congressmen last Sunday because he needed to be
with his family. But the nine men in prison haven't
seen their families in over two yean!" '
White also said Gov. Hunt had misrepresented
himself when he told black leaders (before Ihe
gubernatorial election) he was concerned about
the Wilmington 10.
"All Hunt was concerned about was becoming
governor," White said. "Our mistake was in not
opposing the gubernatorial succession hill. We
had the impression Hunt would help, but the heart
of Pharaoh has hardened."
Other featured speakers at Ihe rally included
Phyllis Pickett, vice chairperson ol the Black
Student Movement, and Pong Clark, a former
UNC graduate student and spokesperson for the
UNC Committee to Free the Wilmington 10.
Clark read statements of support for the
Wilmington 10 from Dan Pollitt, UNC Kenan
professor of law; Charles Dave, associate
professor at the UNC School of Law; Chapel Hill
Alderman Gerry Cohen; John Porter. UNC
Young Socialists Alliance; Fdith M. Llliott,
director of the UNC Y MCA-YWCA; and llilliaid
Caldwell, home-school coordinator for the
Chapel Hill-Carrboro school system.
Clark also said he had received a statement ol
support from Cairboro Alderman Braxton
Continued from page 1.
Friday said the other state funds ti tou.irds upending
remedial education programs at the slate's historically
black campuses and for faculty improvements al 1 1 of the
Dawson admits the administration is doing moie now
to desegregate the University system than it has ever done
in the past, hut he attributes Ihe increased ellort to
momentum and experience, not to pressure trom H I W
"We've learned a lot over the past years, and we're
working nioreeflccltvely now than ever before." Daw son
said. "We're able lo do more now because I think you
start to get a certain amount ol momentum with respec t
to integration of the student bodies "
Implementing Iht 1977 plan
W hile the chancellors and recruitment ollicers at each
of 1 1 NC"s constituent institutions are "committed" to Ihe
1 977 state plan, they have not been given Mint quotas to
meet by Friday or the Board of (iovernors.
"Each chancellor is committed to the goals in the stale
plan." Friday said. "They will act on this commitment b
having their institutions consult with high school
counselors, visit parents, communities and chinches."
Friday said. "They've all agreed to he very aggressive "
UNC officials met with the chancellors and recruitment
officers shortly alter the hoard approved the
desegregation plan this fall.
The hoard, in turn, will assume a "monitoring role"
over the efforts of the individual campuses, according to
Dawson said the crux of the ellort will be "vigorous
recruiting" by each school to attract minority students
but without specilic numerical goals.
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