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10 The dally Tar Hetl Tuesday, December 8, 1977
Ben Cornelius, Managing Editor
Ed Rankin, Associate Editor
Lou Bilionis, Associate Editor
Laura Scism, University Editor
Elliott Potter, City Editor
Chuck Alston, State and National Editor
Sara Bullard, Features Editor
Chip Ensslin, Arts Editor
Gene Upchurch. Sports Editor
Allen Jernigan, Photography Editor
UNC 'protests too much'
The battle over the desegregation of the'
University of North Carolina system has
raged between President William Friday and
the Department of Health, Education and
Welfare for seven long years. Through all the
court suits, the plans and the revised plans,
the highly publicized letters passing back
and forth from Chapel Hill to Washington,
the charges and the countercharges, the
controversy has boiled down to this: The
University believes it is pursuing
desegregation of its 16-member system in
good faith, and HEW does not.
Supporters of the University call HEW a
meddling, overbearing bureaucracy, and
supporters of more rapid desegregation call
the University racist. In the midst of this
brouhaha, the warring parties parry , and
thrust with statistic after statistic. The UNC
system proudly points to its two-year
increase (1974-76) increase in the number of
blacks enrolled in the system who attend
predominantly white schools from 18 to 25
percent. And the University recently has
committed itself to the goal of increasing
that total to 32 percent in the next five years.
But HEW, which once considered the UNC
plan a model program, now believes it is
altogether too modest. HEW has said for a
long time that it expects a 150 percent
increase within the next five years.
But Monday David Tatel, director of
HEW's Office of Civil Rights, retreated a bit
and said UNC could escape sanction by
demonstrating "good faith" even if it could
not reach the 150 percent goal. Tatel's
assurances have relieved the tension between '
the combatants, but the gaping question
mark remains: Is the University system
making good faith efforts to desegregate?
Recent surveys of minority recruitment
programs at the traditionally white
campuses indicate the University is not
doing nearly what it must to effectively
integrate the system.
'No special effort to recruit'
The only way to increase black
enrollment, according to Chapel Hill
recruitment official Collin Rustin, is to
increase the pool of black applicants. And
the only way to increase the pool is to recruit
in high schools and sometimes as early as
junior high. But with the exception of UNC
Chapel Hill and N.C, State,' recruitment
efforts by officials of predominantly white
institutions are meager. Very few have full
time minority recruitment officials, and
none have large budgets for minority
recruiting. In fact, admissions officials at
East Carolina and Appalachian State told
the Daily Tar Heel they make very little
effort to recruit minorities.
"When we go out to visit high schools in
college-day programs, we aren't looking for
blacks specifically," said G. H. Gilstrap,
ASU director of admissions. '
"We make no special effort to recruit
black students," said one ECU admissions
official. "We go out and tell anybody red,
yellow, black or white about ECU."
In spite of such attitudes at constituent
campuses, President Friday says, "Each
chancellor is committed to the goals in the
state plan. They will act on this commitment
by having their institutions consult with high
school counselors, visit parents,
communities and churches."
Even in Chapel Hill, considered the liberal
oasis of an arch-conservative state, things
are not what they could or should be.
Although the chancellor has earmarked
considerably more funds than in the past for
minority scholarships and appointed a
special assistant for minority affairs in
addition to full-time recruiter Rustin,
Chapel Hill's black applicant pool is not
what Rustin would like.
"You've got to have more than one person
in this particular position," the recruiter
says. Rustin estimates he will be able to visit
Code in crucible Friday
One committee recommends the active
approach. Another committee, in stark
contrast, advocates a guarded move to
middle ground. But the Faculty Council, the
Campus Governing Council and Chancellor
N. Ferebee Taylor will have the final word
on what is to be done with UNC's much
maligned Honor Code.
Earlier this fall, the Committee on Student
Conduct (COSC) suggested a lengthy series
of proposed changes to the H onor Code. The
committee, a joint student-faculty panel,
concluded that the "rat clause" the
provision requiring students to report
observed violations of the code is
ineffective and should be abolished. COSC
recommended instead that faculty
proctoring be instituted to serve as both an
enforcement tool and a bit of preventive
medicine. Finally, the committee also
expressed its support of stricter sanctions for
Honor Code violations, suggesting for
instance that suspension become the
"normative" sanction of the initial offense.
Then the Educational Policy Committee
the policy arm of the Faculty Council
got hold of COSC's proposals. In the EPC's
recently released report, a different set of
suggestions are presented. But unlike the
active approach which the student-faculty
committee supports, the EPC seems to
prefer advocating a moderate, "play-it-as-it-lays"
attitude toward the Honor Code. For
example, although the committee favors the
stricter sanctions suggested by COSC and
also supports the removal of the "rat clause,"
85th year of editorial freedom
this year only 65 to 80 of the 400 high schools
in the state with sizeable black student
Besides more recruiters, Rustin and other
officials say UNC needs a new image and
earlier recruiting contact to attract black
students. A radical change in image is needed
because many black students at UNC do not
feel wanted. As one frustrated Chapel Hill
student said recently, "We feel we are here
just to fulfill HEW requirements." Tims, all
the predominantly white campuses must
gain the trust of black students by showing
an interest in their needs. A good start might
be to establish departments in Afro
American culture as well as scholarships and
other incentives already deployed. (UNC has
a curriculum, but not a department.)
Early recruiting contact is necessary
because many young blacks, unfamiliar with
higher education, do not begin preparing
themselves for college early enough. If they
are contacted late in their high school
careers, there is no time for them to take the
right courses and concentrate on their
Money 'an excuse'
But all of these crucial steps an increase
in the number of recruiters, earlier recruiting
contact and a change in image cost large
sums of money. And when it comes to the
pocketbook, this state lacks commitment.
While the state of North Carolina refuses
to underwrite the programs necessary to
integrate its schools, Ohio State University
employs an Office of Minority Affairs which
employs 40 persons, including 10 full-time
professionals and two special minority
recruiters. Ohio State has a $3-million
budget for minority programs compared to
approximately $1 million in state funds
spread across the large UNC system. In a
state with an 11 percent minority
population, OSU has increased its black
enrollment to 6 percent. UNC-Chapel Hill
enrolls 6.3 percent blacks in a state where 33
percent of the high school graduates are
The legislature deserves some of the blame
for the problem. Although the Board of
Governors requested $2 million for
desegregation efforts next year, they
received less than $1 million. However, this
is not surprising since no leaders have
championed the cause in Raleigh, probably
because it is not popular across the state. If
the University cannot gain extra money for
the efforts, it can make desegregation a
higher priority and give it a larger cut of the
"When you say, 'I need more money,'
those are excuses," says Hayden B. Renwick,
special assistant to Chancellor Ferebee
Taylor. "When you make a commitment,
then you shift the funds you've got to the
things that need attention."
For seven long years, the UNC system has
made a big deal about its commitment to
desegregation and its good faith effort to
accomplish that goal. But the evidence
points to the contrary. The University
should recognize publicly the painful
slowness of its progress and solicit funds
from Raleigh and Washington to build a
model program. If the funds cannot be
found, then the system must tighten its belt
and give desegregation high priority.
"The commitment is still not fully there,"
Collin Rustin says, "because if it were, the
staff, the money, the information would be
out in the high schools."
Repeated expressions of good faith are no
longer enough. The gap between words and
actions has grown too great. Either the UNC
system must show blacks and whites alike
that it wants substantia) desegregation, or we
must conclude as did Queen Gertrude in
Hamlet: "The lady doth protest too much,
it does not recommend faculty proctoring.
The committee's rationale is bewildering in
that it recommends preventive measures but
fails to realize that faculty monitoring of
tests and exams is preventive medicine in the
The first major test to the future of the
Honor Code at UNC will take place at 3 p.m.
Friday in 100 Hamilton Hall when the
Faculty Council convenes to consider the
proposals of the EPC and COSC. The
meeting, which is open to students, is sure to
be marked by heated debate from both sides.
We strongly urge the Faculty Council to
take a good, long look at the report of the
EPC. If it does, the council will realize that
there are major flaws in the EPC's thinking
major flaws that could serve to create a
system important to preserve and foster
If the Faculty Council rejects faculty
proctoring, it will turn down the best
preventive measure available. Despite what
the EPC believes, actions have been taken in
the past to educate more fully students about
their responsibilities under the Honor Code
and have been of very little value. We think
any future efforts likewise will prove
If the Faculty Council endorses the work
of the Committee on Student Conduct and
recommends the removal of the "rat clause,"
the institution of faculty proctoring and the
stiffening of punishments under the code, it
will do the University, its faculty, its students
and its academic reputation a great service.
letters to the editor
To the editor:
Lee Pace come off your cloud. To say
that Georgia "is a state where basketball is
merely an interlude between the fall
Southeastern Conference football season
and the spring off-season practice" is absurd
and false. Have you ever heard of Tree
Rollins, Stan Rome or Mike Glenn? Did you
know in 1974 Georgia had four high school
All-American basketball players? New
Jersey and North Carolina are not the only
states where basketball excels.
Give Georgia a break. Don't give such a
false impression of Georgia basketball. Hell,
Goergia Tech is 4-0.
Walton H. Reeves
321 W. Cameron Ave.
Old Well applications
To the editor:
The Order of the Old Well is currently
seeking applications for membership. Like
other honoraries on campus we seek to
recognize those students who have made
contributions to the University community.
But unlike other honoraries, we seek to select
students in an objective fashion.
Our originators felt that many existing
honoraries had become too subjective in
choosing their members, often becoming
cliques which perpetuated the membership
of friends. They believed that many
deserving people were not selected because
they did not participate in "attention
getting" activities. They realized that many
students are quietly making contributions
that are not in the public's eye. These are the
people that the Order of the Old Well seeks
Membership in the Order of the Old Well
is based on the number of semesters of
participation in various activities. Activities
of every kind are recognized: academic,
athletic, religious, political, literary, social,
ethnic, etc. We depend on self-nomination
for a listing of an individual's activities. If
you feel that you or anyone you know
deserves recognition for his or her
contributions, we encourage you to apply
and to ask others to also.
Applications are available at the Carolina
Union desk. Deadline for application is 10
p.m. Tuesday, Dec. 6.
President, Order of the Old Well
To the editor:
Paul Deane in his letter attacking my article
exposing the solar energy hoax, embodies
the scientific incompetence typical of
"environmentalists" and those that have
been taken in by them.
Deane's incompetence lies in his ignorance
of thermodynamics and basic scientific
practice. Peter Kapitsa, a brilliant Soviet
physicist, formulated how to rate the value
of an energy source in terms of its power
density per square meter of generating
surface. This is a measure of efficiency and a
comparison methodology which takes into
account variables such as "the amount of
energy needed to produce the energy." Once
a high degree of efficiency is determined, the
cost of building and maintaining a
distribution system and finding and
transporting the particular fuel make it
obviously worth while. Whatever
advantages solar energy might have in not
needing a distribution grid (this is only in the
case of solar home heating; solar electricity
will still have to be transported, and as I
pointed out, it is only 10 to 30 percent
efficient) are obviated by its lack of density.
For those who still do not perceive this
fact, I offer the following analogy: If all the
kinetic energy produced by the sagging of
dog tails across the world could be
concentrated and harnessed this energy
could probably heat our homes and do other
useful work. But the amount of energy and
material required to somehow capture this
Signs of winter: elm log,
By JIM PATE
I was visiting my parents when an old hometown friend
stopped by who graduated from N.C. State in meteorology
and weather forecasting. Now he's a hog farmer. He said he
only dropped by to stick his head in on the night before
Thanksgiving, and I already was beginning to study for my
After I offered, he said yes, he might have a quick nip of
something, just to fend off the coming chill of night.
We stood in front of the fire, nip in hand. Judging by the
size of a fire I had built on a day when the air was still above
freezing, he said he figured we must have another woodpile
besides the little one he walked past on the way in. He
wondered aloud to himself where he might have tucked it
since the little one he had seen was in the only logical spot.
"Won't do to waste wood this year," he said, "unless you've
got a lot of it. It's going to be a hard winter maybe one of
the worst. All signs point to it.
My father used to keep a piece of elm by the house where
he split his wood, a piece a foot or more across, and firewood
length. Once a year, at the beginning of November, he would
hit it one good blow with his mall. If it split, that's a sure
sign." My friend hoisted his elbow and his eyes watered just a
bit as his Adams apple bobbed. He smacked his lips and took
a deep breath.
"As we kids grew up, he would sometimes let us take that
swing. I do the same thing, and a piece I've had for four years
just split this afternoon, about an hour ago. It's a sure sign."
I remarked that the warning sounded in part dependent on
the skill of the splitter, and that it seemed strange that the elm
didn't split last year, which was a bad one.
"The elm doesn't tell you it's a-goin' to be an easy winter,
just that it's a-goin' to be a bad one. If it doesn't split, you
have to look to other signs. But there's plenty of them, and
they all point the same way. There's the rule about two easy
winters and a hard one."
Fair enough, I said, but that points to an easy w inter. We
had two easy winters and a hard one last year.
"The rule don't say what comes after the hard winter,
because the rule don't know," he said. "I guess it don't say
what this winter will be. but it sure don't sav ii will be easy.
Iff fjW '
energy far would outweigh its usefulness.
That is the problem with solar energy!
When Deane again insists on equating
fusion power with solar energy he suffers
from a semantic confusion which I trust
other more intelligent readers did not
Coal and oil are stored up solar energy
over a period of hundreds of millions of
years. Wind, biomass and water energy are
stepped-down facets of solar energy and thus
much less energy dense. Again this confusion
reflects an ignorance of thermodynamics.
There have been no nuclear reactor
explosions and no deaths in radioactive
accidents. There have been, though, a lot of
rumor mongers who peddle unsubstantiated
The plutonium produced by breeder
reactors is not a metal (as is needed in a
bomb) but an oxide which cannot be turned
into bomb-grade material without a very
expensive factory and skilled workers,
engineers and scientists. The notion that
anyone can build a "backyard" bomb is one
currently peddled by the CIA and other
intelligence organizations in order to
provide covers for their terrorist scenarios.
Thus the terrorist problem is not a technical
one but a political one. These zombie
terrorist groups are deployed by their
controllers (INTERPOL, CIA, Institute of
Policy Studies, Special Air Service and
many others) to carry out destablizations
against pro-economic development
governments or factions such as West
Germany where, in fact, these terrorists are
openly allied with environmental groups. If
the media were to openly name, as I have just
done, the controllers, the problem would
Breeder reactors are able to recycle some
nuclear waste into plutonium. Fusion
reactors, specifically the fusion torch will be
able to break down or build up any known
element to its constituent parts or into
practically any other element desired. I did
not expect Mr. Deane or other
environmentalists to be aware of the
capabilities of a fusion torch.
The possibility of a meltdown is
astronomically small. There is no space here
to discuss the safety back up systems and
design parameters of nuclear reactors.
Suffice it to say that they are designed to
withstand a direct hit from a crashing jet
liner! 1 f a meltdown should occur the reactor
core would melt and drop down to the
bottom of its vessel. Heat from fission would
melt the vessel; then the concrete floor
beneath it. The meltdown could continue
into the soil. In spite of the scare stories
There's other things, if you won't believe my elm log.
"There's acorns. Remarkable acorn crop this year, and
remarkable acorns while we're on it. Just ask any squirrel up
yonder in Chapel Hill. And leaves. Did you see the foliage
this year? A lot of leaves this year, a lot of leaves. The gingko
leaves were especially interesting, weren't they? Yep! It's a
goin' to be abad winter." He gave the bottom front log of the
fire a little shove with his foot and grunted.
I had seen a lot of leaves this summer and told him so. On
the other hand, I said, Bardlebabble de Scriptplummer, the
weatherman for Channel 14's "All-American Eyewitless
News," told me the other day that he could tell by his bunions
that we were in for an easy winter for once. Never been so
sure, he told me.
"There's nobody what can tell the weather from his
bunions," my friend from State retorted. "Ain't no matter
what he said. Now I'm not saying that a man with bunions'
can't tell you what the winter will be. He might be able to . '
But he won't tell it by his bunions. Ever-body knows that
there's superstition. When we were boys, there was a man
who lived behind the old schoolhouse who could tell when a
bad winter was coming. He claimed he did it by his bunions,
too, just to keep his ways secret. Nobody else could feel his
bunions, so nobody could find out he was a-lyin to 'em about
how he done it.
"No, that old man counted on other things. Like woolly
worms. They work good, if you read them right. Of course it's
the first one you see that counts, the later ones will lie to you.
It's the first one, that is, after they get settled down to a
reliable prediction. Even they can't tell too early in the fall.
And it won't do to go looking for one to get the news."
He paused and gave a shake to his glass as if to remind me
it was rattle-dry. I ignored it, so we went on. "No, there's a lot
of art to reading caterpillars, which some have and some
don't. But there's other scientific signs that they learned us in
college that don't take art. Maple seed, for example. You
might try them."
1 asked him how they worked.
"Well," he said, "a maple seed is a good sign for two
reasons. For one thing, you can read it early, so if you're one
of those people who doesn't get his wood in the year before,
it'll give you a little warning while there's still time. The other
reason they're good is that you can read 'em again and again
innundating the media I can assure you that
the radiocative material would not punch
through the earth to China to cause a
diplomatic incident! By some miracle a vent
might remain open so that radioactive gases
would escape into the atmosphere. Almost
certainly the gases would simply dissipate. If
they should drift with the help of a breeze to
a population center then the calculated
fatalities are probably zero. The mean
number would be two.
For those who want to look it up read the
Reactor Safety Study, better known as the
Rasmussen Report, which is by far the most
exhaustive and competent report in the field.
The most disturbing aspect of Deane's
letter is his inability to follow through on his
assumptions. He says nothing, for example,
of the effect energy cutbacks incurred by
switching to a solar economy would have on
our standard of living and on the destruction
of entire Third World populations who are
dependent for their survival and
development on high energy industrial
I addressed all these questions in my
article which was cut by two-thirds by the
editor: the parts left out were the monetary
banking reasons why certain forces are
attempting to perpetuate this solar energy
hoax and are orchestrating the anti-nuclear
power hysteria. 1 named these forces. Also
other points left out were the effect of human
agriculture and technology on maintaining
and expanding the biosphere and the
disastrous consequences that would befall
the biosphere were it subjected to a drop in
energy level. The other point was a
discussion of the zero-growth ideology
which is behind this willingness to adopt
low-energy proposals such as solar energy.
The last major point was that human
consciousness, is not a "magical thing in
itself as alienated persons believe, but
rather it is predicated upon energy
accessions available to society as a planetary
Still seeking concerts
To the editor:
In response to the editorial Monday in the
Daily Tar Heel, I would like to explain the
reasons for the Carolina Union Board of
Directors' rejection of the proposal for a
major attractions board.
The Board of Directors is composed of IS
students, four faculty members and the
Union director. Its purpose is to oversee all
programs and policies of the Union. It was
therefore the board's obligation to review the
The Activities Board has 12 students who
program with the money the Union receives
from student fees. Concerts, like all other
programs, must be approved by this board.
The major attractions board would have
been tangential to the Activities Board,
although it would not have to work with the
Programming Board. The Major
Attractions Board at Duke does report to the
The new board would not resolve the
problem of "Where do we purchase concerts
when we are willing to promote them?" We
have had concert dates booked with Joan
Baez, Sanford-Townsend, Firefall and
Lynyrd Skynyrd. All of these pulled out to
play in bigger halls except Joan Baez, who
canceled her whole tour.
Promoters and booking agencies are
looking for the gross potential of a hall when
scheduling concerts. Why would they want
to book a concert in Carmichael Auditorium
with its 7,000 seats (2,000 seats less than
capacity due to the stage blocking the
bleachers), when they can go to Charlotte
with 13,500, Greensboro with 17,000 or
Duke with 8,000? Duke's hall has much
better acoustics. The Carolina Union is
currently looking into the possibility of
having Carmichael lined with acoustical tiles
to improve the sound quality.
' If a few concerts lost more than the
proposed $10,000 budget who would be
required to pay off the debts? The Activities
Board would have to pay the debts although
it did not plan the concert. A competition
could develop between the boards for
programs. This would result in problems for
The DTHs editorial was correct in
challenging the Board of Directors to come
up with a better idea for booking concerts. A
committee was formed at the last meeting to
look at other universities' methods of
obtaining concerts. The matter is not being
totally dropped from consideration.
If students wish to express their thoughts
about concerts, Union programs, or the
committee reviewing other ideas for
obtaining major attractions, we are willing
to listen. Our offices are located in Suite A of
the Union. Our office hours are posted on
Eric Joseph Locher
President Carolina Union
not that there's any need to, but you can if you want to be
sure. If you're a doubter, you know.
"You take a maple seed, best one you tear off the tree. You
hold it up about level with your eyes and you drop it. On a
still day, of course. If it turns right, the winter will be a long
one. If it turns left, it will be a cold one. This year, I don't
know why, I tried two. One turned left, the other right. Now
you tell me: if a long winter and a cold winter don't add up to
a hard winter, what does?"
I decided it would be safer to do something for his glass
than to try and answer a question like that; he said he might
have just one more, and it must be a quick one. He still had to
slop his pigs and check the rain gauge before supper.
"The signs'll give you detail, too," he resumed on my
return. "If the berries are mostly high in the cedar trees
there'll be a lot of snow; if they're mostly low, expect ice. If
the skunks carry their tails upright, the winter's bound to
start early; if they drag on the ground, it'll end late. If..."
1 interrupted. "I don't suppose you know any signs of good
winter ahead, do you?" I asked.
"Well now...." He thought a moment. "Well, if that's what
you want, try this. Find a whippoorwhill's nest. A
whippoorwhill lays two eggs. You go by the gray blotches on
them, not the little brown dots. The first egg to hatch is this
winter; the second represents last winter. Now you look at
that first egg, and if those gray blotches are bigger or darker
on it than on the second one, this winter will be bleaker than
last, and the other way around. That's quite a bit of bother,
but I guess it might be the sort of sign you're looking for."
He walked to the door and picked up his hat, and he
looked pensively at it for a moment. Then he said:
"Why you'd want a sign like that, I'm sure I don't know I
can't see what good it would do you to know this winter isn't
going to be as bleak as last, not unless you had in mind
burning your coat or not greasing your boots with lard."
He stepped out the door and turned around. "Besides,
that's not what the eggs would tell you. They'd tell you this is
a-goin' to be abad winter. All the signs point that way," he
said and closed the door.
a junior, is a journalism major from Fairmont,