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.... J -iBjpMriiiirwijr "W 'tf'iilff"WW'''flr:"T
8 The Daily Tar Heel Thursday January 12, 1978
Ben Cornelius, Managing Editor
Ed Rankin, Associate Editor
Elliott Potter, Associate Editor
Laura Scism, University Editor
Keith Hollar, City Editor
Tony Gunn, State and National Editor
Reid Tuvim, News Editor
Sara Bullard, Features Editor
Chip Ensslin, Arts Editor
Gene Upchurch, Swm Editor
Allen Jernioan, Photography Editor
85fj year of editorial frbedorq
Tuition costs can be cut
There will be only three classes of people the very poor, the very rich
and the very bright who can afford college, Oregon Sen. Bob Packwood
said recently, unless middle-income families get a break in paying the high
price of education. Packwood was speaking in support of his proposal (also
sponsored by New York's Patrick Moynihan) to provide partial tax credits
Sot tuition costs.
Educational tax credits, probably a modest $250 to $500 per student,
seem to be on the way. The Senate has voted in favor oi the idea three times,
and the House voted 31 1-76 to make room in the budget for such a cut in
federal revenues. Supporters of the bill cover the political spectrum,
including liberals such as Hubert Humphrey and John Durkin and
conservatives such as Jesse Helms and Jake Gam.
There are two tax-credit plans under consideration the Packwood
. Moynihan version and a less comprehensive version proposed by Sen. Bill
Roth of Delaware. Packwood and Moynihan propose $500 tuition credits
for each dependent not only in colleges and universities, but also in
elementary and secondary schools. The total price tag is $4.7 billion per
year. Roth suggests only $250 per dependent attending an institution of
vocational or higher education, but not secondary schools. His plan is
estimated to cost $1.2 billion. Both plans seek to help those families who are
too "rich" to qualify for aid but too poor to send their children to school.
The Packwood plan, aside from being the more expensive, is also the
more controversial. Its provision for tax credits to tuition-paying primary
and secondary students amounts to subsidy of private schools with state
money, always a sensitive issue. Since every citizen has access to primary
and secondary education, while many cannot afford higher education, it is
doubtful that monies to private school students would be well-spent. The
resources available for educational tax revisions are limited, and it would
seem best to put all of the funds where they are unquestionably needed in
Any educational tax-credit policy will be a welcome relief to many middle
Americans who have been unable to learn a trade or earn a degree. But a tax
credit policy that aims to undercut the high price of higher education would
put federal monies where they are most needed.
Dooley a success at UNC
If Carolina students were polled today on their feelings about Bill
Dooley's resignation as head football coach, it's doubtful that many would
express an inordinate amount of dismay over his departure. The majority of
campus reaction so far seems to fall in categories from the apathetic "he was
a good coach, but I'm not sorry to see him leave" to the vehement "I'm glad
he's gone, and 1 wish he'd left sooner."
In a way, however, it is not hard to see why many students from the early
1970s until today have not appreciated Dooley's accomplishments at UNC.
Most of them simply don't remember or know what horrendous shape the
Carolina football program was in when Dooley arrived to take over 1 1 years
ago. The 1953 through '66 teams of George Barclay, Jim Hickey, and Jim
Tatum went 61-78-1. Carolina had been to one bowl game in 1 years.
Dooley critics grudgingly admit that they cannot argue with six bowl trips
and three ACC Championships in eight years. They generally pin their
criticisms on Dooley's "dull" wing-I offense and his conservative coaching
philosophy. Despite some high-powered offenses in 1972 and 1974(thatone
finished fifth in the nation), it's true that Dooley teams were not known for
innovation and flexibility. Dooley built something successful at UNC and
stuck with it. He shunned exciting offenses like the veer and wishbone
and kept his "run-'em-over" style that produced excellent results a large
percentage of the time but was hot aesthetically pleasing. A change in
coaching philosophy after 1 1 years of a static one could be refreshing. But
one must recognize that it was the single-mindedness and determination of
Bill Dooley that brought this football program out of the dregs and into the
national limelight for several years.
Attention now is focused on securing Dooley's replacement. Because Jim
Donnan a fine recruiter and able offensive mind is the only assistant
coach left, most consider him the prime candidate for the job. In Donnan's
favor are his youth, familiarity with the program and players and his ability
to keep the program running, i.e., completing recruiting and starting spring
practice. But the search committee also must recognize that because
Donnan has not been a head coach elsewhere, he could not bring in an entire
staff of assistant coaches as could a head coach currently at another school.
When Dooley left UNC, he continued the common practice of inviting his
w hole staff with him. Donnan wouldn't have that luxury.
No matter the person chosen, he will still find it hard to duplicate the
success that Bill Dooley had at Carolina. The "trenchfighter" was not
flamboyant, but he succeeded in coming to UNC and producing winners
from a mediocre program that was getting worse. He deserves our thanks.
The Daily Tar Heel
News: Mark Andrews. Mike Coyne. Meredith Crews, Shelley Droeseher, Bruce Ellis. Betsy
Hagler.Grant Hamill, Lou Harned, Stephen Harris, Kathy Hart, Chip H ighsmith, Keith Hollar.
Steve Huettel, Jaci Hughes, Jay Jennings, George Jeter, Ramona Jones, Will Jones. Fddic
Marks, Amy McRary, Elizabeth Messick, Beverly Mills. Beth Parsons, Bernie Ransbottom,
Evelyn Sahr, George Shadroui, Vanessa Siddlc, Barry Smith, David Stacks, Mclinda Stovall.
Robert Thomason, Howard Troxler, Mike Wade, Martha Waggoner, David Walters and Ed
New Desk: Copy editors: Richard Bairon, AmyColgnn, Kathy Curry, Dinita James, Carol Lee,
Mkhele Mccke. Lisa Nieman, Dan Nobles, Melanie Sill. Mclinda Stovall. Melanic Topp and
Larry Tupler. Editorial assistant: Vikki Broughton.
Sports: Lee Pace, assistant editor; Evan Appel, Dede Biics, Bill Fields. Skip foreman. Tod
Hughes, Dinita James, Dave McNeill, Pete Mitchell, David Poole, Ken Roberts, Rick Scoppc.
Frank Snyder, Will Wilson and Isabel Worthy.
Features.: Parn Bclding, Jell Brady, Zap Brueckner, Amy Colgan, David Craft. Peter Hapke. fc'Ma
Lee, Nell Lee, Kimberly MeGuire, Debbie Moose, Dan Nobles, Stuart Phillips. Ken Roberts.
Tim Smith and Lynn Williford.
Arts and Entertainment: Melanie Modlin, assistant editor; Hank Baker, Becky Burtham. Pat
Green. Marianne Hansen. Li"hby Lewis, Ann Smallwood and Valerie Van Arsdale.
Graphic Arts: Artists: Dan Brady. Allen Edwards. Cliff Marley, Jocclyn Pcttibone, Lee Poole
and John Tomlinson. Pliotogiapiieis: Fred Barbour, Sam Fulwood. Michael Snecd and Joseph
Business: Claire Baglcy, business manager. Michcle Mitchell, assistant business manager. Li
Huskcy, Mike Neville. Kim Painter, David Squires and Howard rroxlcr. Cu dilation manager:
Advertising: Dan Collins, manager; David Smith, assistant to the manager. Arjc Brown,
classifieds Sales Stall: Wendy Haithtock. Chip H ighsmith. Beth lloggard. Dec Joyce. Neil
Kimball, Cynthia Lesley, Becky Rohbins, Melissa Swicegood.
Composition Editors: Frank Moore and Nancy Olivet.
Compositiun and Makeup: I At Punting Dept. Robot .l.isinkiew'c. :.t:pei i-t. Robot
Streeter, titanic MvMill.ni. Judy Dunn. Betty leicbce. ('.imlvn Kubn. DawJ Paiker. Join
Peters. Sloe Ou.ikenbush and Duke Sullivan
Convicted cheaters deserve active prison terms
Bv ELLIOTT POTTER
This is not just another column about
the Honor Code and the proposed
changes to the document affectionately
known as the Code of Student Conduct.
This column represents a new,
innovative approach a path
unblazed. Until today, all the proposed
improvements to the Honor Code have
dealt with symptoms. This effort seeks
to continue beyond that elementary
level of control of criminality on
This proposal seeks to deter cheating,
not simply to deal with the problem
post-facto. It is aimed between the eyes
of that bionic-eyed student sitting in the
middle of Hamilton 100 with cheat
notes in hand and sleazy schemes in
How can we persuade this hopeless
character to abandon his scoping and
cribbing? Just start handing out active
prison terms for Honor Code violations.
Rob him of his freedom before he robs
you of a place in grad school.
This approach easily can be justified.
First, consider the importance of grades
in Our Society. For the respectable
student, grades are the foremost
concern. Grades are replaced by money
when one graduates and enters Their
In Their Society, it's money. In Our
Society, it's grades. Greyhounds are
after the rabbit. The American League
cherishes home runs, and coal miners
get off on the light at the end of the
tunnel. All of these examples are the
ends that justify our means.
So when the cheater enters the Real
World, he can be expected to maintain
his underhanded method of achieving
success, i.e., money. Therefore, the
University should feel responsible for
strictly punishing the practice of
whupping the system. North Carolina
prisons are full of persons who would be
cheaters if they were taking Psych 10 or
History 22. Cheaters possess the same
basic drives as those we commonly
associate with the armed robber or the
check forger. And they should be
punished with the same severity for the
protection of the American Way. We
should abandon our practice of handing
out mere suspensions or probations for
cheating and begin treating the motive.
Here's a far-fetched example: suppose
you really like this column and submit it
to your Soc. 55 (Crime and Deliquency)
professor as a term project that shows
you have spent much time and effort
considering the sad state of the UNC
criminal j ust ice system. Now your profs
keen eye for criminal behavior spots this
breach of norms quickly and says, "Hey,
you slut, this came straight from the
back page of the Daily Tar Heel." If you
are convicted by the Honor Court (a
misnomer this tribunal seldom deals
with honor), you may be suspended
from school for six months. Within a
couple of weeks, you're robbing Quick
Stop stores to support your expensive
habit of living in Chapel Hill.
Under the system of handing out
prison, terms for Honor Court
violations, you would spend not more
than five years or less than two long
years rehashing your fateful deed
Anyone vaguely familiar with Pavlov's
Dog can surmise what effect this 'might
have on the cheater. Or the potential
cheater. Within minutes of the
institution of this system, the effects will
be evident to faculty proctors who can't
see past the first row of classroom desks.
i nr j i
r1 ll '
THIS ONE WAS AS Ct
IS He wAs tough'
IT WAS ONLY AFTER WE
BHaAN tMEfWG HIM
INTO A 2VCKBT OF TICKS
THAT HE ADMITTEP W
HAD TATTOOED THE
MSVIERS "TO THE iNSIDe
OF HIS YHPS..' 5
Convicted H onor Code offenders will
be incarcerated in a facility on campus.
The sight of former students in shackles
and bonds will likely scare the crib notes
out of even the hardened cheater. There
exists an unlimited and untapped
resource of rehabilitation programs for
scholastic deviants. They could be given
crossword puzzles with the answers
available on the reverse side. Of course
when the cheater flips the puzzle to solve
a particularly tenacious line, he receives
1 10 volts of electricity. The puzzles are
made increasingly difficult, finally
becoming impossible to solve. The
offender will either give up cheating or
develop an addiction to alternating
On-campus prisons would prove a
financial asset for the University. Brick
turning, a popular activity of University
employees several years ago could make
a long-awaited comeback through the
employment of cheap prison labor. The
campus would echo with the sights and
sounds of chain gangs working cn the
brick paths. The prisoners also would
make readily available subjects for
The problem of cheating has plagued
University officials and students lor
centuries. But in the social-minded,
liberal Chapel Hill community, this
hard core approach to Honor Code
enforcements has been overlooked. Law
and order candidates have been
successful in elections across the land,
yet the message has escaped UNC ears.
In these days when haggling over the
Code of Student Conduct dominates the
campus media, this treatment to
degrade cheaters has escaped attention.
It's time that law-abiding. God-fearing
students take a stand.
Elliott Potter, a senior journalism
major from Belfast, N.C., is associate
editor for the The Daily Tar Heel.
Return to Pink Pig proves you can't go home again
Bv REID TUVIM
Spending Christmas vacation in Atlanta
had its advantages. There was always
something going on: concerts, hockey
games, basketball games. 1 could accept
missing the Sex Pistols, but the Washington
Bullets (with Much Kupchak) were in town
to play the Hawks, and this die-hard
Carolina Ian was not going to miss that
game. My brother and I went downtown to
pick up some tickets.
T wo blocks from the Omni sports arena is
the downtown location of a local department
store chain. Rich's. For as long as I can
remember. Rich's has offered kiddies
something more than just your basic Santa
Claus at Christmastime. They also have a
monorail ride the Pink Pig and a tiny
z.oo with tame chickens, ducks, geese, goats
and deer, w hich the store tries to pass off as
Santa's reindeer. The 700 is on the roof of the
building, and the train cars, hanging from
their single rail, travel above the animals.
T he last time 1 rode the Pink Pig was at
least 10 years ago. It cost a dime. And two
kids could fit in each seat.
My brother and I got the same idea
simultaneously. We headed off toward
Rich's and their Pink Pig.
Following the arrows on the "EXPRESS
ELEVATOR TO THE PINK PIG TWINS
THIS WAY" signs, we found the elevator
and a 16-year-old attendant with a smile that
turned to a look of bewilderment as my 22-year-old
brother and I skipped up and asked
if we could ride.
She laughed yes, placed a Pink Pigsticker
on each of us and apologized that "The hens
and the ducks aren't there today." At least
the deer were there. We were off to the
express elevator to the roof.
When we got to the roof, there were three
other 16-year-olds who had trouble believing
us. We convinced them we were serious,
though, and they assured us that "Yes, you
can fit in the cars." We eagerly pushed our
money through the ticket window.
In the 10 years since 1 last rode, the cost of
a ticket went up 1 50 percent. Those seats that
would hold two squirming kids have shrunk
150 percent. The cars used to be taller than
we; now they are knee-high. Somehow,
having to sit all hunched up wasn't real
It just wasn't the same. No one was
waving, and spitting on a goat doesn't
measure up to nailing an old woman
carrying an armful of Christmas gifts.
And Mitch missed five straight free throws
in the game, including all three in a three-to-make-two
attempt to tie a dubious NBA
record held by many.
Thomas Wolfe said it best: You cart go
But I've still got that Pink Pig sticker.
Reid Tuvim, a sophomore journalism
major from Atlanta, Ga., is news editor for
the The Daily Tar Heel. .
- Uli. Til ll! , ' ' IS w awl ' I g
'Space is a dandy arena'
Star wars NASA an arm of the Pentagon?
Bv JOHN MARKOFF
Space war now only a movie fantasy could add a
frightening new dimension to global conflict as early as the
The Pentagon quietly has begun using the National
Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) new space
shuttle program as a stepping stone to build a capability to
fight a war in space.
Congressional critics like Wisconsin Democrat William
Proxmire have charged that through the space shuttle,
program, NASA the civilian space agency is becoming
an arm of the Department of Defense (DOD), increasingly
subject to military priorities.
Publicly, most U.S. officials are on record against
expanding the arms race into space. Secertary of Defense
Harold Brown has stated. "I would hope that we could keep
space from becoming an area of active conflict."
Hut some military planners are excited about possible star
wars. "Space is a dandy arena, actually," one DOl) scientist
was quoted as saying in Aeronautics and Astronautics.
"You've got to attract strategic war off the planet. The notion
of abhorring war in space is just plain wrong."
The Pentagon is concerned that the United States is falling
behind the Soviets in key portions of the "space race." One
Air Force general summarized the military's view of the
situation: "there has never been a transportation medium in
t lie history of man tha has not been exploited for economic
and 'military advantage. Space is not going to be an
I he space shuttle will allow scientists, private industry and
t he tnilit.irv to send l.iijU' pas loads into orbit on a weekly
basis dunne. the NMK. I ho shuttle svstem will include a
reusable orbiter that will be boosted into space by giant
rockets and then glide back to earth landing like an airplane.
The first spaceflight for the shuttle is now scheduled for 1979.
Pentagon involvement in the shuttle program began
shortly after the Nixon administration in a cost-cutting
move canceled the Air Force Manned Orbiting
Laboratory in 1969. ,
The DOD subsequently decided to rely exclusively ori
NASA's space shuttle for routine access to space. By 1984, all
military space missions will be carried by the space shuttle.
The Pentagon's first 10 shuttle missions will include the
following satellites and weapons: 1
Air Force DSCS-3 communications satellites for
Defense meterological satellites.
Laser weapons developed from the Space Laser
Experiment Definition (SLED) studies intended to counter
Teal Ruby, an infrared monitoring system to detect low
High Altitude Large Optics (HALO): a huge camera
designed to monitor Soviet sites.
M ilitary planners are currently at work on more exotic and
potentially more deadly research to be carried out by the
space shuttle. The Air Force has contracted with the Vought
Corp. to build a test version of a satellite killer.
American intelligence agencies have reported that the
Soviets are studying the use of lasers and space mines, and
some defense officials are worried that such Soviet satellite
killers could be a threat to the space shuttle.
On the U.S. side, N AS A commissioned a study last year on
the feasibility of placing a huge array of mirrors in orbit to
reflect the energy of ground-based lasers and shoot down
enemy missiles. I he think tank envisioned an advanced
version of the space shuttle to put the mirrors in orbit and
estimated the cost of such a system to be $105 billion.
NASA DOD cooperation in the space shuttle program
has been called into question by the New York-based Council
on Economic Priorities. The council warns that Congress'
ability to control the U.S. space program will be complicated
by the inclusion of the military in the space shuttle program.
"Because the DOD will be entirely dependent upon
NASA's transportation system for space launches," a council
report states, "there is a danger that in the future NASA
programs will be oriented toward military, rather than
civilian and scientific purposes."
Rep. Les Aspin, D-Wis., has claimed that NASA increased
the payload of the shuttle from 25,000 to 65,000 pounds to
satisfy the Air Force, and that shuttle thrust was increased
and other technical changes made in the program at the
In an interview last year, Gordon Adams, a research
associate at the council, said that NASA has been placed in a
position where it must subsidize indirectly many DOD costs.
In 1976 the Air Force refused to participate in funding the
fourth and fifth shuttle orbiters. "In effect NASA is carrying
the charge for what they had originally anticipated being able
to share with the Air Force budget," Adams stated.
But proponents of NASA's new military role argue that its
cooperation with the DOD space program is both cost
effective and vital to national security.
Maj. Gen. Richard D. Henry, vice commander of the Air
Force research and development agency for space systems,
says "The shuttle represents the next threshold for using
space for vital military and scientific missions. If military
space technology can provide reliability and global
information, then our nation can cope with those forces that
are upsetting the global equilibrium."
This column was provided courtesy of the Pacific News