""m "ir"'nif "mil- 'iir-- 'ii
It wilt be partly cloudy and
cool through Wednesday
with the high in the 60s and
the low in the upper 30s.
Chance of rain is 30 percent
today and 20 percent tonight
Where, where? Subscribers
to the 1977-78 Vacr may pick
up their $2 rebate from 10
a.m. to 9 p.m. today in the
South Gallery Meeting Room
of the Union. Bring an ID.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Vc!urn o C3. Issue No.,77 (o f
Tuesday, December 5, 1978, Chapel Hill North Carolina
Please call us: 933-0245
fill. iron Jim Ihh Fo Pfiiw hoifmc
By KATHY CURRY
At least 20 women this year experienced their share of hell in
the Southern Part of Heaven.
They were raped. At least three of those Orange County
women were victims of recent gang rapes.
Police have suspects in custody in the Sept. 27 rape by five
youths of a 22-year-old UNC senior who was abducted in
northeast Carrboro while riding her bicycle home from,campus
after midnight. Three of these youths and two juveniles also were
charged in the Oct. 18 rape of a 30-year-old woman. In
preliminary hearings last month, five of the youths were bound
over for trial in Superior Court, one juvenile was released on
probation, and one juvenile case remains pending a decision on
being bound over from juvenile court.
"In the second case, the woman simply was walking out of
Cat's Cradle on Rosemary Street and the persons in the car
evidently saw her get in her car alone, followed her and forced her
car off the road sometime after-4 a.m.," Assistant District
Attorney Ellen Scouten said.
Rut the nightmare apparently is not jyer yet. Scouten said
police are investigating yet another gang rape that occurred while
a Chapel Hill woman was walking outside her home just before
Thanksgiving. No suspects have been arrested.
Marian DeFriess, nurse liaison for North Carolina Memorial
Hospital's Emergency Room Rape Crisis program, said there has
been a significant increase in the number of rape cases handled in
1978 by the NCMH program.
"We handled a total of 13 rape cases here in 1977 and we have
handled at least 20 cases so far this year," DeFriess said. "But I
don't know if it represents an actual increase in incidence of rapes
or an increase in women coming to the hospital."
DeFriess began working with the emergency room's new 24
hour care and counseling service for rape victims in 1976.
"Before this new program, the victim had no choice," she said.
"We just, assumed she'd prosecute. Now it's the women
themselves taking control."
Emergency room nurses counsel the rape victim in legal
alternatives, venereal disease prevention and pregnancy
prevention"" during the gynecological examination. All
information is kept confidential in a locked file, DeFriess said.
"Most importantly, nothing will be done unless they (victims)
want it to be done." she said.
' By KAREN EAGLE
Christmas is the time for giving. For
some it' means digging in pockets for
money to buy presents for friends and
family. For shoplifters, Christmas
represents the biggest profit season of the
The Christmas rush brings sales,
droves of customers and busy clerks, all
which make stores easy prey for
shoplifters. "Shoplifters find it easy to
pick something up and not be seen," said
Detective Ben Callahan of the Chapel
Hill Police Department.
About two cents of every dollar spent
covers the cost of stolen merchandise and
the security measures to prevent more
theft. Tyrone T. Blalock, security
manager for Montgomery Ward's, in
Durham's South Square Mall, said
Ward's nationally was projected to lose 4
percent of its gross sales this year to
Callahan . said the law defines
shoplifting as "concealing merchandise
inside the store." Whether that "person
intended to pay for the merchandise is
decided in court, he said. Leaving the
store with stolen merchandise is larceny,
and stealing something worth more than
$200 is a felony.
Conviction for concealment could
bring a fine of up to $500, two years in
prison or both. A larceny conviction
carries a fine of up to $500, two years in
prison or both.
There is no typical shoplifter, but
according to national statistics, one out
of every 10 people shoplifts. "Very rarely
do we catch anyone that doesn't have
enough money in their pocket to pay for
what they've stolen," Blalock said.
Lt. Thomas O. Joyner, head of South
Square Mall security, explained that for
some people shoplifting is a way of life.
"I've caught people with actual lists on
them," he said. "They take drders."
Joyner said there are some problems
with students shoplifting, but students
from out of town create the biggest
"Shoplifters aren't nickel and diming
you, they're hitting you for $400 to $500 a
pop," Blalock said. Joyner quoted
national statistics to show the average
shoplifter steals $3,000 (in merchandise) a
Callahan said 47 arrests were made by
the Chapel Hill Police for shoplifting
between January 1978 and September.
During December 1977. 13 arrests were
See SHOPLIFTING on page 3
To find elusive room
C"- :. XX M
v f .1 w - MfpM 'Vil i , SiS f
But One of the most important factors in the hospital
program's success has been the changed attitude of county law
enforcement officers toward rape and rape victims.
Lt. Charles Mauer of the University Police said the main
change in police handling of rape cases has been use of the blind
report. In a blind report, a rape victim may call the law
enforcement agency and give the time, place and description of
the vehicle and weapon involved in the rape without identifying
The blind report is unique to Orange County, and Mauer said
other counties have scoffed at the idea of no-name reports.
"The other counties think we're stupidrsaying you can't have a
legal complaint for arrest without a name," Mauer said. "But we
don't .consider a blind report as a public complaint. We
encourage people to report whether we can do anything or not
just so we know what's happening."
Although it has been more than three years since someone was
raped on the UNC campus, assaults and rape attempts have risen
this semester. The path leading to Granville Towers between
Fraternity Court and the Beta Theta Pi house has been especially
dangerous. Mauer said.
Mauer, Lt. Don Truelove of the Chapel Hill police and
Carrboro Police Detective Maureen Kelley in conjunction with
the UNC Association for Women Students have conducted the
"Lady Beware" rape-prevention program for about three years.
"Always, always the victim says 1 didn't think it could happen
to me, " Kelley said. "This area is such a protected area. The
college-town atmosphere gives a false sense of security. I talked
to the victim of the first gang rape recently, and she wants to tell
people to be aware."
Kelley said she believes the . public education programs
presented by Rape Crisis and law enforcement officers have
encouraged rape reporting. More and more women are realizing
they can call off the investigation at anytime with no
repercussions, she said. "We just want the information so we can
help someone else in the future," Kelley said.
The rapes and assaults that turn into senseless tragedies can be
avoided if women would take the time to think about what they
would do if assaulted. Kelley said. "Some women react almost
See RAPE on page 2
Waits for approval
.HoTpitel EDiay o:
Mike O'Koren dishes off one of his five assists Monday night
Take 93-76 win
Heels ' chair;
By CAM JOHNSON
North Carolina Memorial Hospital may offer the
test-tube baby procedure within two years, staff
gynecologist Jaroslav Hulka said Monday.
Hulka, a colleague of the English doctors who
developed the process that resulted in the birth of the
first test-tube baby July 25, said that the hospital
administration is waiting for the procedure to be
published in medical journals before going forward
with plans for the service in Chapel Hill.
Hulka said the decision to offer the service will
hinge largely on his own recommendation. "The
administration is very supportive and has faith in me.
They have faith I'm offering good judgment. We
Jhope to start - developing ihis. and. offering- it as
another 'medical service within a year or. two."
In 1966, Dr. Robert Edwards, English physiologist
and co-developer of the test-tube procedure, did
research at N.C. Memorial on the fertilization and
preservation of eggs that have been removed from
the ovary. Hulka knew him then.
The process involves inserting a needle into the
woman's abdomen in order to remove an egg from
her ovary at the time of ovulation. The egg is then
fertilized with the man's sperm in the laboratory and
implanted in the woman's uterus. The woman is
treated with hormones during the pregnancy.
Hulka said the process can only work for women
with a particular fertility problem blocked or cioning and experimentation with human fetuses."
damaged tallopian tubes. He said tne nospitai
medical procedures unless the projects are approved
by the 14-member Ethics Advisory Board.
The board is holding public meetings and
soliciting opinions from doctors, lawyers,
theologians and other professionals on whether to
allow government funding of the research, Barbara
Mishkin, deputy staff director of the board said
Monday. She said the board will submit a
recommendation to HEW Secretary Joseph
Calif ano in February or March on whether to start
funding for the research.
Mishkin said only one application for test-tube
baby research funding has been received so far that
from Vanderbilt University. The decision on the
application will be made in February or March, after
the board's recommendations have been acted on by
Hulke said that although N.C. Memorial is
planning to offer the service, it will not do
experimental research on humans. "My feeling is
that research is a way down the road, compared with
offering the service. I have no plans for research
using human eggs, nor does anyone else I've talked
to. You get into tough ethical questions and that's
what we don't want to get into."
Opposition to test-tube baby research has come
mainly from the.Roamn Catholic Church. Bishop
Walter Sullivan of the Catholic Diocese of
Richmond said the Virginia center may "open up a
Pandora's box of all kinds of abuses.. .rent-a-womb,
By LEE PACE
Detroit's Earl Cureton had just dropped a short
jump shot in from 10 feet with just under three
minutes to go play Monday night to pull the Detroit
Titans to within fiye points of Carolina, and it looked
like another of those cardiac Carmichael Auditorium
It looked that way to everyone but the Tar Heels,
v Carolina was in its four corners offense, as it
normally is in such situations, and the Tar Heels'
man in the middle, Dave Colescott, was on the foul
line, a place where the Tar Heels haven't had much
fun yet this young season.
But Colescott wasn't about to lay any bricks. Two
swishes, and Carolina was off.
Mike O'Koren stole a pass for the fourth time in
the game and drove the length of the floor for a lay
up. 85-76. '
Dudley Bradley, made a steal his fifth of the
game and passed to Colescott for a lay-up. 87-76.
A few seconds later. Rich Yonakor hit O'Koren
open underneath for an easy one. 89-76. O'Koren
would return the favor to Yonakor a minute later for
a 91-76 lead, but in between those buckets was the
bucket that was not. That's when Detroit's Terry
Duerod, who had been hitting from the third row all
night, actually saw one of his shots go in the basket,
rattle around for a while and then fall out. The Titans
knew they'd had it then.
Bradley made sure with a slam dunk off a back
door pass from Yonakor with 10 seconds to go. 93-76
was the final. ; : .
"I felt we had them but we. lacked the killer
instinct," O'Koren said. "We refused to put them
away until the very end."
The win was Carolina's third in four games and
came two nights after losing 78-68 to No. 1 Duke.
"The worst thing we could've done is keep thinking
about the Duke game," Colescott said. "Coach
warned us about Detroit, and I thought we played a
pretty good game." " .
See B-BALL on page 3
Monsignor Joseph Showfety of the Diocese of
Charlotte said test-tube fertilization is against the
dicta of the church. "The Church sympathizes with
those who want children, but this is not the proper
way forconception to take place. Conception must be
dictated bv married life, bv the active marriage of a
In early October, Hulka traveled to France, from husband and wife, without fertilization in a test tube.
where he said he "bargained with them (tvans ana
administration is moving slowly and cautiously in
offering the service because widespread publicity Jhas
caused many women to have unfounded hopes of
having children by the process. He said he has had
about 40 requests for the treatment, so far.
Dr. Patrick Steptoe. co-developers of the process) to
learn the procedure. He (Steptoe) said the
atmosphere is not appropriate for teaching the
method at this time. Three of Steptoe's patients are in
hiding because of publicity. This is not a circus, this is
a desperate treatment for desperate patients."
Earlier this week. Eastern Virginia Medical School
in Norfolk announced it will open a test-tube baby
center in early 1979 and will screen candidates for the
procedure late in the year.
Another issue raised by
. j ri
procedure is tne destruction oi eggs not carried to
term by the mother. On Aug. 18, Doris Del Zio was
awarded $50,000 in damages from Columbia
Presbyterian Hospital in New York because a
gynecologist destroyed an egg that was to be
implanted in her womb. The award was based on
emothional stress to Del Zio caused by the egg's
Father Tom Palko of the Newman Catholic
Center on the UNC campus said the church is against
Drs. Howard and Georgeanna Jones, who will run the procedure generally but sees the necessity for
the Virginia center, said only private donations will exceptions. "Here we are going with test-tube babies,
be used to operate the facility. The Department of while we're having 30 million abortions a year. We're
Health, Education and Welfare in 1975 barred killing that many people and then going out and
federal funding of test-tube baby research and creating life chemically. It's absurd.
Parking plan: shift space, adld lot
By LAURA ALEXANDER
There is something, though, maybe
undefmable, a charge in the air that
doesn't come at any other time of year
here ( Chapel Hill), or in most other places
ever. Jake Wade was probably right in
laying it simply to a strange magic.
I would invite you to come and see for
yourself except there's no place to park.
Jim Shumaker, The Charlotte
Parking is a perennial problem even in
a magical place like Chapel Hill, and
every now and then adjustments must be
made to accommodate the ever-growing
The most recent of these adjustments is
a temporary one necessitated by various
construction projects planned for the
campus the new central library to be
built on Emerson Field (the parking lot
directly north of the Carolina Union), the
addition to the U nion itself in the parking
lot east of the building and a proposed
addition to the Ackland Art Museum
that has not yet been funded.
After two sessions within three weeks,
the Vice Chancellor's Committee for
Parking and Traffic, which consists 12
members of the University faculty and
staff and four University students,
decided on its recommendation for
alleviating the problem. It involves
shifting 138 students from the N-4B lot'
into a new 600-space parking lot on
Manning Drive and 150 students from
the Craige dormitory parking lot to the
same place, next fall.
According to the plans, students from
N-4B will be replaced by faculty members
and those moved from Craige will be
replaced by North Carolina Memorial
The final decision on the proposal rests
with John Temple, vice chancellor for
business and finance, whose office has
jurisdiction over parking. Temple says he
thinks the proposal will be accepted.
If all goes according to plan, the
Manning lot will become primarily an
overflow fringe lot in January 1980f the
scheduled completion date of the Health
Affairs Parking Deck now under
construction. At that time, hospital staff
will be moved into the deck, faculty in
N4-B will be shifted into the Bell Tower
parking lot and the 138 displaced
students will return to N-4B.
However, it is only a matter of time
until 'the deck can no longer solve the
problem. As the number of patients and
visitors to the hospital continues to grow,
the facility no longer will be able to
accommodate hospital personnel.
The answer eventually will be a system
of fringe lots to which the University is
committed, said Craig Brown, a member
of the Parking and Traffic Committee
and transportation commission director
of Student Government.
Brown said the University will have to
continue shifting to park-ride lots (a
parking lot in which one parks and then
rides a bus into campus). Brown said the
park-ride system cuts down on traffic in
the center of campus and offers a better
alternative to building more parking
In the most recent controversy,
students from North Campus were
concerned about losing parking spaces
from the N-4A lot. They held meetings
with student members of the committee,
conducted surveys and tried to increase
See SOLUTION on page 3
Sweep wears liiclky hat9
helps keep Santa clean
A - v
'o y - i
Chimney sweep Robert Gerber
...his vocation won't die
By CLIVE A. STAFFORD SMITH
Five mornings a week Roger Gerber
dons an old top hat, a dirty yellow scarf
and drives his black Chevy van to another
sooty chimney. He's a chimney sweep.
"The hat is supposed to bring luck," he
said. "It stops we sweeps from falling off
the roof when we climb up to clean from
the top," said Gerber, who also works in
the Playmaker's box office.
People are becoming more energy
conscious and are turning to fires for
heat, which has given a boost to the
previously neglaected trade of the sweep,
Gerber explained. He took up sweeping
"When my parents needed their
chimney cleaned they could not find
anyone to do it, so I got the job " Gerber
said. It seemed a good way to earn some
extra money to help send his wife through
business school at UNC.
The equipment cost about $1,000.
Gerber charges $30 a chimney. Armed
with his brushes as he climbed up a ladder
onto the roof of a Chapel Hill home.
Gerber explained why the money is well
"After a while the chimney becomes
coated with inflammable tar," he said.
"Because of this there were 40,000
chimney fires in the country last year."
Gerber is not new to working in
unuual professions. The las two jobs he
has had were with a circus and building
geodesic domes. "Before you ask, they are
domes made from triangular panes of
Gerber saidTie is pleased that his job is
no danger of being taken away by
technology. "Admittedly we've
progressed from sending children up the
chimney. Neither do we use a Christmas
tree as a brush, as used to happen," he
said. "However, there is no substitutie for
the sweep and his brush."
There is no specific period of time after
which a chimney should be swept, Gerber
said, although in Europe it must, by law,
be done annually.
"However, this is the busiest time of the
year" Gerber said. "After all you cannot
have Santa getting filthy, can you?"