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Springiest tickets will be on
sale today in South Gallery
Meeting Room of Carolina
Union from 9-5. Student
tickets are $4 with a valid ID.
Serving the students and the University community since 1 893
Vo&nrc C3, Issua No. 12? p
Tuesday, March 27, 1979, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
NewsSports Arts 933-0245
s n f, n r I I O
Business Advertising 933-1163
Low tonight will be in jthe 30s.
It will be partly cloudy
Wednesday with a high in the
T 1 o
By MARTHA WAGGONER
The Student Supreme Court Monday
handed down its opinion on the Daily Tar
Heel editorship case, stating that .
mismanagement of a campus-wide
election does not constitute grounds for a
new election unless it can be proved that
the mismanagement actually affected the
The opinion, written by Chief Justice
Roy Cooper, concerns the court's
decision March 20 to support the
Elections Board certification of the Feb.
21 runoff for DTH editor. Candidate
Allen Jernigan sued the Elections Board
and candidate David Stacks in an
attempt to have the results voided.
The opinion states that Jernigan and
his counsel, David McKinnon, "failed to
show the court that there is a reasonable
probability that the election error altered
the outcome of the election," as stated in
Title II of the student statutes.
Jernigan did prove election errors
occured. Cooper said in the opinion, but
the court did not feel he proved the errors
altered the outcome.
"He has not provided any evidence that
shows a reasonable probability," Cooper
said. "In the election process, fraud is
always a possibility ."
Both Cooper and the opinion stated,
however, that the possibility of fraud was
greater in the Feb. 21 runoff than is to be
expected in an election. "Evidence tends
to show that the possibility for fraud
existed during this election," the opinion
stated. "But we refuse to infer 'reasonable
probability' from mere possibility."
Craig Brown, counsel for Stacks, said
the opinion is "a mirror of what the
defense tried to prove and what it
apparently did prove."
McKinnon said the court wanted the
plaintiff to prove fraud actually occurred.
"There is some precedent to support our
viewpoint," he said.
Cooper said the number of ballots was
about equal to the number of people who
signed voter registration sheets. "This
pretty much counts out ballot box
stuffing," he said.
The opinion stated that although the
plaintiff did have petitions containing 79
signatures of people claiming to have
been disenfranchised by polling
irregularities, the number was not close to
the 204 vote margin by which Stacks won.
"We do not intend this comparison as a
test," the opinion stated, "but we must
note that this court has been reluctant to
overturn a campus-wide election even
when the number of signatures claiming
disenfranchisement matched the vote
margin between the candidates in
"We're not laying this out as a strict
requirement," Cooper said. "It should
See COURT on page 2
$ " t
if ... ':
treaty al l
Jimmy Carter victorious
.Arafat vows to chop off his hands
The Associated Press
WASHINGTON ( AIMEgypt and Urael,
neighbors and enemies for a generation, signed
a treaty Monday to begin a new. fragile era of
peace between Arab and Jew.
Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli
Prime Minister Menachem Begin put their
names to Arabic, Hebrew and English copies of
a treaty promising mutual recognition, respect
"Peace has come!" declared a beaming
President Carter, whose personal intervention
brought the talks back to life after they had
stalemated on the details.
He quoted the Bible and the Koran, and he
offered a personal prayer that Arabs and Jews
may one day be brothers.
Sadat and Begin signed, dramatically, on the
windy White House front lawn, after four wars
between their nations and 15 months of
Not all Egyptians welcomed the treaty.
Officials said public gatherings were
discouraged out of concern that the treaty
opponents, calling it a betrayal of the
Palestinian and other Arab states, would try to
Meanwhile, celebrations were restrained in
Israel. The festive mood was shattered in
Jerusalem, where a terrorist grenade exploded
10 minutes before the treaty signing, injuring
No one claimed responsibility for the
explosion, but Palestinian guerrillas had vowed
to disrupt the peace.
Outside the White House gates, 1,000
protesters, supporters of Palestinians, shouted
1 - I
"Tviy leaders will
loom large in the
history of nations
Anwar el-Sadat and
their opposition, charging Sadat had betrayed
their cause by making a separate peace with the
There placards read "The Shah Is Gone,
Sadat Is Next," and "Palestine Is Not for Sale."
In the treaty, Israel agrees to dismantle
Jewish settlements and return to Egypt the vast
Sinai desert seized in the Six-Day War of 1967.
Egypt agrees, for the first time, to formally
recognize her Jewish neighbor as a member of
the community of nations.
Carter called on the rest of the Arab world to
join n the peace process, and he showered
Sadat and Begin with ringing praise.
"Two leaders who will loom large in the
history of nations Anwar Sadat and
Menachem Begin have conducted this
campaign with all the courage, tenacity,
brilliance and inspiration of any generals who
ever led men and machines onto the field of
battle," Carter said.
On the White House lawn, guests sat in rows
of folding chairs. Among them were officials of
Television carried the ceremony back to the
Middle East, where the occasion was marked
with anger, hostility and threats and bombs,
strikes, mass rallies and threats of reprisal and
Effigies of Carter, Sadat and Begin burned in
refugee camps and Yasser Arafat, leader of
Palestinian refugees, denounced each of them.
"Let me tell all three of them today," Arafat
declared, "that 1 shall not only burn their
fingers, but shall even chop off their hands."
Agreement on the final details the question'
of Israeli access to oil from wells to be
surrendered back to Egypt came in a final
Sunday night face-to-face session between
Sadat and Begin.
Begin dropped his proposal that the treaty be
signed at two further ceremonies, in Jerusalem
and Cairo. Instead, he agreed to settle for a one
day visit next Monday to Cairo.
rejects plmm; funds in jjeopmrdy
By MARK MURRELL
Staff W riter .. .
HEW Secretary" Joseph Califano Monday
announced the rejection of UNCs desegregation
plan, but said HEW would not cut off funds for 30
Califano notified Gov. Jim Hunt and UNC
President William C. Friday by phone of his
rejection of the plan before announcing it in a news
conference. Califano said he was still hopeful some
agreement could be reached within 30 days, before he
would be forced to stop federal money for new
programs which he believes would continue a pattern
But Califano's action marked the beginning of a
lengthy administrative process that could lead to the
cutoff of nearly $90 million now going each year to
support programs on the 16-campus university
At a news conference in Chapel Hill, Friday said
Califano would ' transmit the formal documents
today, concerning . the., case to the University's
attorneys. Califano also told Friday HEW would not
begin to defer funds for 30 days. But Califano said he
would cancel funding only to those programs that
would further segregate the system.
"This appears to allow 30 additional days for
discussion, and we will be prepared," said Friday.
"Having retained counsel, we shall now await their
advice as to the next steps."
UNC Board of Governors Chairman William A.
Johnson expressed disapproval of HEW's decision.
"I hoped they would accept our plan," he said. "The
decision was not in the best interest of the University
or the students."
Concerning the Board of Governors' next move,
Johnson said the board would see what further
proposals come from HEW, consider alternate plans
and consult with its attornevs.
In recent months. HEW has accepted
desegregation plans from live other states with
separate institutions for blacks and whites. However,
as a result of Califano's Monday action. North
Carolina may become the first state to lose federal
fundirig for higher education.
Most recently. HEW officials have called for
substantial improvements in the state's five black
campuses, but Friday said the state and HEW are
about $100 million apart in theirestimate of what the
state, can afford to spend on "the improvement of the
campuses. HEW has most recently asked the state to
appropriate $120 million, w hile the legislature insists
it can only afford to appropriate an additional $21
State officials have said HEW's original emphasis
was on ending duplication of programs offered on
both black and white campuses, but that recently the
issue has switched to improvements on the black
campuses. Friday has said the issue of duplication
remains HEW's top priority. , .
One plan did win provisional acceptance last May,
but the plan turned out to be only a temporary
settlement. This plan contained a pledge by North
Carolina to enroll a significant amount of students in
However, the University and HEW came to
disagree over the duplication issue.
In December, the University Board of Governors
decided none of the 1 1 1 duplicate programs found at
various schools were educationally unnecessary and
therefore eleigible for elimination or movement to
another campus. Since this time, all attempts to
negotiate a settlement have been unsuccessful.
The continued disagreement caused Califano to
ignore a March 15 deadline to make a decision on the
case, and government attorneys are now seeking to
explain why he should not be held in contempt of
M settles debt
witli final check
By THOMAS JESSIMAN
Staff W riter
The Black Student Movement made its final payment Monday
on a loan it received last spring from the Campus Governing
"1 am a little surprised we did it all," BSM chairperson Allen
Johnson said. "It took a great deal of money and a great deal of
"They had a perfect record on the payments and there was no
way they would mess it up," said Rhonda Black, CGC Speaker
and past finance committee chairperson. "Allen Johnson would
have made that last payment if he had to take it out of his back
The $566 payment erased what was left of $3,296 the BSM
originally owed the CGC. Low ticket sales for the "Kool and the'
Gang" concert last spring caused the BSM deficit.
"We'll be very careful about a loan like that again," Johnson
said. "We will think two, three, four times before we consider
doing any more concerts." "
See BSM on page 2
I I f ?s
&s x i " -
f JX ' $r-A
L Jl i , J
A grandfather's gift
Gregory Pittman ends BSM debt
Treasurer Susan Treece recieves check
New policy results in fewer towings
By PAT CAUDILL .
The number of cars towed for parking
violations in Chapel Hill dropped
significantly in February when police
began enforcing a new ticketing- and
towing policy, Police Chief Herman
Stone said last week.
"We were towing 20 to 25 cars a day,"
Stone said. "At this point we are only
towing 10 to 15 cars a day, sometimes
The new policy raised the fine for any
car subject to towing to $10. Previously,
those fines had been from $1 to $5. The
new policy also eliminated a $27 fine
given to persons who returned to their
cars before a wrecker could tow them.
Stone said the fine increase was
necessary both to decrease illegal parking
and to offset losses to the department
from paying half-tow fees to wrecker
services when drivers returned to their
cars before they were towed. Under the
new policy, drivers must pay only the $10
fine if lthey return to their cars after a
wrecker has been called.
But drivers who take longer than 48
hours to pay the $10 fine are now more
likely to get a $27 court citation for being
late in payment. Stone said. "That policy
hasn't been followed up. too much until
now, but we will be stepping it up in the
future," he said.
The number of cars towed by the
Chapel Hill police tripled in August 1978
when a parking ordinance prohibiting
parking from 9 - a.m. to 4 p.m. on 40
streets around the University went into
effect, said Ben Callahan, Stone's
administrative assistant. The number
gradually leveled to about twice the
number of cars that had been towed
before the ordinance became effective.
The ordinance established a residential
parking permit system so that only
residents of the streets in the zone could
park on them during the restricted hours,
after obtaining a permit from the police
Three other streets may be added to the
restricted parking list, said Janet
DTgnazio, town transportation planner.
This summer, the' town plans to study
whether to add McCauIey Pritchard and
Short streets to the residential parking
zones, she said.
See TOWING on page 2
Toys teach handicapped kids
B SARAH WEST
Wilbur Morse has turned his hobbies
of sculpting and inventing into tools for
helping handicapped children.
A year ago. his daughter and her
husband adopted a handicapped child
and Morse began putting his skills to
work making toys and communications
devices for his new granddaughter and
other children with severe physical
"1 began making toys lor my
granddaughter in an attempt to stimulate
her and make her react." Morse said.
"These children can get er frustrated.
They have active minds yet are unable to
"Actually, the toy-making is a
secondarv part ol what I'm trying to do."
Morse said. "The communications
devices I've designed are really more
useful. Many of these children are non
verbal and massively handicapped.
Because they are unable to point or make
signs, an electronic device must be
substituted which will indicate what the
child is trying to communicate."
Morse said that he adapts the
communication boards . to an individual
child's handicap. "1 find out what the
disability is, assess what the child can do
in spite of it and then find a part of the
body that the child can control," Morse
"For example, if all a child can do is
make a biting motion, I can design a
switch that he can activate by biting. Or if
the child has a particular hand .
movement, I'll adapt a switch exploiting
that movement," Morse said. "Give me a
movement of even an eighth of an inch
that the child can control and I'll harness
Morse said he designs communications
devices to be as easy as possible for the
child to operate, but he likes to make the
toys he creates challenging. "I feel that
this stimulates the child intellectually,"
8 '.JI i-Vwi-Iii1
The language board. Morse tells his granddaughter which picture to
indicate. She does so by biting the switch until the light appears over
the correct picture. "Give me a movement of even an eighth of an
inch that the child can control and I'll harness it."
Morse said. "The human mind is like any
other part of the body- w ithout exercise,
it can atrophy."
"Most of the toys I make move or make
some kind of noise," Morse continued.
"It's very satisfying to these children to
feel that they can achieve some control
Most of the toys Morse designs would
be tempting to any child. A pinball
machine, a jack-in-the-box and a race
track with toy cars are just a few of his
creations, all of w hich are activated by an
electric switch tailor-made to a particular
Morse said the field of electronics is
responsible for increased attention to the
handicapped. "People that were wasted a
generation ago can be helped now," he
said, "hven so, the accessibility ot
facilities for the handicapped is such that
children can't be reached early enough.
Every handicapped child is entitled to
have his problem assessed early and steps
taken to alleviate it."
A former attorney, Morse was the
General Counsel to the United Nations
Relief and Rehabilitation Division. He
was involved with ' the Military Sea
Transportation Service, a position which
enabled him to travel all over the world.
Originally from OU.ihma. he and his
wife lived in Washington, D.C., for about
After retiring, Morse and his wife
participated in the VISTA program in
West Virginia. They have lived in Chapel
Hill for the past six years.