Temperatures will reach the
mid to upper 80s this
afternoon and will dip down
to the 50s tonight. Expect a
partly sunny day and no
precipitation today and
What makes UNC baseball
coach Mike Roberts tick? A
three-part series begins
today on page 5.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 87, Issue No.
Tuesday, April 22, 1S30 Chapel Hill, North Carolina
BuinM Advertising 933-1163
to thwart Iran
LUXEMBOURG (AP) Common Market foreign
ministers, debating what steps Western Europe should take in
the U.S. -Iran crisis, are ready to recommend stopping imports
of Iranian oil,-drastically reducing diplomatic contacts and
banning arms sales, to Iran, diplomatic sources said Monday.
If that does not pressure Iran into releasing the 50 U.S.
Embassy hostages, the nine-nation Common Market would be
prepared to end all trade with the Iranians, the sources said.
The foreign ministers, who opened their meeting here
Monday, were expected to announce the anti-Iran steps today.
Earlier Monday, Australia became the second Western
country to follow President Jimmy Carter's lead by ordering
economic retaliatory steps against Iran.
The Australian Cabinet decided to discourage non-food
exports to Iran by denying Australian firms export incentives,
subsidies and tax concessions for such trade, and to limit
insurance coverage for Iran-bound goods.
Portugal was the first to join the U.S. -led sanctions, imposing
a total ban on Portuguese-Iranian trade last week.
The two-stage Western European plan calls for reduction of
embassy staffs in Tehran and similar cutbacks at Iranian
missions to Common Market countries, prohibition of arms
sales to Iran and a cutoff of all purchases of Iranian oil, the
If these actions do not help win the hostages' release, all trade
relations between the nine nations and Iran would be broken.
Some sources said the second, tougher stage would be
implemented by May 15 if the hostages were not released, but
this could not be confirmed.
U.S. officials had indicated Carter might want to keep some
of the multi-national moves in reserve until next month.
The European plan, proposed by Britain last week, has
received widespread support, even from France, which earlier
was viewed as unwilling to take such strong measures.
A German source said that to do less than the British proposal
would damn Europe in the eyes of American public opinion
"and that's too high a price to pay."
A British source said his country would be willing to discuss
the possibility of increasing its output of North Sea oil to fill the
void left by the ban on Iranian oil, which now accounts for about
5.5 percent of the Common Market's oil imports.
Since the revolution that toppled Shah Mohammad Reza
Pahlavi last year, Common Market countries have drastically
reduced their dependence on Iranian oil. Holland, for example,
obtained 55 percent of its oil from Iran in 1978 but has cut that
figure to 6 percent. West Germany still buys 10 to 15 percent of
its oil from Iran, and West German officials say an oil embargo
would put some strain on the economy. The Iranian Embassy in
Bonn waved the oil weapon at the Germans on Monday, issuing
a statement saying that if West Germany joins in the U.S.
sanctions, "Iran will reach understandings with other trading
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Members of the Mu Zeta chapter of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity Inc. show
their stuff in a spring step show held Monday evening in Great Hall. The
step show is performed to exhibit unity and brotherhood.
By KERRY DEROCHI
If UNC Athletic Director John Swofford approves
a proposal submitted by Carolina Athletic
Association president Charlie Brown, a new ticket
distribution policy will go into effect for the first
football game next year.
"The new system will be a lot stricter, but it will
help the Carolina student gain access to the games,"
He said the stricter regulations would entail
checking student ID's more carefully. Temporary
ID's will have to be accompanied by a driver's
"Two or three thousand students are getting left
out of the better seats from the football games while
too many students from other colleges are getting
in," Brown said. "I don't think it's fair for UNC
students to be getting the standing-room-only tickets
while outsiders are sitting in the card section."
Brown said policy changes also would be made
with the date passes that allow students to bring
guests to games. Next year the tickets will be stamped
rather than marked in ink.
Students also would be able to pick up their tickets
and someone else's ticket with both ID's and athletic
"This w ill eliminate students having to miss class in
order to get tickets with their friends, as five students
can get ten student tickets," Brown said.
If the proposal is approved, it will be tried at the
first football game in the fall. If it then proves
successful it could be implemented as a permanent
policy, he said.
He said the proposal must be approved by the
Honor Court to ensure that ID violations are
prosecuted. If a student's ID was confiscated for the
first time, he would be given a w arning. H is name and
ID number then would be kept on file at the athletic
department while he remained at UNC. The student
would be taken to Honor Court for a second
"If there were 21,000 student tickets available for
each game, the students would have the right to do
what they want with them," Brown said. "However,
since there are only a limited number of seats
available, any violation infringes upon the rights of
Swofford said he would meet with Brown and
bring the proposal to the Athletic Council by early
June. The council serves as an adv iser to the director.
"The chances of it being accepted are high,"
Swofford said. "Everything that I've heard so far has
Survey results challenge necessity of education
By NORA WILKINSON
"Nothing that you will learn in the course of
your studies will be of the slightest possible use
to you in after-life save only this that if you
work hard and intelligently, you should be able
to detect when a man is talking rot, and that in
my view is the main, if not the sole, purpose of
an Oxford professor
A college degree doesn't always ensure a
good job accompanied by an equally good
salary. It may not even ensure escaping the
In Orange County, almost 40 percent of all
those seeking jobs through the Employment
Security Commission for the period ending in
February of this year had received beyond a
high school education, said Ann Collenda,
labor market analyst at the ESC's Durham
Also, 32 percent of those seeking jobs from
Wake County and 27 percent of those from
Durham County had participated in some form
of higher education, she said.
According to various studies, for the first
time since the Great Depression, many,
graduates are finding themselves standing in
unemployment lines beside less-educated ,
Americans or in jobs for which they are
, conspicuously overqualified.
One study suggests that almost 27 percent of
the nation's working class is overeducated for
"People with Ph.Ds are taking jobs that just
require master's degrees, people with master's
are taking jobs that require bachelor's degrees...
right on down the line," Shirley Wollner, an
ESC interviewer, said.
This recent phenomenon grew out of the
increasing emphasis placed on a college
education in the 1960s she said. In that decade,
about one-half million people received
bachelor's degrees each year.
.The advantage in starting salary of these
graduates over other members of the labor
force was almost 24 percent in 1969.
But since then, the number of graduates each
year has risen to one million, with an
accompanying -fall -if: the' advantage of their
starting salary to six percent in 1976.
"As society becomes more educated, it docs
occur that people with degrees end up in jobs
previously held by the less educated," Professor
John S. Akin of the department of economics
In a survey of almost- 5,000 people
nationwide who were observed and questioned
over a period of eight years. Akin and his
colleagues found strong results "that both going
to school longer and going to better schools
have positive monetary returns."
With the number of graduates increasingand
the number of available jobs remaining
constant or even declining, the marketability of
a college degree has dropped drastically, he
See EDUCATION on page 2
NoC. may lose funds
By CHARLES HERNDON
Staff W riler
If President Jimmy Carter's 1981
budget proposal is approved, North
Carolina could lose $7.5 million in federal
crime-fighting funds, but local law
enforcement officials said recently that
they would not suffer from the cutoff.
Although area police departments are
not expecting to be hurt seriously by the
elimination of funds from the federal Law
Enforcement Assistance Administration,
state officials are worried and angered at
the proposal to scrap the LEAA
program, which is a branch of the U. S.
The LEAA funds, distributed to police
and judicial departments around the
country for law enforcement programs
and equipment, would be eliminated
under Carter's budget proposal. A
congressional budget committee
currently is debating the proposed cuts
which if approved, would virtually
North Carolina would lose $7.5 million
which was earmarked for the Governor's
Crime Commission. The state received
$9.1 million of LEAA funds in 1979.
Spokesmen for the Chapel Hill Police
Department and the Orange County
Sheriffs Department said neither of the
departments would be affected by the
cuts. Sheriff C. D. (Buck) Knight said his
department had not received LEAA
funds for several years. Knight said the
sheriffs department had withdrawn
voluntarily from the program.
The Chapel Hill Police Department
receives LEAA funding, but a
department spokesman said the proposed
cuts would not hurt any programs.
Chapel Hill Police have used the funding
for officer training programs, but because
the department anticipated a tight money
market, it instituted an in-house training
program funded by department monies.
"We will just have to tighten our belts a
little," the spokesman said.
Gov. Jim Hunt said he is angered by
the LEAA cutoff, despite his support of
Carter's budget plans. Hunt press
secretary Gary Pearce said the governor
and several other state officials have
protested to Congress and to Carter
about the LEAA cuts. Pearce said H unt is
disturbed about having to oppose the
president, but he said the opposition is
justified because of the importance of the
I - '
Gov. Jim Hunt
funds to the state.
"The governor feels that since the
LEAA Funds are the only federal money
to fight crime in North Carolina, the
budget should restore some of the
funding," he said.
Hunt is not sure if all the LEAA funds
would be cut, Pearce said, but severe cuts
are expected. The governor said he would
advocate slashing other federal programs
to compensate for maintaining LEAA,
including a cutoff of revenue sharing
See LAW on page 2
By PAT FLANNERY
In a special memorial service Monday
evening, nearly 150 friends, colleagues
and followers of Allard K. Lowenstein
gathered in Memorial Hall to pay tribute
to the late civil rights champion.
Lowenstein, a University alumnus and
national political activist, was fatally shot
in his New York office in March.
During the service, Richard Murphy,
former student attorney general who
attended the University with Lowenstein
in the 1940s, said, "He (Lowenstein) did
more for the cause of civil rights than any
white man I have known. He lent
radiance as a son of Chapel Hill....No
greater legacy could any man leave this
Murphy described Lowenstein as a
discoverer of young talent, an influential
humainst and "a catalyst absolutely
M li (
Friends, colleagues pay tribute to Allard K. Lowenstein
...at memorial service held Monday evening
Lowenstein came to UNC as a
freshman in 1945. Throughout his career
as an aid to Sen. Frank P. Graham, as a
United Nations ambassador and civil
rights leader Lowenstein was a frequent
visitor to Chapel Hill. Duringhis political
career, Lowenstein remained active in the
southern crusade for civil rights, which he
became involved in at UNC. He also was
a professor at both Stanford and N.C
"He tried to slake the thirst of much of
humankind," Chapel Hill Town Council
member James Wallace, former mayor of
Chapel Hill. said. Wallace was a
classmate of Lowenstcin's in the 1940s.
"Wherever he went, one could sense the
rising wind of change." Wallace said.
Nine speakers, all of whom had known
Lowenstein during his various tay in
Chapel Hill, culogicd Lowenstein
during the memorial service. The
See MEMORIAL on page 2
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Violators find traffic off ice means business
A common occurrence on campus lots
...illegally parked car gets ticket
By KEV IN RICKS
Staff W riter
Editor's note: Students may preregister for parking permits
at the University Traffic and Parking Office in the YMCA
Building through May 16. Permits for the next academic year
are $54 and may be charged to one's student account.
Students violating parking and traffic rules at the University
are finding it harder to get by without paying the full penalty,
said Richard Sharpe. parking control coordinator at the
University traffic office. The attitude once was that the
offender would never really have to own up to all ol the
iolations if he was caught at all. Sharpe said. ..But that has
"We probably give an average of about 300 per day. the
majority of which are for parking without a sticker." Sharpe
After a ticket is issued, a student has 15 calendar days to
appeal. "Alter that point, if the citation is not appealed or paid,
a S5 late fee is added," Sharpe said.
Fines range from S2 for running out a parking meter, or $10
for parking without a permit, to $50 for counterleiting permits
or falsely registering a car. Parking in the wrong area carries a
fine of S5.
That can run into quite a lot of money, as many UNC
students are discovering.
"For someone to have $150 in tickets is not unusual."
Sharpe said. "But alter a person has to account for that many
tickets, he usually doesn't repeat."
For one UNC sophomore, repeat parking violations became
a way of life until he had to pay an enormous fine. "1 just
parked wherever I could find a spot," said the student, who
asked not to be identified. "I was under the impression that I
could get away with it."
But this student did not escape ail the parking monitors"
tickets. At the end ol fall semester, he had accumulated more
than $400 in tickets, and his car had been towed 12 times.
When asked how he paid lor all the lines, which totaled
slightly less than $MX). the student replied. "Thai a god
question. I saved up money. 1 paid all at once alter ecrthing
had been accumulated."
Sharpe and the traffic office became familiar wiih tlie
student's car after a few violations, and the car soon was
known throughout the Student Monitor Program.
"I think it was told to him that if his car wa found on
campus again, he'd be expelled." Sharpe said.
But the student continued to park illegally and he did not get
expelled. Olten, he was not even cited. "I got awav wiih a lot.
See PARKING on page 2
A UNC monitor guards a parking lot
...student who parks there may pay