Today's high wi!i bo in tha
80s, with partly sunny skies
and a 20 percent chance of
rain. Tha low will be in tha
v. ::o; en ircc;
A ur.C fraternity undergoes a
facelift, with a renovated
hcueo end a new enthusiasm.
The Kcapo Slgs arc rebuilding
their reputation-Pic 3 4.
Serving the students end tkc University community since 1893
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GDANSK, Poland (AP) A strike leader called cn
Thursday for a brief moratorium on new Polish labor
walkouts to give the government time to reconsider its
opposition to independent unions. The strikers said no ether. ..
issue would be negotiated until that question is settled.
In -Warsaw, the government denied persistent rumors that
Communist Party boss Edward Gierek had been forced to
. Gdansk strike leader Bogdan Lis told reporters the tw&2dss
would meet again Friday, and the free trade union issue would
be the only topic.
Earlier, another strike leader called for a moratorium on the
spread of new strikes.
Standing atop the gates to the strike-idled Lenin shipyards in
this Baltic Coast city, strike leader Lech Walesa told thousands
of workers: "It is not good to have Poland terrorized. The
people must have food. If we don't get results in three or four
days, then let the strikes spread.' ' '
Walesa is chairman of the Gdansk- area Joint Strike
Committee and considered a moderate among dissident labor
leaders. It was unclear whether all his colleagues would go
along with the idea of containing the strikes, which
government negotiators suggested in talks here Thursday. .
Sources inside the strike movement said some leaders were
ready to accept government concessions on wages and ether
issues, while militants were holding out for the right to
organize unions free of party control. It was net clear which
faction was dominant. .
The strikes began here two weeks ago and spread to other
port cities in northern Poland. Walkouts now have hit Warsaw
and other cities on the interior of this central European nation
of 35 million people. x
An estimated 300,000 workers are out, and Poland's already
unhealthy economy is suffering.
The strikers,' initial complaints were about wages to
compensate for higher food prices decreed by the government,
but as the strikes expanded so did their demands, which now
include calls for freedom of the press, freedom for political
prisoners and free trade unions. .
The government has given no indication the union issue is
open to negotiation, and the state-controlled press has taken
strong stands against tinkering with the Soviet-like labor
system. Strike leaders have issued conflicting accounts about
progress on that issue.
In 1970, similar labor unrest, also sparked by rising prices,
brought down Ckrek's predecessor, Wkdyshw dorr.-V..-:!;-,I,
In Warsaw; thexovernmerJT,?3"ccencyi-eTJvd "wtdcrcsd"
rumors Gierek had decided to step down in favor of Stefan
Glszowski, ambassador to East Germany and reputedly a critic
of Poland's belt-tightening economic program.
penalty tor working
Liko father, like daughter. Mr. William Stover of Durham end his 1-yesr-old
daughter, WiSacynt, take time out to enjoy soma ice cream. It sure
must have tasted good but for Wilacynt, cleaning up may not bo es much
fun as eating the cone.
WASHINGTON (AP) President Jimmy
Carter, pressured from all sides to develop a tax cut
plan before the election, responded .Thursday by
proposing $27.6 billion in tax reductions for
-business and individuals, effective in 1131.
However, the tax reductions and other features
cf the president's economic proposal would push
the 1S31 budget deficit over $35 billion, a major
departure from the balanced budget that Carter
unveiled with great fanfare cn March 14.
Carter's tax proposals would give individuals
$12.6 billion from a tax credit to offset the 1S31
increase in Social Security taxes and a tax deduction
to reduce the '
Businesses would receive $15 billion through tax
incentives to promote investment, including $5.3
billion from -an increase in the depreciation
allowance for the cost of plants and equipment.
Carter also announced he will support a 13-wcek
extension of unemployment' benefits for jobless
' Americans, a $1 billion program in anti-recession
assistance to cities and counties and expanded job
training. . . '
He said his program will create 1 million new jobs
by the end of 1S32, including 5C0.0C0 new jobs in
1 S3 1, most of them in private industry.
The president also announced establishment of
an Economic Revitaiization Board with members
from business, labor and the public, to develop
plans for an industrial development authority to
"help revitalize American industry."
n & Vty V r7 O fr77) HD&'jnrpVT! (77)
He appointed Irving Shapiro, head cf Du Pont,
and Lane Kirklar.d, president cf the AFL-CIO, co-
Carter made optimistic claims for his program,
saying it "will put people back to work, reduce
taxes, increase public and private investment and
The total cost of the plan from the $27.6 billion
in tax reductions and $2.4 billion in spending
initiatives for 1531 is about $33 billion.
The tax cuts fall short of the $37 billion
reduction' advocated by Republican Ronald
Reagan, of which $31 billion would be for
individuals and $5 billion for businesses in 1931. It
also is less than the $33 billion approved last week
by the Senate Finance Committee.
Carter has criticized the Reagan plan, which calls
for a 30 percent reduction in tax rates over three
years, as inflationary.
However, Carter had been under heavy pressure
from congressional Democrats and other supporters
to develop a tax cut plan of his own to keep Reagan
from completely monopolizing the issue in the
presidential election campaign.
In his announcement in the White House East
Room, Carter appeared to admonish those who
wanted larger cuts. "Now in the heat of an
election year is not the time to seek votes with ill
considered tax cuts that would steal back in
inflation the few dollars the average American
taxpayer would get," he said.
See ECONOMY on peca 2
Olszewski was dumped from the Politburo without
lanation last February but returned to the pchcy-making
body Sunday during a widespread government and party
Walesa's appeal for a moratorium came amid reports the
strike had spread in recent days to other cities throughout
i i; By ELIZAEirni DANIEL .
, ElaJf Writer
The Rape and Assault Prevention Escort
service will begin operating this semester on
;pt. 8 and will have longer hours, the director
cf the service said Thursday.
;,.Th e-.scrvicg .will operate, for.thefirst.tfcts on--weekends'
, and operate "one hour later each
weeknigiit, Director Summey Orr said.
. Men from Olde Campus residence hails will
be serving as escorts Sunday through Thursday
7 p.m.-2 a.m., Friday 7 p.m.-ll p.m. and
Saturday 7 p.m. -9 p.m. Last semester the
service was not available on weekends and only
until 1 a.m. on weeknights..
"We expanded the hours to incorporate
students' study times. It fits in with the
undergraduate library's hours," said Orr, who
h a sophomore from Monroe.
R.A.P.E., which was organized by junior
Joe Euckner last February, escorted more than
1,000 girls between February and May, Orr
said. . - ' '
"A lot of girls think they will be bothering
the guys working, but they won't. The guys
want to go out and work," he said."
Approximately 200 men and women from
Olie Campus, will-be. working withiR.A.PJL;
this year. Each hour about six men "will be
available to work as escorts and women will
work the telephones, Orr said. ;;
"All a girl has to do is call and she can have
an escort anywhere within walking distance of
campus downtown, sorority houses, South
Campus dorms anywhere," he said. The
R.A.P.E. telephone number, 933-7602, rings
into the Olde. Campus office and then the
caller is connected with the service. ?
. Though rapes are not common occurrences .
on this campus, there were several assaults
made cn women here last semester. According
to statistics released by the Chapel Hill Police
Department, four rapes were reported in the
first three months cf 1SC0. Two occurred in
Chapel Hill and two occurred in Carrboro.
"(R.A.P.E.) is a valuable service,
University Police Sgt. Bob Pcrrcea said. "It's
a good r;r:crut;on.;( '; t '
Crr said the residents cn Clde Campus arc
enthusiastic about working with R.A.P.E.
"A lot cf guys are ready to help cut. People
keep coming and asking me if they can work
with R.A.P.E.," he said.
The service screens its escorts to ensure their
dependability, Orr said. Each residence hall
has a director who is rerpcnsible for signing up
escorts and screening them.
See R.A.P.E. on psgo 2
U M ! HUM
r! d jyrj nff 7"
Cy LINDA BROWN
The Residence Hall Association is
considering holding a referendum that .
would guarantee it a certain percentage
of student activities fees.
Organization members are thinking
about the referendum as a vay to
prevent the Campus Governing Ccuned
ficm cutting RHA's future proposed
luJ;.:ts as it did hzt spring.
At hearings last spring the Campus
Governing Council allotted RHA $5,415
for the year. That amount was $5,rC0
less than RHA ha i requested and about
$2,000 l;-.s than it received taat year. Its
request cf $2,000 to use for dorm
officers training programs was cut to
"The training prc.rams are cur met
irerunt thing," RHA Pmlient
Pery Lcight said. "RHA is built cn the
c; :. '.:y cf the c iri;;rs cn the hall."
Although RHA does not have the
referendum cn top cf its priority list, she
i.:.S it v.as cne cf the alternatives that
verc being ccni'dcred.
"I know that .::::: r aar'e were e;ry
!.::ty;ar," Lc; :ht jaid. "Ih:y t'.li 'uhy
t ::it ycu have a r:f;r;- !aaf Tlri
t -.:s r..-.'i, -0;y don't jo-j f-.i lis to
CCC r-; J a-.k for r.;ore r.onjy cr c-k the
i -:::rt fVf it.' "
D lit v.: tv.o v. eel?, VM
j I - - i v - , i v. -4 i " - ri
I' ; CCC for r .;-e r.oa:y ; ' f- r
rvltini: r-..::;ty from Chancellor
; -uu. it us
i; a t. ' . .' ) i
r C. I
it a '.o
crg:.r;rations as it sees fit.
Any referendum RHA decided to hold
wcu'd have to be r; proved by the
Do.1 President Cob taunJars. RHA
tho would have to collect petitions
signed by 10 percent cf the student body
in fiver cf holding the vcte. Tit:
referendum then would have to pass by a
two-thirds majority vcte. CGC Speaker
Cynthia Cunln tali she didn't know
what chances RHA hid cf getting on
added amount cf money from the CGC
cr getting a referendum r eased. -
"You never know," she said. "ULe
juat pulling together as a trcup. They
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relief from prices
Ey DAVID TEAGUE
Gasoline surpluses and pressure from independent refiners on
the major American oil companies should signal relief from high
gas prices for motorists in North Carolina and the nation as a
V 1 a j.
A recent survey showed the average wholesale gasoline prices
during the first week cf August were 97.3 cents a gallon for the
nation, down 0.24 cents frcm the July average.
A combination of high fuel prices, mild v.eather last wirter and
the current economic recession have created an cil surplus which
should he!? to keep prices down, state officials said this week.
.There also has been a surge in small-car sales and a 12.8 percent
reduction in travel, which indicates Americans are serious about
'The drop-off indicates reduced driving," American
a .-s a .-,--; i f--n -n ' - r'- ""..-,, t"' A
"It's pcsslale that people are travillog differently as wc!!.M.
U.S. Department cf Energy figures show that, when ccmpared
with the same period cf 1579, avcrege domestic crude production
...for the first seven months cf 19 CD was u? 2.1 percent. For the same
period, cil consumption was down 7.7 percent, resulting in a 14.6
vTCcnt f c i u rt c r in .-w v -1 C-l
Government cffietali predict if an cil embargo were to take
place, reserves could supply 73 days cf norma! demon !, wl.'ch i$
equivalent to the nation's capacity in the mlj-iSCCs,
"The stocks t:t 10 h?;h that v. : don't have much more room for
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