,: 7 '
Today will ba sunny with th3
high in th3 mid-CQs. Low
tonight in th upper 30s to
low 403. There is no chanca'
l ii 4.. "y
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Several University students
who ere fans End followers of
Sherlock Holmes, Sir Arthur
Conan Doyle's master
detective, have gotten
together and formed a club.
Vclatrr.s CO, I;:u3 lf j 0
6uinfc'A4vrtimg 933-1 1 63
' its & U
duqw lirocz dLume
BEIRUT, Lebanon (AP) Iranian helicopter gunships and
stubborn ground resistance appeared Monday to have blunted
an Iraqi infantry, artillery and tank drive toward Abadan,
Iran's major cil port.
Iranian President Abolhassan Dani-Sadr said Iraqi invaders
across the strategic Kanm River cast of Abadan had been
routed and he threatened a countcrinvasion of Iraq to
overthrow President Saddam Hussein's regime in Baghdad.
Iran's president also said his country had absolutely no
intention to interfere with peaceful shipping in the disputed
Shatt al-Arab waterway. Me said Iran was prepared to provide
safe passage for foreign ships flying the United Nations flag.
The war between the Persian Gulf oil nations entered its
fourth week with reports cf drastic fuel shortages that could
slow down their fighting machines.
A growing rift between conservative and leftist Arab nations
over the Iraq-Iran conflict also touched off speculation that an
Arab summit conference scheduled Nov. 25-26 in Amman,
Jordan, would be postponed. V '.. .
Earlier this week, a Jordanian official said his government
had thrown its full moral, political and material support
behind Iraq and was prepared to commit Jordan's army if
Though unconditional in its commitment, - the Jordanian '
effort previously had been limited to logistical help. The
official denied Jordan was supplying the Iraqis with military
equipment or that any weapons or munitions from other
sources were being transported to Baghdad through Jordanian
A communique from the Iraqi command, broadcast by
Baghdad Radio, claimed 33 Iranian soldiers were killed
Monday, two helicopter gunships shot down and nine tanks
destroyed in 12 hours of the battle for Abadan. It listed three
Iraqi soldiers killed and 14 wounded.
Iran's official news agency Pars said at least 30 civilians were
killed and 140 wounded in a nightlong artillery barrage the
Iraqis unleashed on Abadan, which had one of the world's
largest oil refineries before the war broke out. ' '
Iraq has been hammering Abadan from the air and from
ground positions to the north near the embattled port of
Khorramshahr since the Iraqis reported their Karun River
crossing operation was completed Saturday.
Eani-Sadr said cloudy weather prevented his air force from
: operatir.2 rrcptrly Zztwfay fa lptz &s pr.elc eercss th?
river that forms a natural defense En? for VJtqfrsmC.t' and
Abadan, Tehran Radio said. On Sunday, "Our air force and
army air corps routed the enemy," he was quoted as saying.
Khorramshahr and Abadan, nine miles apart, control the
Iranian coast of the 120-mile-lor.g Shatt al-Arab, which Iraq
has said must come under its full control before it stops
Unwilling to compromise, Iranian leaders appeared to be
preparing for prolonged warfare and for an eventual
counterattack to drive the Iraqis from invaded areas along a
300-mile front in western and southwestern Iran.
ft -.A .
Paul Jones, curator for the UNC Arboretum,
gives some attention to cactus plants in the
Arboretum greenhouse. Jones and his staff
are preparing the greenhouse for its
opening to the public. This is the first time
the greenhouse has been opened to the
public. Besides cactus, the greenhouse also
contains subtropical plants. Jones
graduated from UNC two years ago with a
degree in botany.
By DEBORAH HIRSCH
The number of women attending college in the
United States has surpassed that of men for the first
time since World War II, and the student -population
at UNC-CH is indicative of the national
trend.. . '
Women have outnumbered men at UNC-CH
"since fall 1978 and their numbers are increasing
said University Registrar Lillian Lehman.
According to University figures, 52.2 percent of
the 20,784 students enrolled at UNC-CH in 1979
Lehman said competitive admissions accounted
for the increasing number of women students.
"Women do a little bit better on (college admissions
test) scores that's the trend," she said.
Mary Turner Lane, president of the Association
for Women Faculty, said, "The great increase in
women students has come since 1972. Since then
they have been accepted on the isame basis as men.
"Before 1972, women were admitted on a
different set of standards than men, -he said.
"The University had a quota system."
Linda Balfour, social research associate for the
UNC General Administration, said, "The
University is not discriminating anymore against
women. Ah increasing number of women
nationwide are interested in careers, not in getting .
married and having babies."
Of the 22 major disciplines offered at UNC-CH,
Balfour said about half currently have more women
enrolled than men. , '
"The biggest difference is in the health
professions, because of nursing," Balfour said.
"There is an increasing number of men, but right
now there are just a handful."
Despite the increasing number of women
See WOMEN on page 2
Jill 1 ! ft It 1111 II I
cEl ' TQ)IPED1 J.C3 EITD
By KERRY DEHOCIII
Although several members of Student
Government have said they would like to
see a student activities fees increase,
Student Body President Bob Saunders
said Monday he would support the
increase only if fee distribution problems
Several members of the Campus
Governing Council said earlier this year
they would initiate a referendum to
increase student - activities fees. CGC
Finance Chairman Dianne Hubbard said
the increase was needed to fund student
Undergraduate , students now pay
$15.25 in activities fees per semester.
Graduate students pay $13.25. The fees
have been increased only twice at UNC
in this century. In 1954, the student
legislature voted on a $3 per year
increase, and in 1977, an increase of
$2.50 per semester was approved.
Student activities fees totaled
$443,050 this year. From that
amount, the Graduate and Professional
Student Federation received $17,100; the
Daily Tar Heel got $70,888; and the
Carolina Union received $147,683. The
CGC budgeted the remaining $207,379
to student organizations, though many
received less than they had requested.
Saunders said he agreed a fee increase
would help the organizations but felt the
budgeting of summer fees should be
reviewed first, .
"While others see the need to, increase
the net revenue, I see the need to solve
summer school fee. problems," Saunders
said. "Currently summer , school
students are not getting their money's
Saunders said the administration had
allocated summer fees until 1973, when
Student Government petitioned to
budget the fees. The administration
agreed to let Student Government
allocate fees on the condition they were
spent only on summer school students
and surplus summer fees were held to be
spent during the next summer session.
The two (summer school and regular
session)- budgetary processes occurred
because the past summer school student
was usually a visiting student, Saunders
said. "Today the majority are full-time
Saunders said the problem with
summer fees had developed because
excess fees have not been allocated for
summer school activities. Instead, the
excess has been allowed to carry over
into the fall and spring budgets. He said
that was not a violation of any law, but
of an agreement, because the conditions
set by the administration were never
incorporated into CGC laws.
One solution to the problem would be
to cut summer fees and increase fall and
spring fees by the same amount, he said.
Saunders said Student Government
also must look at the expenditures of the
CGC General Surplus Fund.
"If we are not going to do anything
with the General Surplus Fund, like
provide a concert," Saunders said, "we
do not need a fee increase."
The General Surplus Fund finances
activities like last year's Chapel Thrill
concert. Although the finance records of
the concert have not been completed, it
is estimated the concert cost $9,000.
Saunders said students would have to
approve any fee increase through a
refercrim. - Although -the UNC Board
of Trustees ultimately must approve the
increase, Saunders said the board
traditionally had agreed with the
decision of the student body.
Student Government has written the
15 other schools in the UNC system to
find out about their student activities
fees processes. Of the 16 institutions,
UNC-CH has the second lowest student
activities fees. UNC-Asheville has th.e
highest fee of $122 per year.
it -r s tjt r w e sa lac r t
Dy EUDDY EUItNEXE
' Staff Wriier
On a char day you can see Durham. .
At least you can from where Rick Brashear sits200 feet .
above the ground in the orange crane that stands on the
central library construction site.
'Sometimes I still wonder what I'm doing here," the
2i-ytar-c! J B:2:h:ar says. . ; . " ;
"When I frit started I v. as goddamn scared of
evcrvth'.-g. I warn't sure cf myself or cf the guys below
(who rr.u:t give the crane operator hand signals that are
often cer.fu) so I took it slow. I had only four days
trairJrg so I had a let to l:arn, a let to get used to up here."
trz'Jr.zzr wcrks in the white gondola just below the
crane's boom (the long arm that pivots). The gondola,
which he affectionately calls hh "office," is little more
than two fact wide and four feet long, with enough head
The "cffl;;" has a jraall electric heater, one small chair,
no d:;k tr.J th; markings cf an unkempt dorm room.
Erashcar's main luxury, a transistor radio, lies on the floor
wrapped in a dirty S'A es!:Mrt.
"It cats l:r.;!y cp here srrr.r.l.r.ts," he sap as he flicks a
few switches en and th: crane's meters begin to hum. "I
need th; radio. I cent; up hire at 7 a.m. ar.d leave at 4 p.m.
In the two months Eve teen h:re cr.ly a few pecrle have
ever sterrej b to izy hallo-usually cr.e cf the guys who
wants to lock areuni cr tele pictures.
"If I have time for lunch I tper.d it here, eating out cn
the boom. I'll read a book cr just lock around. Sometimes
I bring my tlnceu! r$ mithout cnt I can't tt'J if the girls I
spet are fat cr slinny."
For Brashear, a Chapel Hill native who dropped cut of
V;h school in the I lth trad; and worked fcr a while as a
rr.evl prcjecticnist, mall clerk and most recently a
"A friend cf mine had teen here since the first day cf
week," he izys, "He's cr.e cf the cr;.:neers. He saw me at
He's Net II:re and t:lrJ if I'd Lie to v.crk ccn:tru:tlen,
. si: J he hsJ a jcb I'd enjey, ser.-.thlrg I'd tegaod at. I like
to try lass cf i: io I taii t re."
rra-atax's wc:k jncledcs m:'-,ten:nce cf the crane's
meters r - i trale:, as v.;' z ' cl :;l s cf hydraulic
C-'J ani ether natters V A keep the 22,C03-reunJ.
c: ; al:y i.aetrua-er.t in c; n.
. .... 1 .-. ... I i j u. -i l: w f ' t
!':: Ve.:r lays es he r -h: 1 cm cn: cf th; "j-jyi'-iels," a
ri. 1 :rc: -;'lu.i much Ilea car's stlilihift, that centre!
the r.e:;an cf the crane's team.
"I j-.t : at that irdder ar.J v.cnd:r if I'll rr.aU it."
lit ! ' '.: is f :-:h so tn:;.r,!d.;!e rayer.e, c ; . " at
Hick CraeSierai's 'cfllca 200 izzx t!:sva cx-cund
...he operates crane at new library site;
dawn. It is eiaht storiei tall vnih nanow steel furas equal to
a pencil in circumference, sections axe spotted with slick
hydraulic fluid and stir.ajns wasps. The tcp section cf the
ladder shakes noticeably, but none of that deters Eraihear.
"Watching the sun come up makes the climb wcrth the
effort," he says as he r'-s th; rrht joystick, releav.nj the
hooks from the trcllay, letting them run toward the rrcunJ
and a 4,OX) lb. canarc:; zx L!k.
"Itwas hard tojud,e;dKtanc at first," Ilraahear &is as
the metal hooks drop near the block.
"1 sper.t a let cf time practiesns wi'.h th; t!xk to tee
what I could do," he continues. "It's hard to wctk v.lth
I'hter we'jht an j thcrt diitances, teceu-.; cu have to t e
so fentle." He pumps she r iaht joystick quickly to itep the
iv,,:y cf the hooks,
"Cnaea t:hy, c'snan r.o.v," he nutters.
Z:i CRAf.'E on p;
RALEIGH (AP) As football season reaches the midway
point and pumpkins begin appearing on doorsteps, . the -season's
first frost becomes inevitable.
And this year, when the weather has hardly been predictable
or kind, winter seems poised on the horizon, ready to make an
A full two weeks ahead of the normal first-frost date, the
National Weather Service has issued a frost warning for most
part of North Carolina.
The cool harbinger of winter was expected to have blanketed
the area this morning.
"We're just priming everybody, to make sure the furnace
works," said National Weather Service forecaster Druce
Cheatham of the Raleigh-Durham station.
The frost could kill house plants that have been allowed to
shiver outside through recent cold nights.
Victor B. Lynn, Wake County Agricultural Extension
chairman, said the frost shouldn't be severe enough cr last
long enough for gardeners to worry about covering winter
sensitive outdoor plants and shrubs that will remain outside all
"If there are some flowers that would last a few more days,
cover them," Lynn said.
But, if plastic is used to cover plants or flowers, it should be
removed well before the sun U high Tuesday morning, or "it
will do more harm than good," Lynn said.
Speaking of still-green tomatoes, Lynn said, "Probably,
they'll still live and do all right."
But un primed tobacco could be damaged, he said. Soybean
growers might have whhed fcr a cour!: more frcst'ess weeks
to add beans to the vines, but most have been waiting for a
frost to kill the vines so the beans can dry and be harvested,
The cold weather is the result of a cold air mass originating
in Canada and spreading cut acres the state and is expected to
blow over by the end cf th: w cek.
Ey JEFF COWERS
. Staff Wdiar
Three Orange County men have been
arrested and charged in connection with
the recent D3 un shootings cf car
windows in Orange, Durham and
Michael Anthony Meiae, 20, cf
Chape! Hill and Michael Glen Hughes,
17, of IL:iercu:h are teirj held in car v.s;h in Hilhrcrough. Police found
Orange County jail cn StD.lOO bond
Ronald Wayr.; Tudar, ZX cf Chape!
H 11 has been released cn $:3.f.0 tend.
Tl.li car's v-lnulams vjuo that: arc J t'.izr tl.et v,!:h C.3 cu
...thrca Qt'cnz's County men vvcro charged with tho vandaliam
and Tud;r at 11:30 p.m. Thursday at a Das id I'orsyth cf the H.l'.bcrovgh
fo dam:.;: eetl.r.ates sre asallat!; fcr
Orange and Durham counties.
a car: r-n cax.ae r-o-ere.3 ii gun n
the if car.
Maie: turned hlm-.elf in to Cha-l
IL11 relic; h-urday. Eruec Gorrta cf
of the three arc Unlseralty the Orar.; e Ccur.ty hheriffs cfHae ta:i.
Eer.di sere crlglnally set at S!D.a
each tut were red - red Mm dry after all
th; ceuf-tiei trrsrd warrar.'j cn the three
in : n.
H.i!.tcreu;;h rah,; arretted Hughes
All three men hive a.
it Garnto said.
Dar-i-t th; r:-' '-'f ah out
Jlf' ) i : d el :s t aisi :; to cars
in C . - a j ! I i a d Cere 0 t i a ... . , I
-1 . . . . . . . .
G a re : 3 e " Imated th'at atetalcf thcut
15 thee tie ;s cf caar v.ladaus had
:tJ 10 th: csreured in tr;
H;-:he, Tt t-i and Ma'ae teen
- 1 . - n '
said tl a -' Izi t'i cthef iu-.; eeti in