Partly cloudy today with the
highs in the 80s and a chance
of ihuhdershowers this after
A year ago, Tigger the tiger
was a frisky, 40-pound little
cub. Not anymore. See story,
on page 5.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Thursday, September 3, 1981 Chapel Hill, North Carolina
"SIR A sTOBerteF!
aimticipsitte f iimal M G
By ALAN CHAPPLE
DTH Staff Writer
With only 10 months left before the June 30,
1932, deadline for passage of the Equal Rights
Amendment, supporters have said recently that
there may be a final showdown before the North
Carolina General Assembly.
North Carolina is one of 15 states that has not
ratified ERA and one of only five or six that na
tional women's rights leaders feel might do so. To
date, 35 states have approved the legislation; three
more are needed within the next 10 months to make
ERA the 27th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
While support for the amendment is growing
and lobbying at the state capitol in Raleigh should
be intense, many state politicians believe the chances
for ratification are bleak.
No state has passed the amendment since Indiana
did so in January 1977. In its last vote in the N.C.
Senate on March 1, 1977, the legislation was de
Last February the state Senate agreed in writing
not to raise the issue of ERA this year or next. That
move prompted Senate President Pro Tern Craig
Lawing, an ERA supporter, to concede defeat.
"It's dead. I can face reality, and when I'm beat, ,
I'm beat," he said.
But despite the Senate agreement, many women's
rights leaders and state lawmakers still see hope for
passage in North Carolina. .
"Where there's life, there's hope," Sen. Helen
Marvin, D-Gaston, said this week. "We just need
some momentum. The majority of North Carolina
supports it, but the people just haven't been very
As for the written agreement in the Senate, Mar
vin, like several of her peers, said she did not feel
bound to the pact since she was not consulted in
making it. N
Suone Cotner, executive director of ERAmerica,
said she also thought there was a legitimate chance
of ratification in the state.
. "North Carolina has been one of those states
that has been very close (to ratifying the amend
ment)," she said. "Gov. (Jim) Hunt is a strong
supporter, and I am sure that he will help us to the
Several senators agree that passage depends on
at least one' of three things: the replacement of
several ERA opponents (because of resignation,
not an infrequent occurrence) with supporters, a
strong and vocal surge of public sentiment favor
ing ratification or Hunt and other legislative leaders
favoring ERA putting pressure on opponents to
change their votes.
According to supporters, the importance of ERA
cannot be ignored.. "In philosophical terms, this is
the most important issue to be considered since the
amendment allowing 18-year-olds to vote," said
Sen. Charles Vickery, D-Orange. "The passage of
ERA would show that we, the people of North
Carolina, are dedicated to the principle of equal
"The failure to pass the Equal Rights Amend
ment would be very negative, and I would be very
embarrassed by the North Carolina government,"
"The future of half of the people in the country
is in the hands of those who can still ratify ERA,"
said Virginia Cornue, executive director of the New
York chapter of the National Organization for
Women. .".-:"..'' .
In herefforts to drum up support for the amend
ment, Cornue, a 1967 graduate of UNC, points to
an August Gallup poll that found that 63 percent
of all Americans favored ERA.
Despite the ascribed importance of and strong
support for ERA, many North Carolina senators
refuse to vote for the amendment.
"ERA has absolutely no chance," said Ollie
Harris, D-Cleveland, who refuses to support the
amendment because of its wording. "If it were the
Equal Rights for Women' amendment or some
thing like that, I would be in favor of it." The sen
ator said ERA was too ambiguous in that equal
rights could be granted to "homosexuals and les
bians" a portion of the population the senator
said he did not want to see have equal rights.
Sen. Marshall Rauch, D-Gaston, also opposed
to ERA, said he believed ratification of the amend
ment would take authority out of the hands of the
state government and give it to the federal govern
ment. "I'm also afraid of the unknown factor which
could occur if it is passed," he said. "ERA could v
cause the elimination of girls' schools, girls' ath
letics and Girl Scouts. I'm just afraid of that un
A major reason for many senators' opposition
to ERA is that many of their constituents are op
posed to it.
"Personally, I'm in favor of ERA. But my con
stituents have told me not to vote for it, so I don't,"
said Sen. Melvin Daniels, D-Pasquotank. "I have
to vote the way my people want me to vote."
By KATIIERINE LONG
DTH SUff Writer
The cost of going to college is soaring,
and the impact will be felt most by private
colleges and universities, college officials
Tuition at private schools is at a national
average of $6,885 compared to $3,873 for
public colleges, a survey by the College
Scholarship Service reported this week.
The report said the increase could be
blamed on inflation.
Private colleges reported that higher
salaries for faculty and increased utility
costs were the largest contributors to the
tuition hikes. As a result, colleges have
cut their budgets to try to keep tuition
Tuition at Lenoir-Rhyne Cbllege . in
Hickory jumped 16 percent this year,
from $2,775 last year to $3,230. Jeff L.
Norris, Lenoir-Rhyne's vice president for
business and finance, said the tuition in-.
crease would have been 24 percent had the
college not made large cuts in its budget.
"We're trying to consolidate and make
more efficient our services," he said.
"We have to try and be creative with
better use and more concentrated use of
our investments," Norris said. "It won't
be business as usual."
Lenoir-Ryne also faces a slight decrease
in enrollment, although Norris said the
decline' was expected.
To offset any future enrollment decline,
the college is planning more adult educa
tion classes, night classes and more crea
tive financial aid to students, Norris said.
President Ronald Reagan's cut in the
amount of financial aid available to stu
dents this year is an added blow to small
colleges, said Ralph Byers, executive direc
tor of the North Carolina Center for Inde
pendent Higher Education.
Byers said enrollment levels had been
stable despite inflation, although they are
expected to drop , soon because the
18-year-old population is becoming
Byers said his Raleigh-based organization
lobbies for state financial aid to private
institutions and their students.
"We think the state should do more to
help (private school) get through the dif
ficult times," Byers said. "Most private
colleges have been around a pretty long
time, and they're going to keep right on
Meredith College in Raleigh increased
tuition by 10 percent this year, but Vice
President of Business and Finance Joe
Baker said the increase had no effect on
'"We arc budgeting more strictly than
we ever have before," Baker said. He
said Meredith tution rates were less than
those at academically comparable colleges
in North Carolina by as much as $1,500.
Even well-known private universities
such as Duke have had to cut costs to
keep tuition down, Duke Comptroller
John Adcock said.
"We've made all the expenditure cuts
we can make," he said. "We're at the
stage where we can't do any more."
But Adcock said Duke, where only a
quarter of the student body comes from
North Carolina, does not have any diffi
culty attracting applicants, unlike less well
known colleges in the state.
North Carolina is one of the least ex
pensive places in the nation for tuition
costs, Byers said. He said the center's
studies snowed that college tuition was 10
percent lower in North Carolina than in
the nation as a whole.
"All our institutions are fairly good
bargains," Byers said. "I've had guidance
counselors tell rrie they have students
come here from Virginia because costs are
" Right now, we have 50,000 undergrad
uates (in the state)," Byers said. "And.
one-half are from out of state."
' OTHSuianne Conversano
It was like a grade-B movie in the outer office of WXYC Wednesday afternoon, when
'someone dumped 30 inch-long bees there. Most seemed drugged and lounged around
the couch, but a few buzzed around the office and attacked a Styrofoam cup. "We had to
knock them down with a newspaper," said Dave Farrell, WXYC music director.
By KEN MINGIS
DTH Staff Writer
Thomas Sharpe, a two-year member of the Elections
Board, announced he would not seek another term
and offered his resignation to incoming Chairman
Mark Jacobson Wednesday.
"The principles and priorities that have operated
in Student Government over the years have suddenly
evaporated," Sharpe said after meeting with Jacob
See related story on page 3
Sharpe, who sought the position of Elections Board
chairman, said that personality conflicts were involved
in the selection of the new chairman. "I believe that
personality problems and politics were responsible for
my being passed over for the chairman's position," he
said. - . - ' :
Student Body President Scott Norberg said that the
chairman selection" process had gone on for three
months and that every applicant was studied closely.
"What you have to look at is what kind of people
they (the applicants) will bring to the board," Nor
berg said. "A person can't do it himself. Mark will be
able to bring together a quality board," he said.
"Mark has exceptional leadership ability. His in
tegrity is of the highest nature. He's a hard worker
and a good organizer," Norberg said.
Sharpe said some of the issues brought up during
the search for a new chairman concerned social asso
ciations because Jacobson and Norberg are both
members of Chi Psi fraternity. .
"The discussions never really dwelt on whether
someone was competent in understanding the election
laws," Sharpe said. "It's all political," he said-
"I talked with Scott Norberg, and he told me he
didn't think anyone from last year's board had credi
bility enough to .serve .in the position because of the
controversy that surrounded it. Norberg said that be
cause of the board's low esteem, all members were
Sharpe said he was concerned that the new Elec
tions Board might face additional problems because
of a lack of experience. "Every year, they have some
minor problems creep up that are the direct result of
inexperience," he said. "Sometimes a person's name
is left off the ballot, or someone's name is misspelled.
One year, the registration sheets for Hinton James
Residence Hall (used to mark off students as they
vote) wewtfoW' - -
"If an experienced board member had been there,
it probably could have been avoided," Sharpe said.
" Sharpe said that there would be too many problems
with being an active member of the board. "I would
have trouble working with Mark, knowing what I
know about the Elections Board," Sharpe said. "I
don't think I could face starting off again on a board
with no experienced members."
Unit second in the country
Social workers part of "police department
By MICHELLE CHRISTENBURY
DTH Staff Writer
Jim Huegerich, one of three social workers employed
by the Chapel Hill Police Department, has a job un
like that of nearly everyone else in the United States.
"We're probably the second police social-workers
unit formed in the country," Huegerick said. -'There
is presently only one other unit in the state, located in
Wilmington, and there are probably about 35 other
police social workers doing similar things across the
Huegerich, Ken Chavious and Jane Cousins make
up the unit in Chapel Hill.
The Chapel Hill unit began in December 1972 as an
experimental project involving UNC and. the com
munity. The project was encouraged by then-Mayor
Howard Lee, who has a background in social work.
There were two interns involved with the project
until the unit received its first full-time social worker
funded by the Town of Chapel Hill in October 1973.
The unit received its second social worker in Jan
uary 1975, funded by the Comprehensive Employ
ment and Training Act. Finally, in the fall of 1975,
the unit acquired its third social worker, this position
funded by the town. ' . '
The unit is now completely town-funded.
The three social workers are on call 24 hours a day,
seven days a Week, and are available for home visits,
to conduct ongoing special activities such as preven
tive education classes and to train police. Also, one
social worker spends each Monday in court making
pre-sentence evaluations for clients and suggesting
post-service treatment plans to judges. ,
Cousins joined the unit in 1977. She has a master's
degree in social work and has had experience dealing
with rape victims and battered women.
In dealing with rape victims, the social worker must
initially calm the victim and assist her in interactions
with questioning officers, Cousins said. The social
worker helps ease the emotional aftereffects of rape
and may suggest other community resources, such as
a rape crisis center.
Chavious joined the social-worker unit in Novem
ber 1975, His area of expertise is dispute settlements
and pre-sentence evaluations.
"I hate to see folks hurt by a criminal record when
in many cases it's just a matter of having a loss of
control," Chavious said. "I respect control now be
cause I can see how easy it is for ordinary, respectable
people to lose their temper. I'm no longer quick to
call someone a criminal."
Huegerich, who joined the unit in August 1975, has
a background in special education and disturbed
children. - '
"Police social workers primarily have three major
roles,' Huegerich said. "They serve as crisis interven
tion experts, instructors for preventive education and
conductors of police training.
The social workers encounter a variety of situations
but the bulk of their cases involve domestic disputes.
"When intervening in disputes between family
members or neighbors, or between a boyfriend and
his girlfriend, we consider ourselves mediators and
not counselors," Chavious said. "We attempt to im
prove the relationship by calling on people's rational
"But in the court system, someone leaves right and
someone leaves wrong and nothing has been solved.
The hostility is still there," Chavious said.
'Seventy-five percent of the disputes we encounter
involve alcohol consumption," Cousins said. "A lot
of folks take advantage of being under the influence
of alcohol to relieve their frustrations. The next day,
it becomes easy for a person to use alcohol as an ex
cuse for their actions." ,
Huegerich said he had been in some dangerous sit
uations as a police social worker. "But it's usually be
cause of a mistake of my own.' The fear is always there
when people are waving guns or knives around. We
just never know how a call will turn out.
"The real essence of a crisis intervention is to keep
trying for something innovative until it works. Officers
can always fall back on their authority, but I don't
have anything to fall back on.
- "Our model might not be effective in a large city,
but for us it is really appropriate," Huegerich said.
900 women rushing sororities
paid $10 fee to fund activites
By LYNN PEITHMAN
DTH Staff Writer
Almost 900 women signed up for Sorority Rush this
year, and each had to pay a non-refundable $10 rush
The money collected approximately $9,000 is
used strictly for rush activities, Panhellenic Council
president Betsy Brady said.
Dues collected from all sorority members finance
any other activities, she said.
Brady said that most of the money collected was
spent on publicity and printing for rush. The Panhel
lenic Council advertises in The Daily Tar Heel and
sends fliers to freshmen and junior transfers during
the summer and Orientation.
Rushees, as well as rush counselors, receive packets
for rules, schedules and information. Other forms
and cards are printed to explain such things as sorority
expenses and meal plans.
The cost of" computer use and the 10,000 computer
cards used is probably the second highest expense
Panhellenic uicb computers to match each ruhee's
sorority preference with each sorority's rushees pref
erence after each round of parties the rushees attend.
After a round, each rushee specifies which houses she
would like to return to, and each sorority specifies
which women they would like to have come back. .
The council also rents Memorial and Great Hall
for the convocation and reception for rushees held at
the beginning of rush.. Equipment for these events,
such as microphones and slide projectors, also has to
be rented. .
In addition, during rush, which began Sunday and
lasts until Sept. 10 this year, rush organizers stay at
the Carolina Inn. This year, Brady and three other
Panhellenic Council members are staying at the inn
because it is a central location and is near the com
puter center in Phillips Hall. Because of the location,
council members can be reached easily, Brady said.
All rush counselors, one of two Panhellenic Coun
cil representatives from each sorority and the 4 coun
cil members are required to move out of their sororities
so they can work objectively with rush. "We're serving
them (the sororities) in a neutral capacity. We lose
our tetters, so to speak, and work together," Brady
Rushed Ceil Curcton talks with F.terga Gilmoro'of Delta Delta Delta
... more than 900 women are now in Sorority Rush