Mostly sunny and cool today
with a high of 53; low tonight
Chapel Hill has a new night
spot scheduled to open this
weekend above the Porthole.
See story on page 3.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Xnliime Rw Ijmip
Friday, November 13, 1981
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
So am e fire elo ad
Southern Bell inadequate in billing
By DAVID ROME
It's monthly bill time again and Southern Bell has sent
out its computerized greetings to campus dormitories,
and roommates are arguing over who made which call
and who called information IS times on a Saturday night.
There are three campus roommates, however, who did
not receive a Southern Bell bill this week, and have not
received a bill this semester. They have been freeloading
at the expense of the Southern Bell Phone Company,
which, incidentally, has already made plans to pass on its
expenses to UNC students.
These three phone-callers wished to remain
anonymous. They live on the third floor of an old dorm
between the Old Well and New West.
The three roommates estimate that they have been
running up a substantial bill since they've been reaching
out and touching everyone for free. Their suitemates
have begun to take advantage of the "complimentary"
phone service, as ' well. Several other students have
reported not receiving a bill, as well.
They are wary of the impending super-bill or possible
phone call from Southern Bell itself, but are prepared to
take on the monopoly which is backed by the huge Bell
This conflict can be viewed also as a transgression by
the students of the spirit which the UNC Honor Code
evokes. By not bringing the error to the phone
company's attention, they are hurting the company's
profits. The company's financial situation has already
forced it to plan a substantial increase in the campus in
stallation fee with indications of other increases to come.
One of the students defended his position: "I thought
it was just like home. You just pick up the phone, and it
works. Anyway, the phone company is cheating itself."
Another occupant said that he has been pretty
generous to Southern Bell and has only called long dis
tance after 1 1 p.m. whenever possible. He said also that
the bill should not be too bad because he has kept all the
calls to Germany under three minutes.
When called to comment on the situation Southern
Bell's response was, "We're sorry, we have a problem
completing your call as dialed.... This is a recording."
Fobfciry f bank
01 H Jay HyuwH
ownnouse to use
By RACHKL PERRY
Several people were questioned by po
lice and released Thursday night in con
nection with an early afternoon robbery
of Northwestern Bank on East Franklin
An undisclosed amount of money was
stolen from the bank by a man with a toy
gun at 2:35 p.m. Thursday.
Chapel Hill police and FBI agents were
looking for a suspect described as a
Caucasian male, about 35 years of age, 6
feet tall with "salt and pepper hair," said
Ben Callahan, Chapel Hill Police Depart
ment administrative assistant.
The robbery was the first time a North
western bank had been robbed in Chapel
Callahan said the thief presented a note
invinjclin?' a iHler to ov him ttmt Kills
The man then walked down Franklin
Street into the Record Bar and left
through a back door, he said.
"He just told them his car was parked
out there, and they unlocked the door to
let him out," Callahan said. "The sales
people didn't even realize what had hap
pened until police started investigating
right after the. robbery."
Police found the toy gun, a black
toboggan and a blue windbreaker in the
alley behind the Record Bar.
The bank was almost empty when the
robbery occurred, Callahan said. "(The
tellers said) he didn't seem nervous at all.
He just took the money and walked out."
The robbery is the first since last
winter, Callahan said. On Dec. 15, the
First Citizen's Bank on East Franklin
Street was robbed. Police are still investi
gating the robbery.
By ANNA TATE
DTH SUff Writer
Solar heating, an alternative energy method, is catch
ing on fast in North Carolina.
In fact, the state's first solar-heated townhouse is be
ing built in Chapel Hill.
The new solar townhouses at 130 E. Longview St. off
Airport Rd. have been designed by Space Buildings of
Chapel Hill to more efficiently utilize the sun's power.
"We chose to build townhouses as opposed to conven
tional single houses because townhouse design in general
is rnore energy efficient," said Lucy Davis, an architect
with Space Buildings and developer of the solar town
house project. '
See related story on p. 5
"We were thinking about all aspects of energy conser
vation," she said. "We tried to do cost-efficient solar
design no high tech, just a very simple system."
Davis said Space Builders used local materials to save
energy that might have been wasted by bringing in non
local materials. They also built the townhouses at a loca
tion within walking distance of town and campus so that ,
people could leave their cars at home '
., t .- '
Budget director apologises
The townshouses' solar system function with a solar
attic air collector system.
"It's like a greenhouse cut into the roof," Davis said.
The heated air collects in the attic space and circulates
throughout the house. .
The heat is collected by "glazing," a technical term
for fiber glass roofing that covers the collector space.
The passive direct-gain system obtains additional heat
from sun rays hitting multiple glass doors and panels
"Solar design is good because it utilizes things that
you would have in a home anyway, like glass windows
and doors," Davis said. "They are simply placed on the
south side of the houses."
Giles Blunden, another architect with Space Builders,
said that one problem with solar heating was that some
homes become overheated and the temperature was
harder to regulate.
Blunden said that Space Builders had solved that pro
blem by designing additional storage mass in the form of
additional masonry in the townhouses.
"The 12-inch concrete block wall filled with sand will
hold the heat longer and therefore help keep the temper
' ature constant," Blunden said.
Both Davis and Blundert agreed that the advantages of
solar heating and design outweighed any disadvantages.
"We are estimating 70 to 75 percent savings on energy
costs over the energy costs of conventional houses,"
Davis said. .
"I think the biggest advantages of solar design, other .
than the money saved, is just the nature of a solar house
in general," Blunden said. "The houses are warm, with
a lot of sunlight coming in."
David Thurber of Space Builders said the future of
solar design looked promising. "People are going to
need simple, inexpensive systems like solar heating be
cause of economic pressures."
There are three main reasons that solar energy has not
become fully utilized by the general public.
"First of all, people are very skeptical, especially when
it comes to new technology," he said. "Also, people
don't want to put up the initial costs. They would rather
just keep paying their monthly bills."
Thurber also said that solar technology has gotten
almost too advanced for economic and energy efficien
cy. "People are hesitant. They like to wait until all the
bugs get worked out before they invest," Blunden said.
Four of the new solar townhouses, each with 1,000
square feet of floor space, will be for sale in Dec. 1981.
Space Builders and developers Davis, Davis & Davis are .
planning to build 15 more units.
alfunctio n to s ho rte n
space shuttle's mission
tockman settle differences
The Associated Press
WASHINGTON Budget Director
David A. Stockman recanted his own
"poor judgment and loose talk" in what
he termed a visit to President Ronald
Reagan's woodshed Thursday. Stockman
said Reagan rejected his offer to quit for
having expressed doubts about the ad
ministration's economic program.
Stockman said he tendered his resigna
tion in a 45-minute Oval Office meeting
with a "very chagrined" president, who,
at the end, "asked me to stay on the
team." He agreed.
The 35-year-old budget director, .who
grew up on a farm, said the session re
minded him of "a visit to the woodshed
after supper." .
He said he told Reagan that "I have
one purpose ... and that is to dispel any
notion" that he did not have faith in the
program he designed as the president's
top budget planner.
"I deeply regret any harm that I've
done," Stockman said, adding, "I am
grateful for this second chance, to get on
with the job the American people sent
President Reagan to do."
After Stockman's news conference at
the White House, reporters were given an
official statement which said Reagan "ex
pressed his grave concern and disappoint
ment" in the remarks attributed to Stock
man in the December issue of the Atlantic
"After reviewing the article on David
Stockman ... the president today directed
Mr. Stockman to meet with him. Mr.
Stockman and the president met alone
for lunch in the Oval Office from 12:45 to
1:30 p.m." the. statement said. "Mr.
Stockman acknowledge that he had made
a mistake and apologized for what he has
now come to recognize as a grievous
"The president expressed his grave
concern and disappointment about the
issues raised by the article. He expressed
particular dismay at the possible sugges
tion that his administration or any
members of his administration might
seek to mislead the American public.
"He stated unequivocally that he
would not tolerate any such behavior;
that the policies of this administration
were being pursued and must continue
to be pursued in good faith, on the
See STOCKMAN on page 2
The Associated Press
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. Space
shuttle Columbia, its flight only 6lA
hours old, was told Thursday its planned
five-day mission would be cut to slightly
more than two days because of a malfunc
tioning fuel cell.
After ordering the cell shut down, Mis
sion Control said "when a fuel cell is
taken permanently off the line, it brings
about a mission rule that calls for a mini
mal mission 54 hours."
Astronaut Joe Engle, the ship's com
mander, radioed Mission Control in
Houston and asked shuttle coordinator
Dan Brandenstein: "Dan, do you think,
we can recover that cell later."
"I don't believe we can,! Brandenstein
said.": ' - 'J -. .'. - ..'."""v " . ,
The problem was in one of the three
cells that provide the spaceship with elec
trical power. The cell showed too much
alkalinity and was shut down.
Dan Long, a spokesman for United
Technologies which builds the power pro
ducing cells, said the ship could operate
its full 83-orbit mission with only two
cells. But mission rules said otherwise.
Engle and Richard Truly had a perfect
liftoff earlier in the day, but they soon
were faced with seemingly minor pro
blems, until Fuel Cell No. 1 showed too
When the astronauts got the word,
their voices betrayed no emotion. They
were told the procedures for deactivating
the fuel cell would be radioed to them.
Their journey is officially designated
by the National Aeronautics and Space
Administration as STS-2 (for Space
Transportation System, mission two). It
was to end next Tuesday afternoon with a
- , - t
Sprung a leak?
Late Thursday evening amidst the Murphy, Saunders, and Manning
courtyard, there arose from the ground the fountain of youth? Unfor
tunately not only a burst pipe. , ,
wheels-down landing on Rogers Dry Lake
at Edwards Air Force Base in California.
That will now take place late Saturday
Following its brilliant launch, the shut
tle settled easily into orbit 137 miles high,
and as Truly tinkered with problems, he
dropped his business-like manner and
told Mission Control: "You won't
believe this, but this is fun."
The fun didn't last for long, although
there was nothing life-threatening about
It had to be a disappointment for the
astronauts, a pair of military test pilots
who had awaited space flight a combined
31 years as NASA astronauts.
As their ship accelerated to its
17,400-mph speed Engle aUo.wedyciy
smooth.' ' The early hours of flight were ,
less than smooth, however, as the crew
worked with Mission Control to solve a
number of technical problems.
Eight days' wait for launch ended at
10:10 a.m. EST when the shuttle's three
main engines and two solid rocket
boosters fired with 6.4 million pounds of
thrust. The 49-year-old Engle's heartrate
averaged 1 10; Truly's a leisurely 86-94.
Launch control's clock stood at
10:09:59.887 when the 184-foot shuttle
lifted off on its 83-orbil, five-day tour.
The crowd at the launch site, sparse by
past standards, looked in awe as the trail
ing column of white smoke snaked
through one lone cloud and then far into
Truly turned 44 Thursday and the
launch crew had put a hugh "happy bir
thday" sign over the shuttle's entry door.
His traditional steak breakfast was graced
with an untraditional birthday cake, de
corated with the red-white-and blue eagle
design of the STS-2 shuttle patch.
By GELAREH ASAYESH
DTH Staff Writer
The emerging outcomes of President Ronald Reagan's
regulatory reform program recently have convinced some
consumer advocates that the administration is easing re
strictions on business without paying enough attention
to other concerns.
"What they (the administration) have said, obviously,
is that they want to get us to back industry," said an em
ployee of the Environmental Protection Agency recently,
; We're taking a much closer look (at regulations) on
the grounds that regulation has become a significant
burden hindering growth and causing higher inflation.
who wished to remain anonymous. "I think that's pretty
common knowledge around here."
The Presidential Task Force on Regulatory Reform,
headed by Vice President George Bush and coordinated
through the Office "of Management and Budget, is cur
rently reviewing about 100 regulations affecting the en
vironment, food and drug regulation, employment guide
lines, occupational safety and other areas, including ma
jor regulations in the automobile industry.
The review intends to evaluate regulations on a basis
of their cost-effectiveness and, whenever possible, will
take the least costly alternative, said Robert T. Miki, the
Department of Commerce representative on the 'task
force. ' . '
"(Our purpose) is to reduce unnecessary burdens on
both the private sector and state and local sector," said
Ed Dale, assistant director for public affairs in the
OMB. "It's not to abandon the goals of environment,
health and safety. "(We're taking) a much closer look (at
regulations) on the grounds that regulation has become a
significant burden hindering growth and causing higher
Dale cited as an example the recent elimination of a
regulation requiring airbags in automobiles. "That saves
the consumer a billion dollars."
Easing up restrictions on business might be the result
of regulatory reform, he said. "It will be imposing less
burdens on business for a very good reason, that is to im
prove production and reduce inflation..., I think I'm pro
tecting the consumer if I prevent inflation from going up."
OMB figures estimate that as a result of regulatory"
reform, about $6 billion in recurring costs and $15
billion to $18 billion in one-time costs will be saved be
tween January and April. Miki said $5 billion to $6
billion would be saved annually.
But Nancy Drabble of Congress Watch, a consumer
action group established by consumer activist Ralph
Nader, said the costs avoided by business would be
shifted onto the consumer. "Somebody's paying, but in
stead of the business paying, the consumer is paying in
Drabble said the OMB lacked the exper
tise to be the final decision-maker in eval
uating regulations. "The (regulatory)
agencies are the ones who have the exper
tise. 1 '. ; .
"Besides, they (OMB) are politically motivated and
OMB's involvement is not on the public record. There is
no way for the public to influence the decision,.
"The purpose (of the task force) is to make sure that
business gets the results it wants from the (regulatory)
agencies through a backdoor; hoping to ignore the regu
lar channels (of decision making)," she said.
While regulations are being revised, postponed or
eliminated, the administration has also imposed budget
and staff cuts on regulatory agencies.
Dale said other than through the budget cuts and staff
appointments, the OMB had no influence on the regula
tory actions of the agencies. "The (Consumer Product
Safety Commission) can go on and issue any damn (sic)
rule it wants to and act like a nanny and we can't do a
thing about it," he said."
But Loire said agencies such as the Occupational Safe
ty and Health Administration, Equal Employment Op
portunity Commission; Federal Trade -Commission
and EPA were being under
cut by the Reagan administration.
"The leadership in all of those cases is
changing, and that leadership is beginning
a process of dismantling and putting on hold rule
making standards which were in progress. (And) by the
reduction of funding you control how much enforcement
you can have," Loire said.
The thrust of the administration's regulatory reform
plan has been to put more of the burden of consumer
protection on the consumer and on state agencies and
governments. Lorre said that in many cases consumer
awareness and state regulation would not suffice for ade
"The administration says that what they want to do is
employ- consumer education in the place of regulation,
and Ave just don't feel that you can substitute setting
standards with consumer education, and (doing that) is
backing off of a good safety program."
An example was elimination of a regulation that re
quired child-proof caps on some medicine bottles, Loire
said.-"No matter how much parents understand the
issue and take more precautions, it is impossible to keep
the child totally away from medicine bottles," she said.
State governments, Loire said, do not have the budget
to ensure consumer protection and, in some cases,
measures must be taken nationwide.
While consumer action groups foresee an era where
the hardwon safety rules of the past decade are taken off
the books, at least one business group said deregulation
had not had any effects yet. '
"In general there is still a lot to be done," said Robert
McFadden of the Motor Vehicle Manufacturer's
Association. "We have more or less agreed (with the
government) on the issues that need to be reviewed....
(But) to date (there has been) very little final decisions
made. The airbag (regulation) is the only exception."
While many groups agreed deregulation for the
elimination of waste is a valid concern, some, like Lorre
. and Drabble, say the administration is not addressing the
issue. The Reagan administration's motives for
regulatory reform are suspect.
"I think that business has a legitimate complaint with
the number of rules and regulations," said Ford Runge,
a political science professor of public policy at UNC.
Consumers are going to have to become ... more
careful shoppers. They 're going to have to read more,
to know what they want....
"On the other hand, there's no question that the types
of items the government is pursuing (in its reform) are
not close to those one would pursue for cost
effectiveness. The agenda ... may be more informed by
political motivations rather than cost-effectiveness con
See DEREGULATION on page 4