Mostly cloudy and cool to
day with a 30 percent chance
of rain. High in the mid-50s.
Next stop, New Orleans
Students who signed up for
the NCAA Final Four lottery
may come to the ticket office
today between noon and 1
p.m. to buy leftover tickets.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyighl The O.niy Tai Heel
Volume 90, Issue Ijp 3
Wednesday, March 24, 1982
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Church says mew right
a threat to separation
of religion and politics
By KEN SIMAN
In a speech before about 250 people in Memorial
Hall Tuesday night, former Idaho Sen. Frank Church
denounced the new right a political force he said was
"an assault on the common sense of the American
Church, 57, served in the Senate for 24 years and
was an unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic
presidential nomination in 1976. He was narrowly
defeated in his bid for a fifth term in 1980, after being
targeted for defeat by many conservative groups.
Church said there were "encouraging signs... that
the sun is setting on the new right." But he predicted
that the new right would be active in this year's elec
tions and might resort to "a new low in political cam
Church said the element of the new right that most
concerns him is the Christian right because it violates
"the bedrock principle that the state shall not com
mand the pulpit and the pulpit shall not command the
He said, "We have reason to be concerned about
the rapid growth of such right wing evangelical
movements as the Christian Voice and the Moral Ma
jority... which presents its program for economic and
political action wrapped in the pages of the Bible,"
What makes the Christian right particularly alarm
ing, Church said, was its access to television and radio
"Fundamentalist preachers see themselves as the
voice of the future destined to determine the nation's
political, economic and social agenda," Church said.
And fundamentalists' access to the media was equal to
their ambitions, he added.
Church estimated that through television and radio,
fundamentalist preachers reach about 50 million
viewers weekly constituting "the largest media effort
in the world."
Comparing some of the tactics used by the Christian
right to those used during the Salem, Mass. witch
hunts of the- 17th century, Church said, "In the age of
instant mass media it's no longer a single community
like Salem but an entire nation that's getting victimiz
ed." Church said that it was important for religious
groups to be involved in issues which "bare directly to
their religious beliefs" such as abortion or war
issues. But, he said, the Christian right was using such
issues as the creation of the Education Department
and recognition of China as tests for politicians
morality. This was an example of where the Christian
right threatened the separation between church and
state, he said.
The new Christian right violates
"the bedrock principle that the
state shall not command the pulpit
and the pulpit shall not command
the state. "
Former Idaho Sen. Frank Church
Reflecting on his loss in 1980, which many political
observers attribute to anti-Frank Church campaigns
conducted by new right groups, Church said "I'm not
bitter... I'm simply worried about what this (the activi
ty of the new right groups) portends for the country."
Inflation causes price .
increase in bins passes
By CHARLIE ELLMAKER
UNC students probably will pay slight
ly more for bus passes and campus park
ing permits as inflation and a plan to
overhaul the campus parking lots push
transportation costs up, officials said Fri
day. Although preliminary budgeting has
just begun with Chapel Hill Transit and
the Chapel Hill Transportation Board,
full route passes, which are sold to non
University passengers, can be expected to
increase from $90 to at least $100, said
Sally Hadden, Student Government ex
ecutive assistant in charge of transporta
This means an increase of at least $7
for the full service University-issued
passes, from $65 to $72. Other bus passes
should increase proportionately, Hadden
The University supplies about $700,000
of the $2 million Chapel Hill Transit
budget to pay for the campus bus service.
The University receives about $291,000 in
. bus pass revenues and $200,000 in federal
Parking fees probably will increase,
said Robert Sherman, director of Univer
sity parking and traffic, in order to offset
the increasing expenses involved in the
traffic department, said Robert Sherman,
director of University parking and traffic.
Parking sticker prices probably will rise ,
from $6 to $7 per month next year, or
from $54 to $63 for the academic vear.
Group urges safety belt use
among high school students
By ALAN MARKS
An average of one Chapel Hill High School stu
dent per year has been killed in an automobile acci
dent in the past five to seven years. If these students
had been wearing seat belts, three out of every four
of the deaths could have been prevented, said B.J.
Campbell, director of the Highway Safety Research
Center at UNC.
This is one reason Campbell and his colleagues
have developed an incentive program at Chapel Hill
High School to encourage safety belt use.
"Traffic accidents are the leading cause of death
among the 16-21 year-old age group," said Bill
Hunter, project director for the program. "Their
accident rate is five to six times that of older age
groups for miles driven.
"What we are trying to do is give an immediate re
ward for the long term reward of safety and the stu
The two-part program consists of an educational
phase about seat belt safety and a contest in which
money will be awarded to students, faculty and staff
at Chapel Hill High School to encourage seat belt
Researchers from the center have gathered statis
tics since November which show 18 percent of the
students and faculty at the school use seat belts.
During the educational phase, which started in
February, seat belt use went up as much as 34 per
cent, Campbell said.
The second phase of the program began March 15
and will end April 9. During this period observers
from the center will spot-check vehicles as they enter
"arid leave the school grounds. Any passenger in the
car found wearing a seat belt will be awarded a $5
coupon, redeemable at the school's office, Campbell
said. , -
The center also passed out "Belt'em Tigers"
bumper stickers. If a car with the bumper sticker is
spotted by an observer from the center during non
. school hours, the passengers wearing seat belts will
also win $5. All $5 winners will be in a grand prize
drawing for a $300 gift certificate on April 9.
The program is funded by a $70,000 grant from
the U.S. Department of Transportation. The pro
gram is an attempt to see if money spent oh adver
tising campaigns could get better results in a program
of positive reinforcement, Campbell said.
The center will conduct follow-up checks at the
school through November to see how seat belt usage
changes after the contest ends, he said.
On the second day of the contest, observers from
the center found 70 percent of the people using safety
belts in one of the school's parking lots, Campbell
"Seventy percent usage is the highest concentration
ever in North Carolina," he said.
While over 50,000 Americans are killed annually in
automobile accidents, only nine to 10 percent of all
drivers use seat belts regularly.
"The single most important life or death factor on
the highways is the use of the safety belt," Campbell
rr ; "V :t2 & ... M
,7Oj J J '
Researcher spot-checks vehicle as it leaves Chapel Hill High School
... passengers wearing seat belts will be rewarded with $5 coupons
said. "Seventy-five percent of the car riders killed in
automobile crashes could have been saved had they
been wearing their safety belts.
"The human collision occurs a fraction of a second
after the car collision and occurs because the person
is not wearing a safety belt.
"If I had two magic buttons one that would
eliminate drunk driving and one that would make all
drivers wear seal belts I would pick the button for
There would be very few traffic deaths if drunk
driving could be eliminated and everyone wore then
seat belts, Campbell said.
The center plans to use this same program at a
local business soon and hopes to receive another
federal grant next year to sponsor it on a city-wide
basis. " '
The program would work well in a university set
ting, Campbell said.
"I want to see people restrained. It is the single
most important safety issue."
Sense of language is critical
Instructors stress better readlin,
Third of four parts
By LISBETH LEVINE
English teachers from grade school to
the university level are often asked if they
can really teach a student to write.
"It's a totally romantic idea that you
can't be taught to write," said Max
Steele, director of the creative writing
program at UNC.
Most of the teachers in the creative
writing program emphasize different
points when they teach writing, but all
seem to agree that their main objective is
to teach students to read with more in
sight. "I try to make my students better
readers," said James Seay, a poetry lec
turer in the English department. "In no
way do we try to make writers out of
every student, but we can make them
more alert and sensitive to what they
read," he said.
Helping students to become better
readers also makes them more critical of
what they read, including their own
"Their sense of language in a critical
sense is improved. They become better
readers of their own stories," said
Christopher Brookhouse, an associate
professor in the English department.
"We teach students to view a story as a
writer rather than a reader," Steele said.
But teaching a pcison to read properly
is not the same as teaching him how to
"You can't teach a person to be
talented," said Daphne Athas, a
creative .writing lecturer. "You can teach
everything about technique, and you
ought to teach technique. But you also
need a gift for language and a view. The
best writing is done by people who know
their vision," Athas said.
Doris Betts, a member of the English
department staff since 1966, emphasizes
revision. "I believe revision can be
taught. But writing requires desire as well
as talent," she said.
"Students come to me and complain
that they don't have enough time to
write. If they wanted to write, they'd find
the time. Saying I want to' isn't
enough," she added.
Many people hold the erroneous belief
that if creative writing is difficult to
teach, poetry is nearly impossible.
"I'm satisfied if a student comes out of
my class able to analyze poetry better,
and back up his assumptions with sound'
principles," Seay said. . "I try to increase
their awareness of cliches, hackneyed
adjective-noun combinations, dead im
ages and their understanding of sentimentality."
Several professors have noticed a
deterioration in the basic writing skills of
incoming freshmen. "There was a terrible
decline in writing skills for a while.
Schools stopped stressing grammar. But
it's picked back up in the last few years,"
"Writing skills took a bad tumble,"
Athas said. "I often find an utter blind
ness to1 language among students. I think
television has had a lot. to do with it."
Once students learn how to write, they
may question the value of that skill, she
"People who can write have a terriffic
advantage," said Joseph Flora, chairman
of ihe English department. "And English
is perhaps the ideal major for law school.
A teacher once told me that if you can
analyze a poem, you can do anything. It
shows that you're able to deaL with
possibilities, weigh evidence, and work
with problems," he said.
"In my creative writing classes, I learn
ed several approaches to writing about
any one thing. The professors taught you
how to look at a subject from many dif
ferent angles. It really opened me up to a
lot of different ways of doing stuff," said
Keith King, former features editor for
The Daily Tar Heel.
Teachers set goals for what they'd like
their students to gain from the course,
Betts said. "I'm satisfied if I see a student
move more nearly towards what he wants
Begin resignation attempt rejected
JERUSALEM (AP) Prime Minister Menachem Begin tried to resign Tuesday
after a tie vote in Parliament on a no-confidence motion, but his Cabinet overruled
him, the Cabinet secretary reported.
The vote resulted from the government's handling of Palestinian unrest in the oc
cupied West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Rioting in the last five days has left two
Arabs dead and more than a dozen wounded in clashes, with Israeli troops.
Hostages taken at Central Prison
RALEIGH (AP) Three inmates, armed with knives, barricaded themselves in
side a counselor's office and held six prison employees hostage at North Carolina's
maximum security prison Tuesday, Department of Corrections spokesman Stuart
. Conditions remained outwardly calm around the prison. The prison was rein
forced with two shifts of guards.
The riot began as a refusal by inmates to return to work after lunch. It came after
a crackdown by prison officials on a rackets operation run by inmates.
Coup attempted in Guatemala
GUATEMALA CITY (AP) Tanks surrounded the presidential palace at noon
Tuesday and air force planes flew overhead in what appeared to be a coup attempt
The country is run by an elected government dominated by the military and it
was' not "clear what faction had ordered the planes and tanks into action.
Earlier this month in elections tainted by opposition claims of fraud, Gen. Angel
Anibal Guevara won a four-year term as president, defeating three other rightist
candidates. Guevara was to take office July 1.
Space shuttle loses nose tiles
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) Columbia's astronauts discovered 37 tiles
torn away from the space shuttle's fuselage Tuesday, using a remote camera to
assess the extent of damage. A NASA expert concluded: "We don't anticipate any
The ship's 30,000 silica panels keep Columbia from burning up during the dan
gerous heated descent through the atmosphere. NASA officials.raised the possi
bility of a less abrupt descent from Columbia's 150-mile-high orbit.
Sherman said. He favors a steady but
minimal yearly increase rather than large
increases at longer intervals.
But there also is good news for parking -sticker
recipients, who will be able to
receive their stickers with their class
schedules in the fall instead of standing in
line for pre-registered stickers, said traffic
manager Carolyn Taylor.
Because freshmen will be allowed to
live off campus next year, those off
campus freshmen will be exempted from
the "no cars" rule, Hadden said.
Major expenditures by the traffic
department will be allocated for a three
phase resurfacing project of University
parking lots over the next three years, ad
ding to the department's fiscal pressures,
Sherman said. The traffic office would
have a deficit this year of approximately
$220,000 because of $300,000 targeted for
phase one of the lot overhaul, which is
scheduled to begin this summer.
"Without this project, our department
would have an $80,000 surplus this year,"
Sherman said, with the extra funds being
taken from the surplus revenues com
pounded over past years.
"If we have deficit spending like this
for just three years, we will drain all of
our surplus funds," Sherman said. Next
year's deficit would be $235,000 without
the proposed parking fee increase, but
$145,000 with the price raise, he said.
But Sherman said that deficit spending
would end after the lot resurfacing pro
gram ended in three years.
By ALISON DAVIS
i Stan Writer
. : : "One of the problems that you get into
with Student ; Government is that you
have to put up with our accounting pro
cedures. But it's really for their (CGC
funded campus organizations) safety ...
CGC Finance Committee chairperson
Despite strict laws governing their
financial activity, two campus organiza
tionsthe Student Consumer Action
Union and the Carolina Athletic Associa
tionhave had some accounting pro
blems this year.
SCAU recently discovered a surplus of
$8,328 $6,678 more than the organiza
tion thought it had. All but $2,250 was
returned to the CGC's general reserve.
SCAU was allowed to keep $1,700 the
surplus it thought it had from last
year and $350 for printing and publicity-All
CGC-funded campus organizations
are required to keep accounts with the
Student Activities Fund Office, said Stu
dent Body Treasurer Rochefie Tucker. In
order to spend any money, an organiza
tion must present a requisition to SAFO.
The money is deducted from the group's
account and held until the group spends
Because SCAU had requisitioned
money in anticipation of bills that never
came through, the extra money was
deducted from its account, but was not
spent, Tucker said. ' .
Tucker said it would be difficult to tell
whether requisitioned money would be
spent. "Some of the merchants around
here are really slow about it (billing),"
she said. ' .
The Carolina Athletic Association
discovered in February that it had a bank
account which was illegal under the CGC
CAA President Perry Morrison said
the group was not funded by the CGC for
the 1979-1980 academic year. During that
year, CAA President Charlie Brown kept
CAA accounts at Wachovia Bank in
Chapel Hill. The following year, CAA
did receive some CGC funds, but con
tinued to maintain the Wachovia; ac
count, Morrison said.
Former CAA President Steve Theriot
said he was not aware that he was suppos
ed to keep CAA accounts only with
"There's no question that we were in
violation of the Treasury laws," he said.
"It's there (the regulation) but a lot can
1 1 V
oe lost as you reaa u ime treasury laws;.
"A lot of the problem is these people
are not familiar with the processes of
budgeting," said former CGC Finance
Committee chairperson David Man ess.
See GCG on page 4 ,