f ' " i ,
A chill in the sir
Partly cloudly and cool to
day with light winds. High in
the upper 50s. Chance of
" 1 1 L 1 - X I I
m a a i
The Carolina. Challenge,
hosted by the UNC fencing
team, will take place Satur
day and Sunday at 8:30 a.m.
in Fetzer Gym.
Copyright The Daily Tar Heel 1982
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
mmi nil nnmum I i iiiiiiiiiHinTiicrwfffTffirff""'i
Volume f 3, Issue Xi ill
Friday, October 22, 1032
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
NewsSport sArt 982-0245
1H undms error
By MARX STLNNEFORD
Because of an administrative error, the
Graduate and Professional Student'
Federation has been shorted an estimated
$10,000 over the past two academic years
in student activity fees entitled to it under
the Student Constitution, according to
GPSF president Peter MaHinson.
The GPSF is guaranteed 15 percent of
activity fees paid by graduate and profes
sional students under a constitutional
amendment passed during a campus-wide
referendum in February 1980.
Wayne Jones, acting vice chancellor for
business and finance, said the mistake pro
bably occurred because accounting pro
cedures at the UNC Office of Business and
Finance did not change with the amend
ment, causing the Student Activities Fund
Office to use incorrect figures in
calculating the total activity fees paid by
graduate and professional students.
A base figure of $9.50 per student the
total activity fee paid by individual
graduate and professional students after
the $3.75 intramural fee is taken out
should have been used to calculate the
total activity fees paid by graduate and
professional students, Jones said.
However, in transferring funds to
SAFO, the office of business and finance
split Carolina Union fees $3.17 per
graduate and professional student from
the remainder of the activity fees, Jones
As a result, SAFO used a figure of $6.33
per graudate and professional student to
calculate the total activity fees paid, and
made the GPSF allocation on that basis,
"I have not been getting the correct
figure for graduate .student fees," said
Frances Sparrow, director of SAFO.
"Wayne Jones has assured me that will be
corrected next semester."
In the future, student fees probably will
be transferred to SAFO as a "block,"
"When we make our distribution to
SAFO, we'll probably be dropping the
Union as a separate allocation and let that
allocation be made in SAFO," he said.
"Manual calculations" will be made to
ensure the GPSF receives the . correct
allocation for the current semester, Jones
At a meeting with Mallinson Friday,
Jones provided assurances that the GPSF
would receive money it is owed for past
semesters, Mallinson said.
"I'm satisfied that the mistakes will be
corrected and that we'll get what we're
due," he said.
Because of the error, Student Govern
ment has received more than its share of
student activities fees, Jones said. Because
of that, the money owed the GPSF would
have to come from Student Government
resources, he said.
"I would assume it would come from
unallocated monies Student Government
has," Jones said. "In a sense, it's only a'
bookkeeping entry. It would reduce the
surplus on deposit in Student Govern
ment's account and increase the amount in
the GPSF account."
, If Mallinson' s estimate of $10,000 is
correct, the money owed to GPSF would
have to come from the General Reserve
fund, which consists of funds ap
propriated to Student Government, but
not allocated by the Campus Governing
Council, said Student Body President
See FUNDS on page 4
. ... i
Students advised to list
personal property taxes
By JOHN CONWAY
For years, the Orange County tax office
has attempted to locate residents
students included who have failed to
pay personal property taxes. This year the
search for those not listing property in
Orange County has intensified, Student -Legal
Services director Dorothy Bernholz
SLS has had about 30 inquiries this
semester concerning tax notices sent to
students by the county tax office in
September, Bernholz said. The number of
students receiving tax notices this year has
increased because of a reinstated method
of locating students living off campus.
Under North Carolina Law (GS 105-296),
tax supervisors can subpoena any informa
tion or documents giving the location of
persons owning property in the county, in
cluding the listing of tenants at local apart
Most students believe that they are not
required to pay property taxes in Orange
County because their legal residence is in
some other county, Bernholz said.
"There is a difference between where
your property is located and where you are
a resident," SLS attorney David Kirkman
Other students claim that the property
they have in Chapel Hill already is taxed in
their home county. But Orange County
Tax Supervisor Kermit Lloyd said the tax
should be paid in the county where the
property is situated (as of Jan. 1 of the
current year) for the longest period of
time. Because most UNC students attend
school nine months out of the year in
Orange County, the property is required
by law (NCGS 105-304) to be listed here.
The only students exempt from listing
are freshmen, first-year transfer students
and any student who has not resided in
Orange County for less than half the
calendar year, beginning Jan. 1, 1983.
Those students refusing to list their per
sonal property in Orange County are guilty
of a misdemeanor, punishable by a fine
not to exceed $500.
Students exempt from listing include
freshmen and first-year transfer students.
"We have always actively pursued the
listing of personal property for residents of
Orange County," Lloyd said. "We don't
know whether, they are students or not,
and it wouldn't make any difference."
The most common method used by tax
collectors for locating property owners in
the county is reviewing a computer print
out by the N.C. Department of Motor
Vehicles. From this list, collectors can
locate owners of cars registered in Orange
County. And recent legislation has made it
more difficult for property owners to
evade tax collectors.
See TAXES on page 4
' r'n i 1
i ft? f i
t &' :y:y.
UNC students, faculty protest in the Pit Thursday. The protesters claimed that IBM's influence in
South Africa supports the apartheid government. They also opposed UNO's interests in IBM.
Political experts predict N.C. Senate election
to bring national attention to state in 1984 race
By KELLY SIMMONS
The 1984 elections are more than two years away, but
the North Carolina senate race already is becoming one
of the most controversial and most highly talked-about
campaign in history, political observers agree. It is the
year the two. most powerful forces in North Carolina
meet head on, as Gov. Jim Hunt is expected to challenge
Republican Senator Jesse Helms for the seat, possibly
the second most important race in the nation that year.
"Everyone's looking forward to this (the 1984 senate
race)," said Thad Beyle, UNC professor of political
;5cience VIt!s. the ultimate climax of the two strongest
political powers in the state locked in combat." "
Although neither Hunt nor Helms supporters would
say whether their candidate planned to run, Tom
Chumley, a part-time student at UNC-Charlotte, said he
was scheduled to go on Hunt's campaign payroll in
February. Chumley said he has been doing political re
search for Hunt off and on since March of this year.
"It's pretty much established that he'll run," he said.
Chumley has compiled statistics and analyzed voting
trends in each county in the state in order to make pre
liminary predictions about who would be favored in
each county. He said Hunt's top priority was to get a
strong amount of minority groups registered.
Brent Hackney, a Hunt spokesman, denied that
anyone had been hired to work on Hunt's campaign.
"There is no Hunt campaign," he said.
A UNC School of Journalism poll released earlier this
week showed Hunt to be leading Helms in popular sup
port across the state by a 16 percent margin in a hypo
thetical 1984 senate race. Hunt's lead was 70 percent,
compared to Helms' 15 percent among blacks. "Hunt
decidedly has favor now," Black said.
He added, though, that the election would not be a
walk-away for Hunt. "Hunt supporters are being too
cocky," he said. "It will be one of the fiercest political
fights seen in North Carolina in decades."
St y. y.
Gov. Jim Hunt
David Flaherty, chairman of the North Carolina
Republican Party, said he strongly disagreed with the '
results of the poll. "It's done by liberal professors using
their students to get what they want," he argued. Flaher
ty said he thought Helms' 1984 senate chances were ex
cellent, but had no figures to back his statements. The
poll results the party had were strictly theirs and were not
released to the public, he said.
Beyle said the race would be a battle of styles
Helms' media-oriented campaign versus Hunt's grass
roots organization. He added, however, that Hunt
would not be without television coverage and Helms
would not be without some organization. The question
was, he said, which would make the biggest difference to
the people of North Carolina?
See related story
on page 4
Richardson Preyer, chairman of the North Carolina
Campaign Fund, Hunt's political action committee, said
he thought North Carolinians would rely on Hunt's
political organization more than on Helms. His reputa
tion in the state is very good, Preyer said. He added that
Hunt had some unpopular things to do as governor dur
ing the next two years, but he did not think his popu
larity would erode greatly. "North Carolinians like his
clean lifestyle," Preyer said.
Last year's Helms-supported controversy over Hunt's
proposed gasoline tax increase is not expected to play a
key role in either campaign, Preyer said." "I think that
was important as an opening salvo in the Hunt-Helms
battle," he said. "The Helms people took on that issue
as a way of attacking Hunt and weakening his popula
rity." - The fire was returned recently by Hunt, Preyer said,
when the North Carolina Democratic Party took out full
page ads featuring Helms and East as the "tobacco tax
twins." The ads served to remind North Carolinians that
Helms and East switched their votes in favor of Reagan's
tax package which doubled the federal excise tax on
. Beyle said he did not expect Hunt's involvement in the
PCB issue to greatly affect his campaign. He said groups
involved were not likely to vote for Helms; the worst that
could happen would be no-shows. .
Merle Black, UNC professor of political science, call
ed the situation a matter of the people having nowhere to
turn. He said people who feel they have been mistreated
by Hunt certainly do not feel confident in Helms.
"He (Helms) writes off the black vote completely,"
Black said. To win, Helms would have to get a landslide
f -, ... 1-
Sen. Jesse Helms
of the white votes, which he has done in the past, but
never against a challenger as strong as Hunt.
"Helms has gotten himself into a corner by his lack of
representation of blacks in the state," Black said. Black
said Hunt would not need the white majority to win. He
would be able to get enough of the minority votes for a
victory. "They (minorities) will vote to defeat Helms."
Hackney said the governor's approach to social issues
was vastly different than Helms. Hunt was not as con
cerned with social issues as he was with the economy,
Hackney said. His main focus in the election probably
would be on rebuilding the economy and on education.
Said to be the second best-financed race in 1984 by
politicians across the country, plans already are being
made for funding the campaigns, Preyer said.
Preyer, who created the North Carolina Campaign
Fund to offset Helms' political action committee, the
. Republican Congressional Club, said money was not be
ing raised specifically for Hunt but for any Democratic
candidate under attack from the Congressional Club.
"If Hunt did not run, we'd support whoever the Demo
cratic candidate was," he said.
Neither Preyer, Beyle nor Black said they thought
Hunt would be able to raise as much money as Helms,
but Preyer said he thought Hunt could compensate
having less money though his grassroots organization.
. Beyle said he did not believe Hunt would need as
much money as Helms. Two other groups, the Officials
of Independent Action and the North Carolinians for
Responsible Government, also have been formed on
Hunt's behalf. The governor is aware of the groups but
has not had much contact with them, Hackney said. '
Helms could throw a monkey wrench into everyone's
plans if he were to become disenchanged with Reagan
and decide to try for the presidential nomination himself
in 1984. "We'd miss the great battle," Beyle said.
creates innovative, majors
Ey LUCY HOOD
Indian studies, political change and an
honors thesis on social systems in space col
onies. Through the University's interdisciplinary
studies program, students have been able to
pursue such interests which they would not
have been able to study otherwise.
The program began in 1971 with a director,
Mark Appelbaum, and about five students. It
was the extension of the Merzbacher report
which reorganized the undergraduate cur
riculum before the Thornton report was im
plemented. The Merzbacher report eliminated some
general college requirements and attempted to
give students more freedom in developing their
majors within departments.
Appelbaum, a psychology professor, said the
students who started the program with him
were enthusiastic. "We had exciting and in
teresting kinds of students. Some came out of
the honors program and others were A and D
students," he said.
The A and D students were the ones who did
very well in courses they liked and did not try in
required courses they did not like, he said.
"Their grades shot straight up (after pursu
ing an interdisciplinary major). They had
picked their courses and worked on what they
One of the students who began the program
with Appelbaum was Mike Barefoot wno owns
A Southern Season Inc., a food store specializ
ing in wines, cheeses and imported food.
Barefoot studied nutrition, an interdisciplinary
major at the time, before a degree program was
established in the division of health affairs.
"I wanted to study food from the consump
tion standpoint," he said.
Appelbaum ran the program for about four
years. Lewis Lipsitz, a political science pro
fessor, took over around 1974.
"The most important thing to tell you about
is that it expanded tremendously to 125 or 150
students," he said. Lipsitz said the program
grew because it was publicized through pam
phlets, talks with students and general college
But a spokesman for the College of Arts and
Sciences said the program expanded because
permission granted to pursue an inter
disciplinary major was granted too easily.
"Word got around that it was flexible. I
think it became too flexible," she said.
Now the program is run by Cynthia Dessen;
she has been able to devote more time to it than
previous directors who had to direct the honors
program at the same time. But appropriations
are made for an honors director and an inter
disciplinary majors director.
. "Now it (the program) has a structure and
guidelines thanks to Dr. Dessen," the
'It (the structure) was changed before I came
by a committee directed by professor Richard
Soloway that studied the honors program and
the interdisciplinary studies program," Dessen
The report issued by the committee required
eight core courses instead of six and specified
that four of those eight be concentrated in one
area of study. It also required 12 electives, three
each from natural sciences, social sciences and
humanities. And the final addition was a 2.4
minimum QPA requirement.
The report has discouraged students from
pulling together a jumble of unrelated courses
they have taken and forming a major and from
pulling slides together to form a major, Dessen
said. ' s
"The students have to know where they're
going," she said. "I tend to see a lot of students
who want a few courses that look good on a
resume. A lot of my counseling helps these peo
ple take these courses and remain with tradi- ,
tional majors. I try to weed out those people
from ones who would be good candidates."
A few examples of interdisciplinary majors
are American Indian studies, a combination of
writing and public relations, environmental
studies and political mass media.
An American Indian studies major is Deanne
Boisvert, a junior who said she came to
Carolina to study drama but found herself
reading more about Indians than about plays,
so she decided to change her major.
"I've always been interested in Indians," she
said. "When I lived in Wisconsin many of my
friends were from the Menonam tribe and my
father lives in Pembroke, the home of the
Lumbee tribe which is the second largest tribe in
the United States.
See STUDIES on page 4