N.C. State 29
Wake Forest 27
Notre Dame 13
Brockport St. 13
Ga. Tech 31
Penn St. 24
W. Virginia 0
No. Dakota 18
No. Colorado 17
Occasional rain continuing
today. Winds 15-20 miles an
hour. High in the uper 40s,
low in the low 40s.
The former UNC baseball
star is making headway in
studies and in physical
therapy. See story and
photos on page 7.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright The Daily Tar Heel 1982
Volume M Issue
U Vv W
Monday, October 25, 1982 Chapel Hill, North Carolina
By LISBETH LEVINE
' SUII Writer
Decreased funding for universities may
lead to grade inflation, the termination of
female and minority faculty and competi
tion between departments, a panel of pro
fessors concluded at the fall meeting of the
North Carolina Conference of the
American Association of University Pro
fessors held in Chapel Hill Saturday.
The immediate effect of financial
distress at universities is the removal of
faculty even tenured professors are not
safe from educational cutbacks, the panel
Controversy arises over the criteria that
should be used in the decision as to who
will be dismissed, said David Rabban, Na
tional AAUP lawyer.
The panel made up of Rabban and
three N.C. University professors agreed
that seniority, centrality of the program to
the university's purpose and Affirmative
Action should be the criteria in dismissing
"If universities terminate solely on the
basis of seniority, it will have a devastating
effect on the representation of women and
minorities on faculties," Gillian Cell,
UNC Affirmative Action officer, said
after the discussion.
Affirmative Action among tenured
faculty is defined as retaining a female or
minority professor instead of a white male
professor, regardless of seniority.
The panel also discussed whether a non
tenured black professor should be retained
instead of a tenured white professor.
The AAUP interprets the existing
regulations to say that it is "OK to take
Affirmative Action into consideration
within tenure," Rabban said.
"There are instances where the AAUP
would support dismissal of a non-tenured
faculty member over a tenured one," Rab
ban said, citing an example of a history
department with five professors, where
only the non-tenured member was an ex
pert in his field.
Some universities use financial problems
as an excuse to fire professors they can't
dismiss any other way, Rabban said.
A study of the State University of New
York system found that many of the facul
ty dismissed under the term financial ex-'
igency or distress were controversial pro
fessors who had spoken out against the
university, he said.
Another university fired a professor
because of financial problems after unsuc
cessfully trying to dismiss him for cause,
Rabban said. 1 '
But many universities end up firing
fewer faculty members because of funding
cuts than initially anticipated, he added.
"It's amazing the resources that institu
tions find available to themselves when
financial exigency or bankruptcy is
threatened," he said.
"The future depends on what kinds of
regulations legislatures and administra
tions adopt and how much the faculty pro
test," Rabban said. "If the faculty stay ac
' tive, there will not be massive dismissals."
With the rising rate of financial distress
among universities, there is increasing
pressure on the university tjo be profitable,
said Bruce Stewart, provost at Guilford
-College. This can lead ito competitive
recruitment techniques arid grade infla
tion, he said after the discussion.
"Some people feel pressure to retain
students because a student lost is a tuition
lost." . ;
The pressure also can lead a professor,
perhaps subconsciously, to try to make his
courses popular by easing his grading
system, Stewart said, adding that the pro
fessor felt that this might help ensure his
Other dangers facing universities with
decreasing funds including acceptance of
gifts with strings attached and competition
for money between both public and pri
vate institutions, and between the different
levels of public education, Stewart said.
In her luncheon lecture before about 50
AAUP members, UNC English professor
and chairman of the Faculty Council Doris
Betts cautioned against academic
educators working against each ' other
when promoting common interests and
Betts expressed optimism about the
educational system's financial state.
"Within the sweep of intellectual history,
these are not the dark ages not even
dim," she said. "We still have enough
light to read by, see by and think by."
Alcoholism professors also have
drinking problem, panel concludes
. By LISBETH LEVINE
Staff Writer '
Alcoholism on university campuses is not restricted to students.
Alcoholism among professors is a significant problem, four UNC
professors determined in "Alcoholism and Related Problems on
University Campuses," a panel discussion of the North Carolina
Conference of the American Association of University Pro
fessors, held in Chapel Hill Saturday. About 40 professors from
17 colleges attended.
"Academia is a high-risk environment," said Kenneth Mills,
associate professor at the Center for Alcohol Studies in Chapel
Hill. "Faculty have a low visibility, minimum supervision and it's
difficult to measure their productivity."
Professors are also very skilled at avoiding the issue of an
alcohol problem with elaborate discussions, Mills added.
Alcoholism among professors is apparently more common
than most people believe, according to professors' reaction during
When a panel member asked how many professors present
suspect that one of their colleagues had an alcohol problem, over
half of the AAUP members raised their hands.
Budget cuts in education have led to increased threats of job
loss for many professors, leading to increased stress, said David
Rabban, lawyer for the National AAUP. '
Stress is recognized as one of the factors that increases the
chances of alcoholism, said Dr. Joyce Shaver, a clinical assistant
professor of medicine at Chapel Hill who has conducted many
studies on the subject.
All of the members on the panel favored an Employee
Assistance Program for those with alcohol-related problems on
university campuses. Mills said that 80 percent of the Fortune 500
companies and more than 4,400 companies nationwide participate
in such a program.
Early intervention is the key to making an EAP successful,
Miller said. ; "
An alcoholic who goes to Alcoholics Anonymous for treatment
of his own volition has a recovery rate of 10 percent, but the
recovery rate for early intervention is from 45 percent to 95 per
cent, said Shaver.
"The recovery rate is extraordinary," she said after the discus
sion. ' Alcoholism is the only chronic disorder with that rate of
Before a university EAP can be established, alcoholism must be
recognized as a problem by the community, said Dan
Beauchamp, associate professor of health administration in the
UNC; School of Public Health at Chapel Hill.
"The group that needs (to be) confronted is not the alcoholic,
but the faculty' and administration," Beauchamp said.
Mills outlined the major goals for a UEAP, including early in
tervention, establishing multiple resources for treatment and in
tervention and using professors who are recovered alcoholics as
A written policy which provides criteria for identifying, advis
ing and referring the individual is necessary for the primary goal
of early intervention, he said.
The major block to an EAP is getting people to recognize the
problem, the professors agreed. "The hallmark of the illness is
denial," Shaver said. "Denial on the part of the alcoholic, and on
the part of the family."
"It's important to recognize alcoholism as a disease," Shaver
said after the discussion. "And it's not a disease of any social or
economic class. Alcohol is the most common available means of
escaping, but it's important to remember that there isn't a pro
blem that alcohol can't make worse."
S N f.; .v.
I - t - -
Go for it!
Stephanie Zeh (center) goes after the ball in Sunday's Brine
Women's Soccer Invitational action against the University of Cin
cinnati Saturday. The 1981 All-American Jed the Tar Heels to a 7-0
win. See story on page 6.
Balanced budget supported
Cobey speaks out against Congress
in speech to Young Republicans
By CHRISTINE MANUEL
Staff Writer . - v
Urging young people to get more involved in the closing days of
the election, Bill Cobey, Republican candidate for the 4th Con
gressional District, addressed the College Republicans' fall con
vention banquet Saturday at the Carolina Inn.
"It's people like you who get people like'me elected," Cobey
said. "And believe me, I won't forget it." ;
Cobey told a crowd of about 75 people that a balanced budget
amendment to the U.S. Constitution should be Congress' first
Calling it "irresponsible leadership at the national level,"
Cobey blamed Congress for the present federal budget deficit.
"It (the federal budget) is uncontrollable because they (U.S.
Congressmen) do not seek to control it," he said. Cobey's speech
was interrupted twice by applause when he mentioned balancing
the federal budget. He added that it would be the current genera
tion of young Americans who would be faced with the problem of
an unbalanced budget.
Cobey said the nation had not seen the full benefits of the
Reagan presidency but that, as Republicans, "we've got a lot to
be proud of," He cited significant progress in lower interest rates,
lower inflation and a turn-around in the stock market.
"It is important that we stay the course," Cobey said, repeating
a national Republican campaign slogan.
Cobey added that President Reagan inherited the double-digit
inflation that presently is hurting the elderly and the poor. He said
that, despite the odds, Reagan and the Republican majority in the
Senate have done well. However, Cobey added that, "We've
established a base camp, but we have a mountain to climb."
"We must elect people who understand economics and
business," Cobey. said. "We must elect people who see (being a
Congressman) as a public service."
Cobey did not mention his opponent, incumbent Rep. Ike An
drews at all during his speech.
Saying the Republicans stand for traditional values, Cobey told
of his start in the Party. At Emory University, he was the presi
dent of the College Republicans. "Being a Republican in Atlanta,
Georgia, in the" early '60s was like having leprosy," Cobey added.
College Republicans from throughout the state attended the
convention. Among the colleges represented were N.C. State,
Campbell University,' Wake Forest and St. Mary's College.
Other guests attending the banquet were Jo Barbour, candidate
for the Orange County Commissioners; Mac Converse, Orange
County Republican Chairman; Jack Abramoff, College Repub
lican National President; and David Miner, College Republican
Abramoff said that the Republicans should get three seats in
the Senate while the "Democrats are huffing and puffing to pick
He said College Republicans have made a difference across the
country and pledged to "knock out Fat Tip (Speaker of the
House Thomas P. O'Neill) and his gang."
Calling UNC a "bastion of liberalism," Abramoff announced
three goals for the College Republicans: to remove funds from
leftist campus organizations, to stop lobbyist Ralph Nader and his
Public Interest Research Group, and to stop the nuclear freeze
; Garth Dunklin, vice-chairman of the College Republicans and
convention coordinator, urged members to attend the Republican
rally in Raleigh which will feature President Reagan Tuesday at
At a reception before the banquet, Cobey said that the political
action committees which support him give him campaign funds
because they realize that Cobey supports business and the
capitalist system. ,
He added that limiting television and media advertising would
hurt challengers like himself and help incumbents.
Campus parking violations not limited to students
By ROSERT MONTGOMERY
There are some tickets that you don't have to .
skip classes, camp out and pull all-nighters to
All you have to do is park in the wrong place.
But you're not alone. More than 50,000
parking tickets were distributed to cars on the
UNC campus last year.
In the 1981-82 academic year, University
policemen and student traffic monitors gave
out between 46,000 and 52,000 parking tickets,
said Andy Hager, parking control coordinator
for the UNC Parking and Traffic Office, and
officials expect to give thousands more this
year. Most parking tickets are given to visitors
on the University campus, who often have dif
ficulties finding a metered space here, he said.
And these prolific slips yielded about
$344440 in parking fines last year, said Ben
Callahan, assistant director of the University
Although UNC students may think they foot
this large bill themselves, they get less than half
the tickets written each year, Hager said. The
two most common parking violations on cam
pus are parking jwithout a permit, and parking
at expired meters, he added.
The parking ticket revenue taken in by the
parking and traffic office is used solely for
maintaining the ; traffic office, Callahan said.
"It goes right back into the whole operating of
Hager said the traffic office was "100 percent
self-sufficient," adding that much of the park
ing ticket revenue has been used in resurfacing
campus parking lots. v
The traffic office also subsidizes Chapel
Hill's buses at around $300,000 a year, and
pays off the debt for construction of the South
Campus parking deck, which was a major ex
pense, he said.
"The revenue realized off of tickets is really
low compared to the revenue from parking per
mits," The job of giving parking tickets is handled
largely by students. About 36 UNC students
work as parking monitors; four to eight work in
the field at one time.
"Most of the no-permit violations are given
by these student monitors," Hager said. The
more serious parking violations about half
are ticketed by the University police.
Most of the student monitors are selected by
Hager, who requires that monitors "be able to
think and use common sense when giving out
"They're not paid enough to take the
abuse,' Hager said. The cardinal rule for park
ing monitors has been not to talk back, he said.
Hager said that monitors did a tot more than
just give tickets. "We've been putting monitors
at lots and we hope we can cut down on tickets
by stopping people from parking in the wrong
area," he said.
Monitors do make mistakes like everybody
else, Hager said, and usually these mistakes are
handwriting errors. If such a mistake is made,
or if a student disagrees with the reason the
ticket was given, he or she can always appeal
A student or faculty member has 15 days
from the date of a ticket to appeal either in
person or in writing. The appeals officer then
reviews it on the basis of traffic ordinances,
"The appeals officer can void the ticket,
reduce it, or not grant an appeal," he said.
If an appeal request is not granted, a stiiderit
then has 10 days to appeal to the University's ap
But only a small percentage of tickets are ac
tually appealed, Callahan said. '
About 40 percent of the tickets which are ap
pealed are either voided or reduced, he said. "A
lot of times appeals are reductions people
who have permits but don't display them."
That reduction would be from $10 (for no per
mit) to $2 (for not displaying a permit)