UNC students say the University atmos
phere promotes alcohol consumption. The
paily Tar Heel examines this phenomenon
jn a two-part series beginning today, below
and on page 3.
Last year they won it all. But can the Tar Heels take the national cham
pionship in basketball two years straight? A 32-page special insert, The
Daily Tar Heel Preview, covers Carolina basketball inside and out. Look
for it in Friday's DTH.
A, . or
Don't forget umbrella
Periods of rain today and
SJght. Highs in the
mid-50s. Overnight low in
the upper 40s. Warmer
tomorrow with highs in the
. li Tka nailv Tar Hfffil
gTft issue Q
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Thursday, November 18, 1982 Chapel Hill, North Carolina
RHA and Student Govern--!
ment need all South Campus
residents to complete and
turn in the food service sur
vey to their floor presidents
Business Advertising 962-1163
By JOSEPH BERRYIflLL
First of a two-part series.
Most students do not believe they have a drinking
problem, but they are likely to think their friends
might have one, according to a recent public
opinion survey of UNC students conducted by The
Uy Tar Heel.
When asked, "Do you think you have a drinking
problem?", only 1 percent of the respondents said
"yes." But when asked if they had any friends who
say have drinking problems, 48 percent of the
spondents said "yes."
"I think that one of the characteristics of youth
jrinking is that it's very easy to deny a problem with
alcohol," said Lucie Minuto, health educator at the
University's Student Health Service.
"The one word that summarizes that (finding) is
ienial," said Kenneth C. Mills, assistant director for
k Center for Alcohol Studies at UNC.
But the tendency to deny a drinking problem is
not limited to students, Mills said.
"If you ask faculty the same question, you're go
ing to get an even higher discrepancy," he said.
Students who did not drink either beer, wine or li
quor were not included in some tabulations of the
survey, induding the question "Do you thinkjoji.
have a drinking problem?" Margin of error is
greater for percentages figured from less than the
The DTH survey was conducted by telephone in
terviews of undergraduates, graduate students and
professional students at the University. Students
were picked on a random basis from a listing of all
registered UNC students, which was obtained from
the Carolina Union's Student Locator.
The respondents were generally typical of the stu
dent body. Eighty-three percent of the respondents
were North Carolina residents, 56 percent were
female and 8 percent were black.
The margin of error for the survey is 5 percent.
The survey also revealed that 84 percent of UIC
students drink beer or wine regularly or occasional
ly. Seventy-two percent of students drink liquor
regularly or occasionally.
These results are consistent with an evaluation
report compiled from student surveys of
undergraduates by the Campus Alcohol Education'
Service and Student Affairs at UNC.
"We found that roughly 16 percent were ab
aters," said Sherry Morrison, director of research
w student affairs.
"J (finding) is not a major surprise," said
ted Schroeder, director of student life. "If I had
J guessing, I would have guessed in the higher
The number of abstainers from alcohol "hasn't
clged a lot in the last three or four years," Mills
adding that he thought the number of drinkers
31 the college age had "reached a saturation point."
But Mills explained that the number of people
, " dnnk was not always an indicator of the prob
with alcohol use.
'Heavy drinkers have more problems than
Z2tC drinkers " he said. "Reducing the
' of (alcohol) consumers really isn't a goal."
ne CAES surevey divided students into specific
sumption categories. Heavy drinkers were
use of alcohol
classified as students who consumed more than 55
drinks per month.
According to the DTH survey, 54 percent of
students surveyed said that they had driven after
having more than two drinks, two beers or one glass
of wine, but only 2 percent said they have ever been
convicted of driving under the influence.
The spring 1982 Carolina Poll,' conducted by the
UNC School of Journalism, found that 18 percent
of the general population responded "yes" to a
question asking if they had driven within the past
year after having more than two drinks in the
previous hour. The DTH poll set no time limit on
driving after drinking.
The CAES survey found that 32 percent of
undergraduates said that, within the last month,
they had driven after drinking, Morrison said. The
figure would be higher if adjusted to a year's time,
Mills had a simple explanation for the number of
students willing to drink and drive: "Folks are con
vinced they can get away with it."
"The chances of getting caught if you drink and
drive are one in 2,000," he said, citing a study con
ducted by John Lacey and colleagues at the High
way Safety Research Center at UNC.
Seventy-six percent of the respondents in the
DTH survey said that they never experienced peer
. pressure to drink. - V .... -,
"The pressure to drink is very subtle and is not
seen as pressure," Minuto said. People who are in
trouble with alcohol are the ones "who have been
receiving peer pressure not to drink," she added.
Problem drinkers receive this pressure because their
behavior is outlanclish and their friends notice it,
"I think that peer pressure to drink exists," said
Frank Hirsch, chairman of the Town Relations
Committee of Student Government. "Carolina
takes great pride in being 'The Beer Drinking
Capitalof the World.' "
A big problem with peer pressure exists during
Orientation Week, which is filled with parties and
drinking, Hirsch said. "I think a lot of the free time
(during Orientation Week) could be used in other
According to the DTH poll, 79 percent of the
respondents thought the atmosphere at the Univer
sity encouraged drinking, while only 1 percent
thought the atmosphere discouraged drinking.
"It (the University) is a highly social campus,"
Schroeder said. "It has a tradition of consumption
which gets passed from student generation to stu
"A lot of people at this age-party a lot. That's
part of being young and having fun."
Morrison said the CAES survey reiterates the
DTH survey findings. "We found that people who
drank less were more likely to agree with that state
ment (that the atmosphere encourages drinking)
than the heavier drinkers," she said.
Hirsch said the University was "like Virginia,
Georgetown and other schools that take a lot of
pride in establishing themselves as social schools.
"Students pride themselves on what they can do
outside the classroom too," he said.
The DTH survey also revealed that 66 percent of
students think the University has shown about the
right amount of concern about alcohol.
Mills said that programs like CAES have received
'DTHV alcohol survey
How often do you drink beer or wine?
On how many days in the last seven did
you drink beer or wine?
"How many servings of beer or glasses of
wine did you drink last week?
4. How often do you drink liquor?
On how many days in the last seven
did you drink liquor?
Do your parents drink?
7. Did you drink before coming to college? '
Do you experience peer pressure to drink?
K Have you, within the last year, driven
after having more than two drinks or beers or
one glass of wine? ,
10. Have you ever been convicted of drivine
under the influence?
11. Do you think you have a drinking problem?
12. Do you have any friends that vou think mav
. have a drinking problem?
13. Do you think the atmosphere at UNC:
14. Do you think the University has shown:
More than 9
Too much concern
About the right
amount of concern
y 'If . .
Number of respondents: 377
Only students who drank either beer, wine or liquor were included in these questions.
Percentages may not add up to 100 because of rounding off.
ir. rrrii Tit . ..
good student support. "The student's perception
(about the admiiustration) is correct," he said, add
ing that there was still room for growth in alcohol
programs on this campus.
Minuto cautioned the University to be careful
about its stance on alcohol use.
"You don't want the students to see the Universi
ty as the anti-alcohol hard-liners," she said. "The
best way to solve this problem is to work together."
Freshmen abstain from alcohol use more than
other students, according to the DTH survey. Thirty
percent of freshmen said they never drank beer or
wine, but the level of abstainers declined to 15 per
cent for sophomores and continued to decline
marginally with each successive class year.
The margin of error for findings involving
subgroups such as freshmen is higher than 5 per
cent, because the results are tabulated from less than
the total sample.
The high percentage of freshman abstainers is
consistent with other survey findings.
The office of student affairs conducted a survey
in the fall of 1981 of 3,000 freshmen the day after
they arrived at UNC. On an alcohol consumption
multiple choice question, 34 percent of the freshmen
responded, "I rarely or never drink."
See SURVEY on page 5
tiSM's Watson takes leave of absence;
ljnpeachment petition under scrutiny
B KYLE MARSHALL
Memlt6 'mh B1 Student
was the fPwson Wende Watson
BSMpL"13;1? t0Pic of discussion at the
to' eW meeting Tucsday right,
were nr7 m ,mPeachmcnt hearings
tvSjf announced at the meeting
of absent WaS aking a temPorary leave
because J duties chairperson
rume h acadcmc reasons. She is to
airne, Kio" 9. BSM Vice
at the meet luiam Bland. who presided
duties. g Wl11 assume administrative
horranHS treasurer Harvey Jenkins,
Panted thc imPeachment drive,
'"gmore.h" 'mpcachment petition bcar
gene'al tx k " tn0ugh si8natur from e
,he CentraiV0 n hc2n- However,
"me for ' Lornmittee did not schedule
acked the "ann8 because the petition
signatures from the
According to the BSM constitution, 45
general body signatures and five Central
Committee signatures are needed to begin
"I'm leavng the impeachment drive up
to the general body," Jenkins said
Wednesday. "If they get another drive
started, I'll be willing to help. But right
now I have too many other priorities to be
Thc BSM constitution states that if a
proper impeachment petition is presented
to the Central Committee, a hearing will
take place at the next Central Committee
meeting. Two subsequent votes from the
general body are needed for removal from
At Tuesday's meeting, some of the
general body members present suggested
that the petition be passed around for thc
Central Committee members to consider
signing so that a hearing could be
Two Committee members signed the
petition, but the other members said they
could not sign the petition in its present
form because it contained statements with
which they disagreed.
Jenkins petition implied that those who
signed agreed with the charges against
Watson, the committee said.
"We won't sign the petition because of
the wording," committee member Perry
Green told the general body members.
But the committee agreed to discuss im
peachment hearings if a new petition was
"If the wording of the petition is
changed, there should be no trouble in get
ting the five (necessary Central Commit
tee) signatures," Bland said Wednesday.
The charges against Watson include
violating the BSM constitution, the Stu
dent Government Treasury Laws and the
One specific complaint alleges that Wat
son operated a petty casn fund which
would be a violation of the Treasury Laws.
Watson, who was present at the meet
ing, said she would respond to the charges
"only in a hearing because there are too
many rumors and false accusations."
See BSM on page 5
Sun Bowl seems likely bid for UNC
By NORMAN CANNADA
Special to the DTH
Bids cannot officially be extended until Saturday, but it
appears that North Carolina will be going to the Sun Bowl in
El Paso, Texas, on Christmas Day.
"I can't tell you that we've completed the deal because the
NCAA would be on our backs," Sun Bowl Executive Direc
tor Tom Starr said. "But I will tell you that we're sending
four representatives your way this week (to the UNC-Duke
game Saturday in Durham). That should tell you something."
Neither UNC Athletic Director John Swofford nor head
coach Dick Crum could be reached for comment, but the
bowl appears to meet the standards Crum set last week at his
weekly press conference. First, the $400,000-plus payoff
should allow the Tar Heels to make the trip without losing
money. Second, Texas provides UNC with a Top 20 oppo
nent. The Longhorns are ranked 17th in this week's
Associated Press poll. A third stipulation, that the bowl not
be on Christmas Day, was reportedly dismissed after a
meeting between Crum and the UNC seniors earlier this
After a 27-14 victory over Virginia, the Tar Heels were
considered to be among the top contenders for both the
Liberty and Peach bowls, with an outside chance at the more
financially lucrative Gator Bowl. Early in the week, the
Liberty Bowl reportedly opted for an Alabama-Illinois
match, thus removing the Heels from consideration.
"Our committee has come to a decision, but I can t say
anything," Liberty Executive Director A.F. Dudley said. It
will be announced Saturday."
George Crumbley, executive director of the Peach Bowl,
said Wednesday that the major stumbling block in getting
UNC to spend New Year's Eve in Atlanta was the unavail
ability of a "suitable" opponent,
-We were very interested in North Carolina and tried to
work with them to find ah opponent they would find suit
able," Crumbley said. "We tried to set up a match with Ohio
State, but they were getting a bit of romancing from a couple
of other bowls. They will probably go to the Hobday Bowl
(in San Diego, Calif.), and my guess would be that they were
lured by the idea of playing a conference champion (Bngham
With those two bowls out of the picture and the chances of
. a Gator Bowl bid growing slimmer, two Texas bovjs - the
Bluebonnet and the Sun - became possibilities. The match
up with Texas apparently was what North Carolina was look-
m8Stfa7r said that although most observers did not link UNC
and the Sun Bowl until this week, the Bowl scouts have been
looking at the Tar Heels for a long time.
"They were on our original list of 30, but it looked for a
while as if they were Roing to a New Year's Bowl or the
Gator," he said.