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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 3, Issue 113 . Wednesday, January 2
Wednesday, January 26, 1933
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
NewsSports; Arts 962-0245
Reagan asks Congress fi
B w M
The Associated Press
WASHINGTON President Reagan asked
Congress Tuesday night for standby tax boosts and
a selective freeze on federal spending, to within 5
percent of the current budget, to curb spiraling
deficits he deemed "a clear and present danger to
the basic health of our Republic."
He called for provisional income and energy tax
increases that could take effect Oct. 1, 1985, if his
freeze is approved, the economy recovers and the
deficit keeps going up anyhow.
"America is on the mend," declared the presi
dent in a State of the Union address which out
lined several midterm shifts in an economic course
that has produced the record flood of red ink.
His spending limits would apply to the total
budget sparing defense. The 5 percent overall
increase is designed to take account of inflation.
The president was greeted by a two-minute
standing ovation as he strode down the center aisle
of the House and began the speech to a joint ses
sion of Congress and a nationwide broadcast au
dience. Reagan proposed an outright freeze on most
domestic spending programs, with no inflation
allowance. He said federal pay and retirement
benefits, both military and civilian, should be
frozen for one year, and cost of living increases in
Social Security, veterans benefits and the like
should be delayed for six months.
To deal with the highest unemployment rate in
more than 40 years, he proposed a six-month ex
tension of unemployment compensation for those
who have exhausted their benefits, tax credits for
employers who hire the long-term unemployed,
additional job training funds, and a below
minimum wage for teen-agers hired for summer
He asked for a 1 percent surcharge on taxable
income and an excise tax on domestic and im
The tax increases would be levied as of Oct. 1,
1985 only if the deficit is projected to exceed 2.5
percent of the gross national product and only
if the economy is growing, not in recession.
Faced with a deficit now estimated at more than
$200 billion for the current fiscal year, the presi
dent's "standby tax" would raise between $40
billion and $50 billion a year from fiscal 1986
through 1988 if needed to curb the flow of red ink.
Reagan's own budget for fiscal 1984, due early
next week, is expected to forecast a deficit of $188
It was a speech that one of the president's key
congressional allies, Senate Majority Leader
Howard Baker, R-Tenn., said reflected "some sur
prises" and shifts in a program that has fallen far
short of the economic boom and spending balance
the president promised to the voters of 1980.
In a slickly produced, 28-minute television
show, the Democratic Party said tax reform, lower
interest rates, cutting "reckless defense pending"
and the federal deficit are the keys to stopping a
slide "backwards toward catastrophe."
Hours before Reagan's appearance, 162 demon
strators were arrested for refusing to leave the
Capitol's rotunda after they read "A People's
State of the Union Address." That message de
clared: "Millions of us are homeless. That is the
State of the Union."
in job search
By LISA PULLEN
Six months after its birth, the Student Part-Tune
Employment .Service seems to be an unequivocal suc
Since Student Government initiated SPTES last Ju
ly, more than 700 students have found jobs through
the service. Of the hundreds of jobs that employers
have listed with the service, only 43 have gone unfilled,
said SPTES director Paul Parker.
The service's success in placing students in jobs a
placement rate of more than 85 percent, Parker said
led to an article in a national collegiate publication
last October featuring the UNC service.
Since then, the phones have not stopped ringing and
the letters have not stopped coming, SPTES officials
"It works so well that people are writing to us ask
ing how to set up their own," Parker said.
In fact, response has been so great, that Parker
wrote and copyrighted a $5 procedures manual advis
ing others how to set up a similar service. More than
75 universities have requested copies of the manual,
The icing on the cake came last week when the UNC
Department of Student Affairs granted the employ
ment service's request to become a campus organiza
' tion independent of Student Government."
This independence will establish the employment
service as a permanent organization and not one "sub
ject to the whims of any student body president,"
SPTES grew out of a campaign promise made by
Student Body President Mike Vandenbergh last spring
to centralize job opportunity information on campus.
Operating on a budget of $1,500 mostiy for phone
expenses the service is staffed by 24 members of
Student Government's liaison service.
The service contacts area employers and invites
them to list available jobs and their requirements with
- the service. The information is then made available to
student job seekers, who are responsible for following
up on leads on their own.
"The basic principle behind it is a good filing sys
tem," Parker said. "It's easy, but it works."
Part of the service's success can be attributed to the
credibility it has gained among local employers, Parker
"They call us and act as if we have been around for
ever," he said. "It seems that we have a reputation."
After contacting 900 employers at the beginning of
the fall semester, SPTES produced a listing with more
Paul Parke, head of new student job service, and Lee Lutz man phones
... program successful in helping seniors land jobs after graduation
than 600 jobs, Parker said. Jobs range from employ
ment opportunities with fast food chains to research
positions at UNC and Research Triangle Park.
The service also has taken much of the headache out
of job seeking for students.
"Most people don't know where to go," Parker
said. "For the most part it had been a word-of-mouth
thing on campus."
Students also save time contacting employers on
their own, Parker said.
"You're not just looking for any job, you can look
for what you're interested in."
David Johnson, a senior biology major from Den
ver, N.C., agreed.
"I wanted something that wouldn't take a lot of
time and would give me a little .spending money,"
Johnson said. Johnson is doing yard work and distri
buting material for the Association of MBA Execu
tives. Ben Beall, a freshman chemistry major from Char
lotte, found a production job at a glassware firm
within minutes of visiting SPTES.
"I happened to be there when the job came in,"
Beall said. "I called them right back and went right
out there because they needed someone immediately."
Michelle Woodburn, a senior journalism major
from Winston-Salem, got a job in Wilson Library .
through the service. She said she was pleased with the
"There were a lot of job listings and there was varie
ty," she said. "I was impressed."
Calls for more action
UNC law graduate fights for civil rights
Third in a five-part series on prominent UNC alumni.
By KAREN FISHER
Julius L. Chambers had straight A's at the UNC School
of Law in 1961. The same year, he was named editor-in-chief
of the North Carolina Law Review, a position given
to the highest ranking member of the senior law class.
He was selected to the Order of the Coif, the Legal
Honorary Society and the Order of the Golden Fleece.
But Chambers was not invited to attend dances held by
the law school; nor was he accepted into either of UNC's
two legal fraternities, although he applied for membership
soon after enrollment.
The first of his race to edit the North Carolina Law
Review, Chambers was one of five blacks attending the
. law school.
"I don't look upon myself as any sort of star or shining
example," he told The Charlotte Observer in 1961. "But I
would hope that anything I achieve could be shown as
proof to others of my race as well as the white race that
Negroes can achieve these things."
; Anything he could achieve has proved to be a lot. After
graduating in 1962 with a Bachelor of Law degree,
Chambers spent a year teaching at the Columbia Universi
ty School of Law, while earning his Master of Law degree.
In 1963, Chambers became the first legal intern with the
NAACP Legal Defense Fund and worked on civil rights
cases in four states.
Chambers set up practice in Charlotte in 1964. In 1965
he handled more than 50 civil rights cases and was a key
figure in the fight to desegregate Charlotte's schools.
; He gained national recognition for his successful handl
ing of Swarm vs. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Educa
tion, which was argued before the U.S. Supreme Court.
In November 1965, Chambers was appointed U.S. '
Commissioner for the Western District of North Carolina.
Success, however, had as its price more than hard work
and long hours. While Chamberi fought for civil rights,
his office and records were burned, and his home and car
"We must accept this type of practice from those less in
control of their faculties," Chambers said at the time.
Looking back, he has seen positive change as a result of
not giving up. "Despite those incidents, I think that the
effort to try to improve opportunities for minorities in the
state were worth it," he said in a phone interview last
"The state has changed tremendously since 1962,"
Chambers said, citing examples of civil rights legislation.
Chambers is currently president of the NAACP Legal
Defense Fund, whose purpose is to "provide some legal
assistance and funding for claimants who feel their rights
are being denied because of race or color." He must travel
four or five days a month, which he said is hard on his
wife and two children.
Chambers just finished teaching a threes-week seminar
at Harvard University's law school called "Racial
Discrimination and Gvil Rights." He also has taught at
the law schools of Columbia University, the University of
Virginia and the University of Pennsylvania.
In 1977 Chambers resigned from his position on the
UNC board of Governors to protest the board's response
to HEW's guidelines for a new desegregation plan.
He said he hoped the situation at UNC had changed
since 1977, but said even though the percentage of blacks
enrolled at UNC has increased, he really did not know.
"In connection with race relations, I still think that
minorities have extreme difficulty in obtaining equal op
portunities in basically every walk of life ... and I would
like to see that situation addressed and remedied, so that
everybody would have an opportunity for a chance in
life," he said. '
"We see a number of problems today that wreck the
American dream for everyone."
The Reagan administration has been a disappointment
to Chambers. It has "such limited appreciation for the
problems of the poor, the problems of the middle class
and particularly the problems of blacks and other
minorities," he said.
killed by GGC
By CHARLES ELLMAKER
Authorization for a referendum to in
crease the Student Activity Fee was effec
tively killed in the Campus Governing
Council Tuesday night because a quorum
was not present when the vote was taken.
Just as they neared a vote authorizing a
student referendum to raise the Student
Activity Fee by $1.25 per student per
semester, CGC Finance Committee mem
ber Dan Bryson (District 18) blocked any
further action on the bill by leaving the .
meeting. Only 13 members were left less
than the required quorum.
In order for the fee increase referendum
to appear on the Feb. 8 ballot, students
will have to gather about 2,200 student
signatures in favor of the ballot.
Bryson had successfully amended the
referendum bill to give the students the
chanceto raise their fees, to lower them or
to keep them at the present level.
But his amendment was later removed,
prompting him to kill the amendment by
leaving the meeting.
If the students could vote on an in
vcrease,Jhen they also should be able to
v6tefof a decrease, Bryson argued during
But other CGC members expressed con
cern that lowering student fees would un
necessarily injure groups such as the
Carolina Union and The Daily Tar Heel
that are heavily dependent on student fees.
And Student Body President Mike Van
denbergh said that three choices on the
referendum could lead to a runoff referen
dum in which students had only the
choices of raising or lowering the student
To satisfy those CGC members in favor
of offering a decrease in fees, Finance
Committee member Lori Dostal (District
5) pointed out that rejecting a fee increase
was like advocating a fee decrease because
Students voted not to increase student
fees last year.
In other action, the CGC authorized a
referendum to clarify the responsibilities of
the Student Body President concerning
student initiative and review, clauses in the
Student Constitution which give the stu
dents the right to force a referendum on
any act that would fall under the jurisdic
tion of the CGC.
The student initiative issue was brought
into play this semester when 2,900 students
signed a petition to force a vote on
whether to fund the Student Government
Spring Concert. That referendum i will not
be held because Vandenbergh never ap
proved the bill and petition necessary to
Under the revised clause, the Student
Body President "must," rather than
"shall," direct that a student referendum
be held if he determines the petition and
bill to be in good order. In addition, a limit
of 'five days was placed on the time in
which the president had to make a deci
sion. In a third referendum bill, the CGC
authorized a referendum that would give
the Student Supreme .Court the respon
sibility to define "political" and
"religious" for student group funding
purposes. The CGC may not fund group
programs if those funds will be used for
religious or political uses, a rule which
raised much debate in the CGC's budget
process last spring.
The CGC also rejected an effort to hold
a referendum to determine if minority race
and sex representation in the CGC should
be abolished. At present, at least two
members from both the majority and
minority races, as well as at least two
members from both sexes, must be repre
sentatives on the CGC
In other business, the CGC postponed a
See CGC on page 2
Ives proposes changes
in race for C A A president
Julius L. Chambers
Chambers first became interested in law when lu laihci
tried to obtain a lawyer and could not Chambers said he
saw a great need for lawyers for people in similar situa
tions. Civil rights have come a long way since Chambers at
tended elementary school in Mount Gilead, N.C., in a
clapboard schoolhouse with no library and no indoor
plumbing. The most important thing in his life today?
"To continue with efforts to improve the quality of life
for blacks and whites in the state."
By SCOTT BOLEJACK
Brad Ives, a freshman political science
and economics major from Brevard, an
nounced his candidacy for the Carolina
Athletic Association presidency Tuesday.
"1 think there is a need for more stu
dent involvement in athletics here at
UNC," Ives said. "And as president T
would give the students a very strong
voice in athletic affairs."
Ives said he wanted to emphasize the
spirit-building role of Homecoming.
"The whole idea of Homecoming is to
build spirit, behind the team and show
them that we support them," he said.
Ives has proposed a tentative schedule
of events for Homecoming week, ending
with the Carolina-Clemson game on Nov.
"On Thursday, Nov. 3, there will be an
all-campus party with a well-known local
band," Ives said. "Friday afternoon there
will be a parade on Franklin Street with
an improved float contest.
"Friday night I'd like to have a good
old-fashioned pep rally with some well
known national entertainer preferably
a comedian. I'd also consider using the
band and the cheerleaders if we could."
Ives said he would like to have UNC
President William C. Friday, Athletic
Director John Swofford and football
coach Dick Crum attend the pep rally and
"get the crowd riled up."
With regard to ticket distribution, Ives
said he would like to see changes made
for both football and basketball games.
Ives said he planned to propose a cam
pus referendum which would allow
students to choose how game tickets
L.iim.n .i ,M nmnJk?MM!-vyX : .n.1
would be distributed. "It would let stu
dents decide their own fate," he said.
"After all, it (the CAA) is an organiza
tion for the students."
Block seats could be divided into two
groups, Ives proposed: "A" blocks, or
choice seating, and "B" blocks, or other
seating. Groups who got "B" blocks or
no blocks at all one week would be drawn
first for "A" blocks the next week.
In addition, most distribution days for
basketball tickets would be moved to
weekends so students would not miss so
many classes, he said. "We're here to
learn and support our teams."
The fact that he is a freshman should
not be a negative factor in the campaign,
"I'm interested, dedicated and if
elected, I'll do a good job," he said. "I
think 1 have a lot of good ideas. I want to
make sure we support all of the teams."
Ives is a Morehead scholar, a model
United Nations representative and a 1982
graduate of the N.C. School of Science