Windy today, with a chance
of showers and maybe a
thunderstorm. High today
near 60. 40 percent chance
of rain tonight.
The top-ranked Tar Heels
travel to Death Valley to play
the injury-ridden Clemson
Tigers. See preview story on
Copyright The Daily Tar Heel 1983
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Wednesday, February 2, 1983 Chape! Hill, North Carolina
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Brooks Blanchard got a few listeners interested in what he had to say
Tuesday. Perched atop a garbage can outside the Pit, the N.C. State
freshman from Los Angeles shouted to the crowd his views on religion.
By PETE AUSTIN
A proposal for a 5 percent tax on live
entertainment, including football and bas
ketball games, is traveling through " the
hands of Chapel Hill and University offi
cials. The tax was proposed by Rolund Giduz,
news manager at WCHL radio, at a public
forum held by the Chapel Hill Town
Council Nov. 16. The tax would help the
city with some of the costs of cleaning up
after the event. It also would help pay
policemen to patrol the event and control
traffic, said Chapel Hill Town Manager
Town Council member William Broad
foot said the revenues from this tax would
be put into the general fund of the treasury
and would' not be used as a direct
reimbursement for expenses the city may
"The tax is a good idea because it taxes
pure luxury and not necessity items,"
Giduz said. "The University should be
glad to help the community through the
principle of an entertainment tax," he
University approval is necessary at the
outset. Without it, "the plan will not even
get off the ground," Broadfoot said.
Ttd Bonus, director'of public informa
tion and university relations, said that it
was "unfortunate" that the council was
considering the proposal, and that the tax
proposal did "not look too promising."
If the proposal wins Town Council and
University support, the council must draw
up a request to the General Assembly ask
ing for its approval of the plan. The
legislature then must pass a bill allowing
the local officials to implement the tax.
The deadline for requesting a bill is April
The proposed tax would apply only to
events in which the capacity of the au
dience is more than 2,500, Broadfoot said.
Memorial Hall has a capacity of just over
1,600, while the Carolina Union Audi
torium and Great Hall each hold fewer
than 500 people, according to Howard
Henry, director of the Union adminis
trative and program staff. Thus, events in
Carmichael Auditorium and Kenan
Stadium will be the only ones taxed.
The 5 percent entertainment tax should
collect $120,000 in revenues, including
,$99,000 from Kenan Stadium football
- games " and $20,800 from ' Carmichael
The tax would not be implemented for
student tickets since students already pay
through the students' activities fee, Broad
foot said. This is in keeping with the aim
of the council to tax out of town and not
local people, he said.
"This tax kills two birds with one stone,
by taxing out-of-town people and raising
revenues at the same time," Broadfoot
The tax also would exclude all school
and religious fund-raising functions. And
it is possible that non-profit organizations
will be excluded as well, Broadfoot said.
In addition to aiding the costs of police
protection and sanitation at the event, the
tax would also relieve pressure on the pro
perty tax, which many council members
feel is high enough already, Town Council
member Beverly Kawalec said.
obit to near aroeai
By HOPE BUFFINGTON
The Department of Education and the National Association
for the Advancement of Colored People go to court today over
the UNC system desegregation issue. ,
Oral arguments presented by the Department of Education and
the NAACP Legal Defense Fund will be heard today in the U.S.
Court of Appeals in Washington, D.C.
The appeal challenges the validity of the 1981 desegregation
consent decree between the U.S. Department of Health, Educa
tion and Welfare (now the Department of Education) and the
In 1981, Judge John H. Pratt refused to declare the consent
decree invalid. The NAACP then appealed Pratt's ruling before a
three-judge panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals which upheld
Pratt's decision 2-1. ,
"It is highly unlikely that the court will rule in favor of the
Legal Defense Fund," Joseph Levin, a Washington attorney
representing the UNC system, said recently.
Levin said if the court ruled with the Legal Defense Fund, the
Department of Education would have to petition the U.S. District
Court in Raleigh to revoke the consent decree. If the District
Court in Raleigh refuses to revoke the decree, Judge Pratt would
have to find the. Secretary of Education in contempt of court,
since he could not comply with the order.
"Mr. (Joseph) Rauh (the Washington attorney representing the
NAACP Legal Defense Fund in the case) had plenty of oppor
tunity to challenge the decree in North Carolina at the time it was
presented," Levin said.
Figures released in January on the consent decree's enrollment
requirements showed that black enrollment at the predominantly
white institutions in the UNC system rose slightly, from 7.53 per
cent of the enrollment in 1981 to 7.8 percent of the enrollment in
1982. White enrollment at the predominantly black institutions
rose from 11.78 percent of the enrollment in 1981 to 12.7 percent
of the enrollment in 1982. The increase in black enrollment fell .26
percentage points short of the suggested 8 percent goal.
Raymond Dawson, UNC system vice president for academic
affairs, said that black enrollment in the system had grown from
14,440 students in 1972 to 21,854 students in 1982.
In 1972, 16 percent of the black enrollment in the UNC system
was on predominantly white institution campuses and in 1983, 37
percent of the black enrollment in the UNC system was on pre
dominandy white campuses.
. '"We're on target," said Harold Wallace,- vice chancellor for
tJruversiry affairs.. "It is importahttb note that black enrollment
in general decreased, but at Chapel Hill there was a sizable in
crease, especially in the graduate schools."
. Levin said, "In terms of the white enrollment goal at pre
dominantly black institutions, we'll make our goal of 15 percent
by 1986, but a 10.6 percent goal of black enrollment at pre
dominantly white institutions will be tough sledding.
"Black enrollment is down nationally. It's affecting us
everyone in the nation," he said.
Levin said he was pleased with the UNC system's progress.
But Rauh said, "North Carolina's higher education system is
so segregated that the figures mean relatively nothing. The
students in North Carolina ought to raise hell. I have faith in the
students; none in (UNC System President William C.) Friday."
Rauh added: "The heart of the problem is not the system. I
suggest that Mr. Friday read the criteria listed in the 1977 de
segregation plan and then follow them."
President Friday countered these claims. "Mr. Rauh's com
ments indicate that he is unaware of what is being done here,"
See APPEAL on page 3
issue as suit heads
to appellate court
By HOPE BUFFINGTON
"The protagonists in this drama do not wear black and white
hats; instead, they are men of conscience struggling to preserve,
alter, modernize and improve a great educational institution. In
the balance rests our children 's future. The court genuinely hopes
these grave historical and political questions can be resolved
amicably by leaders of good faith and purpose."
State vs. Department of
Health, Education and Welfare,
480 F. Supp. 929, 940 (EDNC 1979)
Desegregation. A word that has haunted the University of
North Carolina's higher education system for more than 10 years.
In 1969, the U.S. Department of Health, Education and
Welfare, now the Department of Education, requested proposals
from 10 states to eliminate their dual black and white higher
education systems. North Carolina was on HEW's list and did not
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored
People. Legal Defense Fund sued HEW for not enforcing
desegregation among higher education systems.
In 1973, U.S. District Judge John H. Pratt ruled in favor of the
Legal Defense Fund. Pratt mandated that HEW require accept
able desegregation plans from the 10 states or begin enforcement
proceedings against those states. HEW appealed the ruling, but
Pratt's ruling was upheld. -
The federal goverrmientrejected plans submitted separately by
the UNC Board of Governors and the State Board of Education,
and gave UNC until April 1974 to submit an acceptable plan.
UNC's desegregation plan was accepted in the summer of 1974.
The Legal Defense Fund challenged it as well as the plans of five
other Southern states.
In 1977, administrative hearings to stop the allotment of federal
funds to the UNC system began.
Federal dollars continued to flow, but the hearings continued.
In June 1981, the U.S. Department of Education and the UNC
system signed a consent decree under the new Reagan adminis
tration. The consent decree consists of four main goals: 1) a 10.6 per
cent black enrollment at predominantly white institutions and a 15
percent white enrollment at predominantly black institutions by
the 1986-87 school year; 2) the development of 29 new bac
calaureate and master's degrees at the five predominantly black
institutions; 3) the upgrading of graduate study centers at Fayet
teville State University and Elizabeth City State University in ad
dition to a new graduate center at Winston-Salem State Universi
ty; and 4) equal financial support to both black and white institu
tions as well as improved faculty salaries at predominantly black
Candidates continue quest for offices
About 65 students gathered to hear candidates
for the offices of student body president, Daily
Tar Heel editor, Residence Hall Association '
president and Carolina Athletic Association
president outline their campaigns in three election
forums Tuesday night.
During the Black Student Movement forum,
about 10 people listened to candidates discuss
how they would approach issues affecting black
students. BSM officers said they would issue a
candidate endorsement by the end of the week. .
The North Carolina Student Legislature
forum, attended by about 35 people, focused on
candidates' campaign platforms.
Candidates answered questions about UNC's
interests in corporations in South Africa and
women's issues during the third forum, which
was sponsored by the Public Interest Research
Group, Concerned Students and the Association
for Women Students. Only the student body
president and DTH candidates, along with one
CAA candidate, spoke at the third forum.
During the BSM forum, student body presi
dential candidates Jon Reckford and Kevin
Monroe expressed concern over ongoing protests
about the lack of minority faculty. Both agreed
that the individual academic departments not
the UNC administration appeared to be at
fault, .and that there was no clear solution.
"It's a Catch-22 the University is in a funny
position," Reckford said. "It's (the University)
actually offered more money to bring in new,
black faculty members, but I'm concerned with
how North Carolina's conservative legislature
may take this.. The disaster is that HEW (by
supporting more minority hiring) is hitting UNC
on one side and the state on the other."
Monroe advocated putting "more fire under
the departments, (which are) the root of the
Both candidates said they did not march for
the minority faculty cause because as student
body president, they could do more by voting on
the University's Board of Trustees.
At the NCSL forum, the candidates both
agreed that Student Government should become
more involved in state issues.
Reckford said he wanted to establish a strong
state lobby, especially for education because of
recent cutbacks in the UNC budget by the state
Monroe agreed that Student Government
should become more involved in state issues,
especially issues like drinking laws.
"I agree with lobbying, especially through
USSA (United States Student Association), but
we must keep the student body in mind first,"
At the PIRG forum, the candidates supported
divestment of University funds from companies
supporting the apartheid South African govern
ment. "I support divestment, but would like to find
out more about it and would like to educate the
members of the UNC Board of Trustees on the
issue," Monroe said.
Reckford agreed, but said that unless students
passed the divestment issue in the February elec
tion, pushing the issue would not be high on his
list of priorities.
Kerry DeRochi and John Altschuler, candi
dates for Daily Tar Heel editor, both said they
wanted to make the paper more of a student
"One of my proposals is to start a weekly
series of articles which would highlight various
student organizations," DeRochi said. "These
stories would let students know what's available
and how to get involved."
DeRochi expressed concern that in the past
, year students read only about the five or 10
E organizations located in the Carolina Union. "I
want to take the DTH out of the Union and into
other parts of the campus," she said.
Altschuler took a different approach in his
plan to make the DTH more student-oriented.
"I want to change the entire direction of the
paper," he said. "I want to take the emphasis
away from world issues and shift it to more local
"From just talking to students around campus
I've found that they don't feel part of the paper.
They don't write letters to the editor because they
feel they have to write about world-shattering
To make students feel less inhibited about
writing in to the paper, Atlschuler said he would
change the back page of the DTH from its pre
sent form to an "open forum where students can
write in about anything they want to."
The candidates also addressed the issues of
minority coverage on campus and the presence of
blacks on the DTH staff.
"I will not actively recruit blacks," Altschuler
said. "But neither will I actively recruit whites."
He added that assigning someone to cover black
issues was a possibility.
DeRochi said she would actively recruit blacks
to work on the paper, adding that she would "be
committed to covering all aspects of the BSM
and black students."
At the BSM forum, RHA presidential candi
dates Mark Dalton and Henry Miles addressed
the question of RHA programming for black stu
dents. Frank Winstead, the third RHA candi
date, did not attend the forum.
Both Dalton and Miles agreed that program
ming specifically for blacks was unnecessary.
Miles said his programming within RHA
would be geared to the student body, and that
there would be no exclusion based on race. ,
Dalton said, "I don't think that you can pro
gram exactly toward blacks or exactly toward
At the NCSL forum, Miles and Dalton dis
cussed the new University housing cooking policy
outlawing high-heat appliances.
"I'm not for or against it," Dalton .said, but he
did advocate the use of better kitchen facilities
for the residence halls. Hotplates might be made
safe if pads were placed under them, he said.
Miles said he hoped to get some of the out-
Kerry DeRochi (left) and John Altschuler at Tuesday night forum
... 'DTH' editor hopefuls both want to change paper's format
lawed appliances approved by the housing
He also advocated maintaining the RHA
SCAU cookbook, which will be available later
this year to help residents adjust to the cooking
Both Dalton and Miles said they favored the
use of meal cards 'in the Pit Stop and local
residence area snack shops, such as the Circus
The ARA food service is in the process of tak
ing over the Circus Room and other snack shops,
both candidates said. ARA meal cards already
are accepted in snack shops in Morrison and Hin
ton James dormitories, they said.
Candidates for Carolina Athletic Association
president, Padraic Baxter, Debbie Flowers and
Brad Ives, each emphasized their major cam
"The first thing I want to address is the student
seating in the Student Activities Center," Baxter
said. "Right now we're guaranteed only 800
courtside seats. I want to work with the Athletic
Council and let them know how students feel
about courtside seating."
Flowers stressed the accomplishments the
CAA has made in the past year when she was vice
president under Perry Morrison.
"When we started a year ago, we lacked four
things," Flowers said. "We lacked a constitu
tion, adequate record keeping, a working staff
and funds. We now have these things."
Ives said he wanted to see more student
involvement. "And I want to see involvement
from all students regardless of race. I don't care
whether they're white, black, red or orange."
The candidates took different approaches to
the issue of black involvement in the CAA.
Baxter criticized the CAA for being a closed,
predominantly white organization and said he
would like Homecoming to be a "weeklong event
with a joint effort from both groups."
See FORUMS on page 3