Gusts never sleep
Windy with a 60 percent
chance of rain. High in the
Tar Heels crushed Clemson
93-80 in Sunday's game. For
the story, please see page 5.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright The Daily Tar Heel 1983
Volume 91, lssue q
Monday, February 28, 1883
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Tar Heels win
after long wait
By TRACY YOUNG
They did it. They finally did it.
The captains were speechless. Frank Comfort was wet.
Team members were diving from the platform board some 30
feet above the ground. No one quite knew how to react. It
was a dream come true.
Perhaps senior co-captain Mark Welker put it best. "It's
about goddamn time," he said. "We swam great."
For the first time in 19 long years, the UNC men's swim
team captured the Atlantic Coast Conference title Saturday
at the Duke Aquatic Center, crushing N.C. State's attempt at
a 13th straight conference crown.
"I've been waiting four years for this," senior co-captain
Tim Sutton said. "I've been thinking about this champion
ship since the beginning of the season actually since I
came to school here.
"There's nothing else I can say."
The Tar Heels finished the championship with 451 points,
while second place N.C. State closed with 385. Virginia came
in third with 382.
"Right now we're just thankful we have the conference
championship," Comfort said. "This is what we wanted to
But the laurels did not come without a fight.
After the first night of competition, UNC was trailing the
Wolfpack by 18 points. Not good, but not bad considering at
that point last year the Tar Heels were behind by some 50
Eric Ericson, Scott Hammond, Dirk Marshall and Geoff
Cassell brought in the only first place for UNC on Thursday,
swimming to a time of 3:21.93 in the 400-yard medley relay.
Chris Stevenson took second in the 500-yard freestyle
(4:31.30) and Todd Deckman also came in second, with a
time of 20.97, in the 50-yard freestyle. Roger Vreedeveld
finished third in the 200-yard individual medley with a time
Friday was the turning point. At the end of the night
North Carolina led N.C. State by 33, and it was downhill for
the Wolfpack from there on in.
A pair of first place finishes pushed UNC ahead that day.
Ericson won the 100-yard backstroke for the second con
secutive year (50.74). The 800-yard freestyle relay team of
Dan Hamilton, Jeff Schenk, Stevenson and Marshall was
also victorious, finishing in 6:42.49.
Stevenson was second in the 200-yard freestyle (1:40.38)
' and -MarsriaU finished second in the iflfyard butterfly
(48.75). Vreedeveld finished behind Ericson in the 100 back
(51.41) and Ericson behind Marshall in the 100 fly (49.49).
Saturday was much like Friday.
Ericson picked up another individual first, winning the
200-yard backstroke for the second year (1:49.65). Ericson,
along with Cassell, Marshall and Welker, picked up another
first place in the 400-yard freestyle relay (3:02.37).
In addition, UNC had a trio of second place finishes:
Cassell in the 100-yard freestyle (45.79), Jeff Keyser in the
200-yard breaststroke (2:06.21) and Stevenson in the
200-yard butterfly (1:49.40).
Vreedeveld picked up a third in the 200-yard backstroke
with a time of 1:52.83.
"The entire team swam well," Comfort said. "Our six
seniors swam so exceptionally. That's the way it should be.
They provided tremendous leadership out of the water, but
they really did it in the water."
At this point, Comfort will get his qualified swimmers
prepared for March's NCAA championships. The women's
championship is being held March 17-19 in Lincoln,
Nebraska and the men's March 24-26 in Indianapolis.
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Senior co-captains Mark Welker and Tim Sutton (R) participate in post-meet madness
. .'..pair aided Tar Heels in acquiring the ACC title for the first time in past 19 years
. The Associated Press
: ' ! ' '
; WASHINGTON , Responding to complaints from civil
rights lawyers, a federal judge has agreed to set new deadlines for
desegregating public colleges and universities in 12 states including
However, U.S. District Judge John H. Pratt did not; say Friday
whether he would choose deadlines as early as those sought by
critics of the government. ' ' I
"I think we're going to have some deadlines," the judge said.
"Just what they'll be I don't know."
Pratt, who has presided over the desegregation lawsuit for
nearly 13 years, made the statements at a hearing in Washington.
"I have a reluctance, quite frankly, to keep on issuing orders
that I know down deep just cannot under optimum situations be
carried out," U.S. District Judge John H. Pratt said in
Washington Friday. '
But Pratt said he would order the U.S. Education Department
to come up with new deadlines for the states to desegregate their
public colleges and universities. :, .',
Elliot Lichtman, a lawyer for the NAACP Legal Defense
Fund, asked that Pratt issue strict deadlines and threaten aid
cutoffs to states that don't comply. Justice Department, lawyers
argued for. flexible deadlines. .
"Without prejudging the matter, I think we're going to have
some deadlines," Pratt said. "Just what they will be, I don't
know." He ordered federal officials to recommend the deadlines
within the next 10 days.
See DESEGREGATION on page 2
. ByLIZ LUCAS
Assistant University Editor
Finding a parking place on campus is no longer a problem con
fined p$yjq students, are
also feeling the cruncllT officials say. - - -
Finding North Campus parking spaces is the main problem
faculty members are complaining about, said Robert Sherman,
UNC director of security. The N-2 and N-3 zones, located near
Hill Hall and the Morehead Building, are particularly favored
spots for faculty parking because of their proximity to the heart of
the academic part of campus. These two lots only accomodate 748
cars when filled to capacity, he said. ,
Like student parking stickers, faculty stickers do not guarantee
parking spaces, Sherman said. Rather, parking stickers give facul
ty the privilege to park .in a specific area. The result is that the
number of stickers assigned to an area may be greater than the
number of cars the area can hold at one time.
"Naturally I think the number of faculty and staff working in
these areas is much higher than the number of spaces available,"
Sherman said. "It would probably even be hard to provide a
space for every third faculty member or employee assigned to the
Doris Betts, professor of English, agreed that parking has
become a serious problem facing University workers.
See PARKING on page 2
Aid programs are noWd
By LYNN EARLEY
Spedai to the DTH
Aid programs that have changed from
their original forms have hurt the U.S.
economy, Roger N. Waud, UNC pro
fessor of economics, said in an interview
"Really we're just becoming more' and
more a welfare state," he said.
Thomas J. Orsagh, associate professor
of economics, said one of the worst
developments in the United States has
been "the policies that have led to in
creased federal and state intervention in
the private policies because they have led
to a removal of incentives to production.
They have led to an economy in which
very often rewards are not related to pro
duction or ability."
Waud said Social Security is one pro
gram which acts less effectively than in
tended. "Initially, Social Security was intended
to be sort of a supplement for your old
age, but increasingly it's turned into more
than just a supplement program," he said.
Now Social Security acts as an income
transfer program, he added. '
Cathy L. McHugh, assistant professor
of economics, said Social Security per
formed a valuable service in its initial
stages but has changed recently. "Social
Security then was a very small program,"
she said. "I don't think (its framers) envi
sioned what it is today."
But people must consider social pro
grams in more than economic terms, she
said. "There were gains in civil rights dur
ing the New Deal period," she said.
In 1972 Congress indexed Social Securi
ty benefits to inflation so that as inflation
rose, benefits rose also. But, Waud said,
the pool of money fails to match the de
mand. "They (Social Security) are usually
just 60 days ahead of going out of
business," he said.
Minimum wage also acts differently
than intended, , Waud said. "Ostensibly,
the idea of minimum wage was the concept
of the do-gooders, (who say) 'We think it's
terrible that people are making less than x
amount,' " he said. "
"Now, rather than giving a lot of young
people a chance to make a few bucks, all
you're doing is taking away that chance to
get a job at all," he said. Some employers
refuse to hire unskilled labor at minimum
wage prices because they feel such workers
should be paid less, Waud said.
. Orsagh said thar people may be hired
for socio-economic reasons instead of on
their ability with programs such as Affir
"The programs created a whole- new
way of thinking, if you have a problem,
then let the government fix it,' " he add
McHugh said unemployment benefits at
times act as a disincentive to work now
since the income from these benefits
sometimes is greater than from working.
"Some of these programs could be restruc
tured to eliminate some of the disincen
tives," she said.
One recent positive development is "the
changing fundamental attitude toward
work, toward individual responsibility,"
See CHANGES on page 2
Professors skeptical of government claims of recovery
By SUSAN SULLIVAN
The recession is over, at least according to the Reagan
Presidential economists claim that recent economic
signs, such as the increases in industrial production, hous
ing starts, and wages and salaries, and the declines in
unemployment benefit claims and layoffs in the
automobile industry are pointing toward economic
But UNC economics professors are more skeptical.
"The signs are favorable that we are coming out of the
recession, but there is no evidence of a firm recovery,"
said Richard Froyen, associate professor df economics at
UNC. ' ! ( ;
Froyen said that the current economic program has suc
ceeded in slowing inflation, but at a high cost pf increased
unemployment and a decline in real economic output. "A
cost which was higher than anticipated," he said.
Associate professor of economics Alfred Fields was also
less enthusiastic about the prospects for the economy. :
"I would not expect a rapid recovery," he said. Fields
predicted continuing high unemployment with lower infla
Fields said that a major factor in the United States'
economic problems is the fact that "we are in a world
wide recession that one country cannot solve alone." He
said that foreign trade has become increasingly important
for the United States and Western European countries.
"Ireland exports 53 percent of their gross domestic pro
duct, and Belgium exports 63 percent. When you get
countries that rely that heavily on exports, obviously the
world economy is very important," Fields said.
A reduction of trade barriers and general economic
cooperation are needed to speed world recovery, Field
said. - - ' ;
President Reagan has been asking the nation to "stay
the course," and continue with the economic program
dubbed "Reaganomics." -
Froyen said that the aims of Reaganomics are the
achievement of a higher rate of real growth and a lower
rate of inflation. The means of achieving these aims are
personal and business tax cuts, non-defense federal
budget cuts, and a reversal of the growth of federal
regulation, he said.
Froyen attributes the recession in part "to the way in
, which spending cuts came into effect before tax cuts. They
needed to pay more attention to timing." Because spen
ding cuts came before tax cuts, there is less money in cir
culation for economic activity.
See RECESSION on page 4.
V lfr 1
prHAllen Dean Sleelo
Jim Braddock, playing his last game in Carmichael Auditorium,
raises his fist in victory as the Tar Heels rolled over the Clemson
Tigers Sunday. Braddock, shown here with assistant coach Bill
Guthridge (center) and head coach Dean Smith (right), scored 21
points in the game. For story see page 5.