Rain continuing, with high In
the 50s, low in the 40s.
WXYC will broadcast the
play-by-play off. the women's
basketball game in Athens,
Ga., live at 7:20 p.m.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright The Daily Tar Heel 1933
Volume 91, Issue
Friday, March 18, 1933
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
NewsSports Arts 962-0245
BusinessAdvertising 962-1163 ,
By JOSEPH BERRYIflLL
While UNC students prepared to leave Chapel
Hill for Spring Break Friday, March 4, 73 high
school seniors received the news that they would be
attending UNC next fall with a Morehead Scholar
ship. The Morehead Awards provide all-expense-paid
undergraduate educations at UNC, and are worth
approximately $25,000 to in-state residents. Out-of-state
residents receive $25,000 and the John Motley
Morehead Foundation pays the tuition difference.
The 73 recipients were selected from 131 final
candidates for the awards. The selection process
began last August and is different for in-state and
out-of-state students, said Mebane Pritchett, execu
tive director for the Morehead Foundation.
High school seniors in North Carolina are nom
inated by their schools for the award, Pritchett said.
There is no set number of candidates any school can
nominate; each school may nominate those can
didates "who are realistically potential Morehead
scholars," Pritchett said.
At this stage in the selection process, there may be
1,000 candidates for the awards, but county com
mittees then select 25 candidates for each of 10 re
gions in the competition.
Seven candidates are selected from each region
for the final competition held at the University in
Out-of-state students are selected from 37 inde
pendent schools that have been "screened and
selected through the years," Pritchett said. Many of
the schools are boarding schools that can attract stu
dents from all over the country, he added.
"We go straight to some of the best (out-of-state)
schools that would send us some of the best scholar
type leaders we are looking for," Pritchett said.
Each of the 37 schools can nominate one or two
students for a total of 61 out-of-state candidates for
the awards. '
The Morehead Awards were established in 1945
by John Motley Morehead, a UNC alumnus who
rose to prominence as an executive with the Union
The awards are patterned after the Rhodes scho
larship, Pritchett said. Candidates for the awards
should display four characteristics: leadership,
character, academic ability and physical vigor, Prit
chett said. ,
The awards program serves two purposes, Prit
chett said. While the scholarship is intended to
award and improve the individual while at UNC, it
is also expected that the scholars will represent the
University well after they graduate, he said.
After graduation, the scholars should have the
abilities "to assist the University; as alumni and
make contributions to society in whatever fields or
practice they go into," Pritchett said.
Pritchett also said that Morehead candidates are
not judged on the basis of their intended majors,
but he added that approximately half the Morehead
scholars eventually go to professional schools to
study subjects such as law or medicine.
Morehead scholars actually receive little special
attention while at the University, Pritchett said.
"They are students just like any other students,"
he said, adding that the Morehead Foundation pays
the scholars their stipends but leaves it to them to
pay their tuition.
But the Morehead Foundation does offer advice
and counseling to Morehead Scholars and has
several social functions which allow Morehead scho
lars to interact, Pritchett said.
"We encourage them to at least get to know the
others," he said.
The funds for the Morehead Foundation are con
trolled by its board of trustees, who invest the exist
ing capital each year and use the income to support
the program, Pritchett said.
' The funding is not limited to supporting the
Morehead Scholars' classroom education. More
head Scholars are also offered eight- to 12-week in
ternships each summer, and present Morehead
Scholars agree that the internship program is the
biggest advantage of having the scholarship.
"The real advantage I see is the summer intern
ships, in that they provide you with an education
outside of the classroom," said Hunter Hoover, a
junior Morehead Scholar from High Point who is
Student Attorney General at UNC.
Most Morehead Scholars also agree that they are
not treated any differently from other students at
the University. In fact, most professors do not
know that their students are Morehead Scholars,
several scholars said.
"Mostly, professors don't know (which students
are Moreheads)," said sophomore John Everett, a
Morehead Scholar from New York City. "There's
no reason for them to know."
Several Morehead Scholars disagreed somewhat
on the effect the scholarship had on relationships
"It's something you don't really talk about on
the whole," said Jon Reckford, a junior Morehead
Scholar from Chapel Hill.
But senior Jennifer Cresimore from Raleigh said
having the scholarship brought respect.
"When people- find out you're a Morehead, they
See MOREHEAD on page 2
goes to UNC
By SUSAN SULLIVAN
Gov. Jim Hunt spoke at a press con
ference at the Hotel Europa Thursday
when UNC received a five-year,
$1,125,000 grant from the Cystic Fibrosis
Foundation to conduct research into the
cause of cystic fibrosis.
Dr. Stuart Bondurant, the dean of the
School of Medicine, accepted the check
from Robert Dressing, the national presi
dent of the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation.
Hunt said of the grant, "I could not be
more confident that when you look back
on this investment in five years, you will
find it was money well spent."
Philip Bromberg, Ph.D., and Richard
Boucher Jr.; M.D., are the leaders of the":
research team that last year discovered a
clue to the reason for the thick mucus
which clogs the lungs of people who suffer
from cystic fibrosis.
Bromberg said that although the check
had been symbolically presented Thurs
day, research had already begun in De
cember of 1982. "We have exciting new
ideas and techniques about the nature of
the disease and how to study it," he said.
Cystic fibrosis is the No. 1 genetic
disease that kills children today in the
United States. Approximately half of all
children born with it will die before they
reach the age of 21. And one out of every
20 Americans are symptomless carriers of
the gene that causes cystic fibrosis.
There are two early symptoms of cystic
fibrosis: overly salty sweat and overly thick
mucus secretions. The UNC Cystic Fi
brosis Research Team discovered that the
voltage across cells in the nose and lungs is
much higher in cystic fibrosis patients than
in healthy people, Bromberg said. He said
that it is "possible to lower the voltage by
dripping a drug called amiloride onto the
Bromberg said that some of the goals of
the research team are to continue to study
the voltage test and to search for other
tests of cystic fibrosis and to explore the
possibility that amiloride or a similar drug
can be used to treat cystic fibrosis.
UNC is one of 33 institutions that ap
plied for the research grant, according to
Dressing, and the University was among
the first to receive funding, by a
"Our long-range goal is to establish a
network, nationwide, of research centers
like this," Dressing said.
See GRANT on page 2
) 'i I
:;-.:.:.'-::::-X : :-'
A Southern Cross
Mike Cross performed to a sell-out crowd Thursday night in Memorial Hall, celebrating St. Patrick's
Day with his fiddle, guitar and homespun humor. Cross tours the country playing 12-string bot
tleneck blues, Irish jigs and old-time mountain fiddle tunes.
N.C. educators aim for better teachers by '88
By CHERYL ANDERSON ;
North Carolina will have more competent and effec
tive teachers by 1933 at least that is the aim of the
UNC Board of Governors and the North Carolina
.Board of Educators. The BOG endorsed a proposal Fri
day by the state board that will require freshmen enter
ing North Carolina colleges and universities in fall 1983
to pass an examination by the end of their sophomore
year before being accepted into that school's education
The resolution involves a framework for the Quality
Assurance Program, which is intended to upgrade the
qualifications of those persons seeking teacher certifica
tion in North Carolina's public schools. The standards
apply to each of the schools in the 16-campus UNC
system as well as the private institutions in the state.
UNC System President William C. Friday said that
passage of the resolution is an effort to develop a
teaching program that will be in a category with legal
and medical professors.
"I'm all for it. I think it's a good change," Friday
said. "It'll certainly improve the teaching profession."
William Burke, director of teacher education at the
University, said he thought that standards for the
teaching profession needed to be increased across the
state in terms of who is admitted to teacher education
programs and who is certified to teach.
"We know how to get quality people in the
classrooms," Burke said, "but my concern is keeping
quality people in the classrooms," an area the Quality
Assurance Program does not include.
The program requires students to pass an entrance ex
amination by the end of their sophomore year before be
ing admitted to teacher preparation programs by assess
ing basic general study skills, like general math, said
Donald Stedman, associate vice president of academic
affairs at the University.
Burke said the test, which probably will include ques
tions from the National Teacher Examination (NTE),
would not hinder any students from entering the teacher
"In the last five to six years we've only found two
students one in 1978 and one in 1976 of 1,000 (ap
plicants each year) who would not have passed the test,"
At the end of their senior year students will take-a se
cond test, a comprehensive exam similar to those taken
by nursing and accounting students before entering their
professions, to determine which subjects they will teach,
said F.P. Bodenheimer, chairman of the BOG planning
commission. Prospective teachers would then seek a job
and be evaluated as to their eligibility for certification.
Burke said the program will eliminate the bottom pool
of possible applicants to the teacher education program.
"If we can't replace them with those at the top of the
pool in terms of academic standing, we will very quickly
find ourselves facing a shortage of . teachers in the
classrooms." This would eventually force the use of un
qualified teachers, a problem North Carolina faced in
the 1950s and 1960s, he said.
William C. Friday
"We need to make the teaching profession more at
tractive," Burke said, suggesting upgrading classrooms
and offering merit pay. The pay scale is now based on
seniority and the type of degree the teacher has. Burke
disagrees with the present system. If a teacher is influen-.
tial in helping children to learn more, that teacher may
deserve to be paid more, he said. Possibilities of such a
system are currently being evaluated.
ncrease in rent
By LISA PULLEN
A proposal to increase residence hall
room rents by 18 percent for the 1983-84
year was approved Thursday by the Hous
ing Advisory Board.
The proposed increase was announced
in a meeting Wednesday night by Jody
Harpster, acting director of University
In a prepared statement, Harpster attri
buted the increase to rising costs, declining
interest income and housing expenditures
exceeding rents for the past several years.
University housing is self-sufficient and
receives no state funds, except for two
housing officials' salaries.
In order to have revenues equal ex
penses, a 35.6 percent jent increase would .
be heeded next year, according to the
statement. Major reductions in the hous
ing budget were made to hold the increase
to 18 percent, Harpster stated in the
report. The cuts totalling $885,000
were made in the areas of lounge renova
tions, major building repairs, and pur
chase of motor vehicles, the statement
Another rent increase of the same mag
nitude will be needed in the 1984-85 year,
Harpster stated in the report. University
housing has agreed to allow students to
withdraw housing contracts without penal
ty when the increase becomes official,
Residence Hall Association President
Mark Dalton said Thursday.
"I think the increase is definitely justi
fied," Dalton said.J'The increase is half of
what it could be. We're getting a good
deal?' " ;
Dalton said he hoped residence area
governments would use their enhancement
funds to pay for the building renovations
cut from the University housing budget.
Approximately $67,000 will be available
. for enhancement funds next year, he said.
The rent for a double room in a Group I
residence hall will be $419 per semester for
the 1983-84 year. Now the rent for a dou
ble room there is $355 per semester. Group
I dormitories include Alexander, Aycock,
Carr, Everett, Grimes, Lewis, Old East,
Old West and Ruffin.
A double in- a Group II building will
(icost-$445 per semester next year. The prer
sent rate for that room is $377 per
semester. Group II dorms include Avery,
Connor, Craige, Ehringhaus, Hinton
James, Joyner, Mangum, Manly, Mor
rison, Parker, Teague, Whitehead and
A Group III double will cost $486 per
semester in 1983-84. The present rate for a
Group III double room is $412. Group III
dorms are Alderman, Cobb, Graham,
Kenan, Mclver, Spencer and Stacy.
Rates are also slated to increase about
27 percent in Odum Village. A two
bedroom unfurnished apartment there
which now costs $158 per month will cost
$205 per month in the 1983-84 year.
enate decides against
ijuclear freeze proposal
The Associated Press
RALEIGH A nuclear weapons
freeze resolution was rejected Thursday by
the North Carolina Senate as Lt. Gov.
Jimmy Green cast tie-breaking votes to
water down and kill the resolution.
; Green, voting for the first time in his
nearly seven years as Senate president,
broke a 24-24 tie by favoring an amend
ment to change the freeze resolution to the
point that even its sponsors opposed it.
After the amended version was tabled,
Green broke another 24-24 tie, voting
against reconsidering the issue in a parlia
mentary maneuver, effectively guarantee
ing the measure won't be brought up again
Thursday's action leaves the General
Assembly divided on the nuclear freeze
question. The state House of Representa
tives already has approved a separate
freeze resolution, which did not require
"I'm very disappointed with the Senate
action," said Rep. Parks Helms, D-Meck-lenburg,
sponsor of the House resolution.
"But at least the issue has raised the con
sciousness of the General Assembly and
has served a useful purpose."
Sen. Gerry Hancock, D-Durham, spon
sor of the Senate resolution, admitted
defeat but hinted he would try again in
subsequent legislative sessions.
"The debate on this is far from over,"
he said in an interview. "It will continue in
the General Assembly, in Congress and
elsewhere until the political leaders of the
state and nation understand that the peo
ple want a sane nuclear weapons policy."
The joint resolution originally was iden
tical to the separate House resolution,
which called on President Reagan and
Congress to negotiate a bilateral, verifiable
freeze on nuclear weapons production. In
a concession to potential opponents, Han
cock agreed to an amendment recom
mending . "on-site verification when
necessary and appropriate."-
But Sen. Harold Hardison, D-Lenoir,
introduced an amendment that, when
passed, effectively doomed the resolution.
It deleted the crucial adjectives "bilateral"
and "verifiable" in the body of the resolu
tion. Hancock fought the amendment, saying
that with it the resolution would "be re
questing the President of the United States
to negotiate a freeze that can't be verified.
"The real purpose of this amendment is
to make the resolution unworkable, unten
able and to kill it," said Hancock.
Hardison, a leading opponent of the
freeze resolution, countered that his
amendment actually strengthened it.
"I as much as anyone in this world want
a nuclear freeze, but I do not agree with
the approach this resolution takes," he
said. "We must not negotiate from a
The Senate split evenly on the amend
ment, and Green cast his yes vote without
Sen. Dennis Winner, D-Buncombe,
moved to table the amended resolution,
saying its original intent had been
distorted. The Senate agreed, 25-23.
Sen. Julian Allsbrook, D-Halifax, then
invoked a parliamentary maneuver called a
"clincher," moving that the vote to table
the amendment resolution be reconsi
dered. Green broke a 24-24 tie by voting
against the motion.
Under Senate rules, once a vote to re
consider is rejected, a two-thirds majority
is needed to bring up the issue again. Han
cock acknowledged he didn't have that
many votes, though he insisted that had
there been a vote on the original resolution
28 senators a majority would have,
supported it. A two-thirds majority of the
50-member Senate is 34 votes.
"It's eloquent testimony that the only
way opponents of this resolution could
defeat it was to resort to parliamentary
tactics," Hancock said.
He said a number of senators who had
agreed to support the original resolution
preferred not to vote at all and avoided it
by siding with the Hardison amendment.
Hancock said he wasn't surprised by
See FREEZE on page 2