1983 Academy Awards
see Weekend, page 5
Battle of the NCAA
see Sports, page 7
On 'n' off
Variable cloudiness with a 30
percent chance of rain. Highs
in the 70s, low about 50.
Copyright The Daily Tar Heel 1983
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
As you tike it
Thou seest we are not all
This wide and universal
Presents more woeful
pageants than the scene
Wherein we play in.
Volume Issue 2 V V
eager to take
wallc in space
The Associated Press .
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. Now
comes the fun part of Challenger's first"
flight: a three-and-a-half hour excursion
into the open cargo bay today during
which two astronauts may "kind of hop
straight up" to see what's flapping loose on
the ship's tail.
So eager was mission specialist Story
Musgrave to get on with the dress rehearsal
for the walk he'll take with Don Peterson
that he began checking out their space
suits five-and-a-half hours ahead of
At White Sands, N.M., meanwhile,
engineers firmed up plans to correct the
orbit of the huge communications satellite
that went astray after being ejected from
Challenger on Monday. They ran into
trouble with the errant satellite again
and got out of it, again.
Paul Wcitz, the Challenger's, com
mander, asked Mission Control "how the
old TORS is doing." TORS stands for
Tracking and Data Relay Satellite.
"Everything is positive," said Roy
Bridges in Houston. "All the TORS ex
perts think they have a good bird. The
whole plan will require 10 days to two
weeks . to complete ... We won't know
the end of the story until you guys get
'TUsoT&t midkfemooi) Weitz asked Jo
talk with a doctor on the ground, the first
such request of the flight. There was no in
dication of which astronaut wanted the
conference or why. Under new rules
adopted by the National Aeronautics and
Space Administration, details of such con
ferences will be made public only if it has
an effect on the mission.
Challenger, of course, has a doctor on
board in Musgrave, a surgeon. .
The astronauts' practice session in
volved putting on the bulky space suits and
pressurizing the airlock everything short
of actually leaving the spaceship.
The purpose was to pinpoint any prob
lems in advance. Oh the last flight of Col
umbia, problems with both space suits
were discovered hours before the astro
nauts were to make their space walk. The
exercise was canceled. ;
Without an airtight, oxygen-equipped
suit, an astronaut would die instantly in
the vacuum of space. '. .
Daiing today's excursion, the pair are to
test the suits and tools and techniques for
servicing and repairing satellites on future
shuttle missions. It will be the first space
walk by Americans jn nine years.
See SHUTTLE on page 2
Thursday, April 7, 1983
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
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DTHChartes W. Ledford
Angela Pittman, a sophomore from Rocky Mount, models the
latest in swimwear at the fashion show Wednesday night in the
Great Hall. The show was sponsored by the Union Special Pro
Chapel Hillhigh school students influenced by UNC
By TOM CONLON
For students growing up in Chapel Hill, the University is
worlds apart from the local high school. But many Chapel Hill
natives say the University's academic influences have improved
the schools in the community. .
"Being a student at Chapel Hill High School is nothing," said
David Fortney, a UNC freshman mathematics major who grew
up in Chapel Hill.
We have state championship athletic teams, but no . one
comes to the games. Carolina sports have traditionally attracted
more attention in town, so we have never been a town where the
high school is the main activity in the community," he said.
Because the high school is located in a college town, the high
school's academic quality and student quality are enriched,
Fortney said. ; ( r
"Our eighth and ninth grade teachers took us to Wilson
Library and taught us how to use the library resources," he said."
'Since then, we were expected to use them (library resources) in
term papers. I don't think high schools elsewhere would get that
opportunity, and it improved our high school's quality of ;
Fortney said that humanities and Shakespeare festivals were
common in high school because of the proximity of the school
to the University. !;
David Rust, a ninth grader at Phillips Junior High School in
Chapel Hill, said the University has brought a new culture to the
South and has made Chapel Hill an intellectual community.
"The University's presence has provided a much better
education schools system here and students are more motivated
to study," he said. "Many of the students are children of facul
ty and are more likely to be better students." '
Rust's father is an English professor.
Joan Clifford, a 10th grader at Chapel Hill High School, said
the University influences the students not only academically but
"I think the University's presence makes some of the students
grow up faster," she said. "With fraternity parties and bars in
the area, high school students see what university students do
and try to imitate them."
Kathy Merkel, a UNC
sophomore industrial rela
tions major, had similar ex-
periences while growing up
in Chapel Hill. j
"I had a lot of older ,
brothers and sisters at UNC,
so as a senior in high school .
I did a lot with them," she I
said. "I went to a few bars !
and fraternity parties; with
them because that was part t
of the community life."
For students who grew up
in Chapel Hill, attending the
University did not require
any major adjustments,
oviet u nion is
o nave new. cr
The Associated Press
WASHINGTON The Soviet Union ,
has developed a long-range land attack
cruise missile which it may deploy on
mobile launchers as a fresh threat to
Western Europe, U.S. intelligence sources
The missile, designated by intelligence
officials as the SSCX-4, is said to have a
range of nearly 1,900 miles, more than the
American cruise, the GLCM, scheduled
for deployment in Europe late this year.
U.S. reconnaissance satellites recently
detected what analysts believe a possible
mobile launcher for the SSCX-4 at a test
center in the Soviet Union. It was
described as a wheeled tractor-trailer vehi
cle big enough to launch four missiles.
Intelligence analysts, speaking only on
condition that they remain anonymous,
said the Soviets might be able to move
such missiles around quickly over long
distances and that they could bring
most key targets in Western Europe within
their range if they were deployed in
Eastern European countries belonging to
the Soviet-led Warsaw Pact. "
By CHERYL ANDERSON
Staff Writer "" '
There was no prediction as to when the
new Soviet cruise missile might become
If the U.S. intelligence assessments
prove to be accurate, those missiles would
add to the perceived threat to Western
Europe represented by the intermediate
range missiles such as the SS-20, which
carries three nuclear warheads, has a range
of more than 3,100 miles and can hit
Western Europe from well inside the
Nothing official on the SSCX-4 has ap
peared in Pentagon reports, although the
recent Soviet Military Power publication
spoke cryptically of "development of a
series of long-range cruise missiles intend
ed for ground, air and sea-launch plat
forms." That publication indicated a belief that
the air-launched version will be carried by
older Soviet bombers as well as the Black
jack now under development.
Based on available information, it ap
pears that the reported new Soviet ground
launched SSCX-4 may be a counterpart to
the U.S. GLCM, although the American
weapon has a shorter range.
. TTie United States, with the official
backing of the NATO alliance but opposi
tion from peace groups in Western
Europe, plans to deploy 464 GLCMs and
108 Pershing 2 ballistic missiles in allied
countries starting late this year.
President Reagan, in a retreat from his
original call for a mutual ban of European
missiles, recently offered to cut back on
that deployment if the Soviets will disman
tle "a proportionate part of its arsenal. The
Soviets have balked at that, saying it still
would leave the West with a huge advan
tage because British and French missiles,
as well as weapons launched from sub
marines and aircraft, would not be af
fected. The United States and NATO contend
that the deployment of the 572 GLCMs
and Pershings is essential to counter the
threat from SS-20s and some older
intermediate-range Soviet ballistic missiles,
It takes a cruise much longer to reacn
targets than ballistic missiles, which travel
many times faster than sound. There is no
effective way, for now, to stop a ballistic
missile, even though its flight is more easily
. schools in the state which .need to be rebt,,pr.w1ios curjicula,
v " need to be expanded;he4 Said. , .......
RALEIGH Jobs and education are the most critical issues
facing North Carolina, said Mayor Edward "Eddie" Knox of
Charlotte, as he traveled around the state Wednesday announcing
his candidacy as a Democrat for governor.
"I want to be known as a governor who involves all the
people," said Knox to a crowd of more than 175, including all of
Mecklenburg County's senators and representatives and those of
29 other counties, at the Hilton Inn on Hillsborough Street. Con
nie Dickson King, part-time faculty member at Central Piedmont
Community College in Charlotte, interpreted the 40-minute
speech into sign language.
A native of Davidson, near Charlotte, Knox said if he is elected
"getting jobs will be the guiding star of our administration."
State government must be the facilitator working with educators
and government officials to find, create and upgrade new jobs, he
One way to create jobs is to bring new industries into the state,
he said. Building better major roads in the state and training col
lege students will help draw industries to North Carolina, Knox
Seventy-five percent of the state budget is spent on education,
Knox said to an enthusiastic crowd. Although Gov. Jim Hunt has
done a good job in the area of educati6riV?there are still many
"We have a big job in education," said Knox, who is serving
his second term as mayor of the state's largest city.
Knox admitted he did not possess all the answers to all of North
Carolina's problems. But there are many leaders and educators
who can help make decisions toward the solutions, he said. "Only
then, when the parts come together do
we build up the whole."
Knox spoke to crowds of about 100
people in each of the seven cities he
visited and is only the second person to
officially announce his candidacy for
governor. Former Superior Court
Judge Lacy H. Thornburg of Sylva an
nounced his candidacy in March.
Knox, 46, graduated from North
Carolina State University and later re
ceived a law degree at Wake Forest
University. He has practiced law in
Charlotte, was a state senator from
1971 to 1974 and has served on several state committees, including
the North Carolina Advisory Budget Commission and the
Alcoholic Control Board.
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Mock UN tackles world problems
"The freshman orienta
tion party was more like a
high school party," she said. "A good many of us maybe 100
went to UNC. We knew the area and the campus and fit right
in. Campus life is different in itself, but when you see old high
school friends on campus you feel the closeness of growing up
here." : r.V ' ; ' '
Most of the Chapel Hill students who attend UNC live in
campus dorms or fraternity houses for a change of pace, she
said. '" '"
"In my graduating class, about 70 of 400 came to UNC," he
said. "I'd say we also had an equal number of students who
went out of state." ' ' '. ' .
Rust said he felt that most students wanted to leave Chapel
Hill after graduation but that all students had a better idea of '
what college was like since they grew up here.
"The exposure to the University motivates kids to go to col
lege," he said. "That's good for our community."
By HEIDI OWEN
UNC students who dream of someday,
being diplomats in the United Nations
can participate in the next best thing to
being there through an organization on
the UNC campus.
The Model UN Club, which consists of
25 members, is a University-recognized
student organization that participates
with other universities in conferences
simulating United Nations deliberations;
The group prepares for the conferences at
its. weekly meetings by researching the
country the club will represent . and
reading accounts of United Nations'
meetings, said Adrienne Meddock, head
delegate of the club.
At the conferences, similar clubs from
universities across the United States and
Cdnada deal with the economic, defense
and political issues of the countries
represented as realistically as possible,
"The members of the team actually
deal with situations as real delegates
would," she said. "They defend the in
terests of their country, write resolutions
and negotiate terms just like the United
- Last weekend, six members of UNC's
Model UN went to New York City to par
ticipate in the National Conference of the
Model UN. The conference was held at
the United Nations building, and had
students representing 155 countries, Med
dock said. ;
? UNC has come away with honors from
the conferences more than once this year.
At one conference at Princeton Universi
ty in February, Meddock was named best
delegate to the security council. At the
University of Pennsylvania conference in
November, UNC junior Charlie Madison
captured the title of best delegate to the
security council and the UNC delegation
was named first runner-up out of a field
of 80 clubs.
Model UNC members are informed
about two months in advance of a con
ference as to what country they will repre
sent, Meddock said. The UNC club
represented Angola at the national con
ference. In the past, the club has repre
sented Togo, the Netherlands, Nicaragua
and the United Arab Emirates.
But the highlight of the year for club
members is not participating in a con
ference, but sponsoring a conference for
high school students every November,
said UNC Model UN Club President
Patricia Wallace. Known as the UNC
Model UN Conference, it consists of two
days of similated debate among approxi
mately 20 high schools from three states,
'.'There are many high schools . in
terested in doing such studies of countries
and UNC's conferences give them a
chance to practice their skills," she said.
The club also raises approximately
$1,000 each year to'cover travel expenses
and delegate fees to attend three or four
conferences a year, Wallace said.
The club was begun in 1979 by Claudio
Cioffi-Revilla, a former political science
professor. He chose four students from
the 40 who applied to serve as charter
members of the club, said charter
member and UNC law student Dan Fitz.
Members spent the first year of the
club's existence learning about the or
ganization and participating in two small
conferences at UNC-Greensboro and
East Carolina University, Fitz said. The
next year, the Model UN Club grew to 10
members, and in 1981 the high school
conference became an annual event, he
Fitz said most Americans do not pay
attention to international affairs. "The
Model UN is helpful in a university com
munity, allowing students to understand
the parameters and relationships of coun
tries," he sai1..