4 A f ;
High in the upper 60s. Partly
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Copyright The Daily Tar Heel 1S33
Filmmaker Les Blank lec
tures on film today at 2 p.m.
in the Union Auditorium as
part of the Fine Arts Festival.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume jl Issue jf l
Monday, April 11, 1983
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
oxic waste bill
By JAMES STEPHENS
RALEIGH The House Committee
on Water and Air Resources has become a
dumping ground this legislative session for
bills on hazardous waste management.
The latest addition has been introduced
at the request of Gov. Jim Hunt to
challenge a bill already in the committee
that, if passed, would give North Carolina
the strictest laws in the country to regulate
The administration's bill opposes
legislation introduced by Rep. Josephus
Mavretic, D-Edgecomb, that seeks to pro
hibit the burying of PCBs and 11 other
categories of waste in North Carolina.
Hunt's bill, introduced by Rep. William
E. Clark, D-Cumberland, would prohibit
the burial of ignitables, reactives and cor
rosives in a landfill but would allow the
disposal of other substances in chemical
landfills if concentrations are within
prescribed federal standards.
Although Mavretic' s bill prohibits the
burial of hazardous wastes, it allows for
the bypass of regulations through a
variance procedure. Under a variance, a
permit to buy a chemical listed in the 12
categories could be obtained by proving to
the Waste Management Board that the
disposal could be safely accomplished. The
burden of proof would be placed on the
disposer to prove that his dump would
adequately ensure the preservation of
Mavretic said the variance procedure is
fair to hazardous, waste generators. It
acknowledges that there are some cases in
which technology would permit - some
wastes to be disposed, Mavretic said.
The variance procedure would involve
examining the waste disposal plan from a
technical as well as a public perspective,
Mavretic said. The latter would involve
public hearings in which those involved
from industry ' and local immunities
could express themselves about the pro
posed landfill, Mavretic said.
Critics of the variance procedure argue
that the bill would create a law and at the
same time provide ways of getting around
Glenn Dunn, attorney for the Solid and
Hazardous Waste Management Branch,
said that the Mavretic bill was a "back
ward'! way of administrating laws.
"When you set rules you assume the
rules are correct," Dunn said. The
variance proceedings, Dunn said, "set up
the stage for uneven adrninistration and
for political considerations."
The administration-backed bill will
regulate waste disposal by requiring the
concentration of the waste in the dump site
to meet federal standards. "
Mavretic said that the concentration of
regulations in the administration's bill will
become a "my-scientist-against-your-scientist"
argument. Mavretic said that
such an argument is usually settled in favor
North Carolina should have laws which
emphasize alternatives to landfills for
disposing of hazardous wastes, Mavretic
said. , '
"The landfill is one of the cheapest op
tions (for disposing of hazardous wastes)
in the short run," Mavretic said. "But the
evidence is that landfills will ultimately
leak. Later costs will make it the most ex
pensive." Mavretic said that the burial of
hazardous wastes is generally poor
management because of the uncertainties
of the compounds being disposed.
"When you plant apples, you know
what you're going to get," says Mavretic.
"You get apples. But when you plant
hazardous wastes, you don't know what's
going to happen."
For this reason, . Mavretic said,
hazardous wastes should be kept above
ground where they can be monitored
unless it is clear that they pose ho health
Despite the greater number of pro
hibited substances in Mavretic' s bill, Said .
Dunn, the two bills are essentially the
same. The difference is in the application
of the laws, he said.
Bill Holman, a lobbyist for the Sierra
Cub, said his organization is critical of the
"Essentially it is a ban that isn't a ban,"
Holman said. "At least with (the acf
rninistration's bill) the implementation of
policy would be consistent."
Mavretic sparked controversy two
weeks ago when he charged that Lucy
. Bode, director for the Deputy Secretary of
the N.C. Department of Human
Resources, and Dr. Linda Little, executive
director of the N.C. Waste Management
JJairjd,-'met. privately with representatives '
of major generators of hazardous waste in
North Carolina. Mavretic said in a March
23 news release that the two met with the
representatives to discuss counter
proposals to his bill.
Bode denied the charge, saying that she
and Little were only briefing industrial
representatives with the contents of the ad
Mavretic said that, representatives
should have aired their opinions at the;
several public hearings already held on the -legislation.
"The legislative branch shouldn't go to
the people that we're regulating,"
Other bills in the committee governing
the distance between landfills and a bill in
the Senate seeking to ban landfills from
areas with water levels of 30 feet are being
held up until there is a resolution of
Mavretic's and Clark's bills.
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North Carolina's Pete Voelkel brings ball out from behind the Hopkins goal in Saturday's match on Fetzer Field
... senior midfielder scored three goals in UNC's 14-13 win. including the game-winner in sudden death OT
Tar Heels over E
.opkms m sudden death
J3y --MIKE DESISTli
For Muhammad Ali, there was the 1974 knockout
over George Foreman in Zaire, and the seven years
of self-proclaimed kingship that followed. For the
Los Angeles Dodgers, there were the last three games
of the 1981 World Series and the championship rings.
And for the North Carolina lacrosse team, there was'
Johns Hopkins - and sudden death overtime.
After a week of speculation around Chapel Hill on
what seemed to be the problem and could they really
win this next one, the Tar Heels proved there is life ",
after a loss with a 14-13, what-ever-happened-to-blowouts,
almost-anything-goes squeaker Saturday
over the second-ranked Blue Jays before a crowd of
. 8,000 the largest ever for a lacrosse match in the
state on Fetzer Field.
Just seven days earlier it was a No. 7 Maryland
team that sent the distress signals screaming out from
College Park with an 11-9 upset over the two-time
; defending national champions, the Tar Heels second
loss of the then-still young, but quickly getting old
season, threatening to spoil the party awaited by the
.coUegiateJacrosse,woiMincethespri before... ...
So much for pre-'garrie' hyper It was tremendous.
But the match itself wasn't. It was incredible.
And after nearly an hour of tendon-tearing,
marrow-mulching play on a plot of land that looked
more like a glorified rice paddy than a field, the score
knotted at 13-13, an official positioned near where
the goal line extended would have met, the side line
came running in toward the mass of bodies sprawled
on the ground in front of the net, his arms upraised,
This resulted in a joyous dance by those with
"Hopkins" printed across the front of their jerseys.
Which resulted in a parade of protest from the rest of
the muddied warriors. Which, with 0:14 left to play
in the game, resulted in what appeared to be a Johns
Hopkins victory and another nail in the 1983 North
But there was another official, previously posi
tioned directly opposite the first except some yards
back towards the midfield, who was running into the
middle of the mess. And he didn't have his arms in
the air. -
After a 30-second conference attended by some
uninvited guests with sticks in hand, helmets on head
both of ficiais were . waving ..their, arms in,.unison. .
Then the dancers and protestors switched uniforms.
The officials had ruled that there was no Johns
Hopkins goal, that there had been a Blue Jay player
in the crease when the shot was taken, that, barring
another miracle, there would be sudden death over
time. , ' ' v : ' .
Nearly eight' minutes, two overtime periods,
.maybe one breath and a Pete Voelkel whistler from
the right flank with three ticks on the clock later, it
was over. North Carolina by a goal. Insanity time.
"It was a terrible call," Blue Jay coach Henry Cic
carone Sr. said of the decision which ultimately
decided the game for his team. "You don't bring in a
guy from the midfield line to say whether a man was
in the crease or not. If it had been earlier in the game,
he wouldn't have made the call. Bet you a million
, Tar Heel coach Willie Scroggs: "I thought there
were about 17 seconds left in the game and we were
down a goal, that's what I thought. A call like that
two quarters earlier and it's nothing. A call like that
at the end of the game and it's a big call."
See LACROSSE on page 5
Snoring could r
By MICHELLE OIRISTENBURY
" Staff Writer
The fluorescent glow of the digital clock indicates it's 3:30 a.m.
Outside the apartment, only the occasional passing of a car is -heard.
But, the room is not silent.
Lying there, thinking about the 8 a.m. midterm that awaits in
Carroll 106 just four hours and 22 minutes away, anxiety rises. All
you can think is how sleepy you are and how the loud, recurrent
snoring of your roommate is keeping you awake.
Don't laugh. Dr. Paul W. Biggers, an ear, nose and throat
specialist at N.C. "Memorial Hospital, said the problem of
sleepless nights because of a snoring partner is a common com
plaint among his patients.
Spouses occasionally bring tape recordings to his office to
prove to their partners that they really do snore. "It becomes a
desperate situation when you begin losing sleep," Biggers said.
"It can even cause a very strained relationship."
"I felt like killing my roommate sometimes in the middle of the
night," Meg Church, a junior from Hickory, said about a former
roommate. "I'd just lie there listening to the rhythm of the snor
ing. And if she'd stop one minute, she'd start back snoring the
Snoring is a sound produced either when air taken in through
the mouth causes the soft palate at the back of the mouth to
vibrate, or when the tongue falls back in the mouth during
breathing. Consequently, sleeping on the back facilitates snoring.
When children snore, it is usually because of enlarged tonsils or
adenoids, said Dr. Duncan Postma, an ear, nose and throat
specialist at NCMH. Removing the enlarged organs, that can
cause tonsillitis, usually eliminates the snoring. ' .
But the snoring that often occurs in middle-aged men can
originate from excessive weight gain, which causes part of the up
per airway to be cut off during sleep. Often simply losing the extra
pounds will correct the snoring, Postma said.
Surgery is sometimes necessary to correct snoring caused by a
crooked nose, which constricts airflow, or other organic prob
lems. '.'..'' . :,v
Extreme cases of snoring are sometimes related to Sleep Apnea
Syndrome, a condition in which breathing stops at different
points during sleep. Symptoms of the disorder include bud snor
ing, excessive sleepiness and morning headaches.
David Sheridan, a graduate student from Charlotte, said his
f-,l 'U .
. ' , OTHCharles W. Ledford
Catching z's isn't always easy when your roommate's snoring keeps you up all night
many causes of snoring may be cured with medical treatment, or simply loss of weight
roommate's snoring was like a growling wild animal. "It's loud
and it's constant," Sheridan said. "But, he never realizes it. He
asks me in the mornings if he shored last night."
It's no wonder Sheridan's roommate isn't aware of his own
snoring ' he sleeps with earplugs to drown out background
noise, and with a pillow over his eyes to block out excess light.
"He goes to bed first, and it seems like as soon as I lie down he
starts snoring," Sheridan said.
"I first started clearing my throat real loud, but that didn't
work because of the earplugs," he said. "Then, I tried shining a
light in his eyes, but that didn't work because of the pillow."
Sheridan solved the problem by keeping a yardstick beside him
on the upper bunk, which he uses periodically to jiggle his
roomate out of deep sleep.
Sheridan's solution was similar to the one advice columnist
Ann Landers suggested recently in a telephone interview.
"Don't hit, but tap your snoring partner on the shoulder and
gently roll them over," Landers said. "Or sew tennis or pingpong
balls in a little pocket on the back of their PJ's. This will keep
them from sleeping oh their backs." " ,
Landers said that out of the thousand pieces of mail she
receives each day, she has concluded that snoring is a large prob
. lem. ...... ''' .,
The topic of snoring often comes up in conversations among
friends, said Barbara Olin, Landers' secretary.
"Snoring is often a contributing factor that makes older, mar
ried couples take separate bedrooms," Olin said. "Usually, if you
push the fact with them, you'll find one of them is a snorer," she
sm See SNORE on page 2
Prices go up as gas
tax goes into effect
By SUZANNE EVANS
The 5-cents-a-gallon federal gasoline tax imposed on April 1
has resulted in higher gas prices in the Chapel Hill-Carrboro
area, according to the results of a survey of 12 local gas stations.
The average price of a gallon of regular gas at self-service
pumps has risen from $1.06 in February to $1.11 in April, and
the average price of a gallon of unleaded gasoline has risen from
$1.15 to $1.18. Premium gas prices have risen the most during
the two month period, jumping from $1.22 to $1.28 a gallon.
When the U.S. Senate passed the gas tax bill on Dec. 23,
1982, prices were expected to rise, but not by the entire 5 cents.
Oil companies were expected to absorb part of the cost through
Some gas stations in Chapel Hill raised their prices im
mediately before the tax went into effect. Harold Combs, assis
tant manager of West Franklin Street Gulf, said that his station
raised its prices, but not because of the tax.
, "We raised our prices by 2 cents the same day the tax increase
went into effect," Combs said. "But gas prices usually increase
when the warm weather is here because people travel a lot
Managers of local gas stations said they expected prices to rise
soon but they said they were not sure how much.
Sonny Reinhardt, an employee of McFarling's Exxon on
Franklin Street, said he can't predict the trend in future gas
"We just go by what Exxon tells us, and they said they would
adjust their prices to the competition," he said.
Frank Holloway of Eastgate Amoco near Eastgate Shopping
Center, said he also expects prices to rise. ,
"The oil companies usually cause gas prices to rise in the sum
mer since more gas is used," Holloway said. Amoco raised their
gas prices by 1 cent on Wednesday.
Managers said they have not noticed any decrease yet in sales
because of the tax.
An attendent from Etna Self Service on Franklin Street said
that sales were low the first few days of April; but that they were
probably low because of the rain and that people don't like to
. go out in it. Also, students were not in the area during the Easter
See GAS on page 2