60 percent chance of
showers or thunderstorms
this morning, followed by
partial clearing during the
afternoon. Highs in the mid
to upper 60s, lows in the up
Copyright The Daily Tar Heel 1983
Party with CGC
CGC final budget hearings
will be Saturday at 8 a.m. in
224 Union: Everyone should
come see how their money is
r I ; n rt
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume reissue $f ffi
Friday, April 15,. 1983
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
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By KATE COOPER
Approximately 200 college students
descended upon the N.C. Legislature
Thursday afternoon to rally against cuts
in education and tuition hikes throughout
the 16-campus UNC system.
Before an applauding and enthusiastic
crowd, students from UNC-Charlotte,
North Carolina State University and
UNC-Chapel Hill listened to nine repre
sentatives from the academic, legislative
and student communities speak for public
higher education in North Carolina. The
rally was sponsored by the UNC Coali
tion for Education, which sent 90 UNC
students to the rally.
While legislators watched the rally
through their office windows Jn the
Legislative Building, Rep. John Jordan,
D-Alamance, told the crowd that he sup
ported their efforts. "You need to con
tinue making sure that the Legislature
knows that you are concerned about
education," he said.
Mary Turner Lane, UNC director of
women's studies and professor of educa
tion, also spoke to the crowd.
"Make it possible for all of us as well
as those of us just being accepted into the
system - either as professor or student
to be able to stay there,". Lane said.
She also said she was happy to see
students turn out in support of education.
"I Sim so pleased that students are
making this commitment to education in
this way," Lane said. "Many adults
criticize students today for being
apatheticand this is just not true."
William T. Tuck, a member of the
N.C. Association of Black Educators,
told the crowd that cuts in faculty posi
tions would eliminate black faculty.
"Blacks are usually the last to be hired
and the first to be fired," he said. Tuck,
also said he would like to see a strong ef
fort made to upgrade the programs at
predominantly black institutions to
"bring them into parity with comparable
white institutions." ... ;., ;r; :. . J
UHC . student and Public interest
Research Group member Ted Johnson
told the crowd that education is like love,
peace and justice.
"Everyone says they are for it, but who
really means it?" he said. Johnson said
the military budget should be cut in order
to fund human needs.
Representing the University of North
Carolina Association of Student Govern
ment, NCSU Student Body President Jim
Yocum said students need to talk to their
legislators and tell them they support
UNC senior Steve Langman told the
crowd that education is an investment in
the intellectual development of youths
and is fundamental to the economic pro
sperity of the nation.
"Our University should remain the
chief concern and business of North
Carolina," Langman said. Langman is
also a member of the board of directors
of the United States Student Association.
Though the students present at the ral
ly were enthusiastic, Coalition for Educa
tion member Kevin Jones said he had
hoped more students would attend. Of
the six buses the Coalition had planned to
send to Raleigh, only three were filled.-
"The rally does not reflect the number
that needs to be out here," Jones said.
"This problem affects all 20,000 students
at UNC. I wish more people would have
come out today."
Coalition coordinator Jon Reckford
said he was "very pleased with the
speeches and the outcome of the rally."
"You have taken the first step,"
Reckford said in winding up the rally.
"Now take the second. Find out who
your representatives and senators are and
let them know now how you feel about
UNC-C Student Body President Rick
DeRhodes was one of the students who
attended the rally. DeRhodes said the
education issue was one which would af
fect all students.
"I don't want to sit in any classes any
larger than I already do," he said.
Pricillia Lyons also attended the rally
from UNC-C. She said students at UNC
, .C fpund.outlboutjhe sally through Jet-.
Twsistributed on campus by the UNC-C
Handful of legist
attend education rally
By JAMES STEPHENS
With a predicted $ 100 million deficit in
the state budget sitting in their laps,
legislators looked up Thursday afternoon
to see about 200 UNC students protesting
against rumored reductions in the Uni-'
versity budget and proposed increases in
out-of-state tuition. But only 10 to 15 of
the 170 legislators came to the Coalition
for Education's rally.
"I don't think many (legislators) knew
about this," said Sen. Marvin Ward,
Rep. Parks "Helms, D-Mecklenberg,
chidrman of the committee deciding the
fate of the non-resident tuition bills, was
apparently uninformed of the rally, said
Carolyn Joslin, his secretary. Joslin said
she had heard rumors that students were
demonstrating for the nuclear arms
The legislators' reaction to the students
attending the rally on the front steps of
the General Assembly varied.
Rep. Malcolm Fulcher Jr., D-Carteret,
said he was pleased to see the support for
"I just hope they carry it across the
length and the breadth of the state," he
Fulcher, the chairman of the Base
Budget Committee on Education, said he
feels there is a strong sentiment in the
Legislature to avoid cutting the UNC ap
"People keep talking about cutting the
fat out of the budget," Fulcher said,
"but there is no more, damn fat left in the
budget. We're down to muscle and
Fulcher said .the requirement placed on
the budget committees to identify 1 per
cent to 3 percent reductions in appropria
tions has had positive effects. The com
mittees have been able to identify some
extraneous programs, said Fulcher, but in
the process they are showing to the state
that there aren't many places in the
budget the state can afford to reduce.
"I didn't get an invitation to speak like
the rest of the (legislators) here, but I
came anyway," said Rep. John Jordan,
Jordan is responsible for two bills cur
rently in the house to raise non-resident
tuition, one of which, if passed, would in
crease tuition by over $3,400.
Asked if the demonstration would be
effective, Jordan said: "I think it's going
to give my bill good exposure. I think it's
going to help my bill."
Sen. Elton Edwards, D-Guilford, co
chairman of the Senate Base Budget
Committee said that he was not invited to
the coalition, whereas his twpcounter
parts, Rep. Allen Adams, D-Wake, and
Rep. Fulcher (both chairmen on the joint
budget committee) were. Edwards did
not attend the rally.
"Demonstrations of this kind usually
don't have much effect," said Edwards.
"We recognize that the students in
Chapel Hill have a concern, but they have
to understand that we haven't cut any
thing from the UNC budget."
According to many legislators, any
decision on the. identified 1 percent to 3
percent reductions will be made only after
the projections for state revenue for the
coming year are finalized.
Currently the state is faced with a
possible $100 million deficit in 1983-84.
This figure may change by the time taxes
are received, said Doug Carter, senior
fiscal analyst for the Legislature, but the
$100 million figure has remained steady
in budgetary forecasts since it was first
cited shortly after Gov. Jim Hunt pre
sented it to the Legislature.
Legislators began identifying possible
areas to be cut as a precautionary
measuie, so that in the event of a deficit
late in the legislative session they would
not have to make decisions hastily, said
Acting under a legislative mandate, the
Joint Appropriations Committee on
Higher Education drew up guidelines ear
ly in the year that identify areas from
which to cut up to $36 million from
UNC's budget over the next two years.
But the resolution of the committee far
from favored the reductions.
The conclusion of the committee's
resolution says, "such reductions could
result in irreparable harm to the educa
tional system of North Carolina." The
resolution further urges the joint budget
committee to seek additional sources of
revenue rather than to decrease educa
Edwards called the current economic
problems the worst in many years but
said that some parts of the budget need
increases. Edwards cited the state prison
system as an area vastly needing state
funds to avoid complications with the
The state must come up with $60
million this coming year to avoid losing
four times that much in matching federal
funds over the next two years. Addi
tionally, Edwards said that money has
not been identified to raise the state
employee salary freeze ' the top priority
of Hunt's 1983-84 budget.
See RALLY on page 4
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The Coalition for Education sponsored a rally against hiKes in tuition and proposed cuts in the UNC system budget
on Thursday at the Legislative Building. Students, administrators and legislators (top) gathered to hear a number of
speakers. Jon Reckford (bottom right) of UNC coordinated the coalition and the rally. Rep. John Jordan, D-Ala-mance,
(bottom left) is responsible for two bills, currently in the House, to raise out-of-state tuition. Photos by
Charles W. Ledford.
lenate confirms Adelman as arms control director
The Associated Press . '
WASHINGTON Kenneth L. Adelman was con
firmed, 57-42, as the nation's arms control director on
Thursday after a long Senate fight over President
Reagan's strategic policies as well as the young ambas
sador's competence and credibility.
Reagan pronounced himself "deeply gratified" and
declared, "It's my earnest hope that this positive step
will mark the beginning of a new bipartisan consensus on
the vital issue of nuclear arms reductions."
The president, at an informal news conference, said
Adelman would head a "reinvigorated" Arms Control
and Disarmament Agency. And, "If we are met with
reciprocal seriousness of purpose from the Soviet Union,
1983 can be a year of historic importance in securing a
more solid and stable peace through arms reductions,"
Adelman, in New York, said he would contact all
members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee
which voted against his confirmation in an effort to
meet "with each one next week to seek their continued
counsel on arms control issues."
He said that when the panel first began examining
him, "I believed in an energetic bipartisan congressional
role in foreign policy, and I still do now more than Sen. Gary Hart, D-Colo., said Adelman "appears to
be more dedicated to an arms buildup than to reducing
the hazards of unrestricted competition." His nomina
tion by Reagan, said Hart, "signifies a serious lack of
concern for the efficacy of arms control negotiations."
Sen. Emest F. Hollings, D-S.C, did not take part in
the floor debate but voted against the nomination.
Cranston and Hart are announced candidates for the
.1984 Democratic presidential nomination. Glenn and
Hollings are expected to enter the race shortly.
Sen. Charles H. Percy, R-Ill., chairman of the Senate
Foreign Relations Committee who led the fight for the
nomination, saying Adelman's confirmation would
"vigorously move the Reagan administration toward
arms control agreements that can win the approval of
Vice President George Bush, who as president of the
Senate was empowered to cast a tie-breaking vote,
presided over Thursday's climactic roll call, but his vote
was not needed.
Assistant GOP Leader Ted Stevens of Alaska said he
had asked Bush to be present "just in case."
Only Sen. Bob Packwood, who was in his home state
of Oregon attending a Republican conference, did not
vote on the nomination. Forty-nine Republicans and 8
Democrats supported Adelman; 3& Democrats and 4
Republicans, Charles McC. Mathias of Maryland, Larry
Pressler of South Dakota, Mark Andrews of North
Dakota and Slade Gorton of Washington, voted against
Four Democratic senators with presidential ambitions
spoke against Adelman in the last hours of a three-day
debate over the nomination that capped several months
Senate Democratic Whip Alan Cranston of California
argued that Adelman's confirmation "would be a
betrayal of the hopes of tens of millions of Americans
for swift progress toward a mutual, balanced, verifiable
end to the U.S.- Soviet nuclear arms race."
Sen. John Glenn, D-Ohio, said, "We should be put
ting forward ... not someone who can just get by. but
the very finest negotiating team we can possibly assem
ble. Unless we put forward our best effort, our best
team, this may be our last hor ?f r-..'m-l"
See ARMS on page 4