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April fooled us
Becoming sunny but cool.
Breezy with highs near 50.
Lows near 30.
Copyright The Daily Tar Heel 1983
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
If you'd like to write for the
summer Tar Heel, come by
the DTH office after 3:30 p.m.
today through Thursday and
ask for Jeff Hiday. No ex
Volume Issua $ ( 3
Tuesday, April 19, 1983
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
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DTHZane A. Saunders
Employees of the UNC Physical Plant try to save the Planetarium's roses from Monday's snow and low temperatures
. . . falling temperatures and freeze warnings across the state may also jeopardize peach and strawberry crops
ate snowfall blankets Chapel Hill-again
By fETE AUSTIN
Record low temperatures left many
people out in the cold Monday, as a late
spring snow blanketed the University,
the Triangle and much of the state.
The last time North Carolina recorded
snow this late in the year was on April 6,
1889, said Barry Dattilo of the National
Weather Service in Raleigh. '
A freeze warning was issued for most
western counties in the state Monday,
encompassing the mountain regions of
..the state.- .
The freezing' temperatures will ad
versely affect trees and shrubs around
the University, A.J. Altemueller of the
UNC Physical Plant said. Altemueller
sent 11 groundskeepers to the Morehead
Planetarium Monday to cover the roses
surrounding the sundial.
Walter Dunsmore, 25-year veteran of
the physical plant, led the group to the
planetarium to put burlap and stakes
over and around the roses. "We lost a
whole slew of roses last year (because of
a late frost)," he said. "We learned our
lesson. I expect to save them all."
The cold, not the snow, worried Duns
more. The snow will actually help the
1,200 roses by acting as an insulator, he
said. Groundskeepers said they would
leave the burlap covering the roses over
night and remove it this morning.
Temperatures were expected to dip in-
to the 20s Monday night, also jeopardjz
fstfig"ipple trees, small peaches andtraW-"
Grover Westmoreland, agent of the
Henderson County Agricultural Exten
sion, said that the apple crop would not
be harmed because they would have, to
be thinned out anyway. But peach
growers were worried because they lost
most of their crop last year to the same
late frost that threatens the roses at the
"The peaches are naked on the trees,"
said Pratt Gallimore of Ellerbe.
The National Weather Service recom
mended covers and heaters as the "only
practical protection in such a wind-borne
However, Greg Johnson, meteorolo
gist with the N.C. State University Agri
cultural Extension Service, said Monday
that "heaters, irrigation and other
methods ordinarily used to protect com
mercial fruits from cold would be useless
because of high winds."
State tobacco crops will not be af
fected by the cold temperatures, Ernest
Price, regional director of the U.S.
Department of Agriculture in Raleigh,
said Monday night.
Although adversely affecting roses and
fruit crops, the snow did not affect town
services. Bus schedules were not expected
to be curtailed Monday night, according
to a spokesman for the Chapel Hill
Chapel Hill police reported four
weather-related accidents by 2:30 p.m.
Chapel Hill-Carrboro schools were
not expected to be closed today, said
Gerry House of the city school system.
She said she would announce definitely
this morning whether schools would be
closed todav. ..U..
The National Weather Service calls for
an end to the wintry weather today, pre
dicting clear skies and highs near 50.
Scott Wharton contributed to the
APO serves with scouting ideals
By RITA KOSTECKE
Not only the Boy Scouts are "trustworthy, loyal, help
ful and kind." Those words are also part of the motto for
Alpha Phi Omega, a national service fraternity which has
had a chapter at UNC since 1930.
The 62 active members in the UNC chapter, known as
the Rho chapter because it was the 17th chapter founded
nationwide, are responsible for coordinating blood
mobiles at the University, providing tours for prospective
students and organizing the Campus Chest Charity Drive.
The Campus Chest Charity Drive is an umbrella organi
zation that includes the Mile of Pennies, the Spring Sprint
and the Christmas Stocking Raffle, which is held at the
same time as APO's annual tree-lighting ceremony in the
Pit. The drive also includes the Beat State Barnyard Blast,
a Faculty Solicitation drive, balloon days, candy apple
sales, bake sales and whatever other fund-raising events
APO members manage to fit on their calendar.
In the past, APO held an "Ugliest Man On Campus"
contest, during which one member from each fraternity
dressed up in an attempt to be the ugliest man, and
students voted, using pennies as ballots, for the man of
APO members also do a yearly bus ridership survey for
the town of Chapel Hill to determine who rides the buses
so that the system's cost can be split fairly among Chapel
Hill, Carrboro and the University, said APO President
APO also sponsors the annual Campus Chest Auction,
which was held Thursday night in the Carolina Union.
Through this auction, APO raises almost half the money
that it donates to Chapel Hill and Carrboro charities, Col
The national service fraternity was founded in 1925 at
Lafayette College by Frank Reed Horton. Horton, a
former naval officer, saw many sailors court-martialed
during World War I and decided to help young men get
the right start in life by giving them a "standard of
manhood," Collier said.
"The fraternity is based on the ideals of scouting," Col
lier said. Until 1968, members had to be former Boy
Scouts to join APO, he said.
Horton chose the Boy Scouts as his standard because he
saw that former scouts at Lafayette College were out
standing for their high ideals, were respected leaders on
campus and were noted for their unselfish service to
Originally, women were not allowed to join APO, Col
lier said. However the UNC chapter voted to let women
join in 1975, a year before the national office agreed to let
"We were leading the push for women to become
members," Collier said. ",
Part of the reason the brothers voted to open member
ship to women was that the women's service fraternity,
Gamma Gamma Sigma, had become inactive, Collier
said. Title IX and pressure from the University also con
tributed to the decision, he said.
x t '
APO President Lewis Collier
"Horton was a member of a social fraternity (at
Lafayette College) and knew he needed to do more than
party and raise cain," Collier said. "He and his brothers
needed to have something constructive to dedicate their
In addition to the service projects each individual
fraternity undertakes, APO also has a "National Program
For the next two years, that program will be showing
youth organizations how they can be of service in their
communities. "Instead of doing projects for them, we will
do projects with them so they will learn to be of service,"
Wand restaurant, owners oppose
The Associated Press
BEIRUT, Lebanon A pickup truck
packed with explosives blew up the seven
story facade of the U.S. Embassy's main
section during the lunch hour Monday,
and at least 39 people including six
Americans were reported killed.
U.S. officials said two other Americans
were missing, and a Lebanese police of
.ficial said 22 American and 98 Lebanese
were wounded. He said eight of the dead
were Lebanese and 26 had not been iden
tified. Later, however, one of the 26 was
apparently identified as an American.
The dead Americans included two
Foreign Service officers, two members of
the Office of Military Cooperation and
two employees of the Agency for Interna
tional Development, Assistant Secretary of
State. Lawrence S. Eagleburger told
reporters in Washington.
The Pentagon said the two military ad
visers killed were Staff Sgt. Ben H. Max
well, 26, of Appomattox, Va., and Sgt. 1st
Class Richard Twine, 36, whose home
town in the United States was not known.
It said a third member of a team training
Lebanese troops, Staff Sgt. Mark E.
Salazar, 30, of San Gabriel, Calif., was
missing and believed dead.
Defense Department officials in
Washington said one Marine from the em
bassy's 11 -man guard also was reported
missing. Earlier Lebanese reports said as,
many as six Marines were killed, but of
ficials in Washington said this was incor
rect. It was the worst attack against a U.S.
target in Lebanon, and a pro-Iranian ter
rorist group, Moslem Holy War, claimed
Police said the front of the seaside em
bassy was blown out by 500 pounds of ex
plosives packed into a vehicle which
witnesses described as a "GMC pickup."
It blew up shortly after 1 p.m. (6 a.m.
EST) on the embassy's circular driveway.
But the police said it was not known if the
explosives were set off by remote control
or if the driver was still in it and blew
An earlier police report said the vehicle
was a gray car used by the Lebanese securi
Private radio stations said more than 40
people were killed in the explosion, and
that several bodies were blown into the
Mediterranean from the embassy com
pound on the seafront in west Beirut's
mosty Moslem Ein Mreisseh neighbor
hood. The facade of the main embassy
section was torn off by the bomb.
One radio report said the car had
diplomatic plates and was driven by a
suicide terrorist of the Moslem Holy War
group who died in the attack.
U.S. Ambassador Robert Dillon, who
, was preparing to jog when the bomb went
off and was in a jogging suit, escaped from
the rubble of his top-floor office by climb
ing out onto a balcony and then re
entering on a lower floor. He suffered
minor cuts and said the bomb-laden car
may have crashed through a barricade.
"I was standing up with a telephone in
one hand and a T-shirt in the other. I was
preparing to go out and jog, when all of a
sudden my office collapsed," the silver
haired ambassador told reporters.
"I was unable to move. Someone
picked the rubble off me. My secretary
and my deputy, Bob Pugh, pushed the
rubble off me. I went out the window and
down a few floors and then out."
President Reagan praised Dillon's
courage and told reporters in Washington
that "this aiminal attack on a diplomatic
establishment will not deter from our goals
of peace in the region.". The United States
is mediating talks aimed at getting Israeli,
Syrian and Palestinian forces out of
promotes food boycott
By THAD OGBURN
A boycott of products like Campbell's
soups, Libby's canned goods and Pep
peridge,Farm cookies is being promoted
this week by the North Carolina Action
for Farmworkers at UNC.
Jim Hagood, a spokesman for the
NCAF, said the organization was joining
with the Farm Labor Organizing Commit
tee in boycotting the products of the
Campbell Soup Company and the Libby-McNeill-Libby
Corp. .According to
Hagood, both Campbell and Libby have
refused to negotiate with Ohio farm
workers who have been on strike since
August 1978. -
"People in Ohio know about our boy
cott and are glad we're supporting them,"
The NCAF has set up a boycott infor
mation table in the Carolina Union and
has sent letters asking for support to
Howard E. Southerland, University Din
ing Services director, and Thomas A.
Shetley, director of campus merchandising
for UNC Student Stores. Southerland is
scheduled to meet with the NCAF this
"We are promoting a boycott of certain
products that they (Shetley and Souther
land) sell," Hagood said. "I don't know if
we will convince them to stop buying some
of the most popular items on campus."
The boycott includes all Libby's and
Campbell's canned goods, as well as V-8
Juice, Bounty paper towels, Swanson and
Stouffer's frozen foods and Pepperidge
Farm bakery items.
Hagood said he hoped students would
stop buying Campbell's and Libby's pro
ducts at least during the next two weeks.
National Farmworker Week will be
observed next week.
"If we get a few people interested
enough that they will stop buying the pro
ducts, it might have a chain-reaction ef
fect," Hagood said.
The NCAF was formed about one-and-a-half
years ago. to help ease the friction
between migrant farmworkers and people
living in small communities near farms.
The organization consists of about 10 peo
ple at UNC and about 35 people at Duke
University who are concerned about the
living conditions of migrant farmworkers.
Many NCAF members work at improving
the health conditions of North Carolina
farmworkers during the summer months.
Hagood said the Ohio strike was signifi
cant to North Carolinians because they use
vegetables from the Ohio area.
By CONNIE FOUST
Staff Writer '
Editor's note: This is the second part of a two
part series examining the potential impact of the
Safe Roads Act on local bars and restaurants.
A subject of controversy since its introduction in
the state Legislature, Gov. Jini Hunt's dramshop
proposal has been revised, still with no final legisla
tion being developed.
If enacted, the dramshop law would hold bars and
restaurants civilly liable if an accident fatality or in
jury was caused by a person who became intoxicat
ed in their establishment.
The bill now sits in a conference committee in two
forms: the House version, which places liability on
underage persons on and off the premises and
everyone off premises, and the Senate version,
which applies liability only to underage persons.
But in any form, bar and restaurant owners and
managers on Franklin Street say they do not like the
"Basically, I'm against it," said Purdy's manager
Clyde Minges. "This way, the governor is exempt
ing liquor stores and chain stores who, when added
together, serve the most people. It's putting the
burden of deciding on who's drunk on three or four
people who see 700 or 800 people a night."
Minges' opposition is shared by most of the local
bar owners and managers interviewed. They say it is
unfair for the dramshop law to apply only to bars
and restaurants, which sell 7 percent of the alcohol
in the state and not state Alcohol Beverage Control
stores, which sell 93 percent.
Even though the proposed law would place the
burden of proof on the plaintiff, owners and mana
gers fear the possibility of lawsuits and worry about
the difficulty of determining whether a person is
"Definitely, it's difficult to determine," said
John Hartley, manager of the Upper Deck. "You
don't serve someone who is visibly intoxicated, but
on Friday and Saturday nights the place is packed
and bartenders are serving quickly. You don't see
the guy approach. He walks up, you say 'What you
want?', and he says 'Bud.' It's difficult to tell from
a few words whether a person is drunk."
Orange County District Attorney Wade Barber, a
member of the Governor's Task Force on Drunk
Driving, said that the liability the dramshop law
would place on bars and restaurants was necessary
because it would make owners and managers more
"I think it will do more than anything else to re
duce the sale of alcohol to minors because people
who sell alcohol will be much more careful about
selling to minors," Barber said.
Local bar and restaurant owners are concerned
that the dramshop law would require them to pur
chase expensive insurance.
Neither the House or Senate versions of the
dramshop bill contain a mandatory insurance
clause; however, the House version does contain an
amendment which requires an establishment to pay
any court judgment against it or have its liquor
Local establishments say they oppose the insur
ance because of the cost. Minges estimated the
minimum necessary amount of insurance would
cost $300,000, with $1 million for umbrella
coverage, which could add up to $10,000 a year in
Craig Funk, manager of He's Not Here, also
placed the cost of insurance at $300,000.
"I heard the only company that would insure you
for that much is Lloyd's of London," Funk said.
But bar owners would not have to travel to Lon
don to get insurance, according to Oscar Smith,
director of the public information office for the
N.C. Insurance Commission. Smith said that if the
dramshop provision passed, the Legislature would
require the industry to provide the "necessary
Providing the coverage will not be difficult for
the insurance industry, Smith said. "When the
General Assembly passes the law, the market should
be made available to the people who need it," he
Owners and managers said that they were very
responsible in conducting their business and felt that
the state was blaming them for a problem that it had
done a poor job of handling.
"I saw a guy on TV who had 27 DUIs," Funk
said. "He was driving drunk with no license and
now they want to throw it out of court because it
was on TV. The man had 27 DUIs; he shouldn't be
anywhere near a car."
Instead of passing new legislation, owners and
managers said they wanted the state, especially the
courts, to be less lenient on those arrested for driv
ing under the influence and underage driving.
Minges said he had heard of several cases where
drunken driving was reduced to the lesser charge of
"If you have the laws, you have to enforce
them," Minges said. "The courts are just not doing
Robert Campell, kitchen manager of Harrison's
Bar and Restaurant, also said laws we not being
"I would like to see the laws on the book now
strictly enforced," Campbell said. "You have laws
on the books that could have cut back on the
amount of DUIs, but did we have enough people to
Legislators say that the state would properly en
force the dramshop law and other provisions of the
Safe Roads Act if the legislation passed. Sen.
Wanda Hunt, D-Moore, said that reduced charges
of reckless driving would be eliminated and the per
son arrested would be charged with driving-while-impaired
and subject to the penalties of that of
fense. Legislators also said that owners and managers of
bars in Chapel Hill should be held liable and they do
not think the proposed new laws will affect local
businesses substantially. Legislators also said that it
was necessary for all provisions of the Safe Roads
Act to be approved.
"There is a real seriousness on the part of the
government and the public that drunk driving be
reduced significantly," said Rep. Anne Barnes,
D-Orange. "There is a sincerity about that in the
Legislature and the public is serious about it. I'm
hopeful that the law will provide a better system for
dealing-with drunk driving."