Daily Tar Heel (Chapel … /
April 20, 1983, edition 1 /
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8The Daily Tar HeelWednesday, April 20. 1983
1 1 Jiy
91st year of editorial freedom
Kerry DeRochi, Editor
ALISON DAVIS, Managing Editor
LISA PULLEN, University Editor
CHRISTINE MANUEL, Slate and National Editor
MIKE DeSISTI, Sports Editor
BILL RiEDY, News Editor
JEFF HlDAY, Associate Editor
John Conway, aty Editor
KAREN FISHER, Featura Editor
Jeff Grove, Am Editor
CHARLES W. LEDFORD, Photography Editor
Student Government supports Garrow
In tlje late 1950s, when the first federal programs were initiated,
students receiving financial aid were required to take an oath to uphold
the U.S. Constitution. During the 1960s, students convicted of "substan
tial disruptions" during demonstrations could be denied this aid. ;
It's now the 1980s, and we've come a long way. Backward.
The Solomon Amendment, passed by Congress in September 1982 and
scheduled to go into effect at UNC beginning July 1, insists that all -students
born after 1960 complete a compliance form confirming their
draft registration before they can receive federal financial aid. Like the
guidelines of the '50s and '60s, the new amendment raises questions con
cerning the appropriate relationship between educational opportunity
and political propriety. It also confines the aid recipient's freedom of
speech and thought. Unlike its less restrictive predecessors, however, the
new amendment discriminates against certain groups in society and
comes into direct conflict with the Fifth Amendment.
Perhaps most evident among the amendment's many injustices is its in
herent discriminatory measures. Since only men presently are required to
register for the draft, only male students risk losing financial aid.
Especially burdened by the new amendment are students with financial
difficulties. While students who can afford their own educations will have
the freedom of finances to protest against the draft or simply forget to
register, students needing federal aid will be denied that right.
Moreover, the legality of the Solomon Amendment is questionable.
The American Civil Liberties Union and the Minnesota Interest Group
have filed suit in a Minnesota state court against the amendment. They
claim it leads to self-mcrimination, thus violating the Fifth Amendment.
Implicit in the government's requirement of draft registration is an at
tempt to coerce members of society. One of the most powerful influences
possessed by a citizen in this country, a supposed bastion of free speech,
is the tool of protest. By threatening to withdraw financial support from
a student on the basis of his political views, the government is bribing its
needy citizens in a backhanded fashion.
And the bribe would succeed. At present, roughly 9,000 UNC students
receive some kind of financial aid; 7,500 of those students are receiving
that aid from the federal government. That kind of government support
could never be replaced by private sources.
Should the lawsuit sagainstthe Solomon Amendment fail, a gross in
justice will have been enacted. The Department of Education and the
Selective Service System, both of which support the amendment, will
make the good will of the government toward its less fortunate citizens
contingent upon the silent obedience of those citizens. While higher
education will be teaching students to formulate and support their own
informed opinions, those same students may be subordinating their
political beliefs in order to obtain that education.
To the editor:
" The political science department's re
cent decision not to rehire Associate Pro
fessor David Garrow has presented Stu
dent Government with both a challenge
and an opportunity. A challenge in that
Garrow' s dismissal is, in our opinion,
clearly contrary to the best interests of the
University; an opportunity to establish a
formal Student Government position on
questions of hiring and rehiring, teaching
vs. research, and tenure. Although Stu
dent Government has always taken an ac
tive interest in these issues, no policy
guidelines have been established, and it is
For the fifth time'in the history of the Pulitzer, a North Carolina news
paper won the coveted prize. This year it was the News and Observer, the
category, distinguished commentary.
The award has been a long time coming to the 57-year-old Claude Sit
ton, who has been with the News and Observer since 1968. Before joining
the Raleigh staff as an editorial director, Sitton was' national editor of
The New York Times. There he had gained national fame by covering the
Civil Rights Movement, spending seven years in the South. He was called
"one of the greatest reporters The New York Times ever had."
Sitton's Pulitzer is in recognition of 10 columns he wrote in 1982 cover
ing topics ranging from the "plunder" of North Carolina's natural
heritage to the "encore of Dixie demagoguery." His entry was one of 156
in the category.
The awarding of the Pulitzer to a newspaper within the state reflects on
the journalistic quality across North Carolina as well as on the News and
Observer, which now ranks alongside The New York Times and the
Washington Post, taking two awards apiece. North Carolina journalists
can pat their own backs and know that they too can produce award
winning material without being a nationally circulated newspaper.
As Sitton recognized, it's the combined effort within a newspaper
which produces Pulitzer winners. He attributed his success to all of his
co-workers, saying "There can be no good commentary without good
. reporting, and without the cooperative effort of all the people who work
at this newspaper.'
The Daily Tar Heel
Editorial Desk: Frank Bruni and Kelly Simmons, writers;
Jonathan Talcott, staff columnist
Assistant Managing Editors: Pete Felkner, Lisbeth Lcvine, Melissa Moore and Eddie Wooten
' Special Projects: Mark Ancona and Keith Bradsher
News: Tracy Adams, Cheryl Anderson, Pete Austin, Joseph Berryhill, Ashley Blackwelder,
J. Bonasia, Joel Broadway, Paul Cocke, Tom Cordon, Kate Cooper, Ashley Dimmette,
Lisa Do wis, Charles Ellmaker, Suzanne Evans, Katherine Farley, Bonnie Foust, Sherri
. Goodson, Julie Haack, John Hackney, Ivy Hillard, Kevin Johnston, Bob Kimpletpn, Kim
Kleman, Rita Kostecke, Susan Kuhn, Stuart Long, Eugene Marx, Gary Meek, Karen
Moore, Kim Morrison, Thad Ogburn, Ellen Orahood, Rosemary Osborn, Heidi Owen,
David Poole, Sarah Raper, Sharon Rawlins, Mike O'Reilly, Mont Rogers, Lynsley Rollins,
. Cindi Ross, Mike Sharsky, Lori Schantz, Sharon Sheridan, Jodi Smith, Don Solomon,
James Stephens, Mark Stinneford, Susan Sullivan, Carrie Szymeczek, Amy Tanner, Keith
Taylor, Lynda Thompson, Stuart Tonkinson, Michael Toole, Perry Twisdale, Beth Walters,
Mickey Weaver, Scott Wharton and Lynda Wolf. Liz Lucas, assistant University editor,
Hope Buffington, assistant state and national editor.
Sports: Frank Kennedy and Kurt Rosenberg, assistant sports editors. Glenna Bun-ess, Paul
Gardner, Lonnie McCullough, Draggan Mihailovich, Kathy Norcross, Robyn Norwood,
Michael Persinger, Lew Price, S.L. Price, Lee Roberts, Allen Dean Steele, Mike Waters and
Tracy Young. ' .
Features: Debbie August; Dan Bishop, Dawn Brazell, Toni Carter, Michelle Chris tenbury,
Tom Camacho, Tom Grey, Cindy Haga, Kathy Hopper, Dana Jackson, Warren Miller,
Mitzi Morris, Jane Osment, Stevie Roe, Debbi Sykes, Randy Walker, Clinton Weaver and
Edith Wooten, Mike Truell, assistant features editor.
Arts: David Schmidt, assistant arts editor; John Altschuler, Steve Carr, Jim Clardy, Todd
. Davis, David McHugh, Jo Ellen Meekins, Karen Rosen, Gigi Sonner and D.F. Wilson.
Graphic Arts: Jamie Francis, Jeff Neuville, Zane Saunders, Scott Sharpe, Al Steele and Lori
Thomas photographers. Dick Anderson, Greg Calibey, Cabell Finch, Doug Hilburn, An
thony Moses and Janice Murphy, artists. . t
Business: Rejcanne V. Caron, business manager; Anne Sink, assistant business manager,
Linda A. Cooper, secretaryreceptionist; Dawn Welch, circulationdistribution manager;
Patti Pittman and Angie Wolfe, classifieds.
Advertising: Paula Brewer, advertising manager; Mike Tabor, advertising coordinator;
Sharon Duckworth, Keith Lee, Terry Lee, Jeff McElhaney, Doug Robinson, Deana Sctzer
and Maria Zablocki ad representatives.
Composition: UNC-CH Printing Department
Printing: Hinton Press, Inc. of Mebane. ,
the hope of this administration that
through adopting a concrete stance in this
case it will set a precedent for future ad
It is our firm belief that in questions of
this nature, teaching must take precedence
over research and the vague criterion of
"service to the department." In Garrow' s
case, all the evidence seems to support
reappointment, and we request that Chair
man Prothro reverse his decision. Through
letters to Chancellor Fordham, Dean'
Moreau and Prothro, Student Govern
ment urges the administration to respect its
own position on this issue (which places a
One fine Chapel Hill party
-To the editor:
Of all things, we never expected snow.
After all the obstacles the Chapel Thrill,
oops, Carolina Concert for Children Com
mittee has faced this year funding
crises, little time, name changes, you name
it we never even considered snow. We
sat in the tiny office we share with the
Elections Board on Monday, stared out at
the flakes and somebody finally asked,
"Do you think rain insurance would cover
But not even a freak April blizzard
could squelch our high hopes and en
thusiasm. As the big event in Kenan
Stadium gets ever closer, we get more ex
cited at the prospect of this concert becom
ing a reality. This idea to have a benefit
concert with four very different, but equal
ly talented and innovative, bands is one we
all believe in, every bit as much as we did
last fall when Chairman Ben Lee proposed
The student support has been there all
along. From the thousands of petition
signatures to the big block seat response,
the UNC campus has said loud and clear,
"We want this concert." And Saturday,
we're going to get it.
U2 will be making the premiere ap
pearance of its American tour. The energy
and fresh talent of this band has won them
international critical praise. Bruce Springs
teen says its one of his favorite new bands.
We can't wait.
Todd Rundgren will play North
Carolina for the first time in 10 years this
Saturday. For those who said, "Who is
Todd Rundgren?? we pass along a few ex
cerpts from the autobiography he sent us.
((Yes, he really wrote it.) "Born in
Philadelphia . . . attended Westbrook
Park Elementary School, severely
alienated the principal, Ms. Cornfield. At
tended Upper Darby Senior High dis
covered Beatles, grew long hair, grew
bored, bought mail-order Japanese electric
guitar, lost guitar in bus station. . . . Began
recording solo albums, became more com
mercial, became more successful, became
less commercial, became less successful,
became a fixture through further produc
tions." Top these two talented acts with two
more great groups The Producers and
Grandmaster Flash, and you've got quite a
show. Not to mention some of the side at
tractions of the day, like our dunking
booth where you can soak such campus
celebrities as our very own Kevin Monroe,
student body president, and a couple of
Tar Heel basketball superstars (you'll have
to come to find out who!) and jugglers and
banners and balloons and the flower ladies
and ... well, it's going to be one fine
Chapel Hill party in the sun.
That is, of course, if it doesn't snow.
The need for labor laws
To the editor:
In 1865, slavery ended in America. But
even today, over 100 years later, the
legacy of racial cascrimination continuing
from it has not disappeared. In addition,
the economic and political disparity that
create the conditions for the "black
struggle" is far from perishing. For these
reasons, I feel that Burke's critique of the
DTH's stand on "Lax Labor Laws"
(April 7) is extremely short-sighted.
It is very surprising that Burke and the
people supporting his ideology tend to
overlook the fact that it was only in the
late 1950s when blacks were first permit
ted to enroll in predominantly white
universities in the South. (This was less
than a generation ago!) This implies that
between the time of emancipation and the
1950s, blacks did not have access to the
higher quality education, that many
southern white universities could offer.
The blacks that did seek their educations
at predominantly black institutions hav
ing under-specialized programs and lack
ing sufficient fiuiding for sustenance
would consequently have a more narrow
spectrum of job opportunities than their
white counterparts. And how about the
many blacks who couldn't afford to go
to these predominantly black institu
tions? Their spectrum of job oppor
tunities became even further narrowed.
Accepting rninimum wage labor as their
"careers," how could they afford to send
their children to college? Many couldn't.
So, their children, like themselves, would
have to spend their lives working on
assembly lines. What plaques black socie-
ty is a vicious cycle, revolving around the
face that it takes money to make money.
But, the initial capital .that it takes to get
an education has not always been there.
Thus, the "preferential treatment"
resulting from the stagnation of the Civil
Rights Act is, in fact, warranted.
Burke's assertion that the DTH
criticism of the relaxation of labor laws is
"fatally flawed" shows poor and hyper
bolic word choice and is not in the least
substantiated in t the letter. But the
weakest point in Burke's argument is his
assertion that -'The Constitution
guarantees the rights of individuals, not
groups." Remember that this same docu
ment was in existence when the govern
ment restricted the rights of a group,
namely black Africans, despite their so
, I cannot say, in good conscience, that
Burke's motives stem from prejudices.
But it is this type of short-sighted and
rjolitically autistic ideology that will Jceep
black achievement at a minimum. For
that reason, I term it racist despite its ra
tionalizations and the ignorance of
cultural differences from which they may
Instead of relaxing labor laws, our
government should strengthen them. This
would, in turn afford more blacks the op
portunity for success in competitive
capitalist society. Along with this finan
cial success, I believe that political parity
; will follow, but certainly not in a genera
tion. ' ;
. JA . Lti lift
- V mm
s .set- j v ' .mjvr
premium on teaching quality) by rehiring
Student Body President
Chairman, Educational Policy
and Procedures Committee
i , - .
To the editor:
Divestment? We know the issue; The
South African government is deplored
worldwide for the heinous treatment of its
black citizens. Virtually no one is fooled by
the ineffective token reforms that the
South African government institutes to
legitimize its policies. Increasingly, people
are beginning to oppose the practices of
the racist government and United States
collaboration. We are taught as children
that our government was founded on the
ideals of peace, justice and freedom.
American corporate presence, however,
does not constitute a progressive force, in
South Africa committed to these ideals.
Rather, it serves only to prey on the
misfortune of the oppressed black South
Now it's our turn to act. The general
consensus among all individuals is that
human suffering is vehemently intolerable.
It almost goes without saying that South
Africa is a blatant example of unnecessary
human suffering. This fact alone has
generated a large popular movement
throughout America, of which UNC has
just become part. Ask your friends at Har-,
vard, Yale, the University of California at '
Berkeley and the University of Wisconsin
at Madison , where divestment attempts
have been successful.
, A rally has been called this Thursday at
2:30 p.m. in front of the Carolina Inn to
show student support for divestment from
South Africa. The Board of Trustees will
be meeting then to decide on whether or
not to divest its holdings from companies
' doing business in South Africa. We can
only hope that the Trustees will give full
consideration to the 2,600 students who
signed the divestment petition and the
3,300 students who voted for the divest
ment referendum. I urge those of you who
have already supported divestment in these
ways to show your concern a third time.
And for those of you who have not par
ticipated in the struggle yet, here's your
chance. Take an hour from your day. It
may heV to get the University's in
vestments out of companies in South
.. Erica Caldwell
- Chapel Hill
Those who serve
To the editor:
Phil Bridges' suggestion to "ax some
employees" from the Pine Room because
of perceived attitude problems ("Pine
Room greeting usually more like a threat,"
DTHf April 7) is ludicrous and should be
examined more carefully.
In this society, there is a gaping chasm
separating those who serve and those who
are served. Bridges evidently identifies with
the latter and feels annoyed because the
Pine Room service is not up to his stan
dards. Perhaps hes could have the maid
pack him a nice lunch of watercress, and
he wouldn't have to deal with the laboring
class at all.'
But since this may not be an option,
some understanding is in order. Attitude is
usually a function of environment. In this
case, it could well be that those workers
have to deal with students whose soft
hands have never scrubbed a dish other
than their own or have never tried to
please a demanding boss. Why should they
be expected to attempt to make those
students' day bright? The grounds for
communication do not exist without some
When dealing with a bus boy, line per
son, waitress or cashier anywhere,
remember that you are not their only cus
tomer, that they have duties other than
dealing directly with you, that the work is
long and the pay is low. Above alU don't
assume that their occupation makes them
subordinate to you. ; r .
' : Pam Burwell
- : Chapel Hill
By CHARLES I. ELLER
Why don't we do America a
favor and abolish Affirmative Ac
tion? We need to because it is one of
the great injustices of our time. No
one is going to deny that blacks
have been mistreated in the past,
but to try and correct that with laws
that give job preferences, admission
preferences and other quotas to
blacks , and other- minorities is
reverse discrimination. The bottom
line is that two wrongs don't make a
right. : .
In Boston last week, some white
firemen were fired in order to meet
Affirmative Action ' quotas. Some
of these men had been working
there for 13 years, and the city
law stated that the "last hired, first
fired." But in an unwarranted in
trusion on states' rights, the federal
government said that they had to be
fired and replaced with black fire:
men with only one or two years of
In the mayoral election in
Chicago, racism was injected into
the campaign from both sides.
Somehow, the media portrayed Ep
ton as the culprit and called white
, voters racist. In other words, when
blacks band together it's called pro
gress; when whites band together
it's called racism. Just who do they
, think they're kidding? .
Liberal-minded groups such as
the media and liberal-minded in
dividuals such as college professors
will try to justify these injustices.
They don't realize that this violates
the very laws they helped to create.
You and I do, so let's not let them
insult our intelligence.
However, there is a bright spot to
all of this. White people compose
about 81 percent of the U.S. popu
lation and almost the same percen
tage of the electorate. We have im
mense political power and can elect
congressmen and senators to repeal
these "laws." All we have to do is
vote. ' -
So remember, don't get fired be
cause you are white and don't let
people call you a racist because you
don't advocate Affirmative Action.
People should be hired and admit
ted to universities j according to
merit; not according to skin color.
Also, just remember that conserva
tives, whether Republican or Demo
crat, are the true protectors of liber
ty and individual rights; fake
liberals are not.
Charles L EUer is a junior indus
trial relations major from States
To the editor:
Jim Wrinn's column on his summer
job ("A summer with the 'other hair,"
DTH, April 1 1), left me with mixed feel
ing. Like him, I have spent a summer at
back-breaking ' labor under unpleasant
' conditions. I washed dishes in a nursing
home, which is much more difficult than
in a restaurant, because hospital plates
weigh about four times as much.
, My fellow workers, ranging in age
from 20 to well over 50, also had no hope
for a better position in life, But should it
be some awe-inspiring revelation that the
people, who work with their backs and
their hands and their sweat are just as
human as those who will work with their
brains? I think not. I also resent the im
plication that he is superior to those who
have not undergone such an ordeal for a
short period of time. Not everyone leads
the life of a disinterested preppie, even
here at Carolina. J
, " Sheryl L. Graham
; - ' Craige'
By ANNA NEAL BLANCHARD
For two years, Judge Willis P. Whichard's Citizens'
Commission on Alternatives to Incarceration has been
studying overcrowding in the North Carolina prison
system and possible solutions to the problem. Last fall,
the 20-member panel of judges, attorneys, ex-prisoners,
criminal justice professionals and legislators (including
' Joe Hackney of Chapel Hill) released its findings and pro
posals. I commend the thoughtful proposals and support
the various bills soon to be introduced in the Legislature
The commission's report suggests several alternatives to
incarceration for non-violent offenders, e.g., court
ordered payment of restitution to victims, community ser
vice work orders requiring offenders to work for non
profit community agencies and mandatory participation
in programs for drug abuse. ' ;
If enacted, bills providing for such alternatives to in
carceration will achieve several important' goals. First, by
keeping non-violent offenders out of prison, the alter
natives will help alleviate the problem of overcrowding.
Currently, North Carolina has the third highest incarcera
tion rate in the country, though North Carolina's crime
rate is among the 15 lowest in the country. Since 1970,
North Carolina's prison population has grown from 9,603
to 17,400; the system currently houses 17.5 percent more
prisoners than it was designed to hold. '
Second, by reducing the number of offenders in prison,
the proposals will reduce the taxpayers' heavy cost of in
carceration. The average cost of incarceration is $9,500
per inmate per year. Though the state has appropriated
more than $1 10 million since 1975 for prison construction,
the Department of Corrections has projected that by
1987, the state will have to spend an additional $324
million on prison construction to adequately meet the
needs of the rapidly expanding prison population. The
current cost of building one cell is $54,000! Even the most
expensive alternative programs can be operated at costs
well below these incarceration figures.
Third, the victim; society and the offender will benefit
from alternatives allowing the offender to continue work
ing in the community. One alternative would require the
offender to work to pay for damages suffered by his vic
tim. Another would require the pf tender to pay oft his
debt to society by working a certain number of hours in
constructive community service. Allowing the offender to
continue to work outside the prison walls will enable him
to defray family financial obligations, thereby enhancing
Finally, keeping non-violent offenders out of prison
through such alternatives will keep them from the well
documented destructive influences of the violent or "pro
The commission's proposals should not summarily be
dismissed with the popular rhetoric of "getting tough on
crime to ensure the safety of the community." Since the
commission's proposals deal only with alternatives to in
carceration for non-violent offenders, they do not
threaten community safety.
Now, before the problems of prison overcrowding and
huge construction costs run away from us, is the time for
the Legislature to enact these economical, safe and
'A nna Ncal Blanchard is a second-year law student from
Daily Tar Heel (Chapel Hill, N.C.)
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