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The DTH' will be administer
ing a writing test next week
for students wanting to write
for the paper. See announce
ment on page 2.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volumo 91,tliu9 47
Friday, September 2, 1983
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
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Tho water level at University Lake, which is now 46 inches below full, has left many boats high and dry. If the water
level arops two more incnes, manaaiory restrictions will De imposed on water use in the area.
Water restrictions may come this weekend
By MARK STINNEFORD
Chapel Hill area residents face the prospect of
brown lawns and dirty cars as mandatory clamps on
water use are expected to be imposed this weekend.
University Lake, the area's chief source of water,
was 46 inches below full Thursday morning and was
continuing to drop at a rate of one inch per day, said
Everett Billingsley, executive director of the Orange
Water and Sewer Authority.
OWASA can call for mandatory restrictions. on
water use when the lake drops to -48 inches below
Billingsley said he expects to ask for such controls
over the weekend.
The measures would ban the washing of cars, even
at commercial car washes. Lawns and gardens could
be watered only between 4 p.m. and 8 p.m. on Satur
days. The use of water-cooled air conditioners would
be banned except for health and safety reasons, and
water could not be served in restaurants except by re
quest. Local law enforcement agencies would be respon
sible for enforcing the restrictions, and fines could be
assessed against violators.
Chapel Hill Police Chief Herman Stone is expected
to issue a release on the enforcement of restrictions
. ..While the new measures will put-teeth into water:
conservation efforts, voluntary conservation will still
be the key to saving water, Billingsley said.
"The mandatory provisions will give us legal
clout," he said. "But the success of the program rests
more on the voluntary efforts people make both in
their homes and institutions and outside."
OWASA officials said they hope that mandatory
measures will cut consumption by 25 percent, drop
ping daily use to 5.S million gallons, Billingsley said.
As the water crunch continued, local water use
jumped to nearly 7.8 million gallons Wednesday,
about a million gallons above the previous day's
About 100,000 gallons may have been lost Wed
nesday when a water line broke near University Mall,
said Pat Davis, an OWASA systems development
Additionally, a power failure at the OWASA plant
forced officials to fill water tanks to ensure that
enough water would be available to customers as
power company officials worked to solve the elec
trical problem, Davis said. OWASA may have
pumped 250,000 gallons during the procedure, he
The Associated Press
A missile fired by a Soviet fighter pilot
destroyed a South Korean 747 jumbo jet,
killing all of the more than 269 people
aboard, when the commercial airliner
strayed near a Kremlin defense outpost on
an island near Japan, the United States
said Thursday. The victims included Rep.
Larry McDonald, D-Ga., and at least 30
other Americans, the government said.
President Reagan, in California, re
gistered his "disgust that the entire world
feels at the barbarity of the Soviet govern
ment in shooting down an unarmed
"Words can scarcely express our revul
sion at this horrifying act of violence,"
Sen. Jesse Helms, R-N.C, was in an
airplane minutes behind the jet, and he
had been scheduled to take the doomed
flight, aides said Thursday.
Secretary of State George P. Shultz
declared there is "no excuse whatever for
this appalling act" and the State Depart
ment branded an account forwarded by
Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko
as "totally inadequate" especially since
it neither acknowledged that the plane had
been blown from the skies Wednesday nor
accepted any responsibility.
Department spokesman John Hughes
said late Thursday there were "30-plus"
Americans on Korean Air Lines Flight 7,
including McDonald, and there were no
survivors. He said the United States would
join South Korea in asking for an
emergency meeting of the U.N. Security
Council today "to air what is a heinous ac
tion on the part of the Soviet Union."
Presidential spokesman Larry Speakes
said Reagan would cut short his California
vacation and return to Washington on
Saturday, two days early, to meet with his
advisers over the Soviet action and events
in the Mideast.
The jumbo jet was in Soviet airspace
above Sakhalin, an isloid military outpost
whose southernmost tip is within 100 miles
of Japan, U.S. officials said.
A heat-seeking missile, called an Anad,
was fired from an SU-15, a 1960s-vintage
interceptor and one of eight fighters which
tracked the airliner, according to Pentagon
intelligence sources who asked that they
not be identified. The Soviets have a
fighter base on Sakhalin, a mountainous
island 20 miles from the Soviet Union's
Hughes said the Gromyko message
claimed the plane was flying without lights
and did not respond to signals of Soviet in
terceptors and their attempt to direct it to a
landing site. The message did report that
"signs of a possible crash have been found
in the area of Moronen Island," near Sak
halin, and in the Sea of Japan inside Soviet
But it made no mention that the plane
had been shot down, Hughes said. And
the Soviet Embassy "has been informed
that the U.S. government finds this reply
The KAL jumbo jet was blown from the
skies at 2:26 p.m. EDT Wednesday, U.S.
officials said. The flight originated in New
York, had refueled in Anchorage, Alaska,
and was about 1,000 miles from its desti
nation, Seoul, when it was shot down.
The Soviet pilot was close enough to see
the airliner, and the Soviets had tracked it
for 2Vi hours ample opportunity to
know it was a civilian flight, officials said.
At first, defense officials said the plane
which fired the missile was a MiG 23
one of the Soviet Union's best and fastest
fighters. Later, however, they said it ap
peared to have been an SU-15, code
Intelligence sources said the Soviets have
about 35 SU-15s and 30 MiG 23s based at
The Kremlin's first public comment was
an anemic Tass story which said the South
Korean plane "has been lost," and made
no mention of a military attack. Later,
Tass changed its story to say that an
"unidentified aircraft" twice violated
Soviet airspace over Sakhalin and that
Soviet fighters "were sent aloft" to try to
help it land.
The plane ignored "signals and warn
ings," Tass said, then "continued its flight
in the direction of the Sea of Japan'
Again, the account said nothing of the
plane's being shot down.
Meanwhile, officials said one of the
passengers on the downed jet was a North
Carolina native, and Helms' Republican
See ATTACK on page 4
on U.S. Marines
The Associated Press
BEIRUT, Lebanon Druse warlord Walid
Jumblatt threatened Thursday to attack the U.S.
Marines as the Lebanese army mopped up Druse
and Shiite Moslem resistance in west Beirut. Presi
dent Reagan .ordered 2,000 more Marines to
Lebanese waters to back up the 1,200 Marines
Both Jumblatt and Nabih Bern, head of the
Shiite Moslems' Amal militia, accused the Marines
of siding with the Christian-dominated Lebanese ar
my. Jumblatt told reporters in Damascus, Syria, his
militia would attack the Marines and other troops
of the 5,400-man multinational peacekeeping force
"unless they remain neutral" in the new Lebanese
"The mere fact that they (the Marines) are pro
viding the Lebanese factional army with logistic
support, expertise and training is enough for us to
consider them enemies," he added.
Berri said in a separate statement that the
Marines "who came to Lebanon as an element of
the multinational peacekeeping force have turned
into a fighting force against Moslems in Lebanon."
U.S. spokesmen say the Marines fired only on
Shiite and Druse gun positions that attacked them
during the fighting this week.
Defense Department officials in Washington said
the 1,600-man 31st Marine Amphibious Unit would
sail for Lebanon from East Africa today aboard the
assault ship Tarawa and several other amphibious
The officials said the force would stand off the
Lebanese coast, where the U.S. 6th Fleet already
has a sizable task force, and there were no plans to
send the additional Marines ashore.
Meanwhile, the Lebanese army searched west
Beirut for weapons and for Druse, Amal and leftists
Mourabitoun militiamen from whom they regained
control of the section in hard fighting Wednesday.
Sporadic rifle shots were heard as the
U.S.-trained troops flushed out dozens of men,
blindfolded them and hauled them off. Witnesses
said they saw at least three jeeploads of prisoners.
Residents ventured cautiously out after the lifting
of a 24-hour curfew and four days of fighting and
heavy bombardment in which at least 94 people
were killed. The dead included two U.S. Marines,
five French soldiers and 42 Lebanese troops, and at
least 413 people were reported wounded.
The police reported that Druse militiamen
slaughtered 24 Christians early Thursday in the
village of Bmarian, east of Beirut, in retaliation for
the crackdown on the militias in Beirut. The Chris
tian radio station said the victims included old peo
ple, children and a priest.
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Reaction to attack negative
By KYLE MARSHALL
The shooting of a Korean jetliner Wednesday was
ordered by the government leaders of the Soviet Union,
three UNC professors agree.
History professors James Leutze and Miles Fletcher
and political science Professor Robert Rupen are among
many at UNC who have expressed shock over the inci
dent. The three made their comments Thursday night on
a Village Cable discussion program.
Evidence shows a deliberate attempt to shoot because
Soviet fighter jets followed the plane, Rupen said. "That
puts it out of reach of the possibility that a Soviet pilot
made the decision to shoot," said Rupen, an expert in
"The pilots were getting it out of Moscow, rather than
making their own decisions. It wasn't necessarily from
(Soviet leader Yuri) Andropov, but it came from an of
ficial in Moscow."
Rupen and Leutze agreed that no one in the United
States can determine why the Soviet Union shot the
"The mind boggles, really, when you look at why they
would take such a hard-line approach," said Leutze,
chairman of the Peace, War and Defense curriculum. "I
can't think of a precedent for this, even from the Cold
War period. There's never been anything exactly like
Sakhalin Island, over which the airliner was attacked,
is an important military area for the Soviet Union,
Rupen said. "The plane was solidly in Soviet territory.
and they felt that no one else ought to be there."
Rupen also said one of the worst things to come out of
the event was that it hurt the possibility for detente. And
justification for defense buildups on both sides now
would be stronger, he said.
Fletcher, who specializes in Japanese studies, said the
incident would pressure Japan's leaders into escalating
that country's current defense buildup.
"The action taken by Moscow will increase tensions in
the (Pacific) area," Fletcher said. "It will also encourage
anti-Soviet sentiment in Japan.
"But I think diplomats, when they begin to conduct
arms reductions talks, will isolate their talks from this in
cident. There won't be any sudden breakoff from
Meanwhile, President Reagan is expected to meet this
weekend with advisers. The professors said Reagan
would face considerable pressure from hard-line conser
vatives in his administration to take punitive action
against the Soviet Union. A possible move would be to
rescind the grain agreement made earlier this year with
the Soviets, but the three said such action was not likely.
Reagan probably will seek to tighten flight regulations
against the Soviets through an international body such as
the United Nations, they said.
In a separate interview Thursday, UNC political
science Professor James W. White said he was not sur
prised by the incident. "Every, year the Soviets grab a
couple of Japanese fishing boats, claiming that they have
invaded their territorial waters. The Russians want to
make clear what's theirs."
See REACTION on page 2
Most whose parking permits stolen left cars unlocked
By SCOTT WHARTON
Thirty-two parking permits have been reported to
University police as stolen, lost or missing since
Aug. 22. Missing permits are usually the No. 1
problem for University police at the beginning of
each school year, Maj. Charles Mauer said Tues
day. Though missing permits are keeping them busy, .
police officials said the 32 reports filed so far do not
mark an unusually high number. The number of
reports filed is "about the same" as previous years,
Mauer said, adding that the problem of stolen or
missing permits may get worse during September
because of the demand for parking.
"You get this all year long," Mauer said. He
blamed most of the problem on the fact that
students, faculty or employees who have their per
mits stolen leave their car doors unlocked. None of
the reports filed indicated forcible entry into cars, he
Police have no suspects in the permit thefts.
"If the opportunity is there, and as tight as park
ing is on this campus. . .somebody's going to steal
your permit," Mauer said.
It is difficult to find those who steal permits
because it is impossible to tell if a person entering a
car is the owner, Mauer said.
"If the opportunity is there, and as
tight as parking is on this campus ...
somebody's going to steal your per
Maj. Charles Mauer
The system of hanging parking stickers on the
rearview mirror of cars went into effect on July 1,
1982. Before that, the stickers were required to be
attached to car windshields.
I aai spring, after a crackdown by traffic
monitors who checked cars to see if their stickers
matched the correct license number on permit ap
plications, many students received tickets charging
them with having stolen permits, said David
Kirkman, an attorney for Student Legal Services.
Kirkman said that under the hanging sticker policy
and the spring crackdown, there was a substantial
increase in students who had been ticketed seeking
advice from his agency.
The Traffic Office did not adequately inform
students about the rules governing the permits,
Kirkman said. "The new system is convenient for
the Traffic Office people, but it seems to cause more
problems," he said.
Many of the students who came to SLS told
Kirkman that they were unaware that they could not
buy stickers from friends and could not transfer the
stickers from one car to another without notifying
the Traffic Office.
Students this year were given a notice attached to
their parking stickers that says: "The UNC Parking
Ordinance states that it is unlawful to transfer (sell,
give or obtain) a parking permit in any way except
directly through the UNC Traffic Office. Illegal
transfer is a $50 fine."
Robert E. Sherman, director of University police,
said that the hanging sticker system was working
well and tiiai the number of thefts was not signifi
cant. Three thousand students and approximately
7,000 to 8,000 faculty and University employees
have been issued permits this year.
The current parking permit system is similar to
those of many large universities. Sherman said he
instituted it because the old system was illegal under
state law North Carolina law prohibits the at
tachment of parking stickers on the windshield. The
old system was also more costly because it
necessitated the printing of 54 different-colored
Despite the University's cost of purchasing the
plastic on which the validation stickers are placed,
Sherman said he expects the changed permit method
to save money within the next two to three years
because of reduced printing costs. All validation
stickers, are now the same color.
Students who have had their permits stolen
should complete an incident report with the Univer
sity police and contact the Traffic Office for a