Mostly sunny today and
Saturday with highs today
near 90 and lows dropping
into the low 60s.
Copyright 1983 The Daily Tar Hed. AO rights reserved.
1 V V
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Starting Monday the 'DTH'
will have display classified
ads to help you sell your car,
your roommate, whatever.
Volume 91, Issue 51
Friday, September 9, 1983
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
NewsSports; Arts 962-0245
. Navy fires
The Associated Press
BEIRUT, Lebanon The U.S. Navy
unleashed its firepower in Lebanon for the
first time Thursday, destroying a Druse
militia battery that shelled Beirut airport in
violation of a truce pledge while two
Marine generals were inspecting Marine
No casualties were reported at the air
port, where four Marines have been killed
and 28 wounded since late last month. But
police said 52 Lebanese were killed and 1 14
wounded in fierce Christian-Druse fighting
in the mountains overlooking the airport.
The Druse, in a statement issued by
their Progressive Socialist Party, claimed
Lebanese troops and Christian Phalange
militiamen burned down a Druse religious
shrine in Ebey, 7lA miles southeast of
Beirut, and "massacred" 40 men, women
and children who had taken refuge there.
There was no independent confirmation
of the claim, the latest in a series of reports
of massacres by both Christians and the
Syrian-backed Druse since Israeli troops
pulled out of the mountains Sunday.
Israelis redeployed its troops to safer posi
tions in southern Lebanon.
Lebanese state radio said shells from the
Druse-Christian fighting in areas to the
south and east of the capital fell early to
day on both sides of the "green line"
dividing Christian east Beirut and mostly
Moslem west Beirut. The radio, which re
ported no injuries, said the Lebanese army
batteries responded and "silenced" gun
ners in the mountains.
A spokesman for Babir Hospital, a ma
jor hospital in west Beirut, said four shells
landed near the facility and patients were
evacuated from upper floors. No one was
hurt, he said.
In Jerusalem the Israeli Foreign Minis
try issued a statement saying it warned
warring factions of the Chouf mountains
not to harm civilians and had launched
diplomatic efforts to avoid massacres.
It said Israel had appealed to the Inter
national Red Cross to take urgent action
to prevent the killing of civilians in the
mountain town of Deir el Qamar.
In the northern port city of Tripoli, a car
bomb exploded in front of the office of
the Sunni Moslem fundamentalist group
"Islamic Unioni." Hospital officials said
seven were killed and 20 were wounded in
Meanwhile, two ABC television crew
members David Owens, 35, a camera
man from Wichita, Kan., and Akram Abi
Hanna, 23, a Lebanese soundman miss
ing since last weekend in Lebanon's central
mountains returned safely to Beirut
after spending two nights in a cave to
. escape heavy shell fire.
The U.S. Navy frigate Bowen fired four
rounds from its five-inch guns as the
mountain fighting raged and the- Marine
base below was shelled. "We hit the target
that we aimed at," Marine spokesman
Warrant Officer Charles Rowe said.
Rockets landed inside the Marines'
defense perimeter two more times Thurs
day, putting them on Condition One
their highest state of alert. There were no
injuries in any of the attacks.
President Reagan called Col. Timothy
J. Geraghty, commander of the U.S.
Marine unit, and told him to stand firm.
Geraghty quoted the president as saying of
the marines: "They're doing an outstan
Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger
said the Navy's action was "an ap
propriate response" and that the peace
force commanders "are fully authorized"
to fire back if fired upon. He spoke in
Tegucigalpa, Honduras, where he is in
specting U.S. military exercises.
"What was being done is what was con
templated at the very beginning. And, that
is, when our forces are fired upon, the
commanders are fully authorized to bring
the necessary resources, to make an ap
propriate response and to silence the posi
tions that are firing at our troops," he told
a news conference.
Lt. Gen. John H. Miller and Maj. Gen.
Alfred M. Gray were inspecting the
Marine compound when the shelling start
ed and witnesses said one round landed
about 50 yards from them.
The generals and other Marines took
cover, while Marine gunners responded
with six rounds from a 155mm howitzer at
the end of the runway as the Bowen' s guns
Lance Cpl. Michael Cavallaro of Pro
vidence, R.I., a driver in the generals' con
voy, took a piece of shrapnel in his helmet
from the shells.
"The first one caught everyone's atten
tion. When the second one came, we knew
we had to get out," he said.
Miller, commanding general of the Fleet
Force Atlantic in Norfolk, Va., and Gray,
commander of the 2nd Marine Division at
Camp Lejeune, visited the first platoon of
Alpha Company, which suffered two
deaths Monday and two more Tuesday.
Miller told reporters, "No one expects
the Marines to stay here hunkered down
under fire from known positions and not
He also said he expected 2,000 Marines
waiting offshore to remain in reserve, but
added: "If needed, they will be used."
On Wednesday, U.S. and French jet
fighters roared over Lebanon for the first
time in a show of force after Marine and
French positions in west Beirut were
shelled. One Marine was wounded and at
least two French soldiers were killed. In
formed sources said a French soldier who
was wounded later died.
The 1,200 Marines ashore are part of a
5,400 multinational peacekeeping force
that also includes French, Italian and
British troops. They have been in Lebanon
since Israeli troops forced the evacuation
of thousands of Palestine Liberation Or
ganization fighters from Beirut last sum
mer. See LEBANON on page 2
By KEITH BRADSHER
The installation of computers in the
Student Aid Office has delayed work
study assignments for the fall.
The computers were installed in the
spring. But problems with purchased
programs have caused delays that are
showing up now.
"Putting that system up has been
the most painful thing anyone in this
office has ever gone through," said
Eleanor S. Morris, director of the Stu
dent Aid Office. "All I know is that
it's horrible. Every step of the way
there were bugs."
Work-study assignments also were
delayed by repairs needed by the com
"It (work-study assignments) was
about a five- or six-week process that
we only had two weeks to do," Morris
Delays grew when Congress increas
ed funding for the work-study pro
gram over the summer. "It was just a
surprise," Morris said. "We have a
late allocation from the federal
"We know that some departments
are inconvenienced," Morris said, but
added that work-study students "aren't
supposed to run the University."
Work-study students are paid for
working in various University jobs.
Students who accepted assignments
by the Aug. 12 deadline have already
been assigned to an office and receiv
ed their first check. Students who ac
cepted work-study as part of their
financial aid package from Aug. 12 to
Aug. 26 picked up their first checks
Thursday. Students entering the work
study program by 5 p.m. today will be
able to pick up their first check next
Students already assigned to work
study jobs who are asking for reassign
ment to different offices will be dealt
with last, Morris said.
Work-study students are paid by
funds from federal allocations, not by
the professor or office for which they
work. A work-study assignment is
supplemented by gifts and grants to
form a financial aid package.
The Student Aid Office has offered
work-study assignments to 1,900
students since the current fiscal year
began in July. So far 1,275 students
have accepted the assignments.
Installing a computer system and
tailoring programs to the needs of an
office always creates some confusion,
said Gordon M. Fitz-Simons, a
systems analyst for the University's
administrative data processing.
"Any new system the first year is
rough," he said. "The second year is'
The introduction of a "very power
ful, complex computer system" re
quired a complete restructuring of the
Student Aid Office, Fitz-Simons said.
The office previously had used
computers exclusively for the storage
of some records. The new software
provides terminals that can calculate
the eligibility of students for various
E . " y?jy -
1 j') y- n . - ,
cs,'i! , a yiywv
. - i :?'a-v. j?yyriyyyt i'
41 V t
y TL- ,
Alfred Adams, of Apex, guides Tony the Workhorse pulling away logs at the construction site of the new residence
hall on Stadium Drive. The multi-million dollar dormitory will house about 500 students in air-conditioned comfort.
Shultz cuts short meeting with Gromyko
Y'Sy'' J' I
w- W - i
If.: ; .:-.-.Vsvsvi,..
The Associated Press
Secretary of State George P. Shultz got what he called a
"totally unacceptable" explanation of the downing of a
South Korean airliner from a militant Soviet Foreign
Minister Andrei A. Gromyko.
Shultz broke off his meeting with Gromyko in Madrid,
Spain, after two hours Thursday, and then requested a
special meeting of the foreign ministers of the NATO
countries, who are meeting here in connection with the
closing of the 34-month-old Conference on Security and
Cooperation in Europe.
Officials said the NATO ministers scheduled a meeting
for this afternoon in Brussels, Belgium.
The NATO ministers already are considering a tem
porary air travel ban against Moscow, and a senior State
Department official said Shultz probably would cancel a
previously scheduled meeting with Gromyko in New York
later this month.
In Moscow, the Soviet news agency Tass reported that
Gromyko told Shultz the United States sent the Korean
jumbo jet into Soviet airspace in a "gross provocation"
that the foreign minister described as a "criminal deed."
Tass said that Shultz reiterated "the false versions of the
incident with the plane that are spread in the United
States" following his meeting with Gromyko.
A Soviet interceptor shot down the Korean jumbo jet
after it intruded over the Soviet island of Sakhalin Sept. 1 ,
killing all 269 people aboard, including 61 Americans.
President Reagan ordered all U.S. offices of the Aero
flot to be closed and demanded that all American air car
riers sever ties with the Soviet airline, the world's largest.
Aeroflot has been banned from landing in the United
States since 1981, and its U.S. offices in Washington and
New York only book connections out of Montreal and
other foreign cities.
Earlier, Reagan announced limited sanctions
cultural exchanges and transportation agreements.
At the United Nations, a U.S.-backed draft resolution
was introduced in the U.N. Security Council deploring the
downing of a South Korean airliner and calling for a full
U.N. investigation, but not explicitly condemning the
Soviet diplomats, speaking privately, said their delega
tion would veto it.
British Airways canceled its flights to Moscow, and
European pilots' associations joined in a 60-day boycott
to protest the missile attack that claimed the lives of 269
people. The Soviets say the plane, which flew through
Soviet airspace, was on a spy mission for the United States
a charge the United States denies.
The pilots, from France, Italy, Norway and Denmark,
were ahead of their governments in taking concrete
measures against the Soviet Union.
The U.S. State Department cautioned Americans
against going to the Soviet Union because the airline pro
tests could seriously disrupt travel.
In Tokyo, Soviet Ambassador Vladimir Pavlov, in a
meeting at the Foreign Ministry, said the Soviets would
turn over to Japan recovered materials and documents
from the crashed airliner, Japanese officials said.
They said he also told them his government will report
on its search operations off the tiny Soviet island of
Japan says the Soviets have found debris from the
downed South Korean airliner and will turn the material
over, but there was no sign Thursday of any other
cooperation between the Kremlin and the nations and in
stitutions outraged over the Soviet attack.
See PLANE on page 2
Congressional Club raised $1. 5 million first half of year
By J. BONASIA
To this point the major issue of the yet
unannounced Hunt-Helms Senate race has
been fund raising.
The National Congressional Club, Re
publican Sen. Jesse Helms' conservative
organization, raised $1,496 million during
the first half of this year, according to a re
port filed with the Federal Elections Com
mission in August.
In the report the Club states that it spent
$1,486 million of the money raised. Most
was spent in eight categories: campaign
funding, research, political organization,
administration, membership services,
government affairs, advertising and sche
duling. None of the contributions went to
Helms, who is expected to seek a third
term in 1984.
Money for Helms' campaign is current
ly being raised by the Helms for Senate
Committee, an organization that operates
separately from the Congressional Club.
"We are recognized by the FEC to be
the official committee to re-elect Jesse
Helms in the 1984 Senate race," said
Claude Allen, spokesman for the commit
tee. Donations to candidates by political ac
tion committees, such as the Congressional
Club, are limited to $5,000 per election cy
cle. But candidate committees, such as
Helms for Senate, have.no such restric
tions. Helms for Senate was able to raise
more than $1.7 million in the first half of
Although contributions to Helms' cam
paign come from across the nation, the
majority of funds are raised from within
the state, Allen said.
Until June 30, opposition to the Helms'
campaign was being provided by the N.C.
Campaign Fund, a political action com
mittee that promoted . Democratic candi
dates. Like the Congressional Club, the
N.C. Campaign Fund, which has now dis
banded, used advertising and direct-mailing
The Campaign Fund stopped opera
tions June 30 because of an FEC ruling.
PACs such as the Campaign Fund could
not contribute more than $5,000 to a single
candidate, the ruling state. Hunt's sup
porters needed an organization better
suited for raising funds specifically for
Since Aug. 1, The Jim Hunt Explora
tory Committee has been in operation.
The group is currently investigating the
potential for a senatorial bid by Hunt.
"Basically we're seeing if there's enough
money out there for us to wage a viable
campaign," said Mike Davis, associate
director of the committee. "We're also do
ing some organizational and research
The Jim Hunt Exploratory Committee
is a candidate committee, comparable to
Helms for Senate. Hunt is expected to an
nounce his candidacy sometime early next
year if enough money is available.
See HUNT-HELMS on page 4
Hunt, Helms both looking for Ag-PAC support
By KYLE MARSHALL
As the expected battle between Sen. Jesse Helms and
Gov. Jim Hunt draws near, both campaigns hope to gain
support from agricultural interests.
Spokesmen for the campaigns agree that receiving
contributions from "Ag-PACs" agriculturally
related political action committees will play a major
role in fund raising. Agriculture is an important part of
North Carolina's economy, but out-of-state Ag-PACs,
as well as those with N.C. connections, will be interested
in the '84 Helms-Hunt race.
Helms is banking on his position as chairman of the
Senate Agriculture Committee to receive campaign con
tributions. During the first half of 1983, Helms received
a total of $1 18,365 from PACs, and more than a third or
those donations came from agricultural interests.
"Helms has a tremendous record of proving he's an
ally to the agriculture industry," said Claude Allen,
spokesman for the Helms for Senate Committee. "They
realize what influence he has as Agriculture Committee
Meanwhile, Hunt's supporters have just begun
organizing a fund-raising committee for the sole purpose
of promoting the Hunt campaign. The Jim Hunt Ex
ploratory Committee, formed Aug. 1, has not yet receiv
ed any contributions from Ag-PACs. But that doesn't
mean the group isn't expecting agriculture dollars,
spokeswoman Stephanie Bass said this week.
"Hunt always has enjoyed strong support from
agricultural interests in North Carolina," Bass said.
"But we're looking for support from a variety of in
terests related to the state. There are not particular plans
to target one type of PAC."
In a report released last month with the Federal Elec
tions Commission, records show Helms received the
maximum contribution of $5,000 from three Ag-PACs
Dairymen Inc. the Commodity Futures Trading PAC
and the Committee for the Advancement of Cotton.
Other PACs contributing to Helms include the Tobac
co Institute and the National Turkey Federation, Allen
said. The Tobacco Institute contributed despite being
supported primarily by Democrats, he said.
See PAC on page 2