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Results of the Daily Tar
Heel writing test are posted
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Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright 1983 The Daily Tar Hed. All rights reserved.
Volume 91, Issue 54
Wednesday, September 14, 1983
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Mu III If II
curtails travel plans
to Soviet Union
The Associated Press
The West European aviation boycott in retaliation for the
Soviet clowning of a South Korean airliner curtailed plans Tues
day for Western travel in the Soviet Union, but there was no in
dication that thousands of foreign visitors were stranded.
Two British tour agencies with about 300 people already in the
Soviet Union said they had canceled departures for Moscow in the
coming two weeks and were making contingency plans to bring
their clients home earlier or via routes not affected by the boycott.
The London office of Intourist, the Soviet travel agency, of
fered clients alternate routes or refunds.
The U.S. Embassy in Moscow said the 400 to 500 Americans
believed in the Soviet Union were advised to make alternative
travel arrangements, but there was no indication anyone was in
The British Foreign Office said there were no reports of distress
from some 1,200 Britons traveling in the Soviet Union. But travel
agents in London were scrambling to make arrangements for their
A British businessman, boarding a Soviet Aeroflot jet in Lon
don Tuesday morning, said he was not worried.
"I can always come back via Paris," he said.
In Washington, Sen. Jesse Helms; R-N.C, and other Senate
conservatives broke with President Reagan and called for sanc
tions against the Soviet Union instead of a resolution of condem
nation, agreed to by the White House, that did not ask for
Helms and Republican Steve Symms of Idaho introduced a re
solution calling on Reagan to call his ambassador to Moscow
home for urgent consultations, expel all but a few Soviet diplo
mats from the United States and suspend all arms control negotia
tions until the Soviets withdrew their threat to shoot down U.S.
However, some other conservatives said the language of the
Helms-Symms resolution was too strong and they were discussing
The hunt for bodies and wreckage from the jetliner continued
along the northern coasts of Hokkaido, Japan's northernmost
island, and in the waters between there and the Soviet island of
Sakhalin. Police said they found 85 items Tuesday that were be
lieved to have come from the plane, including several shoes, san
dals and boots, a vest and other personal belongings.
In London, Lloyd's and other British insurers paid Korean Air
Lines $26.8 million for the downed Korean Air Lines Boeing 747.
A spokesman said that represented 76.64 percent of the $35
million insurance on the jetliner. The rest was held by a Korean
. The spokesman, who declined to be identified, said the 269 pas
sengers and crew killed in the crash, their baggage and the cargo
were insured for a maximum of $365 million. But he said pay
ments to dependents of the people killed would take some time
because of claims pending in U.S. courts.
See JET on page 3
By SUSAN OAKLEY
Although several serious crimes have oc
curred in recent months in the Chapel Hill
area, police statistics show that overall
crime has not increased during the last
"Even though there has been a rash of
crimes in the area, I wouldn't say we have
a crime wave on our hands," said Master
Officer Alvin Allen of the Chapel Hill
Police Department. "Usually when a
number of similar crimes occur, it's the
same person committing the act."
Once the police have apprehended this
person, the crime rate usually returns to
normal, he said.
However, he did say crime has been
gradually increasing over the past 10 years
nationally, including Chapel Hill.
Police statistics show that the sum of
criminal homicides, forcible rapes, rob
beries, assaults, burglaries, larceny thefts
and motor vehicle thefts in 1973 was 1 ,654,
while in 1982 the total was 2,101.
With the exception of 1978, no yearly
tallies have fallen below the 1973 level.
Allen said the increases are mostly due
to jumps in property crimes. For example,
in 1973 the total number of burglaries and
breaking and enterings was 275. Already
for the first seven months of 1983 the total
If this trend continues, the 1983 figure
could double the figure of 10 years before,
because the number of burglaries usually
increases toward the end of the year, Allen
Motor vehicle theft has become a signi
ficant problem in recent years, Allen said.
In 1982 alone, $177,000 worth of property
was stolen in Chapel Hill. Of this amount,
$48,000 was stolen from motor vehicles.
of Major Crimes
Despite a rash of crimes in recent months, overall crime for 1983 is comparaoie to last year. But police records
show that the total number of crimes have slowly risen since 1973.
Although property crimes have steadily
increased during the last 10 years, serious
crimes, such as homicides and rapes, have
remained fairly stable, Allen said. Police
statistics show that the number of forcible
rapes is actually down since 1973, although
"Even though there has been a rash of crimes in the area, I
wouldn't say we have a crime wave on our hands. Usually when a
number of similar crimes occur, it's the same person committing
Unfortunately, these same statistics
show that the number of robberies almost
tripled from 1973 to 1982, going from 12
"We don't have any concrete answers as
to why a person commits a crime at any
given time," said Lt. Ralph Pendergraph,
also of the CHPD. "If there were an easy
ffWt f fp w
4X I 1 J 1
21 r3i Mmm:'
in the rain
Even with the current water shortage and the need for more rain, it's still not much fun
to wait for the bus in the rain as Jill Carpenter, a freshman from Lincolnton, discovers.
TOTAL NUMBER OF MAJOR CRIMES IN A TEN-YEAR
answer, I would sell it and make a lot of
Even though there are no easy answers
to the question of why crime exists, people
can decrease their chances of becoming
victims by taking certain percautions.
Master Officer Alvin Allen
Chapel Hill Police Department
Keeping your doors locked is the first
precaution, Allen said. According to a
police pamphlet "Be Aware," 23 percent
of all assaults occur in the home. Many of
these would have been prevented if the oc
cupants had locked their doors, Allen said.
The pamphlet also states that you
should not admit anyone into your home
unless you know them, and you should
always ask repairmen for identification.
Because car break-ins are on the in
crease, you should park in well-lighted
areas, lock your doors and hide any item
of value from view, Allen said. "A person
is more apt to break in if an item, such as a
camera, is exposed," he said. -
Allen urges all victims of crimes to
report the incidents to the pol'ce im
mediately. "Blind reports," or reports
where all the information is confidential,
are available, he said.
In filing such a report, your name is not
placed on the report or given to the press.
You only answer questions about the
crime, such as where it occurred or what
"Chapel Hill, even though small, does
have crime, so it's imperative that people
look out for themselves," Allen said.
Above all, he .said, don't be afraid to
report a crime either to the University
police or CHPD.
The Associated Press
WASHINGTON President Reagan
has authorized Marine commanders in
Lebanon to call in air strikes from the U.S.
fleet if they deem it necessary to protect
Americans or other units in the multina
tional peacekeeping force, his chief
spokesman said Tuesday.
White House officials also held out the
possibility that Navy jets, based just off
shore, may support Lebanese army units,
stretched thin in their efforts to block
Syrian-backed Druse militiamen and their
allies from Beirut.
In Beirut, the privately owned Central
News Agency said the Reagan administra
tion had pledged air and naval artillery
support for the Lebanese army. The agen
cy, which has access to President Amin
Gemayel's inner circle, said, "If any of the
Lebanese army's current front lines in the
mountain were penetrated, the Lebanese
government can count on U.S. Navy air
and artillery intervention."
Reagan's decision to allow local Marine
commanders to call in air strikes, described
as a new policy, stemmed from the presi
dent's meeting last weekend with national
security and foreign policy advisers.
The Marines did not immediately exer
cise that option, but two British Buccaneer
fighter-bombers based in Cyprus flew a
rooftop sweep over Beirut in a show of
force for the multinational peacekeepers.
Western warships off Lebanon were
shadowed by a Soviet missile frigate, the
No raise for nurses at SHS;
grievance filed with agency
By KYLE MARSHALL
Nurses at UNC Student Health Ser
vices have filed a grievance with a state
agency over not receiving salary increases
The grievance, filed with the State Per
sonnel Commission, claims that Student
Health nurses should have received the
same pay hikes that nurses at N.C.
Memorial Hospital received. Another
state agency, the Office of State Person
nel, had granted increases of up to five
percent for NCMH nurses in May.
The pay hikes affect 824 hospital
nurses at a total cost of $896,000. Student
Health Services employs 18 full-time
registered nurses and five nurse practi
tioners. At issue is whethen. Student Health
nurses should receive equal pay for what
they say are the same duties that NCMH
nurses perform. OSP position manage
ment director Don Huffman, however,
said Tuesday that his comparison of the
two positions differed from the view pre
sented by the Student Health nurses.
"It's a matter of degree," Huffman
said. "We studied job-related factors to
determine salary levels, and found that
the jobs are different."
Student Health nursing director Caroll
Eiler disagreed, saying Tuesday that in
some cases, nurses at the infirmary have
more difficult jobs than hospital nurses.
"The nursing staff here provides the
For attorney general
Barber drops out of race
From staff and wire reports
Wade Barber Jr., district attorney for
Orange and Chatham counties, an
nounced Tuesday that he would not seek v
the Democratic nomination for attorney
Barber had been expected to formally
announce his candidacy for the post, pre
sently held by Rufus Edmisten, today.
"We don't believe that we can raise suf
ficient funds to run a credible campaign in
this state," Barber said in a morning news
"Regrettably, money is the first require
ment of politics and that is especially true
this year," he said. "A lack of money is
going to cost me the opportunity to fight
for the people of North Carolina next
The Pittsboro native said he had raised
$15,000, had used $20,000 of his personal
funds and still had a $7,000 debt. Barber
said he thought $300,000 would be needed
to run a successful campaign.
Howard Covington, a campaign aide,
said Barber had received financial support
since announcing he would not seek the
Democratic gubernatorial nomination.
Covington was executive city editor of The
Greensboro Daily News before joining
Barber said his chances were hurt by
former Superior Court Judge Lacy Thorn-
Leningradsky Komsomelets, and a Soviet
radio intercept ship, which were both spot
ted about two miles away from the U.S.
aircraft carrier Dwight D. Eisenh6wer.
The 1,200 Marines on shore are also
backed by 2,000 leathernecks on ships
posted off the Lebanese coast.' Presidential
spokesman Larry Speakes said there was
no plan to increase the U.S. contingent on
shore, even though the standby force is
Reagan's decision was revealed as
House Democratic leaders worked on
legislation that would declare the Marines'
mission under the domain of the 1973 War
Powers Act meaning it would be sub
ject to congressional approval. But the
legislation now being drafted would
authorize that mission for up to 18 months
without further congressional debate.
House Speaker Thomas P. O'Neill Jr.,
D-Mass., said a vote is likely Tuesday. The
proposed legislation represents a compro
mise between the administration which
has declined to fully invoke the War
Powers Act and critics who say it
Several White House officials, including
chief of staff James A. Baker III, were
consulting with congressional leaders
about the matter. The prospective applica
tion of the War Powers Act has become
more at issue since four Marines have been
The attacks on the Marines are leading
to pressure to step up the engagement of
the troops, and that would weaken his
See LEBANON on page 2
same kind . of inpatient care, without
physicians around 24 hours a day," Eiler'
said. "(Student Health) nurses also have
a greater variety of problems to treat. The
only difference is that we don't have an
The OSP, under Huffman's direction,
completed a study of state-employed
nurses in May. The OSP then placed
NCMH nurses in a higher job classifica
tion, leaving Student Health nurses in
their existing division. Classification deci
sions came first, then the OSP get
"My analysts did the classification
study, and then looked at it again before
deciding where to place the nurses,"
Huffman said. "Our study showed that
the positions in Student Health Services
didn't fit into the new classification."
If Student Health nurses are unsuc
cessful in getting increases this year,
students will suffer the most, Eiler said.
"We won't be able to attract as many
nurses to work here if they see that they
can go next door and get better pay," she
said. "We've got to have qualified nurses
"Students have paid for the services
they receive at Student Health. We feel
it's important for them to get the best ser
vices possible. If the salary situation
doesn't change, student could pay for it
in the long run."
Under the appeals process, Student
Health nurses first took their case to the
See NURSES on page 5
burg who had received commitments for
A successful campaign requires financial
backing, Barber said. "It is unfortunate
people can't run exclusively on their record
in public office."
Fund raising for a campaign is difficult
this year because of the attention focused
on the U.S. senate race and the wide-open
race for the gubernatorial Democratic
nomination, Barber said.
Barber, 39, said he had generated major
issues in the race, including restoring faith
in the criminal justice system, improved
training for law enforcement officers and
aid to crime victims.
A 1970 UNC School of Law graduate,
Barber comes up for re-election as district
attorney in 1986. He is chairman of the
state Criminal Justice Education and
Training Standards Commission.
Thornburg and District Attorney
Howard Boney of Tarboro are the only
candidates who have officially announced
they plan to seek the attorney general's
Other potential candidates include state
Rep. H. Parks Helms, D-Mecklenburg,
former U.S. Attorney H.M. "Mickey"
Michaux of Durham, state Sen. Elton Ed
wards, D-Guilford, Fred G. Morrison of
Raleigh and District Judge Kelly E. Greene