Look for it
at Kenan Stadium
and on campus
Mostly sunny today and Fri
day. Highs today in the mid
70s, lows in the upper 50s.
Copyright 1983 The Daily Tar Heel. All rights reserved.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
The 'DTH' staff meeting for
both old and new staffers has
been rescheduled for Mon
day. New state and national
writers will meet today in the
office at 4:30.
Volume 91, Issue 55
Thursday, September 15, 1983
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
The Associated Press
WASHINGTON A furious argu
ment is raging in Congress about the
presence of U.S. Marines in Lebanon.
Practically everybody agrees they should
If that seems like a contradiction, it's
because people don't understand how high
passions can run in Washington over the
prerogatives of the executive and legislative
branches of government.
The Constitution makes the president
the commander in chief of the armed
But it gives Congress the power to
Faced with an undeclared war in Viet
nam, Congress in 1973 passed the War
Powers Act, requiring the president to re
port to the lawmakers when he sent armed
troops abroad. It also requires him to
bring them home if they encounter
hostilities and he cannot get congressional
approval to keep them in a war zone.
The part about bringing the troops
home is in Section 4-a-l of the act. It only
applies if they are "engaged in hostilities"
or "in a situation where hostilities are im
minent." The administration did not invoke this
part of the law when it dispatched 1,200
Marines last year to serve as part of an in
ternational peacekeeping force in
It still refuses to invoke 4-a-l, even
though four Marines have been killed, but
is talking with congressional leaders about
legislation to be initiated in Congress to
approve the Marines' continued presence.
That may all sound a little technical, but
it is the subject of meetings all over town.
Sen. Paul Sarbanes, D-Md., got so
worked up about it Tuesday that he was
practically shouting at a State Department
Administration officials were arguing,
at a Senate Foreign Relations Committee
hearing, that putting a limit on the
Marines' stay would spur foes of the
Lebanese government to new violence in
an effort to bring about a clamor for their
Davis R. Robinson, the department's
legal adviser, said the administration
"does not want to do anything to increase
the risk" to the Marines.
Sarbanes, his voice rising, told Robin
son, "I will not concede to you any greater
sensitivity to the safety of the Marines than
is held by the members of Congress. We
are as sensitive or more sensitive to it than
See LEBANON on page 6
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Campus Governing Council representatives Kerry Haynie (district 20) and Steve Reinhard (district 1) discuss
a point at the CGC meeting held Wednesday night.
By MARK STINNEFORD
After less than 10 minutes of debate,
the CGC Wednesday night approved a
student referendum on a proposal to raise
the Student Activity Fee by $1.50 per
No date was set for the referendum,
but CGC leaders hope to hold the vote on
Sept. 22 with homecoming queen elec
tions, CGC Speaker James Exum
(District 15) said after the meeting.
But Student Government currentlyis
without an Elections Board to organize
the referendum. The last Elections Board
chairman, Stan Evans, graduated in May.
Student Body president Kevin Monroe
has nominated senior Chris Cox from
Fayetteville to fill the position, but Cox
has failed to show up at CGC Rules and
Judiciary Committee meetings scheduled
to consider his confirmation.
Monroe said he has been unable to
contact Cox to tell him the meeting times.
Cox, reached at his home after the
meeting, said he was unaware that he was
supposed to attend any Rules and
Judiciary Committee meetings. He said
he was not sure that he could organize a
referendum in a week.
"It's going to put a great strain on
me," Cox said. "But I guess if I have to
do it, I have to do it. I don't think I can
get people to help me in this short a time.
I'd hate to do it in such a rush."
The opportunity to hold the referen
dum with homecoming elections will give
Student Government the incentive to
speed the confirmation of the Elections
Board chairman, Exum said. The timing
of the referendum is designed to ensure a
good student turnout, he said.
For the fee increase to be imposed, it
must be approved by a two-thirds majori
ty in a referendum, and 20 percent of the
student body about 4,100 students
must cast ballots.
Despite the rush to hold a referendum,
the appointment of an Elections Board
chairman will be considered carefully,
said Reggie Holley (District 1 1), chairman
of the CGC Rules and Judiciary Commit
tee. "This won't be a rush job; we've got
questions," Holley said. "We're not go-
ing to approve an Elections Board chair
man for the sake of convenience."
The Student Activity Fee $15.25 per
semester was last increased in 1977.
See CGC on page 3
Committee searches for UNC Affirmative Action officer
By BEN PERKOWSKI
UNC acting Affirmative Action Officer Benjamin
E. Rawlins is being considered to fill that position per
manently. A six-member search committee recommended
Rawlins for the position to UNC Chancellor
Christopher C. Fordham July 26. Fordham said he ex
pected to make a decision by mid-October.
"I have been meeting with candidates and discuss
ing various aspects of the position," Fordham said
The Board of Trustees must approve Fordham's
decision before it becomes final.
Rawlins assumed the post of acting Affirmative Ac
tion officer when Gillian T. Cell resigned June 30 to
become chairman of the history department.
Rawlins was hired by the University in 1977 and
became assistant Affirmative Action officer when the
office was created in 1981.
"I have had consultations with the chancellor and
clearly I would like the position on a permanent
basis," Rawlins said Wednesday.
Search committee head and vice chancellor for
University affairs Harold Wallace said the search for
the new officer was limited to current faculty and staff
members and was widely publicized in an effort to find
the most qualified candidates.
If the position is not filled through this first round
of candidates and the search committee agrees no
more UNC candidates exist, then the search will be
open to people outside the University. y
The Affirmative Action officer is responsible for in
creasing the percentages of minorities and women em
ployed by UNC.
A faculty profile for academic and health affairs
dated Sept. 30, 1982, and issued in the July 1, 1983,
Affirmative Action Plan and Report of UNC, states
that 94 percent of the faculty is white and 80.8 percent
Cell said that as Affirmative Action officer she was
involved with the hiring of almost all University
But the position involves much more than just hir
ing and firing, Cell said.
The Affirmative Action report lists 11 functions of
These duties include:
continuously monitoring the administration to
ensure Affirmative Action policies are followed;
advising and assisting the chancellor and top
University officials in Affirmative Action matters;
handling all complaints of alleged discrimination;
keeping contact with organizations representing
women and minorities.
Any official with hiring powers must submit a plan
to the officer detailing recruiting procedures before
filling a position. The(officer must ensure that special
efforts will be made to, identify women and minority
Cell said the biggest problems facing the new officer
will not come from prejudices within the jicademic
community, but rather from the lack of available posi
tions, financial problems and the limited number of
qualified women and minorities seeking faculty and
Another problem is that tenured faculty do not have
to retire until the age of 70, thus contributing to the
large number of white male faculty, Cell added.
A statement in the plan states that the Affirmative
Action officer must be consulted any time a substan
tial number of minority, women or handicapped ap
plicants are excluded from the selection process.
An exit-interview program set up recently by Cell
will ask departing minority and women employees why
they are leaving. In the past, a disproportionate
number of minority and female employees have left
Cell said that an Affirmative Action officer must
have the positive support of the entire administration
"or he or she will just be beating his or her head
against the wall."
Cell said that the success of Affirmative Action at
UNC should not be measured by drastic changes in the
short term but rather by reasonable increases each year
in the percentage of women and minorities employed.
Rain not much help
Restrictions still in effect
By TRACY ADAMS
Water, water everywhere and you still can't
wash your car.
Mandatory water restrictions imposed by the
Orange Water and Sewer Authority remain in ef
fect after Tuesday's and Wednesday's rain
"Without unusually heavy rainfall, we can ex
pect the mandatory water restrictions through
November," said Everett Billingsley, executive
director of OWASA.
The water level at University Lake remained at
55 inches below full for the third consecutive day.
Six-tenths of one inch of rain fell in Chapel Hill
between- Tuesday and Wednesday mornings.
"That amount doesn't mean much in additional
water," said Pat Davis, OWASA systems manage
ment specialist. "The rain offsets two days of
water use by the public," Davis said.
Water consumption on Tuesday was 5.83 mil
lion gallons, including 1.60 million gallons pur
chased from Hillsborough. OWASA officials hope
to reduce consumption to 5.5 million gallons per
OWASA officials have also asked students to
conserve water and have offered several sugges
tions: Take shorter showers and run the water only
to wet down and rinse off.
If you take a bath, don't fill the tub as full as
Don't run the water continuously while
brushing teeth or shaving.
Keep a bottle of cool water in your re
frigerator. Use your dishwasher and washing-machine
only when you have a full load.
While students are taking shorter showers
Donald Boulton, dean of student affairs, squelch
ed rumors that UNC would close because of the
In 1977, the level at University Lake was more
than 100 inches below normal. "We were getting a
little scared at that time," Boulton said.
UNC drilled a number of wells in 1977, and it
now has enough water to keep functioning,
Boulton said. These privately owned wells are the
reason the University can water its plants and
grass, Boulton said.
'Without unusually heavy rainfall,
we can expect the mandatory water
restrictions through November
OWASA executive director
Although the University can water its lawns,
local residents can not. Watering lawns, shrubbery
and gardens has been banned except between 4
p.m. and 8 p.m. on Saturdays. Other restrictions
ban the use of OWASA-provided water to wash
cars or outdoor areas.
Although most residents are complying with the
restrictions, OWASA officials received reports
that Finley Golf Course was using OWASA water
on its greens and fairways.
OWASA officials contacted course workers and
told them watering of the golf course with
OWASA water would only be permitted during the
specified times, Davis said.
Temporary pumping and piping systems have
been installed on the golf course, and water from
Morgan Creek is being used for irrigation, Davis
W8dns Level 55 inches below
5.83 million gallons.
OWASA Target Level
5.5 million gallons
Four local residents have been warned b
Chapel Hill police for violating the restrictions,
said Master Officer Greg Jarvies. He said the war
nings were issued after resident complaints.
People who violate the restrictions receive oral
warnings for first offenses and written citations for
While mandatory restrictions have been in effect
for a week, consumption demand reached 8.3 mil
lion gallons Saturday.
This demand was attributed to visitors in town
for the football game and people taking advantage
of watering privileges, Billingsley said.
Billingsley said he hoped the rain would decrease
the need for extensive watering of lawns this Satur
day. Other than Saturday's peak demand, consump
tion figures have decreased. OWASA officials said
that overall they were pleased with citizens' efforts
to conserve water.
"If consumption continues at the present rate
and we don't receive any appreciable rain, we
could face a very serious situation by the end of
October," Davis said.
OWASA serves about 50,000 people in Chapel
Hill, Carrboro and southern Orange County.
According to the National Weather Service in
Raleigh, it will be mostly cloudy today with highs
in the mid-70s and lows in the mid-50s. Clouds will
be returning on Friday.
Campus Ya place for students
to act together on social issues
By JANET OLSON
Students cannot go to the Campus Y to swim.
But they can use the Y to escape the drudgery of
classes and do something worthwhile for the
cornmunity at the same time.
One of the University's oldest organizations,
the Campus Y is a place for students to come to
gether to act on social issues. Since its founding
in 1860, the Y has encouraged students to care
for the needs of others locally, nationally and in
ternationally. In return for their services, students obtain
social consciousness, awareness and responsibili
ty, said Campus Y co-president Ken Smith. In
the past, the Y has involved students in issues
such as academic freedom, civil rights, world
hunger, war and peace.
"The Y has always played a role of instigator
and provoker, seeking to meet needs," Smith
said. "It has a history of creativity."
In the past, the Y used its creativity to start
many traditions at the University. In the late
1800s, it helped create the varsity athletics pro
gram, employing a full-time athletic director.
In addition, the Y started the University book
exchange, the campus directory, the Carolina
Symposium, freshman orientation and freshman
camp. The Y also was responsible for the first
financial aid program on campus. Later, other
campus organizations accepted responsibility for
most of these activities, which had begun to over
whelm the Campus Y.
Chapel Hill's Campus Y is a unique branch of
Student YMCAs and YWCAs, said Campus Y
co-president Andrea Stumpf.
"Not many branches are as strong or as large
because of its unique evolution," Stumpf said.
Over the years, the Campus Y has remained an
active voice for the student body. Stumpf said the
Y gained strength and respect when students used
it as a constructive means to vent their anger dur
ing the 1960s and the Vietnam War.
Today, the Y is dedicated to humanitarianism
"There is one underlying basis for the Y,"
Stumpf said. "It is a place where you can go if
you are interested in looking out for other peo
ple." Stumpf said the Campus Y stresses unity
among its members because with a large number
of members working together, the organization is
more effective in helping others.
"But at the same time, we stress diversity,"
Stumpf added. "Autonomy is a valuable part of
the Campus Y."
Some of this diversity is obtained through the
structure of the Y. Twenty different, committees
are responsible for a wide spectrum of programs,
ranging from a big buddy program to a nuclear
Students can learn about the Campus Y as a
whole and about its committees at Y Horizons in
the Pit from 10 a.m. until 2 p.m. today and Friday.