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Copyright 1983 Th Daily Tar Heel
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
UNC vs. Miami of Ohio. 1
p.m. Kenan Stadium.
Volume 91, Issue 56
Friday, September 16, 1983
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Documents link UNC president with
By ALEX CHARNS
Special to the DTH
Copyright 1983 Alex Chains
According to recently released FBI files, Univer
sity of North Carolina President William C. Friday
was listed as a secret bureau "special correspon
dent" in 1970. At that same time, J. Edgar
Hoover's agents and informants were involved in
surveillance and infiltration of campus political
organizations, including that placement of an
undercover agent within the Black Student Move
ment. Seven hundred pages of FBI files obtained
under the Freedom of Information Act reveal for
the first time the extent of the agency's investiga
tions of anti-war and Civil Rights groups at UNC
during the late 1960s and early 1970s.
The files further show that the bureau's contacts
on the campus were pervasive. Undercover agents
and paid student informers monitored meetings
and infiltrated campus political groups. Friday is
mentioned in one memo as being on the bureau's
secret "Special Correspondents" list though no
one agrees what that means.
Major C.E. Mauer, UNC's chief security of
ficer, was a campus policeman during this time.
He said recently that "one FBI (undercover agent)
was right in the middle of (the BSM)... There was
probably more than one undercover agent"
among other student groups, as well as "some stu
And then-security chief Arthur Beaumont said
that "the FBI always had paid informants (on
campus) they had the money." FBI agents
"would come ask ... about certain people," he
said, and "whenever there was a gathering you
would see one of them (FBI agents) standing on
Another version of this copyrighted story
appeared In the N.C. Independent,
the edge of the crowd."
Fully half of the 700 pages of files released this
summer dealt with the BSM. The investigation had
begun on April 4, $968 the day the Rev. Martin
Luther King Jr. was assassinated in Memphis, Tenn.
The FBI's Charlotte office asked FBI director
Hoover for permission to investigate the BSM to see
"whether it has a propensity for violence or other
wise constitutes a security risk." Hoover approved,
but urged using only "established sources" at UNC
to "preclude embarrassment to the bureau."
'If I'm on the list I did not know it
...I can assure you it did not in
volve me in any way. I'm just not
one of their sources if that is what
is implied. '
UNC President .
William C. Friday
By the end of the year, however, Hoover chang
ed his tone, chiding the Charlotte office for "in
sufficient aggressiveness and "initiative" in the
A year later, FBI headquarters again urged
vigilance against black student groups at Chapel
Hill and elsewhere because of "increased campus
disorders" posing a threat to "the nation's securi
ty. "Note that this is to include all groups projec
ting demands of the black student, and not
necessarily those who have been active in fomen
ting or committing arts of violence," the inquiry,
As a result, the agents reported 12 black student
groups in the state as possibly subject to control by
the Black Panther Party. Included was the BSM,
even though one agent described its members as
"primarily interested in completion of their educa
tion. There is no known activist or extremist in
In 1971, Hoover wrote that the BSM did not
meet the criteria for a subversive organization.. But
the bureau still collected information on each BSM
chairperson and newspaper clippings about the
group at least until 1974.
Because of the possibility of violence on the
UNC campus in the late 1960s, campus security
chief Beaumont said Friday was kept well
informed by the campus police about disturbances
or agitation. "I told him (Friday) everything,"
Beaumont said. "(Which students) were talking
revolution. Which students advocated overthrow.
That this faculty member said so-and-so."
Beaumont added that to his knowledge, Friday
had no direct dealings with the FBI. But according
to the newly released files, Friday was on the
bureau's "Special Correspondents List."
A June 8, 1970, memo identifies Friday as a
member of the list and suggests that he be given the
"bureau's position" on an article published in
faculty newsletter which accused the bureau of at
tempting to subvert student antiwar lobbying in
Washington. Jhere's no statement that Friday
gave information in return.
Indeed, it's unclear what this list was. FBI
agents describe it as a list of important persons in
the media and in law enforcement. Some scholars
who watch the agency's operations concur that
those on the list were "friends of the agency" who
received regular mailings. Others say that the list is
made up of cooperative persons in high positions
who provided information unavailable through or
"If I am on the list, I did not know it," Friday
said in an interview. "(I) never heard of it before
you walked in. I can assure you that it did not in
volve me in any way. I'm just not one of their
sources, if that is what is implied."
But Friday said that he did have a long-term
relationship with Rufus Powell, a now-retired FBI
agent in Durham, to gain information- about "in
flammatory talk" and gatherings on the Duke cam
pus which might relate to disturbances on the UNC
"If I wanted to find out more, there was a way
that I could get access to whatever was there (in the
FBI's possession)," Friday said. "I did not do that
but once," he said, referring to an instance 20
years ago when there was a specific charge against
Friday said his interest was in "protecting young
people -... Campuses shouldn't become bat
tlegrounds." Friday added that the second and
last call he had made to the FBI was one year
ago, to check out a rumor that armed militants
were on the UNC campus. "In 25 years the FBI
never came in here with any espionage," he said.
After the interview, Friday checked with Powell
and later said that he was the agent who had put
Friday's name on the "Special Correspondents
List" in the 1950s without his knowledge or con
sent. Powell, who retired from the bureau in 1965,
refused to discuss his work for the FBI.
Friday said he could not recall mailings from the
Bureau, or requests for information about a
security clearance checks.
These "character checks" were made on per
sons applying for sensitive government jobs.
"Ninety-five percent of what I do (with the FBI) is
institutional identity work," he said. The bureau
See FRIDAY on page 3
- Jfcr t. .
William C. Friday
M. ... n. a. 1
UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT
Mr. Bishop K;p
date. June 8, 1970
C. E. Malmfeldt
THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA"
AT CHAPEL HILL
CHAPEL HILL, NORTH CAROLINA
If J NT r
with editor of the mrcviJi&&QClloaDlljytTsiisxcsQTS CP) N
BuUetin of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill In connection
with erroneous Information concerning an alleged FBI bulletin circulated
among the North Carolina Congressional delegation concerning the visit of p
student group to Washington, D. C. , on 51270. yj. , rer i - -1 . d
'.Jr., 1 .. .' A -' r,7?c f tl ijteij?y , rfieftS $fA-h: 'i'.'B
VC Editor.' Charles D.Wricrht. an associate crofessor of C
. .. . --- : rrr" ' . .. . ::r ' . . r
PZ C CQ
.Editor.' Charles D.Vwright, an associate professor of
English, was interviewed 6470. He stated ihc AAUF Ofiice received a
telephone call -on about 51170 from a person thought to have been con
, nected with the North Carolina Congressional delegation furnishing the
erroneous Information set out in the Bulletin. He later attempted to
verify this information unsuccessfully and was unable to Identify the source
Wright stated he was satisfied that the Information was erroneous and
expressed his regrets. He stated he plans to reprint a retraction In the
(next Bulletin which will appear in the Fall and will prejarVa letter of
apology to the Director and a letter for distribution to all faculty members
I : l : . i a . . k
Ijwuiung uui uie true lacis.,,
C f- lJfTH
jfA lead is currently outstanding
to contact University President WUliatyFriday who Is on the Special
correspondents List, to furnish him a summary of correspondence
rrnincr this matter and nrovM him with the true farts.
EX 106 y.MCOr
A militant beginning
BSM pledges pursuit of campus equality
By STUART TONKINSON
Assistant University Editor -----
When a group of UNC students broke away from
what they considered the inactive local NAACP chapter
to form the Black Student Movement, some students,
faculty and officials were worried about the militant and
violent tone the group adopted.
Today's BSM fits more into the University main
stream as it plans its Coronation Ball, Black History
Month and debates the nature of its choir. With about
500 dues-paying members it has become an institution at
UNC. Yet it was only 15 years ago that the BSM pledged
to "meet violence with violence" to achieve its goals. It
was this attitude that made the BSM the subject of an
FBI file a file which eventually would reach 700
The BSM was born on Nov. 9, 1967, in what 77m? Daily
Tar Heel called a "coup d'etat." Pledging itself to
"more militant actions to get in the mood of 1967," the
BSM, at the time an arm of the Black Panthers, ousted
the head of the NAACP chapter, forming its own group.
Bid day gives
By LISA STEWART
Formal Rush for UNC sororities ended
Thursday night, marking the end of the
first racially integrated Rush in the history
of the Chapel Hill sororities.
"I've met so many new friends'." said
Kathy Russell, a Pi Beta Phi pledge.
Another pledge, Mary Kendall Ferguson,
said, "I called . my mother and she
screamed for 10 seconds."
The Kappa Alpha Theta house received
25 new pjedges jn this year's Rush. "I'm
ecstatic!" said Russell, a sorority pledge.'
Pledges this year went through a Rush
that was slightly different from last year's
because of an information round, de
signed to integrate the process.
In the information round, rushees
visited all sorority houses, including the
three all-black sororities, without any
pressure to join the houses. The sisters in
the house could not speak to the rushees
during these visits, and the slide shows
presented were strictly informational, said
Mary Margaret Jones, Rush chairman for
the Panhellenic Council.
The succeeding rounds were Tiot in
tegrated. "Information round showed how
strong the black sororities in the University
are," Jones said. "They went out of their
way to do this. They put in a lot of effort
and time to make it work."
Jones said about 800 women includ
ing about 30 blacks participated in the
information round, which ran Aug. 30 to
Sept. 1. Then, when Formal Rush began
Sept. 6, 652 women were involved.
Rush at UNC had always been one of
the longest in the Southeast, but it pro
bably will be shortened next year, Jones
Lily Sensing, Rush chairman for Kappa
dt4i - iL r I M f ret?
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An observer said that that first meeting was "larger
than any campus Negro gathering in years."
BSM Chairperson Preston Dobbins said that the BSM
and NAACP would continue to coexist, but that the
BSM would act outside the organizational structure of
the NAACP. Instead of having club officers, the BSM
elected a five-member central committee.
The BSM developed a group of goals designed to help
black students become a part of the University com
munity. These plans included proposals for:
A full-credit black history course;
Getting funding from the Student Legislature;
Organizing campaigns for Student Legislature seats;
Hiring more blacks for faculty positions.
The group staged a protest march on Feb. 16, 1968,
protesting the killing of three S.C. college students. The
next day they burned an effigy of S.C. Gov. Robert
McNair. But the group attracted little attention from
students until the fatal shooting of Martin Luther
"King's death is the end of an era, the era of peaceful,
nonviolent reaction," Dobbins said. "People across this
country are going to meet violence with violence."
When the BSM asked black University employees to
walk off their jobs to show respect for King, the DTH
reported that 90 percent of the employees walked off.
Next fall, the BSM specified their demands in a pro
posal to UNC Chancellor Carlyle Sitterson. The pro
Eliminating the practice of using SAT scores and
high school records in determining entrance;
Adding curricula in African and Afro-American
Getting fairer treatment for non-faculty black em
ployees; Hiring a dean for black students.
These demands were discussed and supported by the
American Association of University Professors. On Jan.
1, 1969, Sitterson wrote the BSM a reply which the DTH
in a front-page editorial called "condescending and pater
nalistic '.. a tragic error." Editorials supporting Sitter
son's reply appeared in the Greensboro Daily News, the
See BSM on page 4
Vote delayed until October
By MARK STINNEFORD
A student-fee-increase referendum,
originally planned for homecoming week,
will probably not be held until October,
Student Body President Kevin Monroe
The Campus Governing Council Wed
nesday night approved a referendum on a
proposal to raise the Student Activity Fee
by $1.50 per student per semester.
To ensure a good turnout for the
referendum, the CGC hoped to schedule
the vote in conjunction with homecoming
queen elections on Sept. 22. But, it will
probably be impossible to organize the
referendum in such a short time, Monroe
"I'm fairly sure there will not be a
referendum (next week)," he said.
Holding the referendum next week may
also conflict with Student Government
Elections Laws, said Elections Board
Chairman-designate Chris Cox. Elections
Laws set the first Tuesday in October as
the official date for any fall semester
balloting, he said. The laws also place the
responsibility for scheduling voting with
the Elections Board, not the CGC, he said.
Student Government probably will plan
a referendum for Tuesday, Oct. 2, Monroe
But there is currently no Elections
Board to organize a referendum. There
has not been an Elections Board chairman
since May, and the CGC will not consider
the confirmation of Cox until next week.
CGC Finance Committee Chairman
Doc Droze (District 22) said the delay in
the referendum may actually favor fee
"We will have more time to put the
weight of the CGC behind the ballot,"
Droze said. "This will give us a chance to
get out to the grass roots and show why a
fee increase is needed."
To be imposed, a Student-Activity-Fee
increase must receive a two-thirds majority
in a student referendum, and 20 percent of
the student body must cast ballots before
the referendum is valid.
Detective dismissed due to DUI charge
Sorority members and pledges at the Pi Beta Phi house celebrate after
bid news was announced by rush counselors.
Alpha Theta, said information round was
good for the rushee, but was too long.
Three days of five presentations per day
caused a "fatigue factor" for the rushees,
Sensing said. .
The integration of information round
was enlightening for the sisters as well as
the rushees, said Sensing. "It gave every
body a lot of perspective."
Under the old system, sisters could talk
to rushees during the first round. But dur
ing the new information round, sisters
were not allowed to persuade rushees to
join the sorority.
"In terms of the rushees, that was good
because they got to see the houses," said
Julie Kirby, rush chairman for Chi
Omega. "But it was hard for the sisters
not to talk."
After each round, except the first one,
rushees and houses went through a
"mutual selection" process. Rushees
dropped the houses they didn't want to
pledge, and in turn, houses "cut" rushees.
After the third round, 561 women were
See RUSH on page 3
By SHARON SHERIDAN
The case of Ned Thorpe, a Chapel Hill police detective arrested
in May and charged with driving under the influence of alcohol
and later, dismissed from his job, is scheduled to come before
Orange County District Court at 9:30 a.m. today.
Thorpe, 38, was seen in his personal car traveling at a high
speed and weaving on U.S. 15-501 near Old Mason Farm Road at
about 3 a.m. Sunday, May 29, police said. According to the
report filed by Master Officer Dave Hill, Thorpe registered a
blood-alcohol level of 0.14 in a Breathalyzer test.
The termination date of Thorpe's dismissal was June 2.
The town's personnel ordinance states that employees may be
terminated for unsatisfactory job performance or detrimental per
sonal conduct, said Pat Crotts, personnel director for the town of
The prosecuting attorney will be Assistant Attorney General
Joan Byers. The local district attorney's office, with whom the
case originally was scheduled, requested that it be turned over to
the state attorney general's office, a normal procedure when a
local law enforcement officer is charged with an offense, said Bar
bara Blanks, witness coorindator in the Orange County District
Attorney's office. .
The original trial date was June 20, but it has been continued
and rescheduled several times.
The trial will deal only with the criminal charge against Thorpe,
said his lawyer Barry T. Winston. If convicted of driving under
the influence, Thorpe can appeal for a jury trial in Orange County
Thorpe was contacted by The Daily Tar Heel, but he referred
all questions to his attorney.
"His employment is an entirely separate matter," Winston
said. The issue of his dismissal is pending before the Chapel Hill
personnel appeals committee, he said.
"He had appealed his termination to the town manaser and
then to the personnel appeals committee," Crotts said. She said a
hearing had been scheduled, but then delayed at Thorpe's re
quest, and that he had not yet requested that it be rescheduled.
Chapel Hill Police Chief Herman Stone confirmed the details
of the May 29 police report and confirmed that Thorpe was dis
missed shortly after he was charged, but he would not comment
further on the case.