Not so cooool baby
Mostly cloudy today with a 40
percent chance of showers.
Highs will be in the low to mid
80s, lows in the mid 60s.
Copyright The Daily Tar Heel 1983. All rights reserved
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 91, Issue 58
Wednesday, September 21, 1983
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
i dv KenwicK me
Defendants in libel
in Supreme Court
By CHARLES F. WALLINGTON
Attorneys for The Greensboro Daily News and Recordand
The Raleigh Times have filed a joint appeal to the N.C.
Supreme Court in connection with a libel suit filed by UNC of
ficial Hayden B. Renwick.
The N.C. Court of Appeals ruled in favor of Renwick in July.
The suit filed by Renwick, who is an associate dean of the
College of Arts and Sciences, stems from an editorial written by
Raleigh Times Editor A.C. Snow. He stated that some of the
charges made by the federal government against UNC regarding
minority recruitment practices were "obviously unfounded"
and were "so ridiculous they only
widen the gulf between reason and
resentment." The editorial also alleg
ed that "the latest barrage is based on
allegations by Hayden Renwick ... in a
1978 newspaper article."
Snow's comments referred to an ar
ticle written by Renwick which ap
peared in The Chapel Hill Newspaper
On Sept. 17, 1978. Renwick said these
and other allegations made in Snow's
editorial were misquoted and taken
out of context with the original
Haydsn Renwick statements of 1978 tMCt
Though The Raleigh Times retracted one element of the
editorial, its refusal to retract other allegations in the editorial
resulted in Renwick's filing the suit. Renwick also is suing The
Greensboro Daily News and Record for reprinting the editorial.
After the case first was heard by the Orange County Superior
Court in March 1982, it was dismissed on the grounds that Ren
wick failed to state a claim. Renwick appealed the decision on
the grounds that he did have sufficient evidence against the
papers. He said the editorial was based on a false statement, and
as a result, was libelous.
The newspapers responded that because the editorial was an
opinion, they had absolute immunity from liability.
A 54-page decision from the N.C. Court of Appeals in July
concluded that Renwick should be allowed to present his case
because the editorial was "reasonably capable of conveying a
According to Ben Bowers, executive director of The
Greensboro Daily News and Record, a joint brief of defendants
appellants, or an appeal, was filed with the N.C. Supreme
Court. No court date has been set.
Both Bowers and Snow, in addition to Renwick, said Tuesday
they have been advised by their attorneys not to comment fur
ther on the issue.
I : Y f: : V-X y ' ;M ' : ii&MWW
vyyy'yyyyyyyyyy ,yy. '
yyyyyfs.yyy.y.. yyyy.y y-y.yr.y-y -.-yV, .yyyy.'.-yyy-S
' ' t
- X ,
'y yy '' y.
'r 'W- -yyy-i
(.. j , t
v -;;--;y -;
I - i -fif-"; I
wiiimniKiiatrn) mmmmimmmimMMMrmmrirmMmm'm""!" .,....,....-,.r..,...,,....r..,.-..,. .......
Tom Sawyer she isn 9t
Polly Hoffman paints a fence in front of Inspexion, a business on West Franklin
Street. Inspexion is an enterprise that evaluates used cars for prospective buyers.
UNC students explore possibilities of cable-TV programs
By MARK STINNEFORD
The UNC Evening News?
That's just one idea being explored by two UNC stu
dents seeking to air student-produced programs over the
University-access channel on the Village Cable system.
If funds can be found for the project, students could
produce news broadcasts, magazine-format shows, musi
cal performances and other telecasts, said the idea's
backers, Campus Governing Council member John Wil
son (District 18) and Walt Boyle, chairman of the Caro
lina Union Activities Board Videotape Committee.
The students are seeking money from the Union and
the CGC to pay for video equipment. Boyle said Union
Director Howard Henry has asked him to submit a formal
written proposal for the project.
Wilson and Boyle said they hope to purchase electronic
news-gathering equipment such as portable videotape
cameras and recorders, along with editing equipment.
Boyle said he was working to prepare an -estimate of
how much the equipment could cost.
Lu Stevens, manager of Village Cable, said the University-access
channel was unused except during projects by
students in the UNC radio, television and motion pictures
department. The channel was reserved for UNC as part of
the contract awarding the Chapel Hill cable franchise to
Village, Stevens said.
Wilson said he came up with the idea for student pro
gramming when he was flipping the television dial and
came across the empty channel.
"There it was, blank except for the words 'University
Access Channel, " he said.
While the project would provide television shows, it
should not be confused with a permanent television sta
tion, Boyle said. Only a few hours of prograrnming would
be shown per week at first, he said.
"I can't see a 24-hour student TV station," he said.
"We're looking at programming rather than spending $2
million to build a TV station. We're going to start small."
A student committee has been formed to come up with
ideas for use of the channel, Wilson said. Students have
responded enthusiastically to the idea, he said.
"Every student you talk to is really psyched for this,"
he said. "Now that students realize this is going to take
their muscle to get off the ground, they're coming in
Boyle and Wilson said they hope the project will lead to
the installation of cable television in UNC residence halls.
But James Cansler, associate vice chancellor for student
affairs, said it could take several years to get cable in the
Because the University requires that all cables be
buried, the cost of installing a system would be tremen-
See TELEVISION on page 2
By GIGI SONNER
N Staff Writer
Long hair, Albert Einstein once said,
is practical because it minimizes the
need for a barber. And according to
another theory of his that is less well
known than those of time and space, as
long as you wear socks, you don't need
shoes, since they only produce holes.
From such ideas came the nickname
that forms the title of Ed Metzger's
one-man play Albert Einstein: The
The play, which Metzger will per
form at 7 tonight in Memorial Hall,
portrays the many different aspects of
Einstein's personality. It shows the
man whose theories altered the way we
view the fundamental concepts of time
and space as a lover of jokes and ice
cream. It shows the man who could see
a paradigm of the universe's energy in a
wind-up toy as a man who could never
learn to drive a car.
Written by Metzger and his wife
Laya Gelf f, the play emphasizes how
Einstein the pacificist and great thinker
ties in with Einstein the humorist and
Einstein first got the nickname "the
practical bohemian" from students
when he worked at Princeton in the
1930s. While other professors and ad
ministrators walked around in suits and
ties, Einstein wore torn sweaters and
tennis shoes without socks.
. "Einstein said to hell with that non
sense; it doesn't bear on the brain or
the intellect," Metzger said. "I always
thought the first bohemians came from
Greenwich Village. Now I think the
first one came from Berlin. He was so
unpretentious. That's something our
generation gravitates to."
. In his role as Einstein, Metzger is a
long way from his previous cops-and-robbers
.roles in movies like Dog Day
Afternoon and television shows like
Kojak, Baretta and Delvecchio. Tired
of the typecasting that limited him to "
playing jUshers and , pimps, he and
Gelf f researched and wrote The Prac
tical Bohemian with the idea that it not
be a science lecture, but an entertaining
portrayal of a charismatic, interesting
"It is a very entertaining, humorous
show," Metzger said. "That's what's
making it successful."
Ever since the play's debut in 1978 at
a small theater in Los Angeles, it has
drawn raye reviews. It ran off-Broad-way
in "1979, the 100th anniversary of
Einstein's birth, and has since toured
the country, playing on college cam
puses and in small theaters.
"He was a very charismatic man,"
Metzger said, speaking quickly and
with enthusiasm as he tried to explain
the many aspects of Einstein's
charisma. "People take it for granted
See METZGER on page 2
Ed Metzger is Albert Einstein in the one-man play 'Albert
Einstein: The Practical Bohemian.'
War Powers Act
The Associated Press
WASHINGTON President Reagan
and congressional leaders agreed to a com
promise on Tuesday that heads off a con
stitutional dispute over war powers while
authorizing the administration to keep
1,200 Marines in Lebanon for the next 18
The proposal must yet be passed by the
House and Senate, and Reagan said he has
"substantial reservations" about its legali
ty even as he is willing to sign it.
But for now, the compromise promises
to stem a burgeoning constitutional con
frontation over whether the president had
overstepped his authority by refusing to
declare the Marines' peacekeeping mission
a matter subject to congressional approval
under the War Powers Act.
The settlement acknowledges that con
gressional role, and imposes specific limits
on the peacekeeping agreement. But it ef
fectively guarantees that the military mis
sion will riot be scuttled by the lawmakers
for 18 months. It serves, too, to remove
the issue from 1984 presidential politics.
"We are in agreement with the philo
sophy and the policy of the White
House," said House Speaker Thomas P.
O'Neill Jr., following several days of
negotiations among leaders of the Demo
cratic House, the Republican-controlled
Senate and senior White House advisers.
The resolution gives specific congres
sional authorization for the continued
presence of U.S. forces in Lebanon, a pro
vision cited by White House aides in ex
plaining why it was accepted.
Reagan, meanwhile, said although he
has "substantial reservations about parts
of this resolution," he will sign the
measure if it reaches his desk without
At a time of increasing public uneasiness
over keeping the Marines in Lebanon at
all, efforts are expected from opponents of
the resolution to reduce or eliminate the
lSmonth term given the Marines, part of
a multinational peacekeeping force in
"There is great concern over the length
of time," said O'Neill, conceding that the
18-month figure was set to prevent the
Marines in Lebanon from becoming a par
tisan issue in the campaign.
If the Marines had been limited to six
months, O'Neill said, that would have al
lowed Syrian forces supporting Druse op
ponents of the Lebanese government to sit
back and simply wait for the American
forces to pull out, providing no incentive
to negotiate a withdrawal of all foreign
One important congressional figure who
has yet to accept the proposal is Senate
Democratic Leader Robert C. Byrd Jr.
who said he objected to the political
justification behind the 18-month limit.
"I don't want to see blood spilled just to
get us through an election. For me that is
no justification for 18 months," Byrd
Byrd said he also wants Reagan to make
a detailed report to Congress on the mis
sion of the Marines in Lebanon and how
long he expects to keep them there.
And Sen. Barry Goldwater, R-Ariz.,
said while he opposes the deployment of
the Marines in Lebanon, the War Powers
Act unconstitutionally limits the
president's ability to carry out the nation's
Despite Byrd's preliminary opposition,
other leaders of both parties moved to
speed the resolution through Congress.
Within hours of the negotiated agree
ment, the resolution was formally intro
duced in the Senate by Majority Leader
Howard H. Baker Jr., R-Tenn., and
Secretary of State George Shultz was sum
moned to testify before the House Foreign
Affairs Committee today. I
The Vietnam-era War Powers Act sets a
90-day limit on how long American troops
may remain overseas in a battlefield situa
tion unless Congress specifically approves
It was designed to prevent a new Viet
nam War in which a president sends large
numbers of troops to a foreign conflict
before Congress has a chance to exercise
its power to declare war, as spelled out in
Under the compromise, it will be Con
gress, and not Reagan, which technically
invokes the War Powers Act regarding the
Marines in Lebanon. The deal was worked
out among Baker, O'Neill, Rep. Clement
Zablocki, D-Wis., chairman of the House
Foreign Affairs Committee, and White
House Chief of Staff James Baker III.
Although four Marines have been killed
and 25 wounded in Lebanon since Aug. 29
when fighting intensified, Reagan has said
he does not believe the American troops
are in imminent danger of hostilities, and
therefore the act does not apply.
So, Reagan has agreed to sign the reso
lution, but at the same time will issue a
statement saying he does not believe the
law should have been formally invoked.
Despite that, O'Neill said, "The signa
ture of the president is what matters in
recognizing the War Powers Act no matter
what his disclaimers."
The resolution states specifically that the
Marines in Lebanon "are now in hostilities
requiring authorization of their continued
presence under the War Powers Resolu
tion" and declares the act was triggered on
Aug. 29 when two Marines were killed by
But it also gives Reagan specific
authorization to "continue participation"
by the Marines among the peacekeeping
comes under attack
The Associated Press
BEIRUT, Lebanon The U.S. ambas
sador's residence in a Beirut suburb came
under shellfire Tuesday night and
American warships responded with a
10-minute barrage against the gunners in
the hills overlooking the capital.
Embassy spokesman John Stewart said
the naval bombardment "was in response
to the shelling at or very near to the U.S.
residence. To the best of my knowledge,
the residence was not hit. I know, how
ever, that no one has been hurt. As far as I
know, the ambassador was home
In Columbia, S.C., White House
spokesman Larry Speakes said President
Reagan was told that Ambassador Robert
S. Dillon's residence came under "heavy
"We don't have any reports of
injuries," Speakes said. Reagan is in Col
umbia for a political fund-raising dinner.
Speakes said some artillery rounds land
ed inside the ambassador's residence com
pound, bu he had no report of the extent
Beirut Radio reported a fire was burning
inside the compound.
The shelling began shortly before mid
night, and Beirut was shaken by blasts
from the warships just offshore as they
U.S. Marine spokesman Maj. Robert
Jordan said the destroyer John Rodgers
and the guided missile cruiser Virginia
"responded" to firing near Dillon's
residence in a suburb east of Beirut. He
said the residence was not hit and the 1 ,200
Marines in the peacekeeping force went on
"Condition One" alert at their positions
near the Beirut airport.
The shells striking the ambassador's
compound apparently came from Druse
militia positions in the nearby hills.
Several hours before the late-night shell
ing began, Druse militiamen and Palesti
nian guerrillas returned to the attack on
Souk el-Gharb after being repulsed twice
earlier in the day.
One attack during the afternoon caught
U.S. military observers in the strategic
Christian town overlooking Beirut, but an
American spokesman said he didn't think
they were still there when the night attack
It was the first time American military
personnel had been in the front lines since
the Lebanese civil war resumed 16 days
On Monday, heavy U.SvNavy shelling
hit Druse positions around the hilltop
town where President Amin Gemayel's
government and its army are facing their
biggest test so far.
Monday's Navy action marked the first
time that U.S. forces had directly sup
ported the Lebanese army in its battle for
Beirut against Syrian-backed Druse and
The Reagan administration has empha
sized that it is determined to protect Souk
el-Gharb and one key administration of
ficial said army control of the town was
Souk el-Gharb sits astride a ridgeline
that controls access to the capital from the
southeast and is often referred to as "the
backdoor of Beirut." It also provides a
clear line of fire on the Marine base beside
the Beirut airport nine miles to the north
west. U.S. planes flew frequent reconnais
sance flights over the area Tuesday. Pen
tagon sources in Washington said Syrian
troops may have fired an anti-aircraft
missile at a Navy F-14, but the plane was
The Pentagon sources also said the bat
tleship New Jersey has entered the Medi
terranean and should join the U.S. Navy
armada off Lebanon Friday. The New
Jersey's weapons include nine 16-inch guns
that can fire a one-ton shell up to 25 miles.