Mostly cloudy today with
highs near 70 and lows in up
The laws on drinking and
driving change at midnight.
More stories are on page 3.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright 1983 The Daily Tar Heel. All rights reserved.
Volume 91, Issue 64
Friday, September 30, 1983
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
NewsSports; Arts 962-0245
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By JOSEPH BERRYHTLL
Blacks and woman must form a
"coalition of conscience" if they are to .
foster change that will make America a'
true egalitarian society. That was the
message that Shirley Chisholm delivered
before an audience of 250 people in
Memorial Hall Thursday.
"The time has come in this nation that
people who have been suffering. . .must
fully realize that together collectively
they have the necessary strengths and
order to bring about change in this na
tion," Chisholm said.
"In America, changes can only come
about as the result of coalition," she
Chisholm's speech, titled "Strate
gies for Minorities and Women in the
Political Arena," was sponsored by the
Association of Women Students.
Chisholm, the first ' black woman
elected to Congress, was an unsuccessful
candidate for the Democratic nomina
tion for the presidency, in 1972. She
served in Congress 14 years before retir
ing in 1982. She now teaches classes at
Mount Holyoke College . in
Blacks and woman traditionally have
marched down different sides of the
same street, Chisholm said. She urged
the two groups to forget petty differences
and work together against the policies of
the Reagan administration.
"The man (Reagan) in Washington
isn't going to move or do anything until
we the people say, 'Look, enough is
enough,' " she said.
Chisholm said forming a coalition of
citizens is not an easy task today.
"I have never seen such quiescence of
people in America as I see today," she
"Every day the president is getting us
closer to closer to a war in Lebanon and
in Central America, and the American
people are just sitting back," she said. "
"God help us."
Chisholm strongly attacked the poli
cies . of the conservatives in America,
referring to their policies as the "drum
beats of militias and rantings of reac
tionism." "These people preach incessantly
about the family," Chisholm said. "But
their view of the shy, docile, passive
housewife is a carnival mirror distortion
of American family life today."
There is a need for federal funding of
day-care programs to help women be
come employed, Chisholm said.
"Women are not working to get a few
luxuries here and there," she said.
"Women are working because they are
the heads of their families."
By TRACY ADAMS
Drink up, all you 18-year-olds, for tomorrow you
shall be thirsty. .
As the 3,200 UNC students who will not be eligible to
drink after midnight Friday guzzle those last golden
drops, local bar and restaurant owners are making plans
to protect themselves from the legal provisions of the
Safe Roads Act.
Several of the local establishments plan to stop selling
beer to 18-year-olds before the midnight deadline.
Robyn Miller, manager of Papagayo's, said they
would comply with the new law beginning 3 p.m. Friday.
Miller said the restaurant was too big and busy to try
and worry with the changeover at midnight.
Troll's, Henderson Street Bar and Harrison's will also
Last (kty fa
By CHARLES F. WALLINGTON
For UNC freshman Betsy Scott, today
marks the beginning of the end of her right
to purchase and consume beer and wine.
At 12:01 a.m., the new Safe Roads Act
of 1983 will become law, making it illegal
for anyone under age 19 to buy alcohol.
"I'm not too thrilled about the law,"
Scott said. "I think it should include a
grandfather clause that would allowithose
of us who are 18 to continue drinking,"
While Scott said she plans to abide by
the new law, she said she will go out
tonight to local bars with friends so she
can exercise her limited opportunity to buy
beer at age 18.
Scott said several of her friends have
mentioned that they plan to stock up on
the beverage. "After all, it's not like
they're going to stop drinking now," she
Dorothy C. Bernholz, director of the
Student Legal Services, predicted . that
dorm areas would be the biggest problem
because students may not accept the law.
"I think many students will be arrested
and have criminal records as a result, (of
the law)," she said.
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Shirley Chisholm speaks. in Memorial Hall. Chisholm, the first black woman elected to Congress, ran
for president in 1972. Thursday she spoke of the need for change for an egalitarian society.
If women can get jobs, they will be
Atproud citizens on" the tax rolls of
America, helping the economy," Chis
holm said. "But they (conservatives)
can't see it," she added.
Child and wife abuse have made the
home "a more dangerous place than the
street," Chisholm said. But she added
that conservative legislators consistently
denied funding for shelters and other
facilities to help abused children and
Conservative legislators "do not have
the morality of their consciences to do
what is right," Chisholm said.
Chisholm stressed that federal pro
grams were not handouts, as conser
vatives often suggest.
"We are not asking them to give us
anything. We as citizens of this realm
stop serving before the deadline. Sam Shaffer, co-owner
of Troll's, said he would stop admitting 18-year-olds at
about 6 p.m.
"We don't want the pressure of trying to determine
who is 18 later on that night," Shaffer said.
Tim Kirkpatrick, owner "of Henderson Street Bar, said
he will stop admitting the 18-year-olds at 9 p.m.
"I think the situation would he a lot worse if there was
a home game," Kirkpatrick said.
David Sink, owner-operator of Harrison's, said they
would serve the 18-year-olds until 11:30 p.m. By quitting
a half hour before the deadline he hopes to avoid a pro
blem. "Our customers will be stamped according to their
age, and after 12 aim. the ones with the 18-year-old
stamp will no longer be served," Sink said. "Our situa
tion won't be as bad as other places, but it will be a pro
buy beer and wine
Bernholz said that her "sound legal ad
vice" to anyone who is planning a party is
to check for identification. Her advice to
students is "to be paranoid and don't
break the law," she said.
"If a parent can be arrested for pro
viding alcohol to a minor, you know a stu
dent can," Bernholz said.
Will Redfern, president of the Alpha
Tau Omega fraternity, said he has received
some negative comments from other
fraternity members about the new law.
However, "it's something that the state
has passed, and we're going to have to live
with it," he said.
Redfern said his fraternity will begin
checking identification at their functions
that involve alcohol, especially those that
are open to the public. He also said he an
ticipated a lot more private mixers now
that the new law is about to go into effect.
Student Body President Kevin Monroe
said he didn't anticipate a problem with
students complying with the. law. "It's a
law that we're going to have to abide by,"
Monroe also said that Chapel Hill
Police Department officials have told him .
that it will be "business as usual" for
police tonight. Monroe said because the
officers art not expecting a problem from
. have paid our taxes. And we expect to
get certain benefits out of those taxes we
have paid to the federal coffers."
Reagan and other conservatives
should be aware that blacks and women
do have potential political power,
"Women and blacks are becoming a
political MX, capable of blasting the
conservative legislators back where they
belong to the fringes of our political
Blacks have already made some pro
gress toward a coalition capable of wield
ing political power, Chisholm said.
"Blacks are registering to vote in
record numbers, and they can control the
political balance of power in many cities,
states and in the Democratic Party," she
for new act's legal provisions
UNC students, they will not employ extra
personnel for the evening.
Major C.E. Mauer of the University
police said that though he also would not
have extra officers on duty tonight, he ad-.
vised students who are planning parties to
check for proper identification and stamp
students', hands before allowing them to
Mauer said that the University police
have no plans of going into the residence
halls this weekend to check for identifica
tion unless they receive, a call asking for
University officials have been preparing
for the new law by making sure that stu
dent leaders are aware of how it will affect
their social activities. Wayne Kuncl, direc
tor of University housing, said forums
have been held in Granville Towers and
Hinton James for residence hall officials
' and other students. Representatives from
the Chapel Hill Police Department, Stu
dent Legal Services and the Alcoholic
Beverage Control office have spoken
about the law and its relationship to
Donald Boulton, vice chancellor for stu
dent affairs, said he hoped these forums
educated students about the new law.
"All of us now must be acutely aware of
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Blacks and woman should act now to
accept their place in the mainstream and
collect the rewards that are due to them,
,"We will march forward together or
we will go down like drowning rats," she
She warned the audience that the
country, under its present leadership,
was "heading toward an intellectual train
wreck." But she had encouraging advice
for her audience.
"If we have the courage of our convic
tions and if we will learn to love each
other, then working together we have it
within the grasp of our hands to bring
about some real changes," she said.
"Blacks and women have the makings
and we can have the takings of the
rewards of a coalition of conscience."
blem when there are 18-year-olds sitting at the same table
with older people."
The managers of the Upper Deck, Fowler's, Spanky's
and the Happy Store said they would serve 18-year-olds
Larry Trollinger, owner-operator of Ken's Quickie
Mart in University Square, said he might avoid the
deadline by closing at midnight Friday instead of the
usual 1 a.m. closing time.
While most establishments cannot avoid the change in
the law as Trollinger can, most said they did not know
exactly what to expect.
"Many people might come downtown Friday just to
see what's going on and because they know it's their last
See PREVIEW on page 3 .
, who we're serving and what we're
; serving," Boulton said.
"We're probably more sensitive to the
issues and what we can and can't do since
. we're state property," he said.
. Officer Dave Hill of the Chapel Hill
Police Department stressed the importance
of obeying the law at an alcohol awareness
" forum Wednesday night in Hinton James.
Unlike the existing DUI law, the DWI law
will not allow plea bargaining on the part
of the defendant.
There will be no more "let's make a
deal," Hill said. "Monty Hall is out
now." A DWI conviction could result in a
fine of up to $2,000, loss of license for up
to one year, as well as a stay in jail. -
Bernholz told students to "be polite,
smile and remain silent" if stopped by an
officer for a suspected DWI. Students
should also remember that they are not en
titled to a court-appointed attorney if they
are dependents whose parents can afford
attorney costs. Many attorneys are not
"touching a (DWI) case for less than
$1,000" in legal fees, she said.
( Authorities are expecting "a lot of im
paired 18-year-olds" tonight, said Lenora
See STUDENTS on page 2
By ANDY HODGES
The requested resignation of UNC
mikeman Kenny Ward has nothing to do
with race, a University official said Thurs
day. "Kenny knows the reasons for our con
cern," said Sharon R. Mitchell, assistant
dean in the department of student life.
"We have discussed them with him, and
they have no relation to race." She would
not elaborate on the reasons for the re
quest. Mitchell said she and UNC band direc
tor Major John Yesulaitis met with Ward
Tuesday afternoon to discuss the decision.
Ward could not be reached for com
ment Thursday, but he said Tuesday that
he thought one reason for the decision was
that he is black.
Mitchell said, "I don't think this is any
thing anyone has done to Kenny, but it's
something that he brought on himself.
"There was a lot of care, concern and
dialogue between Kenny, Major Yesulaitis
and I," she added. "The first thing I'm
concerned with is to respect and protect
Ward said Tuesday that he considered
the action "strictly an administrative deci
sion," but Mitchell said complaints from a
number of people influenced the action.
"I think any time the University is con
cerned about any situation, it takes into
consideration ideas from many different
settings," Mitchell said. "Neither I nor
anyone else here makes decisions in a
Official says rape
increasing in county
By SCOTT WHARTON -Staff
Three UNC women have been raped
both on and off campus this semester,
according to a Student Health Services of
ficial. Another nine women students have
been raped since January, said SHS nurse
practitioner Peggy Norton.
Only one of this semester's victims has
filed a report with University or Chapel
Hill police.. At "blind" report was filed
with University police, which means that
the victim did not give her name or infor
mation on when and where the rape took
place. Police said that if a suspect was ap
prehended and charged with a crime in the
case, the victim would press charges.
One of the women raped this semester
accepted a car ride with her assailant,
whom she knew, and was transported
from campus to an off-campus site where
the rape occurred, a Chapel Hill police
Police and SHS officials would give no
further information on the rapes.
"Rape is on the increase county-wide,"
said Susan Sampson of the Orange County
Rape Crisis Center.
Statistics compiled by the Orange Coun
For first time, Congress
invokes War Powers Act
The Associated Press
WASHINGTON Congress authoriz
ed President Reagan on Thursday to keep
1,600 Marines in Lebanon for up to 18
months longer, turning aside warnings
that the United States may be headed for
an undeclared war like the one in Viet
nam. The Senate approved the proposal
.'4-46, with two Democrats joining 52
Republicans in approving the authoriza
tion sought by the GOP administration.
The House, which had approved the
measure 270-161 Wednesday, had to vote
on it again because of minor amendments
adopted by the Senate. The House acted
by 253-156 vote late Thursday, sending
the measure to the president.
It was the first time Congress had in
voked the War Powers Act, passed in
1973 to give the lawmakers more say
about how the president deploys troops
overseas. Reagan said he would sign the
measure with reservations.
In both houses, opponents argued that
an 18-month authorization could lead to
deepening U.S. involvement akin to that
in Vietnam in the 1960s and early 1970s.
Supporters said the extra time is needed
to bring peace and stability to Lebanon.
The Senate turned down amendments
to shorten the time period to six months,
to impose the timetable of 60 to 90 days
spelled out in the War Powers Act, and to
restrict the Marines to the Beirut area.
Senate Majority Leader Howard H.
Baker Jr., R-Tenn.. said that the ad
Mitchell said that the adniinistration has
received many letters and comments
regarding Ward's performance at games
and that most of them deal with his
remarks and humor.
"I just felt that most of the people are
frustrated with things in poor taste that are
said over the loudspeaker," Mitchell said.
Yesulaitis, who is now in his 20th year at
the University, said that problems with
mikemen have not been uncommon in the
past. There has been a mikeman every year
that Yesulaitis has been here, he said, but
he did not recall one every being asked to
"We've always had some problems be
cause people would get up and tell dirty
jokes and the like, and those are no-no's,"
he said. "I've had to go up to the person
with the microphone before and remind
him that it is a public instrument and that
we can't tolerate dirty stories."
As for the possibility of a new mike
man, Mitchell said, "We are in the process
of evaluating and re-evaluating the mission
of the spirit unit (band, cheerleaders and
mikeman) and how we are going to carry
out that mission.
"We're trying to see how we can best
serve the needs of the athletic teams and
the athletic department because, after aff,
that's what we're all about," she said.
Varsity cheerleader co-captain Toni
Tickel said Thursday, "There has been no
talk of getting a new mikeman that I have
"We'll just have to do the best with
what we have," Tickel added. "We just
hope that the students will help us out."
ty Rape Crisis Center -show an increase in
sexual crimes including rapes, at
tempted rapes and sexual assaults in
1983 from 1982. The RCC reported that
they treated 33 women for sexual attacks
last year. In the first six months of this
year alone, 36 women have been treated,
according to RCC.
Sampson said that the rise on rapes in
Orange County followed a national trend.
"Rape is far and away the fastest growing
violent crime in America," she said.
RCC figures show an average of 48
women each year between 1979 and 1982
reporting they were the victims of sexual
crimes. The highest number reported 66
was in 1981 and the lowest 33 was
reported in 1982.
1983 figures show that 36 sexual crimes
have been reported to RCC, including 18
rapes. Most of those rapes occurred in
rural Orange County. Two rapes occurred
in Chapel Hill.
But in both quarters of 1983, the ma
jority of sexual assaults occurred on the
UNC campus or in Chapel Hill. The high
est rate of sexual assaults was in the April
to June period, with three on the UNC
campus and three in Chapel Hill.
See RAPE on page 3
ministration has no plans to expand the
mission of the Marines in Beirut but that
adopting any of the amedments would
unravel the compromise worked out with
Sen. Paul Tsongas, D-Mass., who of
fered the amendment to restrict the
Marines to Beirut, said its rejection
"would cause many of us to wonder what
the mission really is." His amendment
was defeated 56-42.
"But that's why we decided to do this
because that's the story that wasn't being
told," said the 43-year-old doctor.
Baker, urging approval of the
18-month extension, said he had "grave
doubts" about sending the Marines to
Lebanon, but added, "They are commit
ted, they are under fire, and it would be
a tragic mistake if the Congress were to
Minority Leader Robert C. Byrd,
D-W. Va., said the administration has
provided no clear definition of the pur
pose of having the Marines in Beirut. He
said he still hopes the administration will
The Senate version of the resolution
contains provisions, not adopted by the
House, calling for the president to report
every three months instead of every six
months and providing for speedy con
sideration of any later measures to bring
the troops home. These could be accepted
by the House or resolved in a conference
See ACT on page 4