Partly cloudy today through
Wednesday. Highs both
days in the lower 70s. Lows
tonight in the mid-50s.
No 'DTH' Wednesday
The Daily ..Tar Heel will not
publish Wednesday because
of Fall Break. Publication
will resume Monday, Oct. 24.
Have a good break!
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright 1983 The DaUy Tar Hed. All rights reserved.
Volume 91, Issue 76
Tuesday, October 1 8, 1 933
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
immy Green trial
Lt. Gov. Jimmy Green, who faces State bribery and conspiracy
the beginning of his trial, which will mark a milestone in N.C.
Cameras allowed in courtroom in Green trial
By VANCE TREFETHEN
The trial of Lt. Gov. Jimmy Green in Raleigh Monday
marks a milestone in North Carolina legal history as the
first frill trial to allow cameras in a N.C. courtroom.
Coverage of court proceedings by electronic media
and still photography is on a 2-year experimental basis
by an order of the N.C. Supreme Court. The order took
effect October 18, 1982.
Green faces state bribery and conspiracy charges and
is North Carolina's first lieutenant governor to be tried
for criminal offenses since the office was established in
Green has pleaded innocent to charges that he ac
cepted a $2,000 bribe and conspired and consented to
Garrow says accusation
of King has no credence
By BETH O'KELLEY
The accusation that the late Martin
Luther King Jr. was a communist is
"without credence whatsoever," says
David Garrow, a UNC assistant political
science professor and specialist on the
civil rights movement of the 1966s.
His remarks were in response to a
speech by Sen. Jesse Helms, R-N.C
against a bill that would make King's bir
thday a national holiday. Helms has said
that King "harbored a strong sympathy
for the Communist Party and its goals."
Garrow said recently that Helms'
speech was "a distortion of historical
record." He also said he was puzzled as
to what Helms expects to accomplish.
Garrow has been quoted nationwide in
newspapers and on the Senate floor as an
expert on King.
"I think it (the King holiday) is getting
too much attention for all the wrong
reasons," Garrow said. "No one could
say that King was a communist sym
pathizer." Helms has also made allegations that
King was a womanizer and had an active
an charged in shooting death
By JOHN CONWAY
William S. Newman, 808 Old Mill Road, was charged Mon
day with voluntary manslaughter in the shooting death of his
son, Craig W. Newman, according to a statement released by
Chapel Hill Police Chief Herman Stone.
Craig Newman, 31, died at 11:30 p.m. Wednesday in N.C.
Memorial Hospital after being shot once in the head and once in
the chest. The shooting occurred at the home of his parents,
William and Claire Newman.
The younger Newman lived in an apartment above the
garage, police said.
Stone's statement read as follows: "After conferring with
District Attorney Wade Barber, Grainger Barrett, town at
torney, and the investigators involved regarding the details of
the incident surrounding the shooting of Craig Newman of 808
Old Mill Road on October 12, 1983, a determination was made
receive other bribes.
William Chamberlain, assistant professor in the UNC
School of Journalism, said that the Jimmy Greea,trial ,
would serve as a test case for courtroom cameras
because of the experimental nature of the camera ruling.
He said that if the media is willing to follow the
guidelines for courtroom coverage, the experiment will
be looked upon favorably when the experimental period
expires. If the press "makes a circus" of the Green trial,
he said, "the efforts would be set back." '
The Supreme Court ruling allowing cameras also
specifies that the cameras must be "set apart by a booth
or other partitioning device" and that the booth "must
be in harmony with the general architectural style" of
the courtroom. The ruling also states that the cameras
and audio equipment must not be seen or heard by
extramarital sex life.
"To focus this sort of personal scrutiny
on King while not applying it to others is
a double standard of the worst type."
Garrow, who has written two books on
the slain civil rights leader and is working
on another, said the addition of this holi
day is important symbolically. He said
that this is the best way to bring about
more of an awareness of civil rights
among Americans than just a civil rights
Garrow said that the original sponsors
of the bill were sincere in their wish to
honor King but that others were support
ing the measure because they did not
want to be associated with Helms.
Garrow said the FBI was originally
suspicious of King because of his connec
tion with the late Stanley Levison.
Levison had been involved in the Com
munist Party of America before . be
coming an aide for King.
In a statement sent to Senate com
mittees in charge of the issue, Garrow
said the only allegation that needed any
serious consideration was the relationship
between King and Levison.
In his book The FBI and Martin
to cnaige Mr. William S. Newman, Craig's father, with volun
William Newman was released on $5,000 unsecured bond.
The maximum penalty for manslaughter is a fine, imprison
ment up to 20 years (presumptive six years), or both.
Stone would not release any further information Monday
night concerning the case. Barber could not be reached for com
ment. Stone said that a first appearance hearing will be held today at
Craig Newman was found lying in the back yard of his
parents' home when Chapel Hill police officers arrived. The .32
caliber Handgun used in the shooting was found at the scene,
said Maj. Arnold Gold of the Chapel Hill Police Department.
William Newman is a professor emeritus in the UNC music
department. He is an internationally known musicologist and
active in publishing and research. Newman, a faculty member
for 38 years, became a distinguished professor of music in 1962.
charges, and his wife appear in
history by allowing cameras in
Luther King, Jr., he states: "There is
simply no evidence, even circumstantial
or secondhand, that Levison's friendship
and association with King were motivated
by anything other than the sincere sup
port for the cause of civil rights."
"Helms is responsible for mudslinging
of the' worst order," Garrow said. "If
there is polling data that says that Helms
can increase support by bringing up
20-year-old charges against King, I would
be gravely disappointed in North Carolina
citizens. Helms does the state active
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Raleigh Monday for
anyone in the courtroom. ,
Robert Giles, research and planning officer in the Ad--ministrative
Office of the N.C. Courts in Raleigh, said,
"Use of cameras in the courtroom has been a com
paratively new development." He said that some states
have recently been experimenting with varying amounts
of electronic media coverage in-courtrooms, but he
refused to speculate on the impact that such coverage
would have on legal proceedings in North Carolina,
Commenting on the guidelines which the N.C.
Supreme Court set for the use of electronic media in
courtrooms, Chamberlain said the booth provision was
probably the most significant. He said the required con
struction of a booth inside the courtroom tended to have
an inhibiting effect on the introduction of cameras.
See CAMERAS on page 2
By TRACY ADAMS
In the six years that Robert Drake
ford has been mayor of Carrboro, the
town has grown and developed, and
Drakeford says he -will leave office in
November with few of his goals un
fulfilled. "We took a town that was in the '40s
really and brought it into the '80s in less
than six years," Drakeford said. .
Originally from New York,
Drakeford moved to the area when he
attended UNC, where he received a
master's degree in planning and public
health. He has lived in Carrboro for 1 1
years and is one of the principal,
stockholders in Small Cities Com
munications, a cable company in South
Carolina.' He served two years on the
Carrboro Board of Aldermen before
being elected mayor in 1977.
Carrboro has been recognized as one
of the most progressive towns in the
country, and its residents now enjoy the
use of the bus system, a comprehensive
parks system and bikeways, a new fire
station and a renovated Town Hall.
Drakeford and his staff have been re
sponsible for getting state and federal
funding for projects. Between $10
million and $15 million has been award
ed through grants, Drakeford said.
For example, the money for the
bikeway system came from the federal
government and there was a $500,000
state grant to straighten a dangerous
curve on Greensboro Street.
The federal government does not
fund projects, it funds people who have
the projects, Drakeford said.
Drakeford has also been able to in
crease the industrial and commercial
base. Between $60 million and $80
million in construction revenues have
been brought to the area and the tax
base has almost doubled, Drakeford
He has been invited to the White
The Associated Press
RALEIGH Lt. Gov. Jimmy Green's
.trial on bribery and conspiracy charges
opened Monday with prosecutors accep
ting 17 potential jurors and the press tak
ing photographs in the courtroom.
Green is North Carolina's, first lieute
nant governor to stand trial on criminal
charges. Ftis will be the first full criminal
trial in North Carolina to be photograph
ed by newspaper and television cameras
inside the courtroom.
Photographers had little to do Monday
because court orders prohibit cameras
during any questioning.
Green, arrived at Wake County
Superior Court wearing a dark blue suit
with a red rose bud on his lapel. He was
accompained by his two daughters, his
son and his wife. In the courtroom were a
half-dozen Green aides, a legislative lob
byist, state Sen. Ken Royall, D-Durham,
and Green's brother, )r. George Green,
of Brookneal, Va.
Green declined to talk with reporters.
Before prosecutors began questioning
34 potential jurors, Howard Watts' at
torney, Jim Nance Sr. of Fayetteville,
entered a plea of innocent to charges that
Watts conspired with Green for Green to
receive a bribe. Nance also filed a motion
seeking dismissal of the charges against
Watts because of an alleged immunity
The motion, which will be held later,
argues that Watts agreed to a "debrief
ing" on criminal matters in exchange for
pleading guilty to conspiracy to burn
warehouses owned by state Sen. J.J.
"Monk" Harrington, D-Bertie. The mo
tion said Watts understood that he would
not be tried on any indictment arising out
of other crimes in North Carolina.
Watts was sentenced to serve more
than 13 years in prison after pleading
guilty to conspiracy to burn. The motion
said he also talked with FBI agent Terry
Peters and information from that
meeting led to the conspiracy charge in
the Green case.
In the motion, Nance said Watts has
never known Green to do anything
dishonest and Watts made statements
about Green to undercover agents to earn
money for them.
Prosecutor Jim Blackburn said earlier
in the trial that he was not sure a plea
bargain was in effect and was not sure
that Watts had told law enforcement
agents the truth.
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Carrboro Mayor Robert Drakeford, recognized foi his work with
the parks systems and bikeways, leaves office in November.
House and has met President Ronald
Reagan and Jimmy Carter.
"I have told the Carrboro story
everywhere, and the legacy of that will
bring things to Carrboro for many
years," Drakeford said.
"People won't realize what I did for
the town until many years after I'm
gone," Drakeford said. "A lot of things
happened and didn't happen because I
was sitting here." . '
John Boone, a 12-year member of the
Carrboro Board of Aldermen, said
Carrboro would probably not be the
same today had it not been for
Drakeford. Drakeford defeated Boone
in the 1977 mayor's race.
"He got a lot of money for the town
through his connections," Boone said.
"We probably would not have the park
or the bikeways if he hadn't been the
Drakeford said, "I'd like to be
remembered as somebody who tried to
do something for everybody."
"I've been able to speak out for the
underdogs students, minorities and
women and at least make sure their
side is heard," Drakeford said.
When Drakeford announced that he
would not seek re-election, he said it
was time for someone else to take over.
He explained that in eight years, one
could make a lot of enemies. People
may agree with each other in
philosophy, but may try to block action
Judge James M. Long warned poten
tial jurors the trial could take three weeks
or more. He said he does not anticipate
sequestering them, but they will have to
take a special oath not to pay attention to
media coverage of the trial.
Long told the potential jurors they
should not be concerned . about the
cameras in the courtroom because the
cameras will be out of sight and jurors
will not know when pictures are being
Green's trial will be the first full
criminal trial in North Carolina
to be photographed by newspaper
and television cameras inside the
Blackburn asked potential jurors
whether they had heard about the case
through the media, and all but one or two
responded that they had. Four people
were dismissed in the afternoon because
they said they already had formed an opi
nion about the case.
He also asked potential jurors whether
they were registered to vote, what party
they belonged to and whether they had
contributed money or time to political
He asked them their opinion of under
cover investigations and whether they
knew potential witnesses, including Gov.
Long said he wants to find 12 jurors
and three alternates. He said each side
can dismiss up to nine potential jurors
without citing a reason and an unlimited
number may be excused for a good cause.
Prosecutors named 17 people they
could accept as jurors and dismissed five
others without giving a reason. One of
those who was dismissed was a secretary
to a state senator.
Defense attorneys were to question
potential jurors Tuesday, -
Green is the first North Carolina lieute
nant governor to stand trial on criminal
charges since the post was established in
1868. Only two governors have been
charged with crimes since that office was
created in the 16th century.
The 62-year-old Green was indicted
June 20 for allegedly accepting a $2,000
bribe, consenting to receive a $2,000
bribe, conspiring with Watts to receive a
bribe and twice consenting to receive
bribes of $10,000 a month. He has plead
ed innocent to all charges.
just because one person favors it, he
After finishing his third term, Drake
ford hopes to write- a book about
political factions. People talk about
black power and leaders like Jesse
Jackson and Harold Washington, but
Carrboro has always been 90 percent
white and it has had black leaders for.
years, Drakeford said.
The political faction which
Drakeford has been associated with, the
Carrboro Community Coalition, has
lost strength in recent years, including
1981 when three CCC Aldermen lost
seats. The formerly weaker faction, the
Association for a Better Carrboro, is
stronger now because it has outlasted
the CCC, Drakeford said. The present
Board of Aldermen is the most adver
sarial one Drakeford has had to work
with, he said.
"We, for a town, had an unusual
coalition students, liberals and
blacks working together for a com
mon cause," Drakeford said.
"Coalitions aren't meant to last
forever," Drakeford said.4 "They are
useful in gathering solutions to a pro
blem and we did that."
Residents are taking Carrboro's
conveniences for granted, Drakeford
said, but they have forgotten the hard
work it took to make Carrboro what it
See DRAKEFORD on page 2