Mostly sunny after morning
cloudiness. Highs near 70,
lows in the upper 40s.
Copyright 1983 The Daily Tar Heel. All rights reserved.
EPA Administrator William
Ruckelshaus will speak to
day at 10:30 a.m. in Memorial
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 91, Issue 78
Tuesday, October 25, 1983
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
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DTHZane A. Saunders I
r.uror rises over
It's mill time!
Mabry's Mill, a grist and sawmill now owned by the National Park Service, is located between Fancy Gap and Roanoke
in Virginia on the Blue Ridge Parkway. In a rustic mountain setting, the area was particularly beautiful this past
weekend, over Fall Break, as the fall colors of the leaves in the mountains were at their peak.
Concern expressed over peacekeeping efforts
From staff and wire reports
The killing of more than 80 U.S. Marines in Lebanon
has left UNC students bewildered and faculty concerned.
"It's horrible that so many were killed, but you have
to wonder what they were doing there in the first place,"
senior chemistry major Todd Smith said Monday.
"With so many uncontrollable elements, you have to
expect that this sort of thing will happen," Smith said.
"How can you be expected to keep the peace when
everyone else wants to fight?"
Reagan needs to establish clearer guidelines for the ac
tivity of the Marines, said peace, war and defense cur
riculum Chairman James R. Leutze.
"Some statement of purpose is needed," Leutze said.
Attacks such as the Sunday terrorist bombing of an air
port building where Marines and Navy men were staying
will continue as long as guidelines are not set, he added.
Freshman journalism major Mary Cohen said that
Reagan should increase the size of the Marine contingent
or else risk being swamped in another Vietnam.
"By being only half -committed, we open ourselves up
to this kind of violence," Cohen said.
But a student who identified himself only as a Palesti
nian said the troops must be removed from Lebanon as
soon as possible.
"As long as Reagan places American troops where
they do not belong, the'carnage will go on," the student
said. "It (the policy) shows American imperialism at its
Leutze, who said he discussed the killings in both of
his classes Monday, said that he felt that students wanted
the United States to pull out of Lebanon.
But Leutze did not think the United States would
move out of Lebanon, a possibility which is not an op
tion, according to Reagan.
"One terrorist act will not force us out," Leutze said.
But if such acts continue, it will become more probable
that U.S. troops will pull out, he added.
Col. Paul Grimmig of the Air Force ROTC said com
ment is "better left to those folks who are working on
Grimmig said he had not heard anything from
Senior English major Angela D'Aubirque expressed a
common concern of students. "We're supposed to be in
there keeping the peace, but it hardly seems we're doing
"We're not wanted there, and I really can't see why
we're in there. It's time to get some answers."
40 percent surveyed received
phone services not requested
In Washington, members of Congress demanded
Monday the the Reagan admimstration provide a clear
explanation of the U.S. purpose there. But most stopped
short of calling for an immediate withdrawal.
"I don't think it is a time for Americans to back down
from terrorism," House Speaker Thomas P. O'Neill
told reporters. "But I think it is time we give the reasons
we're over there."
"The president needs to clearly define for the
American people why their boys are being sent to die in
Lebanon," Senate Democratic Leader Robert C. Byrd
of West Virginia told the Senate.
Senate Republican Leader Howard Baker of Ten
nessee predicted a congressional reassessment of U.S.
policy in the Middle East as a result of the bombing that
devastated U.S. Marines in their barracks at the Beirut
airport early Sunday.
"We must find a way to share the burden of
peacekeeping," Baker said. "We should not leave at the
point of a gun and I would stoutly resist that."
Baker said his main duty was to "try to keep this thing
from turning into a political football."
In Jacksonville, chaplains and officers notified
families Monday of Marines killed in a Beirut terrorist
See REACTION on page 2
The Associated Press
BEIRUT, Lebanon One by one, the
bodies of American Marines were pulled
from their shatterd Beirut command post
Monday, pushing the toll to at least 191
killed in the bloodiest attack against the
U.S. military since Vietnam.
In Washington, as a political furor built
over the Marines' mission here, President
Reagan declared that they will stay,
because "we have vital interests in
Across America, meanwhile, military
messengers fanned out to bring word to
scores of families of their loved ones'
deaths in the Sunday morning bombing,
carried out by an unidentified suicide ter
rorist who detonated a bomb-rigged truck.
At least 23 French paratroopers also
were killed in a similar, almost
simultaneous attack at their command
post, one mile from the Marine base.
French President Francois Mitterrand
unexpectedly paid a personal visit to Beirut
Monday, stopping by both sites. After
returning to Paris, he declared, "France
remains and will remain faithful to its
engagement in Lebanon."
Both Iran and Syria rejected U.S. sug
gestions that those countries were behind
the twin terror bombings. Syria's govern
ment newspaper described it instead as a
blow by Lebanese nationalists against "oc
Another shadowy Moslem terrorist
group claimed responsibility for the at
On Sunday, an anonymous telephone .
caller told the Beirut office of the French
news service Agence France-Presse that the
"Islamic Revolutionary Movement," a
previously unknown group, had carried
out the bombings. A caller Monday told
the French agency that "Islamic Holy
War,'' another group, was responsible.
This second group had claimed respon
sibility for a similar car-bomb attack last
April on the U.S. embassy in Beirut, in
which 17 Americans and 32 other people
At Beirut International Airport, near
the dust-shrouded rubble of the Marine
post, command spokesman Maj. Robert
Jordan told reporters, "There's nobody
alive in there now. No, it would be a
Earlier Monday, when the death toll
stood at 161, officers estimated 50 Marines
and U.S. Navy men remained buried
under the crumbled concrete. During the
day, cranes lifted heavy slabs, rescue
workers clawed through the debris, and
bodies continued to be pulled from the
ruins. Besides the mounting toll of dead,
about 75 wounded were evacuated to U.S.
military hospitals in Europe.
New stories emerged of the horror of
the first minutes after the explosion. .
One Marine, Robert Calhoun, 21, of
San Antonio, Texas, said he was on the
roof of the four-story building when it col
lapsed, knocking him unconscious.
When he awoke, he told reporters, "I
got up and my friend Joe was with me and
he was trapped. I unburied him. We got
up . . . and we heard about a thousand peo
ple, it seemed like, screaming 'Help me!
God help me!' "
In the U.S. capital Monday, House
Speaker Thomas P. O'Neill said Congress
is ' 'going to have a complete review of why
we're there and whether it is worthwhile to
keep our boys there for diplomatic
But Reagan, at a White House news
conference, said of the Marines' role,
"The mission remains and it remains un
fulfilled." He said the bombing was "a horrifying
reminder of the type of enemy we face in
many areas of the world today vicious,
cowardly and ruthless."
As he spoke, more than 300 Marines
from Camp Lejeune were on their way to
Beirut to replace their dead and wounded
comrades, who were part of a multina
tional force supporting the embattled
Lebanese government's efforts to reassert
Lebanese President Amin Gemayel told
his Cabinet that he remained determined
to convene a scheduled reconciliation con
ference in Geneva, Switzerland, Oct. 31,
Lebanese state radio reported.
The meeting of representatives of
Lebanon's rival religious and political fac
tions is aimed at ending years of civil war,
a conflict touched off in large part by
Moslem demands that the Christian
minority give up its dominant political role
At the airport Monday, the remaining
Marines from the 1,600-man U.S. ground
force were reinforcing barriers and step
ping up other security measures.
President Reagan on Sunday ordered
Gen. Paul X. Kelley, the Marine Corps
commandant, to Beirut to survey the
military situation and determine how the
U.S. force can be better protected.
The daybreak attack on the Marines,
most of whom were sleeping at the time,
was made by the driver of an explosives
laden pickup truck who crashed through
and swerved around security barriers at the
airport base. He smashed his truck into the
lobby of the defense command post
See LEBANON on page 2
By LYNN DAVIS
Results from a survey recently con
ducted by the UNC Student Consumer
Action Union indicate that 40 percent of
the respondents who said they had one or
more of Southern Bell's optional phone
services received the services without be
ing contacted by a Bell representative.
Of the 706 students who responded, 50
percent said they had had one or more of
the optional services placed on their
phone lines this semester.
According to SCAU Chairman
Richard Owens, SCAU decided to con
duct the survey after they began to receive
complaints from students who said that
optional services had been placed on their
phones even though they had not been re
quested. The surveys were distributed in all
UNC residence halls through the
Residence Hall Association's hall presi
dents during the week of Oct. 10. But on
ly 25 percent of the surveys have been
returned to SCAU. Owens said this
return rate . is consistent with previous
surveys which have been distributed and
collected in a similar manner.
Confusion has also existed as to
whether some students were offered op
tional services free for a one-month trial
Out of all students who responded, 55
percent said they were contacted by a Bell
representative who offered them one or
more of the services for a promotional
Of this 55 percent, 37 percent said they
understood that they would have to call
Southern Bell's local office to have the
service disconnected if they did not want
to continue it past the promotional
Southern Bell has maintained that no
students were offered optional services
free of charge for a trial period, but
rather were told that they would not have
to pay the $10.50 fee that is normally
charged to connect the optional services.
Besides the questions about optional
calling services, the survey also included
an itemized billing schedule to help
students determine whether they were re
ceiving the optional services and a peti
tion requesting action to prevent
Southern Bell from providing and billing
for optional services that were not
Owens said that the survey results and
the petition will be sent to the N.C.
Public Utilities Commission, N.C. At
torney General Rufus Edmisten, Gov.
Jim Hunt, Chancellor Christopher C.
Fordham III, Southern Bell district
manager Ron Stamey and area news
papers. "I believe that the most important end.
that we're trying to achieve with this
survey is action on the part of public of
ficials, including possible regulatory
reform, to ensure that student will not be
subject to this next fall," Owens said.
"If all this has been due to innocent
mistakes on the part of Southern Bell, I
think they should change their phone
sign-up procedure to avoid problems like
this in the future," he said.
Owens said that the connection cards
for on-campus phone service should in
clude a space for students to request the
custom calling services that they want and
also a space for their signature.
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One charge against Green
dropped; prosecution rests
Lt. Gov. Jimmy Green, on his way to trial, faces four of the
original five bribery-related charges.
The Associated Press
RALEIGH Prosecutors dismissed one of
five charges Monday against Lt. Gov. Jimmy
Green after resting their case in the bribery trial,
and defense attorneys immediately sought
dismissal of the remaining charges.
Special prosecutor Jim Blackburn said he
would dismiss a charge that Green conspired with
Howard F. Watts of Clarkton to accept a bribe
because during a June interview with an FBI
agent, Watts made statements that contradicted
comments he made in video and audio tapes.
Green, 62, still is charged with twice consent
ing to receive a bribe of $10,000 a month, con
senting to receive a $2,000 bribe, and receiving a
$2,000 bribe. He faces a maximum sentence of 20
years in prison and an unspecified fine if con
victed. Green, the only N.C. lieutenant governor ever
to face criminal charges, has pleaded innocent.
He refused to comment Monday on the dismissal
of the single charge.
The state constitution prohibits a convicted
felon from holding statewide public office. Green
is considered a possible candidate for governor in
Wake County Superior Court Judge James M.
Long said he would rule today on defense mo
tions to drop the remaining counts for lack of
If Long decides to send the charges to the jury,
the defense will start its case today. Defense at
torney Howard Twiggs said he might present
eight witnesses, including Green, which could
take two days.
Defense attorney Wade Smith said the remain
ing charges should be dropped because they do
not focus on "official acts" by the lieutenant
governor and the evidence does not show intent
to break the law.
"There are no allegations, and certainly no
proof, he ever said he would do anything specific
at any specific time that is an official act," Smith
He said the bribery law was meant to prevent
individuals from selling their official conduct but
the acts alleged in the indictment do not involve
Green's official duties.
But prosecutor Richard Gammon said the
bribery law covers jobs within a person's "ap
parent authority." He said Green has a great deal
of indirect power because he appoints members
of the Advisory Budget Commission which
prepares budgets for all state departments.
"To hold that because it is not an enumerated
power it is not an official action would destroy
the intent of the statute," Gammon said.
Smith said prosecutors cannot prove Green
meant to do anything corrupt although he
charged that the FBI hounded Green with ques
tions about taking money.
"If there is a theme running through the state's
case, it is the word 'No,' " Smith said, adding
that Green repeatedly refused money offers from
FBI agent Robert Drdak.
But Blackburn said Green did not say "no"
"It was Mr. Green and not Mr. Drdak who
suggested the campaign contribution. It was Mr.
Green and not Mr. Drdak who on Feb. 15 (1982)
brought up the $10,000," Blackburn said.
Defense attorney Howard Twiggs compared
the prosecution of Green to the "Boston witch
hunt" and said the only time the state's evidence
has hurt Green was when Green's voice could not
be heard on the tape or when the meeting was not
He referred to a tape from April 10, 1982, in
which the FBI's recording devices failed to pick
up Green's voice on the telephone. One of the
charges that Green consented to receive a $2,000
bribe is based on that phone call.
"It just doesn't seem right that a man should
be charged with receiving a check that came to his
See GREEN on page 2