Variable cloudiness today
and tomorrow. Highs today
in the mid-60s. Lows tonight
around 50. Highs tomorrow
We're No. 10
UNC fell to 10th In the latest
AP football poll after losing
to Maryland, which jumped
to seventh. Story on page 5.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright 1983 The Daily Tar Heel. All rights reserved.
Volume 91, Issue 83
Tuesday, November 1, 1SS3
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
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Michele Gray and Cheryl
Hagland, backup singers for
the Tubes, meet Rocky and
Bullwinkle at the
TubesBreaks concert, top.
The singers were two of the
judges of the costume con
test held before the concert.
Carlos Perez, bottom, an
employee of Woofer and
Tweeter, looks for the head
of Meade Ridge, a UNC
graduate who lives in High
Point. The two were on
Franklin Street Monday
A 'DTH' Interview
Mitchell, Hutson discuss Greek system
By AMY TANNER
Editor's note: Fraternities and sororities at
UNC last year agreed to work for elimination of
racism within the Greek system after a black stu
dent who went through sorority rush failed to
receive a bid from any of the white sororities.
The DTH interviewed Assistant Dean for Sorori
ty A ffairs Sharon R. Mitchell and Assistant Dean
for Fraternity Affairs Steve G. Hutson to find
out how the administration was helping to in
tegrate the Greek system. The following is an
edited transcript of that interview.
DTH: Have you see any changes in the past
year concerning integration in the sororities?
Mitchell: For the first time this fall, round one,
or the information round, of rush was integrated.
A lot was done again by the system and by the
leadership within the individual group, regarding
showing films, having discussions and bringing
DTH: What steps are fraternities taking
Hutson: I've been very pleased with the at
titude of the students who are working to the end
of disassembling any racial barriers that exist and
coming to grips with the problems that are
forever in the larger society. Already the Inter
fraternity Council has had thee meetings. One of
those was with the leadership to discuss their own
racial problems, their own racial attitudes, to
come to grips with their emotions involving it.
They've come up with really viable solutions for
improving the activities of fraternity members
regarding race. It started within and they're
spreading out, and already I think things are
showing within the larger system.
DTH: Have there been members who said
their parents wouldn't approve of integration or
alumni who have expressed disapproval?
Hutson: As far as alumni or parents, I have
been faced with that issue at one other school,
but not at UNC, which is interesting, and I've
been pleased with that fact.
DTH: Why were you surprised that you didn't
see it here?
Hutson: Because it does seem to be such an
issue in the public eye that with so much time
given to it you would have much more of a
strong reaction. Sometimes with students too, I
think there is a feeling of awkwardness of dealing
with the issue. I know that with the IFC, when we
first started talking about it especially some of the
new officers were a little uneasy about just com
ing out and dealing with the issues straight for
ward. It wasn't because as much of a racial
discrimination, but rather because of a great
desire not to offend another person. And what
we found was that it was much easier just to lay
things out on the table and say: these are some of
the black issues, and these are the white issues,
and these are the misinterpretations, and this is
what we can do about it.
We have a program of about five or six steps
which are planned, and we're at the third or
fourth step. It's a long-range problem.
Mitchell: We've gone into individual groups
and had discussions and dialogues and open con
versations and really brought to the front a lot of
individual insecurities. As the black and white
students start understanding each other and
realizing and respecting their differences, as well
as realizing a lot of likenesses that they didn't
assume were there, it is amazing how far they can
But, yes, to be very honest with you, that has
been something that we've raised how people
would deal with parents and other adults who
they might think would be bothered by integra
tion. Some of the groups have even written letters
to the parents regarding the focus their organiza
tion has given to integration and the concerns
of racism and just wanted the parents to know
where that oranization was in terms of integra
tion, their concerns and intentions. I have never
been confronted with a parent, but we have really
encouraged the women to talk to their parents
about this issue and let them know where they
See INTERVIEW on page 3
in Grenada invasion
hospital officials say
The Associated Press
ST. GEORGE'S, Grenada U.S. jets attacking an
army fort on the first day of the invasion of Grenada
bombed a nearby hospital, killing about 20 patients,
hospital officials said Monday.
"I'm not saying it was deliberate. It was during the
attack on Fort Frederick," said Anthony Roberts, an
acbriinistrator at the hospital, Richmond Hill Institu
tions. There were conflicting reports on the casualties, and
no figures were given for the number of people
wounded in the bombing. It occurred Oct. 25 after
nearly 2,000 U.S. Marines and soldiers had landed on
the small Caribbean island to remove a Marxist mili
Roberts and the hospital manager, Clement
Gabriel, said 15-20 patients were killed. Nurse Agatha
Harry said she thought as many as 46 had been killed,
but Roberts disputed that figure.
He also said up to 20 patients were missing, but
some might have wandered away unharmed.
Navy Cmdr. Tony Hilton, who was at the site as
workers dug through the rubble, said at least 12 men
and women were killed and probably more bodies
would be found.
The hospital, which housed 319 patients in three
sections, is on Richmond Hill and about 500 yards
from Fort Frederick, where Gen. Hudson Austin
reportedly had his headquarters during the first stage
of the invasion.
Austin, a Marxist who seized control of the country
in a bloody coup on Oct. 19 following a power strug
gle within the left-wing government, was captured by
U.S. paratroopers Sunday. White House spokesman
Larry Speakes told reporters in Washington that
Austin was being detained on the USS Guam off the
Grenadian coast "for his personal protection." Of
ficials declined to say where the general had been
In Washington, the Defense Department said an in
vestigation disclosed that explosives from an A-7 Cor
sair fighter-bomber had hit the hospital while the plane
was trying to knock out artillery and small-arms fire.
It said hospital personnel had buried the dead and
moved all other patients to a house in St. George's
before U.S. Marines arrived in the area the next day.
The statement said the Marines "did not know a
hospital had been hit and, since they encountered no
resistance from the hospital site, did not visit the site."
But the Pentagon denied a report in the Canadian
news magazine Macleans that as many as 47 patients
perished in the attack and said the casualties were
"substantially lower." Publication of the Macleans ac
count Sunday had prompted the U.S. investigation.
On Monday, the Pentagon put U.S. casualties from
the week-long fighting at 18 killed, 86 wounded and
No gunfire was heard around the capital Monday,
but a sniper fired two shots at U.S. soldiers patrolling
along the northeastern side coast. None of the soldiers
was hit and the sniper fled as helicopter gunships
swooped over the area.
Loudspeakers on U.S. military vehicles driving
through rural villages called on resisters to surrender.
The message said:
"Members of the. People's Revolutionary Army.
Cuban defenders. Lay down your arms and surrender.
You will be allowed to go home. Gen. Austin has sur-
rendered. The resistance is over."
Army Sgt. Gerald Mitchell of Ontario, Calif., one
of the soldiers still searching buildings for caches, said
two crates of what he called Cuban-style uniforms and
knapsacks were found in the downtown central tele
"What we're looking for is to just disarm the people
and take the weapons away,'' he said. "We don't care
about what their political aspects are. We just want to
get the weapons away from the people, bring peace to
this place and get out of here."
"The island has more weapons than humans, I
understand," Agnes Williams, an elderly Grenadian,
said. She said she had pointed out an arms cache to
U.S. occupation forces.
"I am very proud of what you all have done for
Grenada, because Grenada was in a very bad state and
we thought that was the end of us," she said. "But
thank God that the Reagan people came in and saved
Most of the Grenadians talking to American
reporters said they were pleased with the invasion, but
two teen-age boys in a boat in the harbor shouted
toward shore, "Go home! Go home!"
"I am not happy at all," said one of the boys,
David Thomas, 17. "My view of this whole situation is
that if this country has a problem, I feel we are capable
of solving our problem and no outside forces is correct
in coming and trying to put peace under any pretext."
The stated aim of the invaders is to restore order,
protect civilians and evacuate foreigners who wished
to leave the tropical Caribbean island of 1 10,000 peo
ple. But President Reagan also claims that Cubans
working on the island were building military installa
tions and stockpiling weapons in preparation for a
UNC's graduate program is
ranked among best in nation
By STEVE FERGUSON
Two UNC graduate programs have rank among the
best in the nation, according to a recent publication of
the National Academy of Sciences.
The department of statistics doctorate program
ranked sixth in the nation and the department of
sociology doctorate program ranked fourth, in a study
whose results appear in the November issue of Chang
The study An Assessment of Research-Doctorate
Program in the United States reviewed 2,700 Ph.D.
programs in 32 disciplines.
Walter L. Smith, chairman of the statistics depart
ment, wasn't surprised at the NAS results. "If any
thing, sixth is a bit disappointing to us," he said.
The statistics department was founded in 1946 with
only a graduate department and began teaching
undergraduates about 1970.
"We feel everyone at UNC doesn't realize it has
such a good statistics department," he said.
Smith said he recently looked at a book in a book
store about the nation's universities in which UNC was
mentioned. "It said we had a fine humanities depart
ment and something or other, but it didn't mention
the doggone statistics department," he said.
"Needless to say, I didn't buy the book."
According to the study, the nation's top six Ph.D.
programs in statistics are, in order: Stanford Universi
ty, the University of California at Berkeley, the
University of Chicago, the University of Wisconsin at
Madison, Iowa State University at Ames, and the
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Smith said the department should be ranked higher
than it is because he felt it outranked Iowa State and
The top five Ph.D. programs in socioloev were, in
order: the University of Wisconsin at Mauisou, uie
University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, the University
of Chicago, the University of North Carolina at
Chapel Hill, and the University of California at
"It was a very thorough report," said John D.
Kasarda, chairman of the department of sociology.
"You can see why, with the number of schools
examined, we were really proud to come out fourth in
The national ranking is not a recent development.
In 1964, the sociology department was ranked ninth
and in 1971 it ranked seventh.
"That steady improvement is particularly gratify
ing," Kasarda said. "We hope to continue improving
and become the top department in the nation by our
University's 200th birthday in 1992," he said.
The sociology department has the best young facul
ty in the nation, Kasarda said.
Maintaining high faculty recruiting standards and
retaining those faculty after they come to the Universi
ty are key reasons the department has done well in na
tional rankings, Kasarda said.
"This department always recruits on a national
basis," he said. "We want to compete with the very
best in the nation, and be the best we possibly can be."
The publicity of the magazine article and NAS study
will help the department recruit the very best graduate
students and faculty across the nation, Kasarda added.
"It will make them take a long, hard look at what
UNC can offer them."
Kasarda said he claimed no personal credit for the
department's prestige. People that preceded him did
much work to contribute to its success and national
status, and he was only a part of it, he said.
The study reflected well on the University, he add
ed. "I think it's a feather in the cap of the University
of North Carolina, not just the department," he said.
"This is a world-class university."