Cloudy with occasional rain
today and tomorrow. Highs
today in the low 50s and
lows tonight in the mid-30s.
Highs tomorrow in the 40s.
Copyright 1983 The Daily Tar Heel. All rights reserved.
Today is the last day to pre
register for the 1984 Spring
semester. Forms must be
turned in to Hanes Hall.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 91, Issue 86
Friday, November 1983
Chspcl Hill, North Carolina
"V r m a pr- a mm
rooted in mistrust
By VANCE TREFETHEN
The challenge of peace has never been greater than
now, former United Nationals Secretary General Kurt
Waldheim said to a capacity crowd in Hamilton Hall
"The longing for peace is as old as mankind,"
Waldheim told the audience of about 450 people. "Rela
tions between East and West have once again become
severely strained." This casts a shadow on efforts for
peace in areas of the world troubled by conflict, including
Lebanon and Central America.
"And the invasion of Grenada adds
fuel to an already dangerous inter
national situation. "
The underlying tensions between East and West are
"rooted in mistrust, suspicion, nationalism and misguided
views of honor and prestige," said Waldheim, who was
Secretary General of the United States from 1971 to 1981,
serving two five year terms in that post. "And the invasion
of Grenada adds fuel to an already dangerous interna
tional situation." . ' '
Waldheim suggested possible solutions to heightened
tensions between the superpowers.
The United States and the Soviet Union should return to
the traditional channels of diplomacy rather than im
mediately trying to establish a summit conference. U.S.
ambassadors and diplomats could work out a rational ap
proach, leading to a summit that eventually could yield
Soviet-American cooperation is crucial because of the
immense destructive potential of nuclear weapons, he
"Each side is afraid the other will achieve nuclear
superiority. The future of mankind is held hostage to the
perceived security of a few states that possess nuclear
Discussing the United Nations and its role in interna
tional affairs, Waldheim said the amount of money na
tions spend on the UN is trivial to the amount they spend
on weapons. Countries spend $800 billion a year on
weapons, and only $4 billion to maintain the UN.
"It seems to me that there is something wrong with our
priorities," he said.
Waldheim also discussed current tension and conflict in
three areas of the world Lebanon, Central America
and Western Europe.
Britain and West Germany probably will agree with the
United States that the deployment of American missiles is
needed in Western Europe. But deployment of Pershing II
missiles will provoke a Soviet escalation of the arms race
in Europe, he said.
He said the situation in Lebanon is dangerous because
the Lebanese are far from a lasting cease-fire and perma
nent settlement to the crisis there. He expressed his sym
pathy to the families of the marines who were killed there
recently, calling the Marines "soldiers of peace."
On conflict in Central America, Waldheim said that
understanding the social conditions in the region was the
key to understanding the volatile situation. Solutions to
Central American problems cannot be achieved through
foreign intervention, but rather through economic change.
"The gap between rich and poor has caused political
upheavals (in Central America)," he said.
Looking at world economic conditions, Waldhiem
stressed that the economies of Third World countries are
closely linked to the economies of Western industrial
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ive ties missin
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By KATE COOPER
University and contract engineers for
the Student Activities Center verified
Thursday that some of the support ties
were missing from one of the main
columns of the structure.
But at a news conference held at the
Carolina Inn, Farris Womack, vice
chancellor of business and finance, said,
"It is impossible to completely verify
this allegation without destructively
testing the wall and potentially en
dangering adjacent construction."
For the investigation, a portion of the
wall was chipped away and examined.
"In this area, there were supposed to be
eight ties and we found only three," said
David Geiger, principal of Geiger Berger
Associates, one of the members of the
Design Team for the SAC.
Geiger said the portion of the wall ex
amined was in a "non-critical" area of
the wall. "Taking jackhammers into the
wall where ties are missing would have
meant doing irreparable damage to the
internal part of the structure," he sard.
As a result of the findings, Womack
said a precautionary measure would be
taken. "The measure will consist of
drilling holes through the wall which will
receive post tension bolts. Plates at the
exterior of the wall under the bolt heads
will provide the confinement that the ties
shown on the original contract docu
ments were meant to provide."
Geiger said the ties specified in the
plans were a precautionary measure and
compared them to a man using both a
belt and suspenders for his trousers.
"The ties are extra," he said.
The other allegations made by former
subcontractor Sterling Jones were dis
missed by the engineers. Jones claimed
that dowels were cut out of footing be
cause they were laid out incorrectly and
never replaced. He also claimed that
some dowels, which were set wrong and
have been cut out for the column to be
horizontal with the wall, had not been
The design team engineers said the test
results indicated that all of the dowels
conformed to the requirements of the
Ray DeBruhl, director of the Division
of State Construction of the N.C. De
partment of Administration, said there
also would be an independent structural
analysis of the SAC. Professor Paul
Zea, head of the Civil Engineering De
partment at NCSU, will present an in-
See SAC on page 5
President calls mission
in Grenada 'rescue5
Former UN Secretary General Kurt Waldheim spoke Thursday in Hamilton Hall.
countries. He said that the large amounts of foreign debt
owed by countries such as Brazil and Argentina are
destabilizing factors in the world economy.
The United States must do two things to help improve
the economic situation for Third World countries, he said.
First,, the U.S. must not impose traffics on imported
gopds, because this will restrict the flow of goods out of
the developing countries and reduce the number of jobs
available in those countries.
Second, he said Congress should approve the current
proposal to grant $8.4 billion in additional international
loans to developing countries. Making this loan money
available will help Third World countries meet their cur
' rent debt obligations and also expand their economies. Ef
forts on the part of industrialized countries to aid in the
development of poorer nations "are by no means
charity", since the improvement of Third World
economies is crucial to the improvement of the U.S.
Waldheim encouraged the hope for peace despite the
problems that hinder it. "The fact that there are no easy
solutions to our problems must not be allowed to generate
defeatism," he said. "We have the resources and we have
the ability. What we need is the political will to change
practices that threaten peace."
His appearance was sponsored by the Ralph Clay Price
Fund for Peace and organized by the UNC Curriculum in
Peace, War and Defense.
Porto, White offer choices
in Garrboro mayoral race
By TOM SMITH
Carrboro mayoral candidates Jim
White and Jim Porto agree that downtown
revitalization is crucial to the development
Porto and White also said that alcohol
consumption is not a problem in Carrboro
and a public consumption ordinance is not
As part of White's campaign platform,
he has proposed that a community
planning task force be created to devise a
comprehensive plan for improving the
town of Carrboro.
Three projects have already been ap
proved by the present Board of Aldermen
as part of a downtown revitalization pro
gram which includes a commercial
industrial park, White said.
"The Thoroughfare Plan is very essen
tial to Carrboro, its growth and develop
ment," White said. In addition to the plan,
White said he hoped that all of the streets
in Carrboro might be improved by resur
facing, widening or extensions.
White also said that the drainage prob
lem around parts of Hillsborough, North
Greensboro and West Main streets should
be remedied by curbing and guttering.
In order to accomplish all of these goals,
White says that a capital fund bond
referendum should be passed. The Frank
lin Street right of way alone will cost nearly
$509,000 and there is really no other way
to raise this kind of money, White said.
Porto, on the other hand, said that
although development should be en
couraged, standards should be set so that
the impact on existing neighborhoods
would be minimal.
Downtown reviuuizauon 15 most essen
tial for development in Porto's view. He
said that the Franklin Street extension was
an integral part of the program and should
not be considered just to ease the traffic
flow but as part of a comprehensive
Discussing street improvements, Porto
said that some of the streets were main
tained by the state, and the state should
assume the costs of repairing them. Fur
thermore, Porto attributed much of the
current problem with the streets to
developers who had come in with poor
planning. Porto said that as many of the
town-owned streets as possible should be
repaired using the money collected from
Porto said that he would not support a
bond referendum for the sole purpose of
fixing the streets because he feels that it is
imperative that the town of Carrboro get
out of debt first. However, Porto said he
would support a referendum that included
the downtown revitalization program.
Asked if they would support restrictions
being placed on public consumption of
alcohol, both White and Porto said that
public consumption was not causing any
problems in Carrboro. Unless it proves to
be a problem in the future, both candi
dates said they saw no need to enact a con
Presently, there are no town ordinances
restricting public consumption in Carr
boro. Chapel Hill, however, has a public
White, who has been endorsed by the
Association for a Better Carrboro, is in the
middle of a four-year term on the Board
of Alermen. Porto, an independent candi
date, works as a management consultant.
Municipal elections will be held Nov. 8.
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The Associated Press
WASHINGTON President Reagan,
declaring the U.S. military action in
Grenada was not an "invasion" as he once
called it but a "rescue," said Thursday
that all hostilities had ended on the island
and that U.S. commanders are being told
to start withdrawing their forces within a
"Our objectives have been achieved and
as soon as the logistics permit, American
personnel will be leaving," the president
said. His spokesman said there were 5,980
soldiers on the Caribbean island Thursday.
Reagan, who visited the White House
press briefing room at midmorning to
make the announcement about Grenada
and disclose that Donald Rumsfield, a
former secretary of defense, would be his
new Middle East envoy, told reporters that
on the island, "the situation is stable. No
sniper fire or other form of military
resistance is evident."
Reagan, who will visit Camp Lejeune
today to honor the U.S. Marines who have
been serving in Beirut, Lebanon, said the
forces in Grenada "have conducted
themselves in the finest tradition of the
The troops invaded Grenada on Oct.
25, and Reagan said their mission was to
rescue the approximately 1,000 American
citizens on the island, including about 650
students at the St. George's Medical Col
lege, and to restore democracy. A coup
d'etat had overthrown leftist Prime
Minister Maurice Bishop and replaced him
with another Marxist" regirnt. "
"We can be proud of the courage and
professionalism that we've seen from the
people down there," the president said.
"The American students called them
rescuers. The citizens have Grenada have
hailed them as liberators. I think the whole
lot of them deserve the respect and ad
miration of our country."
Reagan said he had been told by
Defense Secretary Caspar W. Weinberger
that "hostilities in Grenada have ended
and that he has instructed our military
commanders to begin withdrawing their
forces within a few days."
Deputy White House press secretary
Larry Speakes said 18 U.S. servicemen
were killed in Grenada and 89 were
wounded. He said that the 1,900 U.S.
Marines and 700 Army Rangers who had
taken part in the early landings and
fighting had all been withdrawn, leaving
behind elements of the 82nd Airborne
"Those who were killed, wounded or
injured in this operation I believe are
See GRENADA on page 3
Culture shock very real
Foreign students adjust to UNC
s v. -s C
By JANET OLSON
Don't be surprised if someone on campus says "bonjour" or
"guten tag" in response to a casual "hi there."
With 382 international students at UNC representing 73 foreign
countries, these and many other greetings are quite possible. UNC
has students representing every continent in the world.
But gaining admission from abroad is a fairly difficult task,
said Teme Reice, adviser of the Association of International
"Generally it is difficult for undergraduates to gain admission
because foreign students are also part of the 15 percent out-of-state
quota," Reice said. "But graduate students aren't hampered
by that quota factor."
The numbers support this, as there are 311 graduate interna
tional students and only 52 undergraduates. In addition, 12 inter
national students are here for practical training in their respective
fields and there are seven part-time students.
Taiwan sends the greatest number of international students to
UNC, followed by Korea, the United Kingdom, West Germany,
Canada and Japan. There are 16 international Morehead Scholars
on campus, primarily from Great Britain. The Morehead
Foundation selects four or five British students per year, occa
sionally accepting other students from abroad.
Despite the variety of international students, they all have
similar problems upon entering a different culture, Reice said.
- "Culture shock? Yes, it exists," said history major Andrew
Balgarnie, a sophomore Morehead from Great Britain. "America
is much more of a foreign country than I imagined. When you
first arrive, you think you can cope with it, but it catches up with
you eventually. Then you get over it, but you never really under
Reice said students had problems adjusting to everything from
American restaurants to the educational system.
"It is strange for them to go to a restaurant one night and the
next day to find the person who waited on them as a fellow stu
dent in class," Reice said.
She added that the American educational system differed from
most others in the world. Very often, foreign students must learn
to study.in a different way.
"Where they come from, very often their only exam is a final
exam at the end of the year," Reice said. "Here, they are faced
with writing papers, keeping up with the readings and taking tests
throughout the entire school year."
Soeren Christensen, a Danish graduate student in statistics, has
a different problem with education. He said the level of courses
was much lower here than in Denmark.
"The main difference is to get used to getting back to.
kindergarten," Christensen said. "Graduate students are treated
as if they are incapable of thinking themselves."
Veronica Siman, a senior sociology and economics major from
El Salvador, came to Chapel Hill three years ago with her family.
She said she was surprised by the differences in attitudes when she
came to the United States.
"We hear a lot about the States in El Salvador," Siman said,
"but still it's hard to get used to some things. You can oppose the
government and nothing happens to you here."
Josee Parent, a Canadian graduate student studying marine
micology, said she had trouble adjusting to the high temperatures
in the South. Also, she said people became more emotional about
racial issues in the United States than they do in Canada.
"But the strangest thing was probably sororities and frater
nities," Parent said. "There are only one or two at my alma mater
and you never heard about them there."
All of these problems are further complicated because most
foreign students must use a language that is not their native
The Association of International Students helps foreign
students become acquainted with American culture and with
other international students' cultures as well.
"The Association of International Students is an organization
that is very active in trying to promote cross-cultural exchanges
across the entire campus," Reice said. "Through AIS, there has
been a terrific amount of programming that students are doing
Reice said that AIS tried to find a balance between social and
service activities. AIS activities range anywhere from attending the
N.C. State Fair to traveling to Washington, D.C., or to New York
City. The association also sponsors seminars and discussion
groups similar to its program on Gandhi last year.
See STUDENTS on page 4