Partly cloudy today with
highs in the upper 60s and
lows in the 50s. A 60 percent
chance of rain tonight. High
Thursday in the mid 60s.
Copyrigni 1983 The Daily Tar Heel. All righls reserved.
Winners and Losers
For a complete listing of
Tuesday's election returns,
see the results box on page 3.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 91, Issue 89
Wednesday, November 9, 1983
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
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77z victors celebrate
photo by Susie Post
Zona Norwood (left), Carrboro Alderman-elect, being congratulated ing that she had won a seat on the Chapel Hill Town Council. Jim
by her two children and friends as she is informed of her win. Nan- Porto, Carrboro mayor-elect, showing his excitement as he is told
cy Preston (top), being interviewed by Village Cable prior to learn- of his narrow win.
Bush vote breaks tie as Senate approves nerve gas funds
The Associated Press
WASHINGTON The Senate ap
proved 47-46 on Tuesday the production
of a new generation of nerve gas wea
pons, as Vice President George Bush cast
the deciding vote on the issue for the se
cond time in four months.
The Senate went on to vote 86-6 for a
record $253 billion military spending bill,
which includes every major weapons pro
gram requested by President Reagan, in
cluding nerve gas, the MX nuclear missile
and long-range B-l bombers.
As approved by the Senate, the appro
priations measure is $9 billion below the
president's most recent spending request.
The legislation now goes to a congres
sional conference committee for negotia
tions with House members who earlier re
jected the $114 million nerve gas pro
gram. Opponents of producing "binary"
nerve gas artillery shells and bombs assail
the weapons as gruesome, immoral, and a
threat more to civilians than soldiers.
"There is no fiscal reason, no nego
tiating reason and no military reason,
there is no reason of any kind to produce
this weapon," said Sen. Mark Hatfield,
But 46 senators plus Bush accepted ar
guments by Reagan and others that the
"binary" bombs and artillery shells
should be produced to prod the Soviet
Union into a negotiated reduction of
In a rare and dramatic repeat of his
constitutional role as president of the
Senate, Bush made the difference, just as
he did July 13 in a 50-49 vote on a defense
Each vote was watched carefully by ad
ministration supporters and when conser
vative Jesse Helms, R-N.C, voted with
nerve gas opponents, he was chased by a
number of Republicans as he left the
floor. Helms returned and changed his
Similarly, Republican Alfonse
D'Amato of New York, had voted against
nerve gas production on a procedural tal
ly minutes earlier, but then switched on
the proposal to restore funding.
The Republican-controlled Senate Ap
propriations Committee had sided with
the House and recommended blocking
nerve gas funding and continuing the
14-year freeze by the United States on the
production of chemical weapons.
But John Tower, R-Texas, chairman of
the Senate Armed Services Committee,
successfully moved to restore money for
the nerve gas weapons to a $252.5 billion
A congressional conference committee
will now have to negotiate the difference
between the House and Senate on the
chemical warfare question.
The defense appropriations bill in
cludes $766.9 million in other funds for
defensive measures against chemical war
fare, storage of older types of nerve gas
and for continued research into binary
The debate on some of the deadliest
weapons in the Pentagon's arsenal took
place against the backdrop of workmen
in rooms behind the Senate chamber
noisily shoveled and sweeping debris
caused by a bomb explosion Monday
In urging the opening of production
lines for binary weapons, Tower said, "It
is the right thing to do for our national
security." Assistant Republican leader
Ted Stevens of Alaska said, "The Soviets
are not going to stay at the bargaining
table . . . unless we are willing to show
our determination to use these weapons."
Stevens said the Soviet Union was go
ing full-speed ahead with the production
of its own chemical arsenal. And Sen.
Rudy Boschwitz, R-Minn., cited evidence
indicating the Soviets used chemical
weapons in Laos, Afghanistan and Kam
puchea (formerly known as Cambodia).
To attract support for resuming pro
duction, Boschwitz added a requirement
that the United States unilaterally destroy
double the amount of older types of
nerve gas whenever a new binary weapon
was added to the arsenal.
Inside binary nerve gas shells and
bombs are chemicals which are harmless
when by themselves, but lethal even in
tiny doses when combined. After the ar
tillery shells or bombs are en route to
their targets, the chemicals are joined and
explode into the air upon impact. Oppo
nents say the weapons could kill
thousands of innocent people downwind
from the battlefield.
Sen. Edward M. Kennedy, D-Mass.,
said the United States already has 200,000
tons of conventional, unitary chemical
weapons stockpiled, much of it inside
155-millimeter artillery shells.
"The commitment we need is not to
launching a new round of the nerve gas
race, but to eliminating these gruesome
weapons from the face of the earth."
Sen. David Pryor, D-Ark., said the
type of binary weapons to be dropped
from planes, called Big Eye bombs, were
not ready to be produced.
"This has been a repeated embarrass
ment," Pryor said.
See DEFENSE on page 2
From staff reports
Nancy Preston, Jonathan Howes, R.D. Smith and Bill
Thorpe had cause to celebrate Tuesday night, topping a
field of six candidates vying for four spots on the Chapel
Hill Town Council.
Preston, one of two newcomers, led all candidates
with 3,500 votes. She was followed by incumbent
Jonathan Howes, 3,049, incumbent R.D. Smith, 2,665
and former council member Bill Thorpe, 2,336.
Light voter turnout in Chapel Hill, 27.8 percent, may
have been a factor in Preston's strong showing.
Incumbent Joe Straley was edged out of the race,
receiving 2,263 votes, just 73 votes less than Thorpe.
Newcomer Katherine Wright finished only 25 votes shy
"So overwhelming," Preston said after seeing the
final results. "It's really exciting."
Growth and development were the key issues in this
year's municipal elections. President of the Chapel Hill
Preservation Society and a member of the Historic
District Commission, Preston said that Chapel Hill
needs to find a middle ground regarding growth.
Jonathan Howes, serving his second term on the
council, said this year's campaign was not as difficult as
past races. "It was a very easy campaign," Howes,
director of the UNC Center for Urban and Regional
Studies said. "I had a record to stand on and didn't need
to conduct an aggressive campaign. I didn't feel I had to
do the cocktail set."
Many local political observers were surprised that two
blacks were elected to the council in the same election
year, the first time that has happened in the history of
Chapel Hill municipal elections.
Smith, an 18-year member of the council, and Bill
Thorpe, a council member from 1977-1981, were the
third and fourth voter getters.
"I think it (two blacks being elected) was based not on
the fact that people want more blacks," Smith said.
"But their decision was respective of each individual
Like Howes, Smith said this campaign was easier than
past council elections. "The first time 1 ran was the most
exciting, when I led the ticket. That was in 1967," he
Thorpe, contacted at Elliot's Nest just after his victory
was officially announced, said, "I'm very pleased with
the students understanding what I was trying to do for
them in terms of the proposal that I plan to make to the
council to create a position for a student to serve in."
Early in his campaign, Thorpe said he wanted to
create a student position on the council to be filled by a
nominee from the UNC Student Government.
He said that support from students was a major factor
in his victory Tuesday night.
"I'm very pleased," he said. "It was a good field of
"I want the students to know that anytime they have a
concern that has to do with town government, they can
call me," Thorpe said.
Unseated council member Straley said of his cam
paign, "I expended more adrenalin four years ago. I
didn't have to spend much time deciding what to do this
year because I knew what worked last time. The votes
show I should have used more adrenalin."
Straley, considered by many to be the most liberal
candidate this election year, stressed student needs. The
town has ignored a possible future housing shortage off
campus, as well as other student issues, he said.
Wright, finishing just behind Thorpe, attributed her
low voter turnout to a lack of controversial issues. "I
thought people were interested, but I guess they
weren't," said Wright, a practicing Chapel Hill attorney
for 25 years.
See COUNCIL on page 2
Written by John Conway, with reports from Sarah
Raper, Katherine Schultz, Deborah Simpkins and
For to wins race
over White. ABC
From Staff Reports
Independent candidate Jim Porto won
the Carrboro mayoral race with 53 per
cent of the vote Tuesday night beating
Alderman Jim White.
Porto, the current chairman of the
town Appearance Cornmission, captured
three of the five Carrboro precincts by
wide margins and tied another to beat
White 733 to 660.
The vote count came quickly and by 9
p.m. both of the candidates knew the
decision. At that time White left the
headquarters (across from Carrboro
Town Hall) of the Association for a Bet
ter Carrboro, the conservative group
which endorsed him in the race, and went
to Porto's house to congratulate him.
Porto said he was pleasantly surprised
by the margin. "We've kept everything
honest and aboveboard and because of
that I can sleep easy tonight," he said.
He said he thought much of the margin
could be attributed to some last-minute,
old-fashioned politicking in the polling
"We swung a lot of votes today," Por
to said. "Anyone who wants to win in
Carrboro has to go door to door."
Porto said he used the tactic extensively
in his home precinct of North Carrboro
where he received 56 percent of the votes
White and his supporters said the out
come in that precinct was the key to the
"I am disappointed in North Carr
boro," White said. "If that had gone dif
ferently, it would have been a different
-Porto also captured the University
Lake precinct. He said the precinct had
worried him earlier in the week because
of The Daily Tar Heel's endorsement of
White. University Lake precinct has a
heavy student population.
Last minute efforts eased his concern,
Porto said. "I worked especially hard for
the student vote, and with the endorse
ment I had to work especially extra hard
over there (University Lake)," he said.
The strong effort and campaign
organization came all in one month, Por
to said. Porto entered the race only, four
weeks before the election and spent $600
for his successful bid.
Most of the money came from personal
funds with a small amount of individual
donations limited to $5 each, Porto said.
The ABC suffered its only setback in
the elections with White's loss.
Although the three ABC-sponsored
candidates for alderman won, White said
he was obviously unable to capitalize on
the trend toward conservative voting.
"All I can think is that some ABC
voters did not think I would be a good
mayor, and that's fine," White said. "I
presented my candidacy to the voters. I
believe in democracv."
While losing the mayor's race, White
will retain his seat on the Board of
The election of the three ABC
endorsed alderman candidates means the
new board will be made up entirely of
conservative members, but Porto said he
didn't see any problem with that.
"I am disappointed that the board isn't
diversified," Porto said. "But I hope to
work with the board. I am still committed
to getting more citizen input."
Alderman John Boone, who was re
elected Tuesday night, said he did not an
ticipate any problems either.
"Jim is a man we can work with," he
said. "We have dealt with him before on
good terms in matters of the Appearance
The major issue addressed by both can
didates was continued growth for Carr
boro. Porto said he favored long-range
planning of growth with an emphasis on
maintaing the atmosphere of Carrboro.
White also said he supported continued
growth and focused on ways to finance
A controversy surrounding White's
projection of the town's expected revenue
Jrem sales taxes on cars developed late in
the campaign, but White said he did not
know if that hurt him at the polls.
Boone said he was sure the controversy
did hurt White. "I think people had
made up their minds before then," he
In the uncontested mayoral race in
Chapel Hill, incumbent Mayor Joe Nassif
As in Carrboro, more development
was the big issue, Nassif said.
"We deal with growth 80 to 90 percent
of the time with petitions for develop
ment," Nassif said. "But more pressing
points are a water source and fiscal
Story by Michael Toole with reports
from Tracy Adams and Doug Tate.
ABC candidates sweep
all three aldermen seats
Chapel Hill Town Council race gets light turnout
From staff reports
Candidates sponsored by the conser
vative Association for a Better Carrboro
took the three Board of Aldermen seats
up for grabs Tuesday.
The election was marked by a low voter
Incumbent John Boone led the ticket
with 811 votes. Doug Anderson was se
cond with 712 votes and Zona Norwood
third with 667 votes.
The three independent candidates, B.
Willis Wilson II, Bill Koole and Doris
Foushee, finished fourth, fifth and sixth
Although the ABC's mayoral can
didate, Jim White, lost the election to in
dependent Jim Porto, ABC supporters
were extremely pleased with the faction's
success in the elections.
Boone said he did not think the Board
would have trouble working with Porto.
"I know there will be disagreements, but
we can work them out," Boone said.
Anderson said, "I feel this new board
will be a group that will work together
and should not be looked at as ABC
members but as concerned citizens."
The ABC election headquarters,
located in Carrboro across from the
Town Hall, was quiet after the news of
White's defeat. However, the 75 sup
porters burst into cheers with the an
nouncement that Boone, Anderson and
Norwood had been declared unofficial
Anderson expressed surprise that all of
the ABC candidates were elected. The
ABC supporters had felt that Boone and
Anderson would be elected, but they were
concerned about Norwood's changes,
Norwood said she was confident about
the election until the first returns came in.
"All during the election I thought I
would get in until those first returns, but I
knew that one of my strongest precincts
was Plantation Acres, and it was one of
the last two to come in," Norwood said.
Boone was the first ABC candidate to
be declared a winner, while the hopes of
Anderson and Norwood went down to
the last precinct to report, University
Anderson, an administrator at N.C.
Memorial Hospital, said he was not wor
ried that he would get the needed votes
from University Lake, because when he
was down at the polling site everyone was
smiling at him.
He said he had no reservations about
entering the race even though he had lived
in the area only for a short time. "I felt
that no citizen should be denied the op
portunity to serve if he wants to devote
his time," Anderson said.
Norwood, an administrative assistant
to UNC President William C. Friday,
said she was excited but really at a loss for
"The people from the ABC contacted
me about running and I thought I might
enjoy it and could contribute
something," Norwood said.
Boone said he felt his four endorse
ments the ABC, The Daily Tar Heel,
The Chapel Hill Newspaper and the
Southern Orange Black Caucus helped
A 12-year member of the board and an
employee of the UNC purchasing de
partment, Boone said it was the first en
dorsement he had received from the Daily
Tar Heel. He said he felt the endorsement
was based on his experience and involve
ment with the Carrboro Art School.
See ALDERMEN on page 2
Story by Tracy Adams with reports from
Kathie Collins, Sarah Raper, Sharon Sheridan,
Doug Tate and Mike Toole.