Variably cloudy and windy
today with highs reaching in
to the mid-50s and lows near
30. Mostly sunny and breezy
Saturday with highs in the
Copyright 1983 The Daily Tar Hed. All rights reserved.
A four-day forum . titled
"Human Rights Human
Wrongs, Focus on Critical
Issues" begins Monday. See
story, p. 3.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 91, Issue 91
Friday, November 11, 1983
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
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James Winley (left), Pam Kloss and Scott Kinsey participate in the flag-lowering ceremony during Veteran's Day ceremonies in front of
South Building. U.S. Navy Captain Eugene 'Red' McDaniel was the featured speaker at the ceremonies sponsored by the Naval and Air
Force ROTC units. McDaniel spoke to 150 people, most of whom belonged to one of the ROTC units.
vna iires missiles
at four U.S. F-14s
Area universities not worried by computer crime
By WAYNE THOMPSON
A teenager has been charged with illegally tapping into
a computer system at North Carolina State University,
but officials at UNC, N.C. State and Duke University
say computer crime is not a widespread problem.
A Wake County grand jury Monday indicted Allan B.
Clegg, 17, who graduated from high school this year.
Clegg Vas arrested in August, and police said then
that he had gained access to N.C. State's computer
system by using the password and account number of
another student. Clegg used about $50 worth of com
puter time in leaving messages referring to the movie
War Games, police said.
There's no "War Games-type" tampering at UNC
said James O. Kitchen, acting director of the Computa
tion Center. The academic systems used by computer
science students do not contain Defense Department
programs, but computer security problems still exist.
"We've had some improper usage of computer codes
and we have apprehended some people," Kitchen said,
but he is not aware of any prosecutions. Students can
look over the shoulders of their classmates or get the
codes out of the printouts in the trash can, Kitchen said.
"All an instructor has to do to catch cheating is to
compare printouts or search through the computer, Kit
Gaining access to student grades is another matter,
however. The University's Administrative Data Process
ing Center is where student grades are stored. The Com
putation Center and the Department of Computer
Science use another system.
"You could try all day and you'd still get nothing,"
Computers at UNC, N.C. State and Duke are con
nected by telephone lines in a system called
TUC Triangle University Computer centers. At State,
where Clegg allegedly left the War Games message, the
director of the Department of Computer Science called
the student's computer games annoying.
"In academic systems there's not much they can do,"
said Don Martin. "Mostly they send dirty messages to
other people in the middle of their programs," he said.
Martin said N.C. State, like UNC, had problems with
cheating. "With the new software, it's as easy as swiping
a floppy disk."
At Duke University, the problem is different. Instead
of cheating on assignments, several students have used
the account codes of fellow students to inflate expenses
on financial accounts.
"It's like stealing a VISA," said Neil Paris, director of
user services at the Duke computation center. "Your
roommate has a user I.D., you get it and go to a ter
minal. You might have contracted with somebody to do
something... then you put all your time on the computer
on his account code. At the end of the semester, your
roommate gets a surprise." But Paris said this happens
only "once every few years" and most offenders get
Grades and accounting at Duke also are kept in a dif
ferent computer system than the one used by the com
"There is no dial access, Paris said. "You can't sit at
home and change your grades."
While the system at UNC isn't completely fool-proof,
additional security might defeat the purpose of having
computers, Kitchen said.
"The real guestion is the service versus the security.
If we wanted military security, we'd spend hundreds of
thousands of dollars. As soon as Joe at Cobb Dormitory
refuses to identify himself in five minutes, there would
be an instant display at the main computer center. A
University Police officer would be sent there..
"But we don't want military security here that's
overkill," he said. Tighter security and passwords that
See COMPUTER on page 3
The Associated Press
BEIRUT, Lebanon U.S. jets came
under attack for the first time in Lebanon
Thursday when Syrian gunners fired
missiles at the carrier-based planes. At
Beirut airport, small-arms fire hit Marine
Pressure mounted on Yasser Arafat to
leave the northern city of Tripoli and end
the fighting between Palestinian factions
that has killed at least 1,000 people. The
PLO chief said he might return to Tunis.
Syria said its missile batteries in central
Lebanon drove off four U.S. F-14 Tom
cats. No hits were reported. Lebanese
radio stations reported that the Syrian fir
ing began in the early morning when the
jets scrambled from the carrier Dwight D.
Eisenhower on reconnaissance sorties.
Assistant White House press secretary
Anson Franklin, with President Reagan
in Tokyo, said the jets were on a
"routine" mission when they came under
fire from an unidentified ground site in
central Lebanon. He did not specify the
type of fire, but Beirut radios said
surface-to-air missiles were used.
In addition to the Tomcats, five U.S.
helicopters four in tight formation and
a fifth flying "shotgun" at a slight
distance were seen flying sorties along
the coast of Beirut's Moslem and Chris
tian sectors, then returning to ships.
American Marines came under small
arms fire in the afternoon along the
eastern perimeter of their base at Beirut
airport. The Marines returned fire and
the shooting ended in about Vi minutes
with no casualties, said Marine
spokesman Capt. Wayne Jones.
The shooting heightened tension that
has been rising since suicide bombings
killed 239 American and 58 French troops
in Beirut Oct. 23, and 28 Israelis and 32
Lebanese prisoners in Tyre Nov.. 4. The
U.S., French and Israeli governments
blame Moslem fanatics operating behind
Syrian lines in Lebanon,
v Italy ordered Thursday that two
helicopter-equipped warships stand by in
Lebanese waters for a possible evacuation
of Arafat from Tripoli, wjiere a cease-fire
collapsed less than 24 hours after it was
arranged by oil-rich Arab nations.
A 'DTH' interview
Undergraduate acirriissioris director explains selection policy
By AMY TANNER
Assistant Managing Editor
Editor's note: Richard G. Cashwell is
the director of Undergraduate Admis
sions at UNC. Recently, the DTH inter
viewed Cashwell to find out how and why
students are admitted to the University.
DTH: Does UNC give a considerable
amount of weight to a student's extra
curricular high school activities when con
sidering him for admission, and if so,
Cashwell: The prime consideration in
making an admissions decision is a stu
dent's past academic performance in two
senses. One, the kind of courses you took
in high school. You have got to do that
judging in context because if you come
from a little high school, they don't have
calculus and French five. So, if you had a
choice, did you choose to challenge your
self academically. Once we have estab
lished you are a serious student because
you accepted the challenge and you have
done well, then the other things become
more of the decision makers. SAT scores,
extra-curricular activities, recommenda
tions, and maybe the writing sample will
then become important in making the
decision among students who essentially
have the same kind of high school perfor
mance level and course selection. What
an extra-curricular activity or a communi
ty activity or a church activity does is give
us some idea of what kind of person
we're dealing with. What you do with
your time is a reflection of your character
or how you think about things in general,
and that can be very important in the pro
cess. It won't overshadow a poor
academic performance in high school.
DTH: Do you think out-of-state child
ren of alumni and athletes should be con
sidered in the in-state quota?
Cashwell: I think it's clear that a state
university has its first obligation to the
students who come from the state. You
want to have some out-of-state students
in your population. Among those out-of-state
students, you are going to have
children of alumni, athletes, musicians,
artists, Morehead Scholars and ROTC
scholarship students, and there is always
going to be a push-pull. You will have
some facets that will say we need a larger
out-of-state quota or-
that a wide variety of
people should not be
in that quota because
they are recruited by
us, whether they be
whether you're talk
ing about athletes.
You get the other side
that says as long as
you turn down the
youngster from the
state of North
Carolina you should
not take any out-of-state
there is always that
tion to try to decide
what is a correct
quota that will give
the institution the
V . .i..
Richard G. Cashwell
leavening that it needs by out-of-state stu
dents, but at the same time you've got to
consider what your mission is first and
foremost, and that is to deal with the
N.C. youngster. 1 think 15 percent is a
reasonable quota from out-of-state but
there probably should be some exceptions
to it in instances when there is an
association with the University, like the
son or daughter of an alumnus, or maybe
a brother or sister. A lot of times there is
more interest to follow a brother or sister
than there is to follow a mother or father
and possibly an exception for students
who are recruited by the institution which
would include students that we give,
scholarships to. That would be More
heads, ROTC students, athletes,
Johnstons, a wide variety of people
whom we award scholarships as a device
to encourage them to enroll. I think there
is some logic to that. Where you say you
stop is difficult.
DTH: Do you think
it's a possibility that
the number of out-of-state
children will multiply
so fast that at some
point all out-of-state
students will be people
with special con
siderations? Cashwell: I think
that possibility is real
if you look at the
number of students
who graduated 18
years ago and make
about how many
children they will have
and how many
children will be in
terested in UNC. At
some point, the entire
15 percent will be
children of alumni, if we treat the
children of alumni in an admissions con
text the same way we do in-state students.
If you make it a little more competitive or
if you make out-of-state children of
alumni compete for a certain number of
spaces, which is what we will do this year,
then you can control that, and if you do
that it will become increasingly more dif
ficult for an out-of-state son or daughter
of an alumnus to be admitted here. This
year we will maintain a level number so
that while we will treat children of alumni
separately and differently, the competi
tion will be almost the same as it will for a
North Carolinian. It could become in
creasingly more competitive if we get an
increasing number of alumni's children to
apply. And I think for '85 we will have a
firm policy in dealing with the children of
alumni, the scholarship students and
maybe some other categories of students
which will clarify the position that the
out-of-state children of alumni will ac
tually have. When I first came to this of
fice in 1964, children of alumni were ex
cluded from the 15 percent. They did not
come into the 15 percent until the early
DTH: Do you get pressure from alum
ni to accept their children?
Cashwell: That's one disadvantage of
being an old institution. Having as many
living alumni as we do, who have off
spring and grandchildren, there is a lot of
interest in this place. You don't want it
any other way. But it does create its own
problems if you can't take all of them. I
expect them to call me on the phone or
write me a letter or get their local legis
lator to call me. I don't look forward to
it, but it's an important part of my job to
answer those inquiries as helpfully as I
can so that everyone will understand what
went on and why. I think most students
want to be judged individually and on the
basis of what they have going for them,
not on the basis of what their daddy does
or did. I think they have a lot of pride in
DTH: What is the policy about ad
mitting minority students whose parents
attended college in North Carolina when
UNC was segregated?
Cashwell: Because we do give a break
to out-of-state children of alumni and
since blacks did not come here at a time
that would have given them a lot of alum
ni sitting out there, what we do is if they
went to college in the state, then we treat
See CASHWELL on page 2
Rockets and artillery fire poured on
residential neighborhoods of the port 50
miles north of Beirut. Pashid Karami, a
former prime minister and a prominent
Sunni Moslem politician from Tripoli,
said Arafat "should be out of Tripoli at
this crucial time so that he can work with
his brothers on confronting the dangers
threatening the revolution."
Karami, currently in Damascus and
unable to return to his home because of
the fighting, said the Palestine Liberation
Organizatioin leader "must leave
Tripoli." He added that he reached this
conclusion after talks with "parties con
cerned in the fighting."
Arafat has repeatedly said he would
leave if the people of Tripoli ask me to
leave. I am a guest here."
Asked where he would go to if he did
leave, the PLO chairman said he would
return to Tunis, where he set up head
quarters after the evacuation of guerrillas
from Israeli-ringed Beirut in 1982.
Libyan leader Col. Mommar Khadafy
urged Arafat to flee Lebanon for Libya.
He said he would ''guarantee his safety,
protection and right in defending himself
before any Palestinian or Arab question
ing and thus end the bloody struggle,"
Libya's JANA news agency said.
A group of political leaders from
Tripoli met with rebel guerrilla leaders
Ahmed Jibril and Saeed Mousa in the
north Lebanese mountains of Akkar
Thursday in an effort to halt the fighting.
Sources close to the group said Mousa
demanded that heavy weapons with
Arafat's loyalists be moved away from
the city in return for a pledge to half at
tacks on Tripoli.
Arafat's departure from Tripoli has
been a condition for an end to the
hostilities by the rebels and their Syrian
At least . 1,000 people have been
reported killed since the fighting erupted
Nov. 3, Most of the casualties were in the
refugee camps of Baddawi and Nahr el
Bared . Arafat loyalists abandoned Nabr
el-Bared, six miles north of Baddawi, on
Sunday under fire from tanks and artillery.
SAC builder said f o be
accountable for flaws
By KATE COOPER
The subcontractor who made allega
tions concerning construction flaws in the
Student Activities Center is being held
responsible for those flaws by the Paul N.
Howard Comapny of Greensboro,
general contractor of the center, James F.
Kirkpatrick, head of the building division
of the Howard Company, said.
"We will expect the subcontractor to
pay the cost of the investigation and any
cost of repair work," he said Thursday.
Former subcontractor Sterling Jones,
president of Jones Steel Erectors of
Rowland, wrote a letter to President
William C. Friday in October charging
that steel reinforcements were inadequate
in three places.
A spokesman for Jones, Charles H.
Canipe, a construction specialist for the
Fayetteville Minority Business Develop
ment Center, said the letter to Friday
came after many attempts to work out
the problems with Howard Construction
Canipe became involved in the matter
at the request of Jones, a Lumbee Indian
who had previously used the services of
the center for other matters.
At a news conference held November
3, University and contract engineers par
tially confirmed one of the allegations
that some of the steel ties were missing
from the structure. Farris Womack, vice
chancellor of business and finance, said it
was impossible to completely verify the
allegation without doing severe damage
to the structure. The engineers dismissed
the other two allegations.
Canipe said the letter to Friday was
preceded by a letter to the Howard Com
pany in August. In the letter, Jones
outlined eight problems, including inade
quate coordination of" work re
quirements, lack of safetj md quality
control, the uncoordinated delivery of
supplies and the low availability of crane
Larry Eldridge, project superintendent
for the Howard Company, is in charge of
handling complaints and problems on the
site. "Quite frankly, I never had a whole
lot of complaints from Jones," he said.
Eldridge said he thought Jones' job
was a difficult one and because of this, he
said the company hired a man to help
Jones coordinate his work.
Because of the controversy, an in
dependent structural analysis of the SAC
(l1 L- ,
began Friday, Nov. 4, said Ray DeBruhl,
director of the Division of State Con
struction of the N.C. Department of Ad
ministration. "We are conducting this analysis for
the University and the state to ensure a
safe structure," he said.
The analysis is being conducted by
Professor Paul Zia, head of the Civil
Engineering Department at N.C. State
University. "The completion of this
analysis is contingent upon the receipt of
information from the design team and a
meeting with Sterling Jones," DeBruhl
said. He said he expected the analysis to
be completed some time next week.
DeBruhl said Dr. Zia would only be in
vestigating the three allegations made by
Jones. "Anything else would have to be
communicated to me in writing," he said.
At the news conference Nov. 3,
Womack said the SAC was safe but
outlined a precautionary measure to be
implemented after the analysis is com
pleted by Zia.
"The measure will consist of drilling
holes through the wall, which will receive
post tension bolts. Plates at the exterior
of the wall under the bolt heads will pro
vide the confinement that the ties shown
on the orginal documents were meant to
provide," Womack said.
Kirkpatrick said the controversy over
the structure has not stopped construc
tion. The SAC is scheduled to be com
pleted by February 1985.