This holiday season, the
department of dramatic art
will present Dickens
"Pickwick!: A Dickens
Celebration of Christmas."
See story, page 4.
Mostly cloudy this morning
and mostly sunny this after
noon with highs in the low
50s and lows in the mid-20s.
1 1 f ( i
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright 198 The Daily Tar Heel. All righls reserved.
Volume 91, Issue 101
Thursday, December 1, 1983
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
on one-year fee increase
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James Exum, CGC Speaker, and Steve Reinhard, CGC member, discuss a proposal to loan the Daily Tar
Heel $10,000. The CGC approved the loan and voted to hold a referendum on a fee increase.
By MARK STINNEFORD
The Campus Governing Council voted Wednesday to hold a
student referendum on a proposal to raise the Student Activities
Fee by 50 cents per student per semester for one academic year
to support Student Television.
If approved, the fee increase would be effective only for the
fall and spring semesters of the 1984-85 academic year.
The Student Activities Fee is currently $15.25 per student per
The STV Committee is seeking $35,000 to purchase video
tape, cameras, records and editing equipment to produce pro
grams to be aired over the University access channel on Village
Cable. Introducing the referendum bill, CGC member Greg
Hecht said the fee increase would provide about $20,00 to the
STV Committee; the remaining $15,000 would come through
CGC member Steve Reinhard (District 1) said that he sup
ported STV but questioned whether all students should pay for
it since Village Cable did not serve those living in dormitories or
the town of Carrboro.
CGC member John Wilson (District 18), co-chairman of the
STV Committee, said student-produced television programs
would reach all students through showing planned in the
"It's going to be accessible to all," Wilson said.
The STV fee will be one of two fee increase proposals on the
ballot during the February campuswide elections. Students will
also be voting on a proposal to permanently raise the Student Ac
tivities Fee by $1.50 per semester.
Any increase in the Student Activities Fee must be approved by
a two-thirds majority in a referendum. And at least 20 percent
of the student body must cast ballots to make the referendum
In other action, the CGC approved a $10,000 loan to The
Daily Tar Heel.
While the DTH is expected to operate at a surplus this year,
the paper needs the loan to ensure it can pay major bills on time,
said Charlie Madison, chairman of the DTH Board of Direc
tors. DTH editor Kerry DeRochi said the paper was not suffering
from a shortage of revenue but was only experiencing a "cash
Madison said because of special treasury laws imposed on the
DTH by CGC, the DTH must submit requisitions for major ex
penditures one month in advance. Because of those treasury
laws, bills for producing papers for the spring semester will
become due in December, when the DTH will not be receiving
student fees or advertising revenues.
"That does not stop our bills from coming in," DeRochi
said. "Because of our requisitioning process we've got to have
something that can float this."
The cash flow problem was compounded by a $10,000 deficit
the DTH suffered last year, Madison said. Since that time, the
paper has greatly improved its financial management, he said.
"The deficit was a reflection of our past financial manage
ment," he said. "That's been cleared up."
Several CGC members complained that the bill was brought
before the council without being reviewed by the CGC Finance
Committee. Bill Barlow (District 4) said the DTH had held the
loan request until the last full CGC meeting of the semester to
coerce the council into approving it.
"They knew they had us over the barrel," Barlow said.
"They need to bring us a much stronger case and more facts."
Student Affairs Committee Chairman Ron Everett (District 13)
agreed that the DTH had failed to document the need for the re
quest. He recommended the CGC look at the paper's accounting
books before considering the request.
"It would be better if we had something in front of us," he
said. "We have nothing in front of us, not even a bill."
DeRochi countered that the loan request was made after
careful consideration by the DTH board and the paper's
business manager. The DTH made the loan request as soon as
the seriousness of the financial situation became apparent, she
In other action, the CGC passed a bill requiring joke can
didates running in campus elections to provide their legal names
on the ballot along with any pseudonyms they wished to use.
The bill passed unanimously, without debate.
CGC Rules and Judiciary Committee Chairman Reggie
Holley (District 1 1) said the bill would ensure an informed stu
"This is not to harm joke candidates," Holley said. "Our in
tent is to inform students as to whom they're voting for."
Finance Chairman William M. "Doc" Droze (District 22),
who cosponsored the bill with Holley, said he didn't expect the
action to cut into the votes received by joke candidates.
"If a student is determined to vote for a joke candidate, I
don't see how having the real name on the ballot will limit the
vote," Droze said.
Gemayel in U.S.
Druse gunmen threaten
The Associated Press
BEIRUT, Lebanon Shellfire closed
Beirut airport Wednesday, and Druse
gunners threatened fierce attacks on
Lebanese army positions at the terminal,
harbor, power stations, schools and
No casualties were reported at the air
port, where the U.S. Marine base came
under shelling for a third day, but Druse
attacks on army positions in Christian
east Beirut Tuesday killed six civilians and
In a written statement, the Progressive
Socialist Party of Druse leader Walid
Jumblatt accused the Lebanese army and
Christian militias in Beirut of shelling
Druse mountain villages.
It demanded they dismantle their bat
teries and clear out of positions pro
tecting the airport, the harbor, power sta
tions, schools and from multinational
peacekeeping force garrisons.
The Druse statement urged civilians to
avoid army and Christian militia gar
risons and vehicles "because they are all
going to be the target of fire.
"We are determined from now on to
return fire severely and fiercely on the
sources of fire to defend our people."
Later at least two warplanes that
observers identified as U.S. A-7s roared
over Beirut and the surrounding hills. But
the private Central News Agency said
they were Lebanese Hawker Hunter jets
on training flights.
Elsewhere, Beirut radio said Druse
gunners pounded the Lebanese army gar
rison at Souk el-Gharb in the mountains
above the Marine positions.
Beirut radio also reported fresh clashes
in Tripoli between Palestinian supporters
and Syrian-backed opponents of Yasser
Arafat's leadership of the Palestine
The broadcast said explosions and
automatic weapons fire could be heard
coming from neighborhoods within a
mile north and east of Arafat's head
quarters in the city 50 miles north of
Arafat said in an interview with
reporters that Syria was massing new
forces in the Tripoli area for a resumption
of the offensive against him that started
In another development, a commander
of the Israeli-backed "Home Guard"
militia movement in southern Lebanon
announced that he had disbanded his
fighters and would support the main
stream Shiite Moslem militia Amal.
The commander, known as Abu Sateh,
spoke at a news conference at AmaPs
headquarters in the Beirut slum of Bourj
Abu Sateh declined to discuss specifics
of his Home ouard unit, which serves as
a buffer force to protect Israel's northern
border from guerrilla incursions.
But Abu Sateh had been reported to be
the commander of about 120 men who
were being trained with Israeli assistance
near the southern Lebanese town of Bint
Jbeil, three miles north of the Israeli
Abu Sateh's unit was one of the largest
organized by the Israelis. Many of the
Home Guard units are rag-tag bands of
fewer than a dozen men.
Meanwhile, Lebanese President Amin
Gemayel was flying to Washington,
where he is expected to seek President
Reagan's support for changing or
renegotiating the May 17 Israeli-Lebanese
troop withdrawal agreement.
U.S. officials in Washington spoke
hopefully of reviving negotiations bet
ween Lebanon and Syria, with the United
States again willing to play a leading role.
The officials saw Gemayel's hand
strengthened by his efforts to reconcile
warring Lebanese factions, and suggested
a weakening of Syria's grip over half the
country partly because of President
Hafez Assad's failure to gain full control
of the Palestine Liberation Organization.
Syria and its Lebanese allies the
Shiites and Druse have called for tear
ing up the accord because of concessions
it grants Israel in return for the pullout of
all Israeli troops.
Last month Lebanese factional leaders
suspended their reconciliation conference
in Geneva to give Gemayel time to seek
other ways of getting Israeli forces out.
Israel has refused to leave Lebanon un
til Syria withdraws, something Syria has
refused to do. Israeli forces have been in
Lebanon since invading nearly 18 months
ago in an attempt to smash the PLO.
Syrian troops have been in Lebanon since
ending the 1975-76 civil war.
The developments in Lebanon
generated a measure of optimism in ad
vance of Gemayel's meeting Thursday
with Reagan that Syria might be ready to
work out a deal for withdrawal of its
40,000 troops in Lebanon.
In that event, , the United States is
believed ready to commit an American
negotiator and its prestige to the process.
Beyond that, officials acknowledged
privately that they had no new initiatives
to offer Gemayel during his three-day
visit. They also rejected any suggestion
that the May troop withdrawal agreement
between Lebanon and Israel might be
watered down to accommodate Syria.
About 15,000 to 20,000 Israeli soldiers
remain in Lebanon because Syria refuses
to fulfill its promise to leave. The Assad
government, which wants to entice
Lebanon into the anti-Israel camp, bitter
See LEBANON on page 2
Filmmakers say UNC campus still prime set
By JIM YARDLEY
The University has turned down a Warner Bros,
request to film part of a $13 million movie on the
UNC campus, but Paula Wyrick, assistant director
of the North Carolina Film Commission, said Wed
nesday that the commission still plans to pursue use
of the campus.
The University's rejection hampers the state's op
portunity to acquire the production of Everybody's
Ail-American, according to William V. Arnold, di
rector of the N.C. Film Commission.
Thaddeus M. Bonus, director of public informa
tion for the University, said the reason for rejecting
Warner Bros.' offer was that the film would cause
"distractions" that could hinder the academic sched
ules and classes going on within the University.
"With this film, most of it is on campus and some
of it is not," Bonus said, "If someone is here making
a picture, it would tend to be a distractive during a
time when people are hopefully getting ready for
"Like it or not, we believe the academics come
first," he said.
Wyrick said that Warner Bros, was primarily inter
ested in Kenan stadium as a film site. She also said
Warner Bros, was not interested in looking at any
The novel "Everybody's All-American" by Frank
Deford is about a fictitious UNC football star and his
life in the years after his graduation when his fame
has diminished. The film adaptation of the novel has
Tommy Lee Jones playing the title role, along with
Jessica Lange portraying his college sweetheart.
The film will be directed by Michael Apted, direc
tor of the film Coal Miner's Daughter. Apted visited
Chapel Hill and Raleigh earlier in the month to scout
locations. Some 60 locations around the state were
selected for filming, including Durham, Cary, Wake
Forest, Fuquay-Varina, Hillsborough and Nags
Rollie Tillman, vice chancellor of University Rela
tions, said the distraction of the filming and the Uni
versity's facilities use policy were the main reasons
for the refusal.
"Any. major motion picture any time classes are in
session would be subject to very careful scrutiny by
the chancellor," he said. "We have a facilities use
policy that says that this campus is not to be used for
something which will disrupt this university's aca
"Its just the matter of disrupting classroom life.
And it would be a major motion picture filmed with
football scenes in a stadium full of young people, a
homecoming parade on Franklin Street, and a post
game party in fraternity court which are all major
parts of the book."
"They want to come at a time when people are set
tling into exams," Tillman said. "It is ultimately a
judgment call, and I think the chancellor made the
right call because our job is to educate students."
UNC President William C. Friday said he met
about 8 days ago with Chancellor Christopher C.
Fordham III, Arnold Tillman and other members of
the N.C. Film Commission to discuss filming on the
UNC campus. Since then, however, the final decision
has been left up to Fordham, Friday said.
See FILM on page 3
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This woman plays with a chfld at the Frank Porter Graham Child
Development Center, which houses a special day-care program.
BY CINDY DUNLEVY
The threat of biting winter cold and the
nagging ache of an empty stomach fright
en many parents who struggle economic
ally to provide the most basic needs for
Children living in low-income homes
are defined by researchers at the Frank
Porter Graham Child Development Cen
ter as "high-risk" because their home en
vironment is not conducive to learning,
said Sarah Mansfield, director of the Ear
ly Childhood Program at the center.
But now, through a new day-care pro
gram, the FPG Center is helping both
parents and children develop skills that
will give them a chance to reach their
learning potential. The new program,
Learning Through Intentional Families
and Tutors, is designed to instill in each
child a strong sense of self-worth, Mans
. Researchers for the day-care program
create a sibling for the children by putting
them into model families. First they are
grouped by age, with one- and three-year-olds
placed together and two- and four-year-olds
together. Then they are grouped
according to their family's income level.
Researchers shoot for a ratio of one-third
each of high risk, lower-middle income
and upper-middle income children. The
researchers also try to balance the model
families by sex and race.
The FPG Center is not a babysitting
agency. "It is a support system to help
mothers develop skills to relate to the
needs of their children," Mansfield said.
"We are here to help families develop."
Living in high-risk families, the chil
dren need a lot of support, Mansfield
said. But this does not mean that thcv arc
not loved. Sometimes they are just in
single-parent, low-income situations and
the mother may just need to develop her
own skills in order to help the child learn.
"We want the children in our curricu
lum to become aware of their own
strengths and" weaknesses," Mansfield
To be admitted into the center, a re
viewing board looks for family stability in
the community, Mansfield said. "We us
ually screen out students and people who
plan to move soon."
Stability is vital because the researchers
at the center do longitudinal research on
the children. They follow the children
from birth, watching their performance
in public school and monitoring their
Dr. James Gallagher, director of the FPG
Center, explained recently in a written re
dedication of the center, that the longi
tudinal programs enable researchers to
make comprehensive studies of child de
velopment during the first eight years.
These projects focus on unanswered
questions about language, intellectual
and social development, health and task
oriented behavior (the ability to hold con
centration on a problem).
One such project is the Abecedarian
Project, initiated in 1972, which involves
research to detect and prevent failure in
school that may be caused by a low-income
At the center, children participate in a
curriculum aimed at supporting and
boosting learning skills.
After a comparison of the children
who had attended the day-care program
with other children who had not, the
See FPG on page 3