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Mostly sunny today with
highs in the mid-50s and
lows in the upper 20s. In
creasing cloudiness Friday
with highs in the low to
Copyright 1983 The Daily Tar Heel. All rights reserved.
To find out who's doing what
and where this weekend see
the Week's Fare on page 7.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 91, Issue 106
Thursday, December 8, 1983
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
TV lets students
take Duke classes
By STEVE FERGUSON
UNC and Duke University are participating in a new teleclass
program which allows students from one institution to par
ticipate in classes at another by way of television communica
tion, said Rick Palmer, director of instructional development
for the Media and Instructional Support Center at UNC.
"It is an interactive live television transmission system be
tween Duke University and UNC," he said. The project, which
began this fall, is funded by the Microelectronics Center of
North Carolina, Palmer said. Students can see and hear the class
while it's in progress at the other university, and can ask ques
tions, he said.
Currently the system transmits two UNC computer courses to
Duke, and one Duke course here, according to Stephen Weiss,
associate professor of computer science. Next semester, the
system will include three UNC courses and two Duke courses,
J in computer science.
Donald Loveland, director of graduate studies in computer
science at Duke University, said the new teleclass system had
some advantages. "You can get a specialist in his field to present
the course," Loveland said. The visual and audio link is easier
than physical transportation between the institutions, and stu
dents at the schools can participate in programs not offered at
their campus, he added.
The program between Duke and UNC is the first in the state,
Assistant Professor of Computer Science Kye Hedlund in
structs a teleclass course called Very Large Systems Integration
"A teleclass is a very different environment than a normal
classroom,"- Hedlund said. It poses some unique problems, in
cluding an initial reluctance of the students to ask and answer
questions, he said.
Hedlund said the problem was that the camera would zoom in
on students who asked questions and this made students uneasy.
To solve this unique difficulty, Hedlund tried to help students
adapt to the situation. "We tried to make them feel easy," he
said. He introduced students to the technical staff, explained the
equipment that was being used, and stopped the camera from
zooming in on a student asking a question, he said.
"The class is working out very, very well, and student reac
tion has been very good," he said.
The class being transmitted from Duke University is Artificial
Intelligence, Loveland said. The only complication is that the
student is not physically present in the classroom, he said.
Hedlund has a type of "video office hours" for students at
Duke who are taking his course by way of teleclass. For 15
minutes after each class, Hedlund allows them to ask questions.
He can see and hear the students via the television screen.
The teleclass system is a test of a much larger system,, ac
cording to Vernon Chi, director of the microelectronic systems
laboratory for UNC. Eventually, there will be similar links
among several N.C. institutions, he said.
See CLASS on page 2
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Allen Russell plays a KKK member; Ramone Moses, speaking, plays a preacher; and
Stephen Tucker, right, is the emcee in a preview of "Day of Absence" which will be pre
sented by the BSM Ebony Readers and Onyx Theater tonight at 7 p.m. in the Great Hall.
The Associated Press
Syria released the body of U.S. Navy
pilot Lt. Mark A. Lange on Wednesday but
said the return of American prisoner Robert
O. Goodman depended on relations with
the United States.
Syria also accused the United States of
direct involvement in the Lebanon war.
In Christian east Beirut, bombs and
rockets slammed into residential
neighborhoods from Druse positions in the
hills overlooking the city. Police reported
two civilians killed and 16 wounded by
The body of Lange, 27, of Fraser, Mich.,
was flown by the Marines to the aircraft
carrier Independence off the Beirut coast
for its eventual journey home, said Maj.
Dennis Brooks, the Marine spokesman.
Lange's A-6 fighter-bomber was shot
down Sunday in an attack on Syrian posi
tions in Lebanon's central mountains. His
body was delivered by the Syrians to the
Lebanese army, which in turn sent it to the
Syria's state minister for foreign affairs,
Farouk Charaa, said at a news conference
in Damascus that Goodman, 26, of Virginia
Beach, Va., Lange's bombardier-navigator,
was considered a prison of war.
"He is well-treated in accordance with in
ternational rules," Charaa said. Goodman,
also a lieutenant, was captured after he
bailed out of the stricken plane Sunday.
Charaa said the conditions for releasing
Goodman, the first American serviceman
held prisoner in Syria, depend on the
development of relations between Syria and
the United States.
Charaa said the Marines had become a
party to the Lebanon conflict, saying the air
raid Sunday "constitutes tangible proof of
U.S. involvement in Lebanon and the one
sided position taken by the Marines in the
internal strife in Lebanon."
Charaa reiterated Syria's determination
to fire on U.S. reconnaissance planes flying
over Syrian positions in Lebanon.
"""This is our right of self-defense," he
said. "What would the Marines do if we
sent our own aircraft on reconnaissance
missions over the U.S. fleet?"
Marine spokesman Brooks said Marines
at Beirut international airport now may
shoot back immediately when they come
Individual Marines have had permission
to shoot back immediately since the
1 ,800-man 22nd Marine Amphibious Unit
arrived Nov. 17 to replace the 24th Marine
Amphibious Unit in the multinational
Under regulations of the 24th Marine
Amphibious Unit, Marine outposts had to
get permission from the battalion com
mander before returning fire. At the time,
Marines complained to reporters that it
would often take 10 to 15 minutes before
permission was received.
"We jump at the chance to go at the bad
guys," said Lt. John Holloway of
Williamsburg, Va., a platoon leader. "The
bottom line is that if anybody shoots at us,
we shoot back immediately. No one on this
line has any qualms about returning fire."
In Beirut, President Amin Gemayel again
delayed a decision on whether to accept or
reject the resignation of Prime Minister
Shafik Wazzan and his Cabinet, which was
submitted Sept. 26.
Wazzan offered to resign to make way
for a national coalition Cabinet to steer
Lebanon out of eight years of civil warfare.
But Gemayel again asked Wazzan to re
main in office, promising soon to launch
nationwide consultations on the formation
of a broad-based coalition government.
Wazzan agreed to stay on, a presidential
It said Foreign Minister Elie Salem will
go to Syria today and then to Saudi Arabia
for talks on foreign troop withdrawals and
national reconciliation in Lebanon.
Gemayel will visit Britain Monday for
talks with Prime Minister Margaret
Thatcher on the future of the multinational
peacekeeping force in Beirut, Lebanese
' Foreign Ministry sources said.
Thatcher on Wednesday reaffirmed Bri
tain's commitment to the peacekeeping
force, telling the House of Commons in
Llondon ha country-would not be forced
into leading a retreat.
Italy and France, which also contribute
to the peacekeeping force, have given no in
dication they will pull out of Lebanon.
UNC, Georgia claim to be
the oldest state university
By JIM YARDLEY
The University of Georgia and the
University of North Carolina are both
institutions rich in tradition and
Both schools are recognized as two
of the South's finest universities.
But a contention has risen between
the two since both UGA and UNC
stake a claim to what is a very revered
position in academic circles; that of
being the nation's first state universi
ty. "A school really becomes a school
when it has a student and a teacher,"
said Thaddeus M. Bonus, UNC direc
Jor of Public relations. "Georgia
chartered their university in 1784.
They started building it, I believe, in
1802. By that time we had alumni."
Here lies the controversy. UGA was
chartered by the Georgia state
assembly on Jan. 27, 1785. It did not
open, however, until 1801, approx
imately 16 years later. UNC was not
chartered until December 18, 1789
almost five years after UGA. But
UNC opened its doors to the public on
Jan. 15, 1795, about six years before
The answer to the question, "Who
is the first state, university?" depends
strictly on interpretation of the ques
tion itself. UGA was the nation's first
chartered state university. UNC was
the first state university to open its
doors to the public.
"The important thing was the
philosophy that the public was respon
sible for providing education for the
general public not just the elite,"
said Barry Wood, director of public
relations for UGA. "This idea was
born here in Georgia with the charter
"We are the first state university
because action was taken here first,"
he said. "I am confident that the ac
tion taken here spurred the action
which later took place in North
Carolina and in other places."
William S. Powell, professor of
history at UNC and author of The
First State University: A Pictoral
History of the University of North
Carolina, disagreed with Wood's
belief that the charter was of supreme
"I don't think there's any doubt
that UNC is the first state university,"
he said. "What good is a charter if
you do not do anything with it. I think
it's rather vain of the people in
Georgia to make any pretense of being
the first state university."
In addition, Bonus said, "If you
want to play the game of being older,
we can go back to the North Carolina
constitution in 1776." UNC gained its
original foundation in the N.C.
Revolutionary State Constitution,
which was adopted in Halifax in 1776.
The constitution stated that "all
useful learning shall be duly encourag
ed and promoted in one or more
universities." No such provision was
included in the Georgia Revolutionary
State Constitution, ratified in 1777.
UGA was originally chartered by
the general assembly in 1784. Forty
thousand acres of land were donated
for the creation of a university to serve
the general public of the state of
Georgia. Abraham Baldwin, con
sidered by many to be the father of the
university, pushed the charter through
the state assembly in 1785, Wood said.
But 16 years of inactivity followed.
Baldwin again got things going
when, in 1801, he found a plateau of
land which he envisioned as the site
for UGA, Wood said. The site
however, was not on the 40,000 acres
donated by the state assembly. Future
Gov. John Milledge solved the prob
lem by purchasing the 633 acres
Baldwin found and giving it to UGA.
The plateau is now the site of UGA's
old campus and the surrounding areas
is now Athens, Georgia.
Baldwin oversaw the clearing of
trees, and a log cabin was built as the
campus' .first building, Wood said.
Later in the year, construction began
on Old College Building, which was
based on architectural designs from
buildings on the campus of Yale
University. Josiah Meigs, a Yale
graduate, came from the North to
become the school's first president
and in 1801, UGA began its instruc
tion with about 14 students.
After a constitutional provision in
1776, UNC was chartered in 1789. On
December 18, 1789, the cornerstone
for Old East was laid, establishing it as
the oldest state university building in
the country. Person Hall was built in
See FIRST on page 7
N.C. spends $3 million a year to draw industry
By WAYNE THOMPSON
Editor's note: Second of three parts.
When a company chooses North Carolina as an ex
pansion site, the result is an increase in the number of jobs
available to the state's working-age citizens.
That's the view of officials in the N.C. Department of
Commerce, whose job is to attract industry to the state.
Selling North Carolina to firms looking for a new place to
set up is a 53 million annual business for the department,
but it pays off in jobs, commerce officials said recently.
According to the department's 1982 Economic Develop
ment Report, the 585 new and expanded business projects
that year resulted in more than 22,000 new jobs.
But recruiting industry simply doesn't happen without
"Each year we program a couple of hundreds of
thousands of dollars in newspapers and magazines with
our print ads talking about the state's business climate,"
said Commerce Department representative Sam Taylor.
"Each ad includes a coupon, and if they're interested,
they return it to the state." , !
.The November 1983 report of the Governor's Task
Force on Science and Technology said the ads elicited
8,659 responses from June 1981 through July 1982.' In
that same period the year before, the ad campaign got
But Michael Silver of McKinney, Silver & Rockett, the
advertising firm in Raleigh that handles the department,
account, questioned the importance of the numbers. "In
dustrial advertising is not a numbers game as the tourism
promotion assumes," Silver said. "You're dealing with a
very few public decisions being made.
"In one year I remember our ad in Forbes magazine
only generated one inquiry. But it led to a hefty plant and
a good many jobs." Silver said a new ad strategy for 1984
would be submitted to Commerce Secretary C.C. Hope
for approval within the next 45 days. He called on the
. state to spend more money on advertising.
"North Carolina has lagged behind most states in its
allocation to economic development advertising," Silver
said. "It hasn't changed much in the last 10 years."
Taylor said other media were used in coordination with
the ads. "We send mass mailings to pharmaceutical com
panies and obtain lists of electronics businesses so we can
send them information about the state's climate for elec
tronics and the skills training available in our community
colleges for their work force," he said.
Industries not reached by the department's information
net also make inquiries. "North Carolina has a good
reputation among several industrial-site locating services
around the country, so that helps," Taylor said. "But
some industries just call us up and say, 'We're interested
in coming to North Carolina.' "
The department sends a set of books to "rated" in
quiries those deemed good prospects for the state. "We
send them a collection of six books on North Carolina,"
he said. "There's stuff about the business climate in them,
but there's also a good bit of North Carolina history."
After the dose of Tar Heel history, companies in
terested in setting up shop in the state are assigned to one
of 13 statewide industrial developers,! depending on the
firms' tentative site interests, Taylor said. The developers
follow up routinely on prospects and arrange whatever
services are necessary when a company decides to build a
plant in North Carolina. "Many times it's a two-year, six
month process," he added.
While spreading the word about North Carolina's good
business climate is a general goal of the department, com
merce officials specifically like to go after high-technology
industries whenever possible. But firms that use high-tech
processes don't produce as many jobs as traditional
manufacturing industries, Taylor said. For example, it
took between $53,000 and $58,000 in capital investments
to create each new high-tech job in 1982, according to the
Science and Technology Report. That's much more than
the cost to produce each new job in the more traditional
But high technology is where the growth is in American
society today, Taylor said. "Here in North Carolina it's
See INDUSTRIES on page 7
His boss is only a telex away
. By WAYNE THOMPSON
It's a long way from Dusseldorf, West
Germany, to Raleigh, but 31 -year-old
Raleigh native Davis Bunn knows that his
boss in the N.C. Commerce Department's
International Division is just a telex
"It is an immensely exciting position
with a lot of pressure and challenge,"
Bunn said of his position as director of
North Carolina's European office for in
dustrial recruiting. "I'm too far away to
have much contact with Raleigh, so I
have to take the load myself," he said in a
recent telephone interview from his
And it's quite a load. James R. Hinkle,
director of the International Division and
Bunn's boss, described the duties of
North Carolina's man in Europe: "Davis
has two primary functions. First, to de
velop leads on prospective industries,
working with them and providing them
with information about North Carolina
as a liason with the state; and second, to
help on exports of North Carolina pro
ducts overseas." And Bunn must cover
Germany, France, Belgium, Britain
the whole of Europe with a staff of
one secretary and a part-time assistant on
"I write a lot of press releases," Bunn
The International Division's $816,465
budget also includes an office in Tokyo,
Japan. The director covers Japan,
Taiwan and Hong Kong and maintains
contact with customers of North Carolina
ports, Hinkle said.
. "If some -company that he's working
with wants information about North
Carolina, he'll telex us," he said. "Our
Japanese representative, who lives here in
Raleigh, will call them back and talk
Japanese long distance."
Hinkle said Bunn isn't in West Ger
many for the money. "David pays about
$900 a month for his apartment while he
makes $39,000 a year," he said. "It's not
very good pay, but it's a good situation
Bunn, who receives no employee
benefits aside from his travel expenses
and salary, said he liked helping North
Carolina. "If I send over a company
that's going to bring in 200 positions in
Rural Hall or Kings Mountain, that's giv
ing life to a city," he said. "Children
might stay and work there instead of go
The Wake Forest graduate in
economics and psychology got a chance
to help the state's top officer on his recent
European tour. When Gov. Jim Hunt
visited Europe on an industry-seeking trip
last month, Bunn was responsible for set
ting up the governor's trip. "I worked on
it for 10 weeks. We visited 16 cities in four
See BUNN on page 7
Pftoio tounesy ot N.C. Department ot Commerce
North Carolina's European development representative Davis Bunn
confers with Gov. Jim Hunt during a seminar in London.