The high today will be in the
upper 30s with a 40 percent
chance of rain and freezing
rain. There will be partial
clearing tonight with lows in
the low 30s, and Saturday
the temperature will reach
the mid 40s.
Copyright 1984 The Duly Tar Hed. AH rights reserved.
Nominations for this year's
Grammy Awards are out,
and Michael Jackson receiv
ed a record 12 nomina
tions 11 of them for
Thriller.' A complete story -is
on p. 6.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Volume 91, Issue 110
Friday, January 13, 1984
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
By KEITH BRADSHER
The Kissinger Commission's report on
Central America focuses too much on fur
ther military and economic aid to
U.S.-backed regimes there, three UNC
professors including a consultant to the
commission said in interviews Thurs
day. While emphasizing U.S. aid, the report
does not adequately address possible
changes in the political structures of Cen
tral American nations, said Political
Science Professor Enrique Baloyra.
Baloyra is one of several hundred
academics across the United States whose
advice was solicited by the commission.
"We don't have decent governments in
power in those two countries," Baloyra
said. "The problem is that we think we can
improvise and throw money and then
forget about things."
' The upcoming elections in March in El
Salvador are unlikely to produce a better
government, Baloyra said. He said the
president elected will probably be a leader
in the death squads.
Professor Joseph S. Tulchin and Assis
tant Professor Gilbert M. Joseph of the
History Department agreed on the need
for political change in Central America.
"More economic and military aid
without structural change only prolongs
the difficulties in those countries," Joseph
said. Joseph said he planned to organize a
Jan. 24 teach-in at UNC on the Kissinger
The Kissinger Commission, formally
named the National Bipartisan Committee
on Central America, endorsed virtually all
of the Reagan administration's policies
toward the region. The panel's report,
released Wednesday, recommended a five
year, $8 billion economic assistance pro
gram and "significantly increased levels of
military aid as quickly as possible."
Such suggestions largely ignore the in
ability of crumbling and fragmented
U.S.-backed regimes to spend aid money
effectively, Baloyra said. "The
socioeconomic reforms will come later. I
think they have six months in El Salvador
until it blows up."
The commission's report stressed the
damage to U.S. security that the establish
ment of Soviet-controlled regimes in the
Caribbean would inflict as a justification
for massive aid.
"The report defines (American security)
in a narrow context that fails to take ade
quate account of historical, social, and
economic conditions in the countries,"
"The threat to American security lies as
' much in the inherent instability and in
justice of these countries as it does in the
presence of control or agents of a foreign
power," Tulchin said.
See BALOYRA on page 2
Heels win 1st showdown
with Terps, move to 11-0
By MICHAEL DeSISTI
COLLEGE PARK, Md. With just
1:23 left to play and North Carolina
holding on to a three-point margin that
had been, until late in the game, the
largest spread between the No. 1 and No.
5 teams in the nation, Michael Jordan
broke to the basket.
His layup rolled off the rim, but Sam
Perkins followed. Perkins' tip rolled
around the rim, but the senior went up
again, this time for the basket, a foul and
the start of a three-point play.
Roll the film of the series which gave
North Carolina a 68-62 lead a few dozen
times, with only minor alterations, and
you've got yourself the story of the
ACC's game of the year to date.
North Carolina (11-0, 2-0 ACQ left
Cole Field House and a capacity crowd of
14,500 Thursday night with a 74-62 win
over 5th-rahked Maryland (10-2, 1-1
ACQ to leave the spoiler's role up for
"We always send four guys up for the
offensive rebound," Jordan said. "For
tunately, we were able to get it tonight
and put the ball back up."
North Carolina outrebounded
Maryland 38-31, with Perkins and Jordan
accounting for 12 each.
The Tar Heels were burned but not
blistered by two Terrapin hot hands in
Len Bias and Adrian Branch, and shut
down Maryland's inside game while roll
ing to the win largely behind their own.
Brad Daugherty and a 1-3-1 North
Carolina zone held 6-9, 220-pound center
Ben Coleman, Maryland's leading scorer,
to six points and seven rebounds. At the
same time, Perkins totaled 26 points,
with 18 in the second half, while Jordan
finished with 21.
"The main thrust of our defense was
(to stop) Coleman," North Carolina
It may be a little bit nippy out there, but Eileen Bernstein, a junior
from Jacksonville, N.C., seems to have found the secret of (relative)
warmth for the duration of the "Big Chill."
From staff and wire reports 4
A 10-year, nationwide federal study, largely coor
dinated by the UNC School of Public Health, has pro
vided what is being called the first conclusive proof
that lowering fatty cholesterol in the blood can reduce
the risk of heart attack and coronary disease.
The results mark the "first, hard, solid, unam
biguous demonstration" of the link between blood
cholesterol and the risk of coronary heart disease, said
O. Dale Williams, a principal investigator for the
Williams, director of the Central Patient Registry
and Coordinating Center at UNC, spoke at a press
conference in Morehead Building Thursday.
The UNC press conference was held in conjunction
with the release of the study results in Washington.
The 10-year Coronary Primary Prevention Trial,
designed to find out whether a drug that alters
cholesterol levels can decrease coronary disease and
heart attack, has proved much more, researchers said
at a Washington press briefing.
coach Dean Smith said. "We were jam
ming Coleman because we didn't want
him to be the one to beat us."
While Coleman was silent from the
field, Bias and Branch were dropping
bombs from the perimeter to keep the
Terps in the game. Bias scored 14 of his
24 points in the first half, while Branch
knocked in 12 of his 19 points in the first
six minutes of the final period, giving
Maryland its last lead of the game.
The Tar Heels led 32-31 at halftime.
Branch said his and Bias' outside
shooting was more a necessity than a
planned attack, as not just Coleman but
Herman Veal, who finished with seven
points and eight rebounds, was having his
"We just weren't consistent and didn't
have offensive patience," Branch said.
"We weren't effective on offense."
Jordan scored five unanswered points,
beginning with just over eight minutes to
play, to stretch a 57-56 lead to six with
4:17 left in the game.
The Terps pulled within one in the next
2:12 before the Tar Heels broke away for
the final margin of victory.
"When you look at our lineup, we
should be pretty mature and handle the
pressure coming down the stretch (of a
big game like this)," senior forward Matt
Doherty said. "We've got three starters
back from a national championship
On the subject of national champion
ships and other such Cinderella stuff,
Doherty said the Tar Heels li ad more im
mediate objectives occupying their
"You can't concentrate on the past or
the future, you've got to put your mind
right here," he said. "We concentrate on
now. We go out with only one game on
our schedule, and Wake Forest (Saturday
in Greensboro) is next."
'--fiilili-.ri'j ijMW Mrmiliiiii-i iif i '
DTHZane A. Saunders
pro ve link
, . "This is the first study to dembnstraiecohclusively
that the risk of coronary heart disease can be reduced
by lowering blood cholesterol, as we previously
suspected," said Dr. Basil M. Rifkind of the National
Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, the branch of the
National Institute of Health that sponsored the study.
The trial, which involved more than 3,800 men
studied at 12 medical centers, showed that lowering
cholesterol reduced the incidence of heart attacks by
an average of 19 percent, Rifkind said.
The results also show that reducing cholesterol
reduces incidences of painful angina and the need for
coronary bypass operations, Rifkind said.
Dr. Robert L. Levy of Columbia University, a heart
disease expert who headed The Heart Institute when
the study began, said the results have implications for
people besides the middle-aged man with high
cholesterol levels used in the study.
"Now, for the first time, we have conclusive
evidence that people can do something about heart
disease by lowering their cholesterol," Levy said in an '
! J I
H ' i Hi iDi
Sam Perkins, shown in an earlier
the second half to lead UNC past
NORTH CAROLINA (74)
Peterson 0-5 OO 0, Hale 1-2 0 2. Wolf 1-2 (H 2.
Toab 29-59 1M3 74
N. C officials to
The Associated Press
RALEIGH Convicted murderer
James W. Hutchins won a stay "of execu-i
tion at midnight Thursday, ' six t hours
before he was to die for killing three law
Judge Dickson Phillips of the 4th U.S.
Circuit Court of Appeals issued the stay
after a hearing in his Richmond, Va., hotel
room. North Carolina immediately said it
would ask U.S. Chief Justice Warren
Burger to overturn the ruling and allow the
execution as scheduled at 6 a.m. ; ;
The rulings ended a day of frantic activi
ty, as Hutchin's wife appealed to Gov. Jim
Hunt for mercy and last-ditch appeals
were rejected by the state Supreme Court
in Raleigh and U.S. District Judge Wood
row Jones in Rutherfordton.
After a 50-minute meeting with at
torneys for both sides, Phillips issued a
handwritten order delaying the execution
'pending further orders of this court." ,
Dick League, an assistant U.S. Attorney
General who attended the meeting, said
the ruling was in light of a federal judge's
ruling in Charlotte earlier Thursday. U.S.
District Judge James McMillan set aside
three murder convictions in an unrelated
case because people who said they oppos
ed the death penalty were excluded from
Earlier, Superior Court Judge Robert
Collier refused to block the execution
scheduled for 6 a.m. Friday the 13th,
despite a psychiatrist's testimony that Hut
chins was "severely mentally ill."
After deliberating about five hours, the
between cholesterol, heart disease
-The study showed that the greaterjfce reduction of
cholesterol toward normal levels, the greater the
reduction of heart attack events," he continued.
"Because of this direct relationship, the results can be
extrapolated readily to other groups."
The UNC School of Public Health's departments of
biostatistics, epidemiology and nutrition were involved
in the study, Williams said. They participated in the
planning and supervision of the study as well as in
analyzing the results, he said.
' 'The University of North Carolina has had a major
and central role in virtually every aspect of this study,"
Williams said the study "shows the place of research
in the university setting and the role of the university in
research. The University is heavily involved in reseach
that is critical to the well-being of society."
Experts estimate that more than 40 million
Americans have moderate-to-high blood levels of
cholesterol and other fats.
If all of them reduced these levels to normal,
Rifkind said, perhaps 100.000 deaths could be
game, scored 18 of his 26 points in
Maryland, 74-62 Thursday night.
?fS ,M7 24 Veal 3,0 H T Cj
" 2-2 4 Branch 8-13 3-3 19.
TotaU 3 61
state's highest court at 9:25 p.m. denied
without comment Hutchins' plea for a stay
Defense attorney Roger Smith, with
tears in his eyes, said after the ruling:
"We're very disappointed and sad, but we
must move very quickly to our next step."
Hunt, a capital punishment supporter,
said he was "continuing my examina
tion... to make sure due process is
served" and that he was moved by the
15-minute meeting with Geneva Hutchins.
"Here is a man's wife saying, 'Please
save my husband's life,' " Hunt said. "It
is a serious matter. I have to do what's
right and I hope to make the right deci
sion." As governor, Hunt can grant a criminal
defendant a reprieve, a commutation or a
pardon. A reprieve would delay the execu
tion for further appeal and consideration,
while a commutation would set aside the
Hutchins, 54, of Rutherford County,
was convicted in the 1979 rifle slayings of
three police officers. Hutchins selected in
jection over the gas chamber under a law
approved last year by the N.C. General
Assembly. He would be the first con
demned prison in North Carolina to die by
lethal injection and the second in the na
tion. Death penalty opponents mounted
heavy pressure on Hunt to set aside the
death sentence or allow time for further
appeal. Representatives of political and
religious groups held news conferences
while more than 100 people gathered in
near-freezing weather for a silent vigil out
ESPN preparing to intervene
in subscriber-companies lawsuits
By SARAH RAPER
The Entertainment and Sports Pro
gramming Network is preparing to inter
vene in Orange County lawsuits between
two cable subscribers and local cable com
panies, according to a local attorney.
The attorney, Martin Bernholz, said
his clients, Steven Bernholz and Sam
Maffei, filed complaints in district court
that resulted in the issue of a temporary
restraining order against Village Cable of
Chapel Hill and Alert Cable of Carrboro.
The order forced the companies to show
ACC games free of charge to ESPN sub
scribers. Bernholz said ESPN would probably
attempt to become a party in the suit as
early as next week. As a party in the suit,
ESPN would be able to request that the
order to open ACC games to all ESPN
subscribers be removed.
Bernholz said he did not believe ESPN
should be permitted to enter the suit be
cause the local cable companies, and not
ESPN, are responsible for blacking out
or preempting the ACC games.
The plaintiffs Bernholz and Maffei
contend that blacking out and preemp
ting regular ESPN programming is a vio
lation of the cable companies' contracts
to provide full, continuous programming
to their customers.
ESPN attempted to enter a similar suit
in Wilmington Wednesday, but a Wii
mington judge refused to let ESPN in
tervene or to retract an order forcing the
local cable company to broadcast ACC
games free to ESPN subscribers.
Bernholz said he expected ESPN to ask
the N.C. Court of Appeals to reverse the
Wilmington judge's decision to exclude
ESPN from the suit.
An ESPN representative said Thursday
that he did not know precisely what ac
tion his firm would take on the N.C. suit,
but he said his firm did not believe local
courts had the authority to decide cases
side the state Capitol. Another vigil was
planned outside Central Prison shortly
before the execution.
Hunt canceled a Thursday night ap
pearance at a banquet in Hertford, spend
ing the day in his office. He dined at the
nearby governor's mansion and returned
to his office about 11:30 p.m., but declin
After meeting with Hunt, defense at
torney Roger Smith said the governor was
"well informed and conversant about the
case. He grasps the points we are making
and understands them well. I think he is in
the process of weighing those out."
Defense attorneys Andy Penry and
Doug Kingsberry met privately with Jones
for about an hour. Jones told reporters
about 5:30 p.m. he had rejected a petition
to delay the execution.
The petition was based on contentions
that Hutchins was insane at the time of the
killings and is insane now and that jury
selection during his trial was flawed.
"Those are the same issues raised before
Judge Collier and being raised before the
state Supreme Court," said Jones.
In his decision after a 90-minute hearing
in Raleigh, Collier said: "From the
testimqny, neither psychiatrist finds
evidence that the defendant is legally in
sane at this time."
John Nuckelby, an attorney with the
Charlotte firm of Chambers and
Ferguson, departed for Richmond Thurs
day night. He was to argue before one or
more appeals court judges that a North
Carolina law excluding death penalty op
See HUTCHINS on page 3
eliminated each year. Heart disease is the No. 1 killer
in the United States, each year claiming 550,000 lives
and costing the nation $8 billion in direct health costs,
Cholesterol is a fatty substance naturally found in
the body that at higher levels has been implicated in
atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries, which
leads to heart attack and stroke. With this condition,
cholesterol, minerals and fibrous tissue combine to
form layers of plaque which narrow vessels and restrict
blood flow. . .. -
Michel Ibrahim, dean of the School of Public
Health, said that in North Carolina about 13,000 peo
ple die from coronary heart disease each year and an
additional 13,000 people are diagnosed as having cor
onary heart disease. Under the broadest possible inter
pretation of the study results, the deaths and new cases
could be reduced by 20 percent if the population
reduced its blood cholesterol by 25 percent, Ibrahim
The figures break down to 500 cases of coronary
heart disease per day, and that number could be re
duced by 100 cases per day, he said.
involving cable television. He added that
by obeying the local courts' orders to
open ACC games to all ESPN viewers,
the local cable companies were violating
contracts that give ESPN the right to
black out or preempt regular program
ming. In addition to the suits filed in Wilm
ington and Chapel Hill, plaintiffs in
Iredell and Catawba, counties and
Durham, Fayetteville, Greensboro,
Taylorsville and Smithfield were suc
cessful in obtaining orders to open ACC
games to ESPN viewers Thursday. .
The Smithfield group's attorney said
the action against Alert Cable of Selma,
which he labeled the "1984 Crusade,"
resulted from an informal gathering of
local citizens watching a football game.
"The group of people got to talking,
and there were enough lawyers present
who said 'By dog, we've got to do
something about this,' " attorney W.A.
Holland said in a telephone interview
Holland added that his clients would
watch the game between UNC and the
University of Maryland televised Thurs
The game, like 20 other ACC games
was orginally to be shown only to ESPN
subscribers who paid an extra fee. The
games are being televised nationally by
ESPN at no charge to viewers outside of
the five ACC states. Both Alert Cable
and Village Cable charge $75 for the
ACC basketball coverage, which is called
Season Ticket. '
Vice-president of Alert Cable in North
Carolina, Pete Pettis, said his company
would continue to broadcast ACC games
to all ESPN viewers in areas where court
orders were in effect.
He said that company representatives
in Carrboro were in the process of con
tacting Season Ticket subscribers to ex
plain the situation and to explain the
See ESPN on page 4