Rain today. Highs in the low
to mid-40s with light winds.
Lows tonight in the upper
30s. Mostly cloudy tomor
row with highs in the upper
UNC's Tar Heels will take on
the Virginia Cavaliers at 9
tonight in Carmichael
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright 1984 The Daily Tar Heel. All rights reserved.
Volume 91, Issue 113
Wednesday, January 18, 1984
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
NewsSports; Art 962-0245
Business Advertising 962-1163
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Sophomore guard Pam Leake scored the Tar Heels' last 10 points, including the game-winning jumper with
one second remaining, as UNC edged N.C. State to stay atop the ACC. .
Leake, Heels shoot down State
By MICHAEL PERSINGER
Assistant Sports Editor
RALEIGH Sophomore shooting
guard Pam Leake scored the last 10 Tar
Heel points, including a 12-footer from
the baseline with one second remaining,
as North Carolina scored a 71-70 com
eback win over North Carolina State in
Reynolds Coliseum Tuesday.
The Tar Heels pulled to within one on
Leake's driving layup with nine seconds
remaining, and, after a North Carolina
timeout, Darlene Cannon fouled Wolf
pack point guard Robyn Mayo before
N.C. State could inbound the ball.
Mayo missed the front end of the one-
Former ambassador to Syria
discusses US.-Mideast plans
By KEITH BRADSHER
The United States should work toward .
a withdrawal of Marines in Lebanon, but
should not sacrifice its overall commit
ment to the Mideast nation, former U.S.
ambassador to Syria Talcott W. Seelye
said Tuesday in Hamilton Hall.
"We have to devise a suitable and
graceful scenario for us to leave," he
said. "We face a can of worms in
Lebanon, a set of overlapping problems.
It is very difficult to be optimistic."
Entitled "U.S. Policy in the Mideast:
Syria," the wide-ranging discussion was
sponsored by the UNC Curriculum in
Peace, War and Defense. About 40 stu
dents and faculty attended.
One scenario permitting a U.S. with
drawal would feature American inaction
in response to a unilateral canceling of the
Lebanese-Israeli troop withdrawal agree
ment by the Lebnese, Seelye said. "The
Syrians would agree to the broadening of
the Lebanese government if the Lebanese
government put the agreement in the
The U.S. could withdraw gracefully
from Lebanon, Seelye said, if the situa
tion becomes plainly hopeless or if three
U.S. goals are met: the broadening of,
support for the national government
through the inclusion of more factions,
the withdrawal of all foreign military
forces, and the maintenance of American
influence in the country.
Syrian cooperation is needed to restore
peace to Lebanon, he said. Syrian presi
dent Hafez Assad, "senses, really, that
Syria is an advantageous position."
Assad is not an unusally strong Arab
nationalist as Syrian leaders go, Seely
said. "Hafez Assad is no more or less an
One injured in fall during Lenoir renovation
Renovation work on Lenoir Hall was halted Tuesday
afternoon when half of the ceiling of the main dining
room on the first floor collapsed, sending huge amounts
of plaster and one construction worker tumbling to the
Richard Dollar, 33, of Chapel Hill, was treated and
released at North Carolina Memorial Hospital after fall
ing about 20 feet from above the ceiling to the floor of
the dining hail.
An official with the hospital said that Dollar walked
out under his own power at about 6:30 p.m. Tuesday
after being treated by medical personnel.
and-one, and UNC's Tresa Brown re
bounded. Leake took Brown's outlet pass
and dribbled the length of the floor to put
up the dramatic winning shot over two
Wolfpack defenders. '
The win lifted North Carolina to 13-2
overall and 4-0 in the Atlantic Coast Con
ference, while N.C. State dropped to 11-5
overall and 2-3 in the conference.
The Tar Heels led 37-27 at the half,
mostly behind Brown's 10 points and
eight rebounds and a 22-8 rebounding ad
vantage over the taller Wolfpack.
North Carolina stretched that advan
tage to 51-37 with 13:45 remaining, but
the Tar Heels would not score again
before Cannon sank a pair of free throws
advocate of a Greater Syria than any
other regime in that country."
Assad has been more successful in ex
panding Syrian influence because he has
retained a strong grip on power for so
long. The vigorous suppression of
Moslem Brotherhood radicals in the
Syriam city of Hama two years ago
strengthened the regime, he said. "As
brutal as the action was, it certainly gave
the Assad regime a breather."
In any case, religious radicalism is not
prevalent in Syria, he said. "You
wouldn't have what happened in Iran
happening in Syria."
The United States should not have
identified itself with one faction the
Maronite-dominated Lebanese Army
through air and naval bombardment of.
Druze in the Chouf mountains, he said.
"That was our major mistake. The whole
Once the U.S. Marines were thought to
support one faction they became fair
game for artillery barrages and terrorist
attacks by other factions, he said. "The
Lebanese Army is perceived by the non
Christian factions as a Maronite instru
ment, right or wrong."
Soviet military aid to Syria has not
given the Soviets a lot of control over
Assad's policies. While he may be the on
ly Arab leader willing to support the
Soviet invasion of relatively distant
Afghanistan, "On Lebanon he will do
what he wants."
Advanced Soviet sui.Iace-io-air missiles
recently sent to Syria will not alone trig
ger a Syrian-Israeli war, he said. "This
gives Syria a greater degree of self
confidence, but not sufficient for Assad
to challenge Israel in a major war."
ine incident occurred about 1:30 p.m. Tuesday. A
shaken Dan Wilson, one of Dollar's fellow construction
workers, described what happened.
"As far as I know, there were a few people putting in
an air duct up there," Wilson said. "All of a sudden, the
ceiling just gave way."
Wilson was not sure about the ceiling's ability to hold
up the weight of several construction workers.
"I think that the work we were doing cutting away
below the ceiling took away some of that support and
just weakened it," he said.
Joseph Walker, an employee of SPC Mechanical Con
tractors, said he agreed with Wilson.
"I was up there walking around all morning long,"
Walker said. "Yeah (it was weak), because, hell, you
with 8:01 to play. The Wolfpack ran off
17 points during that stretch to take their
first lead of the game, a lead they would
hold until Leake's jumper.
"We just played a very helter-skelter
type offense during that stretch," Alley
said. "We were just looking to get the
ball inside to Tree, and no one was look
ing for the outside shot. We weren't even
running through the pattern. We were
getting nothing out of our man-to-man
Alley removed Brown, Leake and Pam
Hammond from the game with just over
eight minutes remaining, and with the Tar
See GAME on page 7
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Talcott Seelye, former U.S. ambassador to Syria, addresses Mideast
topics in a discussion Tuesday in Hamilton Hall.
Seelye did npt criticize Jesse Jackson's
recent successful trip to Syria to ask the
release of captured flier Lt. Robert Good
man. "You can't quarrel with success.
Goodman would not have been released
for a long time.
"Jackson had both an understanding
eason Ticket' telecas
From staff and wire reports
RALEIGH A "controversial pay
television package that was to give Atlan
tic Coast Conference basketball viewers
extra games has been discontinued for the
rest of this season, league and television
officials said Tuesday.
Season Ticket, established to bring is
extra basketball games to fans in the
ACC region on a subscription basis, was
greeted with a flurry of lawsuits and tem
porary restraining orders. The remaining
games, produced by Raycom-Jefferson
Productions of Charlotte and aired by the
Entertainment and Sports Programming
Network, will not be shown unless other
arrangements are made. .
Under the terms of the package, those
cable viewers who did not subscribe to the
service had ESPN programming blacked
out. Approximately 13 cable systems
throughout North Carolina were hit with
orders which forced them to lift the
N.C. Attorney General Rufus . Ed
misten later entered the battle, vowing to
open the package to all North Carolina
viewers. He said he was disappointed at
the decision by Raycom and ESPN.
"I had hoped that the decision would
go the other way, and that the producers
and broadcasters would allow all ESPn
cable subscribers to see these
broadcasts," Edmisten said. "In my opi
nion, the promoters had no right to
charge the public twice for the same
Vision Cable of Wilmington, N.C,
was the first to open the Season Ticket
games to its viewers after a judge ruled
that the service had to be provided to all
subscribers whether they paid for Season
Ticket or not.
While the bulk of the lawsuits were fil
ed last Thursday, the day of the North
Carolina-Maryland game, suits against
local cable companies were filed one day
earlier when Steven Bernholz of Chapel
Hill and Sam Maffei of Carrboro sought
a temporary restraining order that forced
Village Cable and Alert Cable to show the
N.C. State-Virginia game.
of the Syrian position and a background
which helped him. He emphasized politi
cal dialogue rather than military con
frontation which the Syrians wanted to
See SEELYE on page 6
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couid feel it give way every time you took a step. It was
just the plaster and what it was hung on."
Jim Quillen, superintendent of the construction work,
said the cause of the accident is unknown at this time.
"We don't know why it happened. It wasn't unsafe,
just uncontrollable," he said.
Quillen said there were about 20 workers in the
building at the time, including four or five workers who
were above the ceiling.
Quillen added that it would take "a good week" to
clean up the accident, but he said he did not think there
was any major damage to the structure.
"Just the plaster is all we can see til we get it cleaned
up," Quillen said.
Bernholz said he would continue with
this case despite ESPN's action on Tues
day. "My concern is to see the law cause
companies to do what they agreed to do
and to represent the interests of the many
other people who do not have the
resources to stand up to a big company
like ESPN, which will walk all over
them," Bernholz said.
"ESPN is saying 'To hell with you,
public,' " he added. "They think they're
dealing with some backwoods viewers
here. They may be in for a rude awaken
ing." A hearing is scheduled- in Orange
County District Court Friday to decide
whether to continue the restraining order.
Bernholz said, however, that continua
tion of the order might have no effect on
whether games would be shown because
of ESPN's decision to drop the package.
Village Cable executives were not
available for comment Tuesday.
A Village Cable marketing director
said Tuesday night's game would be the
last ACC game broadcast by ESPN
anywhere in the country this year.
Marketing Director Mary Yow said
Village Cable would begin refunding the
full $75 price paid by Season Ticket
subscribers for the service Friday. She
said subscribers should return the
decoder unit issued to them when they
paid for the service to receive a refund.
Bernholz, however, said he did not
think the refund would be enough to
satisfy local Season Ticket customers.
"A subscriber to Season Ticket is likely
to bring suit," Bernholz said. "It's not
good enough to return the money. They
have a contract to perform."
ESPN nationally broadcast the games
produced by Raycom-Jefferson, but
viewers within the five-state ACC region
had to pay to receive the games.
"Recent court decisions have made it
impossible to continue the package this
season," k said Ricky Ray, president of
Raycom. "We still feel the concept of pay
cable is the only alternative for
distributing extra basketball games."
Ray said he hoped fans recognized
Season Ticket as an opportunity to view
Supreme Court OKs
home video recording
The Associated Press
WASHINGTON In a major legal
setback for the film industry, a divided
Supreme Court ruled Tuesday that the
sale and use of home video recorders to
tape TV shows for private viewing is
By a 5-4 vote, the court said the Sony
Corp. and other manufacturers are not
violating federal copyright law by selling
the popular machines, which the industry
estimates are owned by about one of
every 10 American families. U.S. sales of
video recorders total nearly $2 billion.
But movie producers are seeking a final
victory in Congress, which has the power
to rewrite copyright laws, and the court
said, "it may well be that Congress will
take a fresh look at this new technology."
The justices said manufacturers may
not be held responsible for possible illegal
use of the video recorders, such as taping
copyrighted productions for commercial
Justice John Paul Stevens, in his opi
nion for the court, wrote that there is
another remedy for this so-called "arm
Stevens noted that anyone who
reproduces copyrighted material for
private financial gain a federal offense
can be sentenced to one year in prison
and fined $25,000 for the first violation.
The penalty is two years and $50,000 for
But Stevens said that taping television
shows, even copyrighted ones, for private
viewing at a later time is not illegal.
"One may search the Copyright Act in
vain for any sign that the elected
representatives of the millions of people
who watch television every day have
made it unlawful to copy a program for
later viewing at home," he said.
"It may well be that Congress will take
a fresh look at this new technology. ...
But it is not our job to apply laws that
have not yet been written," Stevens said.
An underlying question in Tuesday's
ruling was whether Sony and other
manufacturers could be forced to pay
royalties to movie companies for making
a machine capable of being used to break
the copyright law.
The video recording industry said that
if the court's opinion had gone against it,
consumers might have had to pay a royal
ty, or tax, of $100 on each machine and
$1 on each blank tape. The cost of the
machines now range between about $400
and $800 each.
games that would not have been
rrfcfrt nn commercial television.
"We wanted to extend the box office
so that more people could see more ACC
games," Ray said in a prepared state
ment. "However, we will now go back to
just the basic 38-game TV schedule."
Raycom vice president Ken Haines said
there are no plans currently to telecast the
remainder of the Season Ticket schedule.
"Whether or not ESPn decides to pick
up one or two games for national
distribution remains to be seen," Haines
said. "It's safe to say the package will no
longer exist." ,
When asked about the financial
ramifications, Haines added, "It's a
financial loss but it's not a disaster."
ESPN president Bill Grimes said he felt
it was unfair to "expose cable operators
to undue hardship and expense resulting
from the local legal proceedings."
Grimes said the network would con
tinue to fight in local and federal courts
to defend its right to present programm
ing on a cable-exclusive pay basis.
ACC commissioner Bob James said
fans have complained for several years
that they would like to see more games
even if it required a change in normal
"It was for this group of fans and
others who felt similarly that the Season
Ticket program was intended, i.e., an op
tional program for those who wished to
see more games than we could place on
our regular series," James said. "The
Season Ticket programming was totally
Response to Season Ticket had been
less than what had been expected for a
region considered to be basketball-crazy.
Despite the lack of subscribers and the
subsequent, viewer protest, Haines said
fan reaction had nothing to do with the
"The reason it was discontinued was
because of the court action and not fan
reaction," he said. "The. courts jnade it
difficult for us to continue the package."
An ESPN spokesman said Tuesday
afternoon the network may pick up
several of the games, but said it was too
early to make a determination.
About 9 million of the machines have
been sold in the United States, and the in
dustry expects 40 million recorders to be
sold by 1990.
Kenji Tamiya, president of Sony Corp.
of America, said at a news conference in
New York that the Supreme Court deci
sion was "an important victory for con
sumers," who otherwise might have been
forced to pay the cost of a royalty on
machines and tapes.
But Jack Valenti, president of the Mo
tion Picture Association of America Inc.,
said "this thinly decided decision, 5-4, is
ample evidence that the court is troubled
and divided. Both the majority and
dissenting opinions did agree on one
point: the Congress must decide whether
or not copyright is real or whether it is
The Supreme Court overturned a deci
sion by the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Ap
peals in 1981 which said Sony was
violating federal copyright law in selling
machines that could only be used to
violate that law.
The movie companies did seek a court
order aimed at halting further sales of the
machines. But both sides in the dispute
said the real issue was whether the movie
makers would be able to share in the huge
profits from sale of the machines and
Sony Corp., the leader in the video
recording industry, was sued in 1976 by
Universal City Studios and Walt Disney
The movie companies charged that
consumers were not using the machines
merely to tape copyrighted shows for
later family or individual viewing, but
that many also were building videotape
The producers predicted that movie
box-office profits would decline as
owners of the recording devices and their
friends had more opportunities to view
taped movies at home.
ihc uvordcr industry countered that
the motion picture companies already
, made a profit, as well as condoning free
home viewing of movies, when they sold
broadcast rights for the movies to televi
sion. In a dissenting opinion. Justice Harry
A. Rl.kkmum said there would be little
incentive for Congress to overturn the