Cloudy today with occa
sional rain and highs in the
mid 40s. Tonight's Itfw will
be 40, with temperatures
reaching into the 50s tomor
row. Album Rereleased .
Bily Joel's debut album,
Cold Spring Harbor, has
been 'rereleased. See story,
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright 1984 The Daily Tar Heel. Alt rights reserved.
Volume 91, Issue 117
Tuesday, January 24, 1984
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
4 - m
tii Ei it
gather to protest
on rid c
By BEN PERXOWSK1
About 200 people protesting the legali
zation of abortion silently marched
through the UNC campus Monday, one
day after the 1 1th anniversary of the Roe
vs. Wade decision legalizing abortion.
The march, which wound through
campus and down Franklin Street,
started in the Pit at noon with a speech by
Donna Turner, statewide president of
Women Exploited by Abortion, and end
ed with a 10-minute group prayer at the
rose garden in front of Morehead
Turner explained that Women Ex
ploited by Abortion is an international
non-profit organization for women who
regret having an abortion. She said that
while many women do not react regret
fully toward their abortion, there is a sub
stantial number who do and that they
should know their feelings are normal.
She said those women "should not
harden their hearts to the world. You
(women) are still a part of the human race
you are not alone." Turner said that
there are more than 2,000 women on her
mailing list and that the organization is
open to talk to all women who have had
Turner said that abortions should-not
be legal and that if they were not she
would not have had one herself. "We
cannot have legalized sin," she said.
"Women are not told of the side ef
fects; they are not told of what is living
inside of their body. They are exploited
and deserve informed consent."
She said she hoped the marchers would
Stricter eligibility requirements
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U I HZane Saunders
On Monday nearly 200 UNC students marched through campus to protest the anniversary of legalized abor
tion. The march was organized by the Chapel Hill Sanctity of Life Committee.
not be motivated by anything except be
ing right. "If God be with you, who be
against you?". she asked.
Chris Kremer, president of Carolina
Students for Life and a second-year law
student, said the march was in solidarity
with the national march in Washington,
D.C. "We feel that abortion takes the life
of an innocent unborn baby every time,
and it is an abomination that some
million and a half abortions take place
- each year in the United States," he said.
Kremer added that he had been to the
past four national marches in Washing
ton and that such demonstrations "let the
public know there are a substantial
number of people who uphold the
Kremer explained that the Chapel Hill
Sanctity of Life Committee was the um
brella organization for a number of
groups involved in the organization of the .
In the Pit, people were signing a petition
against the fact that North Carolina is
one of about 12 states that voluntarily
funds abortions. "We will mail the peti
tion to women exploited by abortion, and
they will take it to the North Carolina
legislature," he said.
Ronnie Lewis, Director of the
Maranatha Ministry for the UNC cam
pus, said the march should be "a silent,
prayerful walk to ask for God's forgive
ness for what's going on."
The march was silent and without inci
dent, except for about seven placard
holding people advocating a woman's
right to choose.
College Board reports drop in financial aid
By DIANA BOSNIACK
... .. -.. . .. .Staff, Writer;, . '.,.
The amount of financial aid available to college stu
dents dropped by $2 billion dollars in the past two years,
the College Board said in a study released last week. But
the financial aid picture is not so gloomy, according to
UNC and Department of Education officials.
The study, called "Trends in Student Aid: 1963-1983,"
said aid had decreased by 23 percent so far in the 1980s,
after adjusting for inflation.
"UNC students have not felt as great an impact this
year from the reduction of funds," said Eleanor S. Mor
ris, director of student aid at the University. "We're sit
ting on top of more money than we were awarded in the
past three years." The extra money, Morris said, came
from federal loan funds left over from the previous
academic year. Also helping increase UNC's loan money
was the high percentage of last year's loans that have
been repaid the loans are paid back, and then the
University awards them.
Although federal loans to students at UNC have in
creased, total financial aid money administered by the
Student Aid Office has decreased by more than 17 per
cent from slightly more than $24 million in 1981-82 to
about $19.8 million in 1982-83, according to the office's
'82-'83 financial aid report. About 99 percent of the re
duction was because of stricter eligibility requirements in
the Guaranteed Student Loan program, which allows
undergraduates to borrow up to $2,500 from banks. In
1981, Congress tightened eligibility rules by requiring
students from families with incomes of more than
$30,000 to prove need fpr loans.
Despite decreases in federal funds allotted by the Stu
dent Aid Office, 78 percent of UNC's student aid awards
in 1982-83 came from the federal government. In
1981-82, 82 percent of UNC student aid was federally
funded. ..... ... ... V..T , ;,.
The College Board study attributed the decline in
available student aid to the Reagan administration's
reduction in Social Security benefits, a fall in the use of
Veteran's Administration benefits and stricter eligibility
requirements for Guaranteed Student Loans.
Morris said these factors have led more students to
seek financial aid at UNC. "More people with higher
needs are fighting for the same number of dollars. While
we are able to hold our own; we're not able to meet the
In contrast to the College Board's findings, Morris
said federal aid money had not decreased. Instead, she
said, college costs, students' needs and the number of
aid applicants have increased.
For UNC students counting on financial aid to pay
next year's bills, the federal funding formula won't be as
' generous, Morris said. Students instead will have to rely
more on Guaranteed Student Loans. "Many students
will have to borrow more money than I think is rea
sonable," Morris said. '
However, UNC is better off than many other schools,
she said. "We stand in a better position than many other
institutions." Morris attributed UNC's welfare to
generous alumni financial support and the University's
ability to fill out federal funding applications adequate
ly. She also linked the University's well-being to the
school's tradition that enabled any student who wanted
an education to have one, regardless of the student's
ability to pay fpr it.
The director of financial aid at N.C. State University
said the same amount of money had to be spread among
a larger number of students. "Funds have been appro
ximately the same," Carl Eycke said. However, more
applicants applied for student aid and costs increased
. while the amount of money remained the same. Students
will have to look elsewhere for aid, he said. "We have to
refer more students to loan programs than we'd like t6;"
Despite the College Board's findings that student aid
had decreased, officials of the U.S. Department of
Education said federal aid had actually gone up over the
"1 can assure you that aid available from federal
dollars has gone up," said DOE representative Barbara
Davidson. The College Board's assertion that $2 billion
had been cut was misleading because the study didn't
assess aid on the basis of need, Davidson safd.
The Board also included Social Security and veterans'
benefits in its figures areas of financial assistance the
DOE did not include.
According to the Board's study, total aid decreased
because Social Security and veterans benefits went
down, said Robert Tuccillo, a program analyst in the
DOE's Office of Post-secondary Education. Aid
through grants and loans has increased, he said. For ex
ample, the Pell Grant Program, the largest federal aid
grant program, distributed almost $2.5 billion worth of
grants to 2.6 million students in 1982. The average grant
per student was $950, Tuccillo said.
Tuccillo had even more encouraging figures for 1984
aid recipients. The estimated total has increased to $2.8
billion, making for an average award of $1,100 per stu
dent, he said.
Another area of assistance to show an increase, Tuc
cillo said, was the Guaranteed Student Loan program.
In 1982, loans totaled almost $5.8 billion, awarded to 2.6
million students an average of $2, 217 per student.
Loans will approach $7 billion in 1984, and the number
of students receiving them will jump to 3.2 million.
See AID on page 4
Meese is name
The Associated Press
WASHINGTON President Reagan
on Monday nominated Counsellor Edwin 1
Meese III, long the hard-nosed point man
for the president's conservative
philosophy, to succeed William French
Smith as attorney general.
Meese, 52, one of Reagan's "Big
Three", aides at the White House, said he
hadn't sought the post and "was really
very happy with the job I had" as a
policy-maker and the president's closest
liaison with the political right.
But "I'm grateful to the president for
giving me the opportunity and I will try to
do as outstanding a job as Bill Smith
did," said Meese, who was in Santa Bar
bara, Calif., to deliver a speech.
A White House aide, speaking on con
dition he not be named, said Meese
"wanted this for a long time from the
Like Smith, Meese takes a law-and-order
approach to the nation's judicial
problems, favoring capital punishment,
relaxed rules for evidence in trials and less
taxation for the wealthy. He has pro
nounced the progressive income tax "im
moral," for example.
. More recently, Meese reaped scores of
headlines when he questioned whether
hunger was a genuine problem in
America and suggested that many who go
to soup lines do so only because they
want something for nothing.
Meese was known, too, for his un
wavering support for since-resigned In
terior Secretary James Watt, and as the
architect of Reagan's attempt to retool
the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights to
his liking. He also backed an administra
tion attempt to win tax exemptions for
segregated private schools.
The consesnsus among congressional
leaders was that Meese would win confir
mation from the Republican-controlled
Senate,, although hearings are likely to in
clude a heated review of the Reagan ad
ministration's civil rights and . antitrust
Strom Thurmond, R-S.C, chairman
of the Senate Judiciary Committee and
who will preside over Meese' s confirma
tion on hearings, praised him as "an able
man and dedicated person ... He would
make an excellent attorney general."
But House Speaker Thomas P. (Tip)
O'Neill, D-Mass., said Meese's
philosophy "is bad, to be perfectly
Although Meese's nomination wasn't
publicly announced until Monday, the
president actually told Meese of his deci
sion on Thursday, a day after Smith let
Reagan know he wanted to resign.
Nancy Clark Reynolds, a well-known
Washington lobbyist who once worked
with Meese and remains close to him and
his family, said "I think he's probably
one of the best articulators of Reagan's
philosophy ... He knows the mind of
Ronald Reagan, I think, better than
anyone, as far as policy goes."
Meese's departure from' the White
House will mean a realignment of the
White House staff, which has been beset
at the top with friction among the so
called Big Three Meese, chief of staff
. James A. Baker III and deputy chief of
staff Michael K. Deaver. ;
The main beneficiary of Meese's
departure was expected, to be Baker,
leader of the "pragmatic" faction and
bane of conservatives.
But when presidential spokesman
Larry Speakes was asked whether
Meese's departure will leave conservatives
with a void at the White House, he
replied: "All of us are conservatives over
Speakes said that Meese's job as
presidential counsellor won't be filled.
Sen. Joseph R. Biden, D-Del. said "I
have some concern that a controversial
political operative like Mr. Meese may be
nominated" as attorney general.
Elections Board chairman
By MARK STINNEFORD
Andy Sutherland, a junior from
Bethesda, Md., has been nominated as
Elections Board chairman.
Faced with the task of organizing cam
puswide elections in three weeks, Suther
land expressed confidence that the bal
loting would be held as scheduled on Feb.
"I don't think we're in as dire a situa
tion as everybody says we are (in organiz
ing the election)," Sutherland said.
"Maybe I don't know what I'm getting
into, but I think I do."
While he has not served on the Elec
tions Board, Sutherland said he has the
resourcefulness and organizational skills
to do the job. He said he was looking for
ward to the challenge.
"I don't see it as thankless," he said.
"I see the rewards of producing the elec
tion as smoothly as possible. I guess I
took the job because somebody offered it
to me and I thought I could do it.
"That certainly doesn't guarantee a
perfect election," he said. "(But) I can
Patterson s Mill Coun try Store
a cornucopia of old collectibles
By MARYMELD A HALL
Visitors to Patterson's Mill Country Store won't
find signs or billboards pointing the way. And that's
exactly the way owner Elsie Booker likes it. "People
who are intent on finding us will find us," she said,
Patterson's Mill Country Store, owned and
operated by John and Elsie Booker, looks like a big
green farmhouse on Farrington Road off N.C. 54
East. A winding dirt road leads to the building, and
only a sign in the front yard gives it away.
But one step inside takes visitors back to another
age. Every corner, every shelf, every inch of the store
is filled with memorabilia, antiques and crafts. Old
signs and advertisements line the walls, and the entire
store exudes an old-fashioned country store atmo
sphere. The Bookers opened the store around Thanks
giving 1973. "We had collected a lot of things we
would, rather share with people than have packed up.
I had visited an old country store in Vermont. It was
a family store and old decor was being used, and that
gave me some ideas," Elsie Booker explained.
"We intended to open the store when we both re
tired. But mice started to get into things we had
stored, and we got a little ahead of ourselves. Neither
of us has retired yet," she said.
The Bookers built the store on land where Elsie
Booker's father once had a barn. They found
materials from old houses in the area and from
.buildings that were torn down when the Shearon
Harris Nuclear Plant was built. Brick steps on one
side of the front porch came from an old house built
in the mid-1800s, and the stairs on the other side are
from a store of the late 1800s.
What is now the toy room was the office of that
old store. The entire office was moved intact by trac
tor trailer (there are tire marks on one of the boards)
and laid on the lower foundation. "The building had
to be built around that one room because there was
no other way to get it inside," Elsie Booker said.
Patterson's Mill Country Store has been the setting
for commercials for products such as Jesse Jones
Sausage, Gordon's Potato Chips and Westinghouse.
The store has also been featured in magazine and
newspaper articles and has gained recognition from
both the Smithsonian Institution and the American
Institute of History and Pharmacy for its pharma
ceutical collection. '
"This collection is one of the top in the nation,
and every state is in some way represented," Elsie
Booker said. One display case is devoted to an ex
tensive collection of North Carolina pharmaceuti
cals, including jars of Vicks rub made in Greensboro
and old BC powders manufactured in Durham.
- There are sets of Munyon's and . Humphrey's,,
famous remedies of the early 1900s, and a large herb
collection. Some of the oldest herbs are packaged in
large test tubes with cork stoppers and date back to
"Our collection is one of the few in thenation that
you can just walk in and look around," Elsie Booker
said. "UNC used to send pharmacy students out here
to write on the old drugs."
A furnished early-20th century doctor's office is
on display near the back of the store and includes an
See STORE on page 5
ri ; .
guarantee that it will be as good as any."
If Sutherland is approved by the Cam
pus Governing Council, he will succeed
Chris Cox, who resigned as Elections
Board chairman at the end of the fall
semester after two months on the job.
Sutherland said he had recruited about
eight people to serve on the now-vacant
board. According to the campus Elec
tions Laws, at least seven students must
serve on the board.
Student Body President Kevin Monroe
said he hoped the nomination of
Sutherland would end talk that campus
wide elections would have to be post
poned. "As I've said, I'm eager to return to
normal life," Monroe said. "I'm abiding
by the (Student) Constitution, and the
Constitution says elections are to be held
the second Tuesday of February."
The CGC Rules and Judiciary Com
mittee is expected to consider the nomina
tion of Sutherland and the board
members on Thursday. The full council
will probably take up the nominations at
See BOARD on page 5
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John and Elsie Booker, owners of Patterson's Mil! Country Store, watch as customers browse among the collection of nostalgia.