Mostly sunny today with
highs in the low 60s. Partly
cloudy tonight and Friday
with .a 30 percent chance of
rain during the day. High Fri
day in the low 60s.
Whiskey sours, gin and
tonics, Long Island iced
teas... Read about a class
, that , teaches you to make
'em for money. See story on
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Copyright 1984 The Daily Tar Heel. All rights reserved.
Volume 91, Issue 134
Thursday, February 16, 1984
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
By MARK STINNEFORD
The Elections Board Wednesday night
voted 8-1 to disqualify Jeff Hiday, the
top vote getter Tuesday in the race for
Daily Tar Heel editor, for submitting his
campaign spending report late.
Hiday said he would appeal the deci
sion to the Student Supreme Court.
"I am disappointed by the decision,
and I hope this doesn't undermine the
voice of the voters," Hiday said.
The General Election Laws state that a
candidate must submit a financial report
by 5 p.m. on the day of the election.
"Any candidate who fails to submit a
financial statement within the specified
$100 million surplus
in State's budget
By TOM CONLON
A $100 million budget surplus or credit balance, as N.C.
budget officials call it is expected to show up among total
state revenues at the end of fiscal year '83-'84.
The surplus, available June 30, is the result of lower-than-projected
allocations to state agencies this year, said Marvin K.
Dorman Jr., deputy state budget officer in the governor's of
fice. "The cuts have been pretty much across the board," Dorman
said. "The majority of cuts have been in the 2 to 5 percent range
from the original allocations."
Dorman said he was unsure how the governor would allocate
surplus funds, but said education was among the governor's
priorities. "The governor will be sending a lot of recommenda
tions to the General Assembly when they meet in June," Dor
man said. "I think he'll recommend most of the funds to salary
increases for state employees, public school programs and other
educational areas of some kind."
In the budget session of the General Assembly in June 1983, a
salary freeze for all state employees was put into effect: Emm'ett
Burden, executive director of the N.C. State Employees'
Association, said Tuesday he expected the salary freeze to be
lifted in the urxxming General Assembly session. "The freeze is
currently in effect until June 30, but we expect the freeze to be
lifted effective July 1 , when we enter the upcoming 84-'85 fiscal
Burden said it was unlikely education would receive more
funds than other state departments. "All surpluses should go to
all state departments," he said. "I think the legislature will have
enough sense to give money to everybody. Not to do so would
create hard feelings among other departments, which I think
would have dire consequences on the responsible elected of
ficials running for office in the future."
The last salary increase was a 5 percent across-the-board raise
for state employees this previous fiscal year, Burden said,
although the UNC system has more flexibility in how it wants to
spend its allocations.
"The UNC system has a unique way of paying money out
unlike other state departments," he said. "Money in lieu of
merit or longevity pay can be used for salary increases within
their budget on a variable scale, although a proportional equal
amount of money is granted to individual state departments as a
L. Felix Joyner, vice president for finance in the UNC system,
said Wednesday the fiscal '84-85 budget request had been sub
mitted to the state.
See BUDGET on page 4
Green stresses service in campaign
By TOM CONLON
Third in a series on candidates for
RALEIGH All the democratic
gubernatorial hopefuls talk about having
experience in the N.C. General Assembly,
Lt. Gov. Jimmy Green says. But he's the
only candidate with as much as 23 years
of legislative service, he said in a recent
"This is my seventh year in the ex
ecutive branch of state government as
leader of the General Assembly and
Senate," said Green, who has been lieute
Republicans struggle for leadership in gubernatorial campaign
By WAYNE THOMPSON
State Republican Party officials say they are trying to present
a unified front in their support for Jim Martin's bid to become
governor, but several officials agree that a struggle for party
leadership is taking place in the process.
The struggle centers around Martin and National Congres
sional Club Chairman Tom Ellis. And it's Ellis' belief that a
Martin victory in November would leave Martin the most pro
minent Republican in the state, high-ranking state Republicans
said last week.
"Frankly, I think it's a motivating force for him (Ellis)," said
Gene Anderson, former full-time administrative assistant under
Gov. Jim Holshouser from 1972-76. Holshouser is the only
Republican elected governor in North Carolina in this century.
"The Martin people have bent over backward to be fair to
anyone who wants to help with the campaign," he said, referr
ing to Martin's selection of a moderate, Holshouser, and a
representative of the Party's right wing, Eugene "Red"
McDaniel, as co-chairmen of his statewide campaign. "They're
(Martin's organization) sending out all the right signals," he
amount of time ... shall be disqualified
from that race ..." the laws state.
Testifying before the board Wednes
day, Hiday said the late submission of the
financial statement did not "materially
affect" the outcome of the election.
"I just think you shouldn't allow a
minor technicality like this to jeopardize
what is a very important democratic pro
cess," Hiday said. "I think this is a minor
infraction, one of many that is likely to
occur in a major election like this.
"I hope that you will keep in mind that
the plurality of voters think I'd be. a
Hiday said the late submission of the
report could not have hampered the cer
tification of the elections by the Elections
Board because he turned the statement in
while the polls were still open.
Hiday said his financial statement was
nant governor since 1977. "It's not easy
to carry the will of the governor through
the legislature, but I feel I've been able to
do that successfully with the vast majority
of legislators who have been and will be
here in 1985 to put me in a better posi
tion than my opponents."
Green, who announced his candidacy
Jan. 13, says his experience and ability to
work with the legislature make him the
best candidate in the governor's race. He
said education and fiscal integrity would
be his most important campaign issues
and the issues he'd give most immediate
priority to as governor.
"I think I'm much closer today to the
turned in 35 to 40 minutes late because of
communication problems. The report
was completed on tirrf, Hiday said, but
his treasurer held onto it because he in
correctly thought the candidate had to
sign it before it was submitted.
Several board members said the Elec
tions Laws left them no choice but to dis
"The democratic process rests on the
rules of the game," board member Jim
Crutchfield said. "There are rules here
and everybody has to play by them."
Board member Jane Fawcett said the
board should be guided by the law rather
than its own emotions in the case. .
"I'd be thrilled if Jeff went to the court
and won because he received the most
votes," Fawcett said. "But I want to feel
good about myself, that I followed the
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Jeff Hiday, candidate for 'DTH' editor, consults with his defense counsel, Tom Ter
rell, at a special meeting of the Elections Board Wednesday night. The board voted in
a closed session to disqualify Hiday because of a late financial statement.
budget process and fiscal affairs than the
other candidates because I work with it
every day," he said. "The next governor
must be a good businessman there's a
nearly $13 billion bi-annual budget to
One change Green would make would
be to begin on-going audits of state spen
ding, he said. "Too often we have audits
done after the fact," he said. "A lot of
money has been wasted because a pro
blem was not corrected early. On-going
audits will help us see where our money's
going and can stop unnecessary waste
before it's too late."
See GREEN on page 5
;uiu. loin s jusi mined ott his antenna."
The Congressional Club, representing the most conservative
wing of the party, is led by Ellis and Sen. Jesse Helms. Martin
has long been considered a moderate Republican by many
Anderson said a Martin victory in the governor's race would
be a threat to the club's survival. "If Martin wins and Helms
loses, Ellis and his bevy of cigar-smoking boys will be out of a
job," he said. "It would show that they're losing their ability to
send someone with their beliefs to Congress."
Ellis disputed Anderson's interpretation of his hunt for a
more conservative candidate, which led him to former UNC
athletic director Bill Cobey. After a couple of months of con
sideration, Cobey told Ellis no and decided instead to challenge
Ike Andrews again for his 4th District Congressional seat.
"I hope I am motivated by the conservative cause and not the '
pragmatic politics of trying to win no matter what," Ellis said of
Anderson and Brad Hayes, who is Martin's political consultant.
Hayes, reached at Martin headquarters in Charlotte, said
teacher pay and low Scholastic Aptitude Test scores were more
important than personality differences and power struggles
within the state Republican Party. But he added, "If you read
Board member Edwin Fountain said
that not following the letter of the law
would set a bad example.
"Let's not be intimidated by the fact
that Jeff Hiday won the DTH race,"
Fountain said. "Let's not be intimidated
by the fact he spent $360."
But Stephen Ruscus, the only board
member to vote against disqualification,
said the board's action could lead to the
installation of an editor who didn't repre
sent the students' interests.
"I felt our decision to disqualify does
materially affect the democratic process
because we won't have a. legitimate
representative, the first choice of the peo
ple," Ruscus said.
Opening the board meeting Tuesday,
board chairman Andy Sutherland urged
board members to think independently
on the issue. Whatever decision the board
DTHZane A. Saunders
the press clips, you can get a good idea about who's power
hungry." Press coverage generally has been unfavorable to
"Up until filing time, I didn't know who it (the most conser
vative candidate) was," said Ellis. "They were out there but
none appeared." Now that the filing deadline has passed, Ellis
said any Congressional Club support given Martin would de
pend on "how he handles the issues."
But when asked about Martin, Ellis said, "He's good look
ing, a nice fellow, with a good voting record."
. State Republican Party Chairman David Flaherty attributed
Ellis' lukewarmness for Martin to his personal differences with
Anderson and Hayes and with the moderate Republicans. "Ellis
wouldn't hesitate for a minute to support Martin were it not for
them" Flathery said. .
Holshouser said there was more to the Ellis controversy than
personal differences with Anderson and Hayes, But he was
unspecific about what he thought were Ellis intentions in not
publicity endorsing Martin. "It's hard to say what Tom's logic
is," he said.
Through political maneuvering, Ellis kept Holshouser off the
state's majority delegation for Ronald Reagan to the 1976
made, Sutherland said he felt he could
defend it before the Student Supreme
Court. While the board was guided by
law, it should also consider the "greater
of the elections process, he
When asked if the decision had been a
difficult one for the board to make,
Sutherland said: "Hell yes." The board
weighed Hiday's comments very serious
ly, he said.
Hiday said he would push to have a
Student Supreme Court hearing held as
soon as possible.
Christine Manuel, who trailed Hiday
by only 108 votes, said she w,as hot sur
prised by Wednesday night's results.
"I thought the Elections Board would
uphold Andy's decision (opinion) and
Druse close in
on Marine post
The Associated Press
BEIRUT, Lebanon Druse and
Shiite militiamen swept the hills south of
Beirut on Wednesday after routing the
disintegrating Lebanese army for the se
cond time in nine days. Druse leader
Walid Jumblatt called for President
Amin Gemayel to resign and saiche
should be tried for "crimes." ,
A Druse offensive that drove the army
from positions south of the capital left
the U.S. Marines, based at Beirut's air
port, almost surrounded by leftist Druse
and Shiite Moslem fighters.
The Marines , maintained access to the
Mediterranean via a narrow strip, cross
ing the coastal highway, to a boat landing
zone dubbed "green beach." Marine
spokesman Maj. Dennis Brooks said
tlteras' no fighting around the base,". ,
Vlt has been quiet," Brooks said. "We
did receive one large-caliber round that
impacted in one of the hangars... It could
have been a tank round." No one was
hurt, he said.
The Druse fighters and Amal, the
largest Shiite militia, linked up along the
coastal highway and made clean-up
sweeps through, the hills, picking up
equipment abandoned by the Lebanese
army and Christian militiamen who fled
when the Druse launched their surprise
offensive down a mountain corridor on
Police said 50 people were killed and 89
wounded in the fighting in the hills Tues
day and Wednesday. They said two peo
ple died and 14 were wounded in Beirut in
sporadic clashes along the "green line,"
the ' devastated strip dividing Christian
east and mostly Moslem west Beirut.
Government sources said Gemayel was
on the verge of meeting a key opposition
demand by abrogating a May 17, 1983,
troop withdrawal agreement with Israel.
But he made no announcement Wednes
day. Jumblatt said rejection of the pact was
no longer enough.
"Amin Gemayel has to step down," he
said. "There will never be any talks, any
dialogue, any reconciliation with the
rightist Christian Phalangists or Amin
Gemayel while he is in power," Jumblatt
told a news conference in Damascus, the
"Gemayel may be trying to save his
neck," Jumblatt said. "-There will be no
mercy for him. He must be tried he
and the other officers, especially Leba
nese army chief Gen. Ibraham Tannous,
for all the crime they committed."
One of the "crimes," the Druse leader
said, was calling in artillery support from
the U.S.Navy ships off the coast on "na
tional areas" in the Syrian-occupied cen
The Voice of Lebanon, the rightist
Christian radio station, said the Lebanese
army's 4th Brigade had regrouped at the
Jeff would appeal to the Supreme
Court," Manuel said. "I don't know
what the Court is going to do, and I'm
not going to try to predict."
Manuel said she would rather not win
the race because of this infraction.
"I'd rather win outright, I think
everyone would. But it's not up to me,"
John Conway, the candidate for editor
who placed third in the race, said he had
hoped the board would rule in Hiday's
"I share Jeffs disappointment with the
decision reached by the board," Conway
said. "I think it's far more important that
the democratic process is protected than
to enforce what I feel is a ridiculous elec
coastal town of Damour, 10 miles south
of Beirut. But reporters who traveled to
the north edge of Damour said the area
was held by Druse and Shiite Moslem
Associated Press correspondent Max
Nash reported from Sidon, 15 miles south
of Damour in Israeli-controlled territory,
that government soldiers had been
streaming into Israeli lines for more than
24 hours. Israeli soldiers said hundreds of
Lebanese soldiers had arrived in Sidon.
Moslem units of the army's 4th Brigade
fled north into west Beirut, according to
Lebanese radio and press reports. There
they joined soldiers of the 6th Brigade,
which had defected to, the anti
government forces when Druse and Shiite
Moslem militiamen took over the Moslem
half of the capital Feb. 6.
"kThe'U.S. Marines continued to ferry
equipment by boat and helicopter to the
five-ship Navy flotilla off the coast.
Brooks said the Marines still had
received no orders to move the estimated
1,200 troops now at the airport out to
sea. But he added: "We have been put
ting more people on the ships for security
reasons at night."
He and other Marine spokesmen
declined to specify how many Marines re
mained on shore. Army Col. Ed
McDonald, the chief spokesman for the
Marine contingent, said the Druse ad
vance "has raised some concern, ob
viously." In Washington, President Reagan said
the Marines, soon to be withdrawn, could
remain stationed on the U.S. warships off
the coast for a period as long as they
would have been kept on shore which
could be another year or more.
"As long as there is a chance for peace,
we're going to stay," Reagan said.
Secretary of State George P. Shultz
said the Marines, who were on their
second-highest state of alert, were not in
great danger at the airport base.
Britain already has pulled out its
115-man contingent of the four-country
multinational force. A spokesman for
Italian Premier Bettino Craxi said
Wednesday most of the 1 ,400-man Italian
contingent would be withdrawn in two
There was no comment from the nearly
1 ,300-man French contingent. French of
ficers have indicated they have no plans
to leave, but at a meeting of the U.N.
Security Council on Wednesday France
called for a U.N. force to replace the
Jumblatt's top aide, Mohssen Dalloul,
said in a statement that a U.N. force
would be accepted if it did not include
troops from the permanent members of
the Security Council. The permanent
members of the council are the United
States, France, Britain, the Soviet Union
Republican Party National Convention. Holshouser was Gerald
Ford's coordinator for the Southeast.
Frank A. Rouse, the state Republican Party chairman in
1972, was supported by Ellis and Helms in his unsucessful bid to
retain the chairmanship in 1973. Now one of the 'Club's
strongest critics, Rouse said there would be a shift in political
power within the Party.
"If Martin is elected governor, then he would have more
patronage than the senator . . . and he would be able to take
control of the Republican Party in the state," Rouse said, echo
ing Anderson, the man who edged him out as party chairman in
. Rouse said the party could make more gains in the state,
especially among blacks, if it took a more moderate approach.
"What the hell difference does it make whether a guy gets a con
servative rating of 99 or 94," he said. "To hell with that; we're
concerned about winning elections."
Flaherty said factions in the party didn't exist anymore. "Jim
See REPUBLICANS on page 5